• French grammar
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  • 1 French alphabet
  • 2 French pronunciation and phonetics [0/7]
  • 3 Nature and function of French words [0/23]
  • Multiple choice exercise about the nature of French words (Score -/-)Free
  • Multiple choice questions about the function of French words (Score -/-)Free
  • 3.1 The subject in French [0/3]
  • 3.2 The apostrophe and apposition in French [0/2]
  • 3.3 The complement object in French [0/12]
  • 3.4 The circumstancial complement in French [0/2]
  • 3.5 The agent complement in French [0/2]
  • 4 French articles [0/9]
  • 5 French nouns [0/13]
  • 6 French pronouns [0/20]
  • Multiple choice questions about the pronouns in French (Score -/-)Free
  • 6.1 French personal pronouns - je, tu, il [0/3]
  • 6.2 French possessive pronouns - le mien, le tien [0/2]
  • 6.3 French reflexive pronouns - me, te, se [0/2]
  • 6.4 French demonstrative pronouns - celui, celle, ceux [0/2]
  • 6.5 French relative pronouns - qui, que, qu' [0/4]
  • 6.6 French indefinite pronouns - tout, chacun [0/2]
  • 6.7 French interrogative pronouns - qui, que, lequel [0/2]
  • 6.8 French adverbial pronouns - en, y [0/2]
  • 7 French adjectives [0/17]
  • Multiple choice questions about the epithet, attribute in French (Score -/-)Free
  • 7.1 Endings of regular and irregular French adjectives [0/3]
  • 7.2 Comparative and superlative of French adjectives [0/3]
  • 7.3 Placement of French adjectives [0/2]
  • 7.4 French possessive adjectives - mon, ton, son [0/4]
  • 7.5 French demonstrative adjectives - ce, cette [0/2]
  • 7.6 French indefinite adjectives - toutes, quelques [0/2]
  • 8 French adverbs [0/18]
  • Drag and drop exercise about the adverbs (Score -/-)Free
  • Fill in the blank exercise about the regular form of the adverbs (Score -/-)Free
  • Fill in the blank exercise about the irregular adverbs (Score -/-)Free
  • 8.1 Adverbs of place in French [0/2]
  • 8.2 Adverbs of time in French [0/2]
  • 8.3 Adverbs of manner in French [0/2]
  • 8.4 Adverbs of quantity in French [0/2]
  • 8.5 Adverbs of reason in French [0/2]
  • 8.6 Placement of adverbs in French [0/2]
  • 8.7 Comparative of French adverbs [0/2]
  • 8.8 Difference adjectives and adverbs in French [0/1]
  • 9 French prepositions [0/10]
  • 10 French verbs [0/135]
  • 10.1 Tenses and moods in French [0/63]
  • 10.1.1 Indicative in French [0/26]
  • 10.1.1.1 Present tense in French [0/2]
  • 10.1.1.2 Past tenses in French [0/13]
  • 10.1.1.3 Future tenses in French [0/11]
  • 10.1.2 Subjunctive in French (le Subjonctif) [0/11]
  • 10.1.3 Conditional in French (le conditionnel) [0/10]
  • 10.1.4 Imperative in French [0/3]
  • 10.1.5 Infinitive in French [0/4]
  • 10.1.6 Gerund in French [0/2]
  • 10.1.7 Present participle in French [0/3]
  • 10.1.8 Past participle in French [0/4]
  • 10.2 French auxiliary verbs (avoir, être) [0/11]
  • 10.3 Modal verbs in French [0/17]
  • Fill in the blank exercise for the modal verbs in French (Score -/-)Free
  • 10.3.1 Conjugation of pouvoir (can) in French [0/4]
  • 10.3.2 Conjugation of devoir (should) in French [0/4]
  • 10.3.3 conjugation of vouloir (want) in French [0/4]
  • 10.3.4 Conjugation of savoir (to know) in French [0/4]
  • 10.4 Passive voice in French [0/4]
  • 10.5 Reflexive verbs in French [0/4]
  • 10.6 Irregular verbs in French [0/24]
  • Fill in the blanks exercise of the irregular verbs in French (Score -/-)Free
  • Fill in the blanks exercise of the irregular verbs in French II (Score -/-)Free
  • 10.6.1 Conjugation of venir (to come) in French [0/4]
  • 10.6.2 conjugation of aller (to go) in French [0/4]
  • 10.6.3 conjugation of faire (to do) in French [0/4]
  • 10.6.4 conjugation of prendre (to take) in French [0/3]
  • 10.6.5 conjugation of voir (to see) in French [0/3]
  • 10.6.6 Conjugation of partir (to leave) in French [0/4]
  • 10.7 Regular verbs in French [0/8]
  • 10.8 Reported Speech in French [0/4]
  • 11 French sentence structure [0/25]
  • Multiple choice questions about the sentence structure in French (Score -/-)Free
  • 11.1 The phrases in French [0/5]
  • 11.2 The forms of phrases in French [0/7]
  • 11.3 The types of phrases in French [0/8]
  • 11.4 The propositions in French [0/4]
  • 12 French si clauses [0/3]
  • 13 French conjunctions and logical connectors
  • When to use the imperative in French?

