• French grammar
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  • 1 French alphabet
  • 2 French pronunciation and phonetics [0/7]
  • 3 Nature and function of French words [0/23]
  • Multiple choice exercise about the nature of French words (Score -/-)
  • Multiple choice questions about the function of French words (Score -/-)
  • 3.1 The subject in French [0/3]
  • 3.2 The apostrophe and apposition in French [0/2]
  • 3.3 The complement object in French [0/12]
  • 3.4 The circumstancial complement in French [0/2]
  • 3.5 The agent complement in French [0/2]
  • 4 French articles [0/9]
  • 5 French nouns [0/13]
  • 6 French pronouns [0/20]
  • Multiple choice questions about the pronouns in French (Score -/-)
  • 6.1 French personal pronouns - je, tu, il [0/3]
  • 6.2 French possessive pronouns - le mien, le tien [0/2]
  • 6.3 French reflexive pronouns - me, te, se [0/2]
  • 6.4 French demonstrative pronouns - celui, celle, ceux [0/2]
  • 6.5 French relative pronouns - qui, que, qu' [0/4]
  • 6.6 French indefinite pronouns - tout, chacun [0/2]
  • 6.7 French interrogative pronouns - qui, que, lequel [0/2]
  • 6.8 French adverbial pronouns - en, y [0/2]
  • 7 French adjectives [0/17]
  • Multiple choice questions about the epithet, attribute in French (Score -/-)
  • 7.1 Endings of regular and irregular French adjectives [0/3]
  • 7.2 Comparative and superlative of French adjectives [0/3]
  • 7.3 Placement of French adjectives [0/2]
  • 7.4 French possessive adjectives - mon, ton, son [0/4]
  • 7.5 French demonstrative adjectives - ce, cette [0/2]
  • 7.6 French indefinite adjectives - toutes, quelques [0/2]
  • 8 French adverbs [0/18]
  • 9 French prepositions [0/10]
  • 10 French verbs [0/135]
  • 10.1 Tenses and moods in French [0/63]
  • 10.1.1 Indicative in French [0/26]
  • 10.1.1.1 Present tense in French [0/2]
  • 10.1.1.2 Past tenses in French [0/13]
  • 10.1.1.3 Future tenses in French [0/11]
  • 10.1.2 Subjunctive in French (le Subjonctif) [0/11]
  • 10.1.3 Conditional in French (le conditionnel) [0/10]
  • 10.1.4 Imperative in French [0/3]
  • 10.1.5 Infinitive in French [0/4]
  • 10.1.6 Gerund in French [0/2]
  • 10.1.7 Present participle in French [0/3]
  • 10.1.8 Past participle in French [0/4]
  • 10.2 French auxiliary verbs (avoir, être) [0/11]
  • 10.3 Modal verbs in French [0/17]
  • Fill in the blank exercise for the modal verbs in French (Score -/-)
  • 10.3.1 Conjugation of pouvoir (can) in French [0/4]
  • 10.3.2 Conjugation of devoir (should) in French [0/4]
  • 10.3.3 conjugation of vouloir (want) in French [0/4]
  • 10.3.4 Conjugation of savoir (to know) in French [0/4]
  • 10.4 Passive voice in French [0/4]
  • 10.5 Reflexive verbs in French [0/4]
  • 10.6 Irregular verbs in French [0/24]
  • Fill in the blanks exercise of the irregular verbs in French (Score -/-)
  • Fill in the blanks exercise of the irregular verbs in French II (Score -/-)
  • 10.6.1 Conjugation of venir (to come) in French [0/4]
  • 10.6.2 conjugation of aller (to go) in French [0/4]
  • 10.6.3 conjugation of faire (to do) in French [0/4]
  • 10.6.4 conjugation of prendre (to take) in French [0/3]
  • 10.6.5 conjugation of voir (to see) in French [0/3]
  • 10.6.6 Conjugation of partir (to leave) in French [0/4]
  • 10.7 Regular verbs in French [0/8]
  • 10.8 Reported Speech in French [0/4]
  • 11 French sentence structure [0/25]
  • Multiple choice questions about the sentence structure in French (Score -/-)
  • 11.1 The phrases in French [0/5]
  • 11.2 The forms of phrases in French [0/7]
  • 11.3 The types of phrases in French [0/8]
  • 11.4 The propositions in French [0/4]
  • 12 French si clauses [0/3]
  • 13
  • The forms of phrases in French

    What are the forms of phrase in the French grammar ? 

