The complex phrases (French: les phrases complexes) have several conjugated verbs and at least 2. It is very similar to the composed phrases but with some particularities.
It consists of a main proposition and one or more other subordinate clauses.
|proposition principale||proposition subordonée||Translation|
|Le chien de la voisine aboie||quand il voit des étrangers||(The neighbour's dog woofs when he sees strangers)|
|J'ai acheté le nouveau livre de J.K. Rowling||qui est l'auteure des Harry Potter||(I bought JK Rowling's new book who is the HP's writer)|
|Marie a mangé sa part||puisqu'elle ne voulait pas||(Marie ate her slice since she didn't want it)|
The subordinate clauses (French: les propositions subordonnées) depend on the main proposition and can not exist alone. They are always introduced by a link word.
They can be juxtaposed or coordinated with one another.
A complex sentence can use two types of subordinate clauses:
|Proposition subordonnée||Proposition principale||Translations|
|Juxtaposée||Quand Pierre a vu sa soeur, il a tout de suite sauté sur elle||(When Peter saw his sister, he immediately jumped on her)|
|Coordination||Le directeur a cru qu'il allait démissionner et qu'il allait partir||(The director thought that he was going to resign and that he will leave)|
|Relatif||Achètes-moi la robe qui a les manches blanches !||(Buy me the dress that has white sleeve)|
|Conjonctive||Ta mère pensait que tu avais quitté la France||(You mom thought that you left France)|
Learn more about the subordinate clauses in the followings topics in the French sentence structure.
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