• French grammar
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  • 1 French alphabet
  • 2 French pronunciation and phonetics [0/7]
  • 3 Nature and function of French words [0/23]
  • Multiple choice exercise about the nature of French words (Score -/-)Free
  • Multiple choice questions about the function of French words (Score -/-)Free
  • 3.1 The subject in French [0/3]
  • 3.2 The apostrophe and apposition in French [0/2]
  • 3.3 The complement object in French [0/12]
  • 3.4 The circumstancial complement in French [0/2]
  • 3.5 The agent complement in French [0/2]
  • 4 French articles [0/9]
  • 5 French nouns [0/13]
  • 6 French pronouns [0/20]
  • Multiple choice questions about the pronouns in French (Score -/-)Free
  • 6.1 French personal pronouns - je, tu, il [0/3]
  • 6.2 French possessive pronouns - le mien, le tien [0/2]
  • 6.3 French reflexive pronouns - me, te, se [0/2]
  • 6.4 French demonstrative pronouns - celui, celle, ceux [0/2]
  • 6.5 French relative pronouns - qui, que, qu' [0/4]
  • 6.6 French indefinite pronouns - tout, chacun [0/2]
  • 6.7 French interrogative pronouns - qui, que, lequel [0/2]
  • 6.8 French adverbial pronouns - en, y [0/2]
  • 7 French adjectives [0/17]
  • Multiple choice questions about the epithet, attribute in French (Score -/-)Free
  • 7.1 Endings of regular and irregular French adjectives [0/3]
  • 7.2 Comparative and superlative of French adjectives [0/3]
  • 7.3 Placement of French adjectives [0/2]
  • 7.4 French possessive adjectives - mon, ton, son [0/4]
  • 7.5 French demonstrative adjectives - ce, cette [0/2]
  • 7.6 French indefinite adjectives - toutes, quelques [0/2]
  • 8 French adverbs [0/18]
  • Drag and drop exercise about the adverbs (Score -/-)Free
  • Fill in the blank exercise about the regular form of the adverbs (Score -/-)Free
  • Fill in the blank exercise about the irregular adverbs (Score -/-)Free
  • 8.1 Adverbs of place in French [0/2]
  • 8.2 Adverbs of time in French [0/2]
  • 8.3 Adverbs of manner in French [0/2]
  • 8.4 Adverbs of quantity in French [0/2]
  • 8.5 Adverbs of reason in French [0/2]
  • 8.6 Placement of adverbs in French [0/2]
  • 8.7 Comparative of French adverbs [0/2]
  • 8.8 Difference adjectives and adverbs in French [0/1]
  • 9 French prepositions [0/10]
  • 10 French verbs [0/135]
  • 10.1 Tenses and moods in French [0/63]
  • 10.1.1 Indicative in French [0/26]
  • 10.1.1.1 Present tense in French [0/2]
  • 10.1.1.2 Past tenses in French [0/13]
  • 10.1.1.3 Future tenses in French [0/11]
  • 10.1.2 Subjunctive in French (le Subjonctif) [0/11]
  • 10.1.3 Conditional in French (le conditionnel) [0/10]
  • 10.1.4 Imperative in French [0/3]
  • 10.1.5 Infinitive in French [0/4]
  • 10.1.6 Gerund in French [0/2]
  • 10.1.7 Present participle in French [0/3]
  • 10.1.8 Past participle in French [0/4]
  • 10.2 French auxiliary verbs (avoir, être) [0/11]
  • 10.3 Modal verbs in French [0/17]
  • Fill in the blank exercise for the modal verbs in French (Score -/-)Free
  • 10.3.1 Conjugation of pouvoir (can) in French [0/4]
  • 10.3.2 Conjugation of devoir (should) in French [0/4]
  • 10.3.3 conjugation of vouloir (want) in French [0/4]
  • 10.3.4 Conjugation of savoir (to know) in French [0/4]
  • 10.4 Passive voice in French [0/4]
  • 10.5 Reflexive verbs in French [0/4]
  • 10.6 Irregular verbs in French [0/24]
  • Fill in the blanks exercise of the irregular verbs in French (Score -/-)Free
  • Fill in the blanks exercise of the irregular verbs in French II (Score -/-)Free
  • 10.6.1 Conjugation of venir (to come) in French [0/4]
  • 10.6.2 conjugation of aller (to go) in French [0/4]
  • 10.6.3 conjugation of faire (to do) in French [0/4]
  • 10.6.4 conjugation of prendre (to take) in French [0/3]
  • 10.6.5 conjugation of voir (to see) in French [0/3]
  • 10.6.6 Conjugation of partir (to leave) in French [0/4]
  • 10.7 Regular verbs in French [0/8]
  • 10.8 Reported Speech in French [0/4]
  • 11 French sentence structure [0/25]
  • Multiple choice questions about the sentence structure in French (Score -/-)Free
  • 11.1 The phrases in French [0/5]
  • 11.2 The forms of phrases in French [0/7]
  • 11.3 The types of phrases in French [0/8]
  • 11.4 The propositions in French [0/4]
  • 12 French si clauses [0/3]
  • 13 French conjunctions and logical connectors
  • In every European language we have to differ between Singular (French: le singulier) and Plural (French: le pluriel). In French however we have to distinguish between different plural forms:

    • Plural nouns that end in -s
    • Plural nouns that end in -x
    • Irregular plural nouns

    Plural nouns ending in -s

    Similar to the English language most nouns form the plural by adding -s to the singular. But different from the English language, the -s at the end of the noun isn't supposed to be pronounced. 

    enlightenedPlease note that nouns, which already end in -s in the singular form, don't change in the plural. 

    Examples for nouns ending in -s

     Singular  Plural  Translation
     une voiture  deux voitures  two cars
     un vélo  deux vélos  two bicycles
     une rue  deux rues  two streets
     un pays  deux pays  two countries
     un repas  deux repas  two meals

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    Plural nouns ending in -x

    Only a certain number of French nouns end in -x in the plural form. 

    The plural ending form in -x is used for:

    • all nouns that end in -au or -eau
    • nearly all nouns that end in -eu
    • some nouns that end -ou in plural
    • most nouns that end in -al and -ail have the ending -aux

    Examples for nouns ending in -x

    Singular Plural Translation
     le bateau  beaucoup de bateaux  a lot of boats
     le cheveu  beaucoup de cheveux  much hair
     le genou  les genoux  knees

    Irregular plural nouns

    Some nouns have an irregular plural. These include nouns ending in -eu, -al, -eau, -ail and some nouns ending in -ou.

    Singular Plural Translation
     l'os  les os  the bones
     monsieur  messieurs  misters
     madame  mesdames  ladies
     mademoiselle  mesdemoiselles  mademoiselle
     les ciseaux  des pires de ciseaux  the scissors
     les lunettes  des paires de lunettes  the glasses

    Plural of compound nouns

    When nouns are made up of two separate words, they are called compound nouns, for example, les grands-parents (meaning grandparents) or des ouvre-boites (meaning tinopeners).

    The rules for forming the plural of compound nouns are a bit complicated: 

    • If two nouns are connected, only the first noun is set in plural.
    • If an adjective is connected with a noun, both are changed in the plural.
    • If a verb is connected with a noun or another verb, both stay unchanged.
    • Also if a preposition is connected with a noun, both stay unchanged.

    Examples for compound nouns in the plural

    Singular Plural Translation

     l'appareil photo

     la station-service

     les appareils photo

     les stations-service

     the cameras

     the gas stations

     le grand-père

     la belle-mère

     les grands-pères

     les belles-mères

     the grandparents

     the mothers-in-law

     le faire-parte

     le laisser-passer

     les faire-part

     les laisser-passer

     the announcements

     the passports

     un après-midi

     un hors-d'oeuvre

     les après-midi

     les hors-d'oeuvre

     the afternoons

     the appetizers

    enlightenedPlease note that compound nouns, which are written together, receive an additional -s in the plural.

    Plural of surnames

    In general you don't add an additional -s at the end of last names in French. But usually it's not considered as a mistake if you do so. 

    enlightenedBear in mind that it's common to add an -s at the end of royal family names or pieces of art. 

    Examples for surnames in the plural

    Singular  Plural Translation
     Madame Bernard  les Bernard(s)  the Bernards
     la famille Dupont  les Dupont(s)  the Duponts
     Ce musée possède plusieurs Renoirs et Picassos.  Ce musée possède plusieurs Renoirs et Picassos.  This museum owns a lot of Renoirs and Picassos.