    The imperative (French l'impératif) is the verbal mood which is used to express an order, an advice, a recommendation or a prohibition. 

    Examples:

    • Parlez plus lentement, je ne vous comprends pas = Speak more slowly, i don't understand you.
    • Finissons le travail et allons nous promener = Let's finish the job and let's go for a walk.
    • Demande cela au conseiller, il t'aidera = Ask this to the consultant, he will help you.

    How to form the imperative in French?

    1) The imperative of 1st group of the French verbs is formed by the endings "e", "ons" and "ez" added to the stem of the verb.

    2) The imperative of 2nd group of the French verbs is formed by the endings "is", "issons", "issez".

    3) The imperative of 3rd group of the French verbs is formed by the endings "s", "ons", "ez".

    Regular verbs 1st group 2nd group 3rd group
    2nd person singular  - e (marcher - marche)  - is (finir - finis)  - s (prendre - prends)
    1st person plural  - ons (marcher - marchons)  - issons (finir - finissons)  - ons (prendre - prenons)
    2nd person plural  - ez (marcher - marchez)  - issez (finir - finissez)  - ez (prendre - prenez)

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    Exceptions

    Irregular verbs Vouloir (To want)
    2nd person singular veuille
    1st person plural veuillons
    2nd person plural veuillez

    Examples: 

    • Allons au marché! = Let's go to the market!
    • Ayez honte de dire cela = Have shame to tell this.
    • Sois prudent en traversant la rue = Be careful while crossing the street.
    • Sachez la vérité avant de constater quelque chose = Know the truth before stating something.
    • Veuillez faire attention aux erreurs = Be kind to put attention on the errors.

    How to form the past imperative in French ? 

    The imperative past is not really used but it is always good to learn it. It allows to express the anteriority of an ordered action compared to an action which is not yet realized. 

    It is a compound time, so it uses the auxiliary avoir or être conjugated to the imperative present + the past participle

    Verbs 1st group 2nd group 3rd group
    2nd person singular aie marché aie fini sois allé
    1st person plural ayons marché ayons fini soyons allés(e)
    2nd person plural ayez marché ayez fini soyez allés(e)

    Examples:

    • Soyez rentrés avant le repas! = be back before lunch !
    • Aie fini avant que je ne revienne. = finish before I get back
    • Aie parlé avec lui. = talk with him !
    • Soyez allé à la foire avant qu'il ne pleuve. = go to the fair before it rains !

    How to form the imperative of French pronominal verbs ?

    Forming affirmative imperative of pronominal verbs the reflexive pronouns te, nous, vous become stress pronouns toi, nous, vous. They are placed after the verb with a hyphen in between.

    Infinitive 2nd person singular 1st person plural 2nd person plural
    Se laver (To wash yourself) Lave-toi Lavons-nous Lavez-vous
    Se calmer (To calm down) Calme-toi Calmons-nous Calmez-vous
    S'habiller (To get dressed) Habille-toi Habillons-nous Habillez-vous
    Se maquiller (To put on make-up) Maquille-toi Maquillons-nous Maquillez-vous

    The negative form of the French imperative

    The negative imperative is formed with the particle "ne" + form of affirmative imperative of verb + particle "pas".

    The negative imperative of pronominal verbs is formed by the same way keeping the regular order of words and the reflexive pronouns te, vous, nous.

    Examples:

    Affirmative imperative Negative imperative
    Parle Ne parle pas
    Regardons Ne regardons pas
    Montez Ne montez pas
    Lève-toi Ne te lève pas
    Couchez-vous Ne vous couchez pas

    Irregular forms of the imperative in French

    The imperatives of être, avoir and savoir are irregular. their form are the subjunctive forms. 

    être avoir savoir
    (tu) sois aie sache
    (nous) soyons ayons sachons
    (vous) soyez ayez sachez

    enlightenedThe imperative forms of "aller" are "va, allons, allez". Va become vas and the familiar imperative of -er verbs adds s before the pronouns y and en

    • Vas-y ! (go ahead)
    • Parles-en ! (talk about it)

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