    The forms of phrases (French: les formes des phrases) are types of phrases that follow some specific rules. These are, in a way, transformations of the types of phrases.

    There are 8 forms of phrases in the French grammar:

    • The negative form 
    • The affirmative form
    • The passive form 
    • The active form
    • The emphatic form 
    • The neutral form
    • The impersonal form
    • The personal form
    Forms Examples Translations
    Negative Mon amie n'a pas eu une bonne note (My friend didn't have a good mark)
    Affirmative On peut y aller (We can go)
    Emphatic Ton père, Matteo l'aime bien (Your dad, Matteo likes him)
    Passive La fête est organisée par la mairie (The party is organized by the city hall)
    Impersonnal Il faisait beau hier (It was sunny yesterday)
    Neutral Le bateau arrive au port (the boat comes into the harbour)

    The negative vs the affirmative forms in French 

    A phrase can be in the negative form if it says "no" or the opposite in the affirmative form if it says "yes"

    An affirmative sentence (in the affirmative form) is used to say that something is true or to express its agreement. The affirmative form can also be called a positive sentence.

    A negative sentence (in the negative form) is used to say the opposite (to deny) or to say that we do not agree. 

    Forms Examples Translations
    Negative Je ne veux pas manger (I do not want to eat)
    Affirmative Je veux manger (I want to eat) 

    The active vs the passive forms in French

    A sentence is in the active form when the subject does the action. 

    A sentence is in the passive form when the subject undergoes the action. By changing the voice of the sentence, you therefore present the same action, the same event, but in a different way. 

    For the passive form, it is necessary that you use the agent complement

    Forms Examples Translation
    Active Pierre prépare une surprise (Peter is preparing a surprise)
    Passive Une surprise est préparée par Pierre (A surprise is prepared by Peter)

    The emphatic vs neutral forms in French

    The emphatic form allows to put a word or a group of words in relief, to insist on it and value it. 

    The neutral form is the opposite of the emphatic form, it does not insist on a particular word or sentence. 

    To move from a neutral phase to a emphatic sentence, you can :

    • change the order of the words
    • change the words at the beginning or the end of the sentence and regain it with a pronoun 

    Examples

    Forme neutre Forme emphatique Translations
    Je comprends la leçon La leçon, je la comprends (The lesson, I understand it)
    La vie est belle Elle est belle, la vie (Life is beautiful)

    enlightenedThe emphasis has a close sense of English (importance given to something)

    The personal vs the impersonal forms in French

    Meteorological verbs such as pleuvoir (to rain), neiger (to snow), venter (to wind) are well known.

    There can be verbs or sentence that have a subject that is not really one: a personal pronoun usually the 3rd personal pronoun that does not designate anyone. 

    The personal form is the opposite of the impersonal form and designate someone or something.

    Forms Example Translation
    Personal Le chat voulait rentrer parce qu'il gelait dehors (The cat wanted to get in because he was freezing outside)
    Impersonal Regarde, il gèle dehors (Look, it's freezing outside)

    enlightenedIn English, the impersonal form can be translated in "it"

    enlightenedLearn more about the most used forms in the following lessons with the affirmative form and the negative form. 

    Exercises

    Active vs passive exercise in French

    Emphatic vs neutral exercise in French

    Personal vs impersonal exercise in French

    Next lessons

    1 Affirmative phrases in French Get a comprehensive overview about affirmative phrases in French and study them online.
    2 Negative phrases in French Get an overview of the negative form of phrases in French