The complex phrases (French: les phrases complexes) have several conjugated verbs and at least 2. It is very similar to the composed phrases but with some particularities.
It consists of a main proposition and one or more other subordinate clauses.
|proposition principale||proposition subordonée||Translation|
|Le chien de la voisine aboie||quand il voit des étrangers||(The neighbour's dog woofs when he sees strangers)|
|J'ai acheté le nouveau livre de J.K. Rowling||qui est l'auteure des Harry Potter||(I bought JK Rowling's new book who is the HP's writer)|
|Marie a mangé sa part||puisqu'elle ne voulait pas||(Marie ate her slice since she didn't want it)|
The subordinate clauses (French: les propositions subordonnées) depend on the main proposition and can not exist alone. They are always introduced by a link word.
They can be juxtaposed or coordinated with one another.
A complex sentence can use two types of subordinate clauses:
|Proposition subordonnée||Proposition principale||Translations|
|Juxtaposée||Quand Pierre a vu sa soeur, il a tout de suite sauté sur elle||(When Peter saw his sister, he immediately jumped on her)|
|Coordination||Le directeur a cru qu'il allait démissionner et qu'il allait partir||(The director thought that he was going to resign and that he will leave)|
|Relatif||Achètes-moi la robe qui a les manches blanches !||(Buy me the dress that has white sleeve)|
|Conjonctive||Ta mère pensait que tu avais quitté la France||(You mom thought that you left France)|
Learn more about the subordinate clauses in the followings topics in the French sentence structure.
4.9/5 from 3 reviews
Hello, I am a multilingual teacher with experience in teaching French to German, Japanese, English, Bulgarian and Italian-speaking students... (levels A1 to C1). I have been teaching French for 8 years in Luxemburg and now in Bulgaria for a year, to 3 to 10 years old children, teenagers, housewives, businessmen, architects, etc. TCF, DELF and DALF preparation. I also give Skype lessons in several countries. Whether you need to learn French for business, integration or studying, I will be happy to help you. Do not hesitate to contact me for a free trial lesson. Looking forward to hearing from you, Katia Read more
My name is Christina and I provide fun German and French language lesson for children and adult beginners or intermediate who want to... strengthen their language skills, improve the grammar knowledge, enrich the vocabulary and get into the German culture! I can teach in English or French! I had experince in teaching German, English and French to foreign people so I do have a lot of useful learning material I can provide you to make it easier! Read more
Hello,I would love to help you improve your knowledge of English.I adapt the lessons following your wishes : are you a beginner and need to get... some basic knowledge with grammar and easy texts or do you want to improve your conversation skills. I can help you either way.Looking forward to meeting you ! Read more