Plural of French nouns
In every European language we have to differ between Singular (French: le singulier) and Plural (French: le pluriel). In French however we have to distinguish between different plural forms:
- Plural nouns that end in -s
- Plural nouns that end in -x
- Irregular plural nouns
Plural nouns ending in -s
Similar to the English language most nouns form the plural by adding -s to the singular. But different from the English language, the -s at the end of the noun isn't supposed to be pronounced.
Please note that nouns, which already end in -s in the singular form, don't change in the plural.
Examples for nouns ending in -s
|une voiture||deux voitures||two cars|
|un vélo||deux vélos||two bicycles|
|une rue||deux rues||two streets|
|un pays||deux pays||two countries|
|un repas||deux repas||two meals|
Plural nouns ending in -x
Only a certain number of French nouns end in -x in the plural form.
The plural ending form in -x is used for:
- all nouns that end in -au or -eau
- nearly all nouns that end in -eu
- some nouns that end -ou in plural
- most nouns that end in -al and -ail have the ending -aux
Examples for nouns ending in -x
|le bateau||beaucoup de bateaux||a lot of boats|
|le cheveu||beaucoup de cheveux||much hair|
|le genou||les genoux||knees|
Irregular plural nouns
Some nouns have an irregular plural. These include nouns ending in -eu, -al, -eau, -ail and some nouns ending in -ou.
|l'os||les os||the bones|
|les ciseaux||des pires de ciseaux||the scissors|
|les lunettes||des paires de lunettes||the glasses|
Plural of compound nouns
When nouns are made up of two separate words, they are called compound nouns, for example, les grands-parents (meaning grandparents) or des ouvre-boites (meaning tinopeners).
The rules for forming the plural of compound nouns are a bit complicated:
- If two nouns are connected, only the first noun is set in plural.
- If an adjective is connected with a noun, both are changed in the plural.
- If a verb is connected with a noun or another verb, both stay unchanged.
- Also if a preposition is connected with a noun, both stay unchanged.
Examples for compound nouns in the plural
les appareils photo
the gas stations
| le grand-père
| les après-midi
Please note that compound nouns, which are written together, receive an additional -s in the plural.
Plural of surnames
In general you don't add an additional -s at the end of last names in French. But usually it's not considered as a mistake if you do so.
Bear in mind that it's common to add an -s at the end of royal family names or pieces of art.
Examples for surnames in the plural
|Madame Bernard||les Bernard(s)||the Bernards|
|la famille Dupont||les Dupont(s)||the Duponts|
|Ce musée possède plusieurs Renoirs et Picassos.||Ce musée possède plusieurs Renoirs et Picassos.||This museum owns a lot of Renoirs and Picassos.|
Practise with a private teacher on Skype!
- Private Skype lessons
- Learn any topic
- Flexible appointments
French, English & Dutch - All levels
I teach: Dutch, English, French
Hi! My name is Bart, I am 31 years old, live in Amsterdam and I'm an advanced English/French/Dutch speaker and teacher. Having lived in... several countries I know what it's like to learn a foreign language and how challenging this can be. During our lessons I will explain how to deal your language difficulties and simplify them for you.I offer teaching for:ENGLISH:- Levels/exams A1,A2,B1,B2,C1- English for high school and students - To improve your English for other reasons (ex: English family, to be more comfortable making conversation, practical/social English) FRENCH:- Levels/exams A1,A2,B1,B2,C1- French for high school and students - To improve your French for other reasons (ex: French family, to be more comfortable making conversation, practical/social French) DUTCH:- A1, A2, B1, B2, C1, C2 levels/exams (including 'INBURGERINGSCURSUS')- Dutch for high school and students- Improving Dutch for OTHER REASONS(Dutch family, just to make conversation, to develop practical/sociallanguage skills etc.)How I teach:1 - Your level and objective(s)At the start we will discuss your level and objectives. This way I can efficiently give you the help that you need. 2 - Open communicationI have an open way of teaching in which I encourage students to keep telling me what their difficulties are or where they would like to improve. In my experience this saves a lot of time and also makes the lessons more fun.3 - Simplify instead of complicateI am good at listening and understanding why students are having difficulties with certain issues. This way I can simplify the issue and teach you Dutch in an easy and understandable way.4 - InvolvedI am involved with my students' objectives and am constantly looking for the best and most efficient way to make progress. I am a positive and optimistic person and this is also how I teach. I focus on how to do it right instead of wasting too much time on why something is wrong. I also prefer to simplify rather than to complicate issues. This creates a pleasant learning atmosphere and makes our lessons more productive and fun.At the same time I am also quite competitive. Once you share your goal(s) or expectations with me I will make sure that we do what it takes to achieve and hopefully exceed them.The reason why I like teaching so much is because I enjoy showing people what they are capable of and to help them achieve their goals. At the same time I am becoming a better teacher after every lesson so, in fact, you are also teaching me :) Read more
German lessons and learning materials included
I teach: English, French, German
My name is Christina and I provide fun German and French language lesson for children and adult beginners or intermediate who want to... strengthen their language skills, improve the grammar knowledge, enrich the vocabulary and get into the German culture! I can teach in English or French!I had experince in teaching German, English and French to foreign people so I do have a lot of useful learning material I can provide you to make it easier! Read more
This teacher is one of our premium members. A premium teacher is very motivated to provide an excellent learning experience.
Professionnal French courses with a French native and certified teacher
I teach: French
Hello,Are you looking to learn or improve your French in a Fun and relaxed atmosphere?Look no further !My name is Anissa and I'm a French... native and certified teacher.Focusing on each student's individual level, interests, and goals, my online classes are effective to achieve impressive learning results in a shorter period of time. The courses will be based on your personal needs and during the class you will receive direct explanations, correction and feedback in order to instantly improve your language skills.Whether you want to learn French for your own pleasure or preparing for an exam, an upcoming interview or a presentation at work, I will be happy to assist you in reaching your goals.My online classes are available at any time! Choose a subject from my curriculum or request your own topic, date, time and start master your French!I look forward to meeting you,Anissa, your French (and nice) teacher :)*Please note that I'm not offering a free trial anymore* Read more