• French grammar
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  • 1 French alphabet
  • 2 French pronunciation and phonetics [0/7]
  • 3 Nature and function of French words [0/23]
  • Multiple choice exercise about the nature of French words (Score -/-)Free
  • Multiple choice questions about the function of French words (Score -/-)Free
  • 3.1 The subject in French [0/3]
  • 3.2 The apostrophe and apposition in French [0/2]
  • 3.3 The complement object in French [0/12]
  • 3.4 The circumstancial complement in French [0/2]
  • 3.5 The agent complement in French [0/2]
  • 4 French articles [0/9]
  • 5 French nouns [0/13]
  • 6 French pronouns [0/20]
  • Multiple choice questions about the pronouns in French (Score -/-)Free
  • 6.1 French personal pronouns - je, tu, il [0/3]
  • 6.2 French possessive pronouns - le mien, le tien [0/2]
  • 6.3 French reflexive pronouns - me, te, se [0/2]
  • 6.4 French demonstrative pronouns - celui, celle, ceux [0/2]
  • 6.5 French relative pronouns - qui, que, qu' [0/4]
  • 6.6 French indefinite pronouns - tout, chacun [0/2]
  • 6.7 French interrogative pronouns - qui, que, lequel [0/2]
  • 6.8 French adverbial pronouns - en, y [0/2]
  • 7 French adjectives [0/17]
  • Multiple choice questions about the epithet, attribute in French (Score -/-)Free
  • 7.1 Endings of regular and irregular French adjectives [0/3]
  • 7.2 Comparative and superlative of French adjectives [0/3]
  • 7.3 Placement of French adjectives [0/2]
  • 7.4 French possessive adjectives - mon, ton, son [0/4]
  • 7.5 French demonstrative adjectives - ce, cette [0/2]
  • 7.6 French indefinite adjectives - toutes, quelques [0/2]
  • 8 French adverbs [0/18]
  • Drag and drop exercise about the adverbs (Score -/-)Free
  • Fill in the blank exercise about the regular form of the adverbs (Score -/-)Free
  • Fill in the blank exercise about the irregular adverbs (Score -/-)Free
  • 8.1 Adverbs of place in French [0/2]
  • 8.2 Adverbs of time in French [0/2]
  • 8.3 Adverbs of manner in French [0/2]
  • 8.4 Adverbs of quantity in French [0/2]
  • 8.5 Adverbs of reason in French [0/2]
  • 8.6 Placement of adverbs in French [0/2]
  • 8.7 Comparative of French adverbs [0/2]
  • 8.8 Difference adjectives and adverbs in French [0/1]
  • 9 French prepositions [0/10]
  • 10 French verbs [0/135]
  • 10.1 Tenses and moods in French [0/63]
  • 10.1.1 Indicative in French [0/26]
  • 10.1.1.1 Present tense in French [0/2]
  • 10.1.1.2 Past tenses in French [0/13]
  • 10.1.1.3 Future tenses in French [0/11]
  • 10.1.2 Subjunctive in French (le Subjonctif) [0/11]
  • 10.1.3 Conditional in French (le conditionnel) [0/10]
  • 10.1.4 Imperative in French [0/3]
  • 10.1.5 Infinitive in French [0/4]
  • 10.1.6 Gerund in French [0/2]
  • 10.1.7 Present participle in French [0/3]
  • 10.1.8 Past participle in French [0/4]
  • 10.2 French auxiliary verbs (avoir, être) [0/11]
  • 10.3 Modal verbs in French [0/17]
  • Fill in the blank exercise for the modal verbs in French (Score -/-)Free
  • 10.3.1 Conjugation of pouvoir (can) in French [0/4]
  • 10.3.2 Conjugation of devoir (should) in French [0/4]
  • 10.3.3 conjugation of vouloir (want) in French [0/4]
  • 10.3.4 Conjugation of savoir (to know) in French [0/4]
  • 10.4 Passive voice in French [0/4]
  • 10.5 Reflexive verbs in French [0/4]
  • 10.6 Irregular verbs in French [0/24]
  • Fill in the blanks exercise of the irregular verbs in French (Score -/-)Free
  • Fill in the blanks exercise of the irregular verbs in French II (Score -/-)Free
  • 10.6.1 Conjugation of venir (to come) in French [0/4]
  • 10.6.2 conjugation of aller (to go) in French [0/4]
  • 10.6.3 conjugation of faire (to do) in French [0/4]
  • 10.6.4 conjugation of prendre (to take) in French [0/3]
  • 10.6.5 conjugation of voir (to see) in French [0/3]
  • 10.6.6 Conjugation of partir (to leave) in French [0/4]
  • 10.7 Regular verbs in French [0/8]
  • 10.8 Reported Speech in French [0/4]
  • 11 French sentence structure [0/25]
  • Multiple choice questions about the sentence structure in French (Score -/-)Free
  • 11.1 The phrases in French [0/5]
  • 11.2 The forms of phrases in French [0/7]
  • 11.3 The types of phrases in French [0/8]
  • 11.4 The propositions in French [0/4]
  • 12 French si clauses [0/3]
  • Pluperfect in French (Plus-que-parfait)

    Exercises

    0%
    1. French Pluperfect exercises Score -/-
    2. French Passé antérieur exercises Score -/-
    3. Fill in the blank exercise about the pluperfect Score -/-

    The pluperfect (French: le plus-que-parfait) is used most often with the imperfect and marks a past action that took place before another one also passed when it is expressed in the imperfect.

    Formation of the pluperfect in French

    The past anterior is made up of the imperfect of être or avoir and the past participle.

    Examples: 

    Personal pronouns Imperfect of avoir or être Past participle Object
    Tu avais préparé une tarte pour leur souhaiter la bienvenue
    Ils  étaient montés me donner les documents à signer

    Le plus-que-parfait with 'être'

    Verbs using 'être' are state verbs. They do not designate an action but a statement. The past anterior with 'être' agrees in gender and number with the noun they qualify. There are many verbs and among them you find:

    Partir - to leave Aller - to go Venir - to come
    J'étais partit J'étais allé(e) J'étais venu(e)
    Tu étais partit Tu étais allé(e) Tu étais venu(e)
    Il/elle/on était partit Il/elle/on était allé(e) Il/elle/on était venu(e)
    Nous étions parti(e)s Nous étions allé(e)s  Nous étions venu(e)s 
    Vous étiez parti(e)s Vous étiez allé(e)s Vous étiez venu(e)s
    Ils/elles étaient parti(e)s Ils/elles étaient allé(e)s Ils/elles étaient venu(e)s

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    Others verbs that use the auxiliary verb 'être'.  

    • mourir (to die)
    • devenir (to become)
    • tomber (to fall)
    • arriver (to arrive)
    • sortir (to exit)
    • revenir (to come back)
    • entrer (to enter) 
    • rester (to stay)
    • retourner (to return) 
    • descendre (to go down)
    • rentrer (to come back)
    • monter (to go up)
    • naître (to be born)
    • repartir (to releave)

    Le plus-que-parfait with 'avoir'

    Verbs using 'avoir' are active verbs. They designate an action. The past participle conjugated with the auxiliary 'avoir' does not agree with the subject. It agrees with the Direct Object Pronoun placed before the verb.

    Prendre Manger Finir
    J'avais pris J'avais mangé J'avais fini
    Tu avais pris Tu avais mangé Tu avais fini
    Il/elle/on avait pris Il/elle/on avait mangé Il/elle/on avait fini
    Nous avions pris Nous avions mangé Nous avions fini
    Vous aviez pris Vous aviez mangé Vous aviez fini
    Ils/elles avaient pris Ils/elles avaient mangé Ils/elles avaient fini

    enlightenedYou use the auxiliary 'avoir' to conjugate the past participle of 'avoir' and 'être'

    • Nous avions eu la journée pour parler. 
    • Nous avions été au zoo.