• French grammar
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  • 1 French alphabet
  • 2 French pronunciation and phonetics [0/7]
  • 3 Nature and function of French words [0/23]
  • Multiple choice exercise about the nature of French words (Score -/-)Free
  • Multiple choice questions about the function of French words (Score -/-)Free
  • 3.1 The subject in French [0/3]
  • 3.2 The apostrophe and apposition in French [0/2]
  • 3.3 The complement object in French [0/12]
  • 3.4 The circumstancial complement in French [0/2]
  • 3.5 The agent complement in French [0/2]
  • 4 French articles [0/9]
  • 5 French nouns [0/13]
  • 6 French pronouns [0/20]
  • Multiple choice questions about the pronouns in French (Score -/-)Free
  • 6.1 French personal pronouns - je, tu, il [0/3]
  • 6.2 French possessive pronouns - le mien, le tien [0/2]
  • 6.3 French reflexive pronouns - me, te, se [0/2]
  • 6.4 French demonstrative pronouns - celui, celle, ceux [0/2]
  • 6.5 French relative pronouns - qui, que, qu' [0/4]
  • 6.6 French indefinite pronouns - tout, chacun [0/2]
  • 6.7 French interrogative pronouns - qui, que, lequel [0/2]
  • 6.8 French adverbial pronouns - en, y [0/2]
  • 7 French adjectives [0/17]
  • Multiple choice questions about the epithet, attribute in French (Score -/-)Free
  • 7.1 Endings of regular and irregular French adjectives [0/3]
  • 7.2 Comparative and superlative of French adjectives [0/3]
  • 7.3 Placement of French adjectives [0/2]
  • 7.4 French possessive adjectives - mon, ton, son [0/4]
  • 7.5 French demonstrative adjectives - ce, cette [0/2]
  • 7.6 French indefinite adjectives - toutes, quelques [0/2]
  • 8 French adverbs [0/18]
  • Drag and drop exercise about the adverbs (Score -/-)Free
  • Fill in the blank exercise about the regular form of the adverbs (Score -/-)Free
  • Fill in the blank exercise about the irregular adverbs (Score -/-)Free
  • 8.1 Adverbs of place in French [0/2]
  • 8.2 Adverbs of time in French [0/2]
  • 8.3 Adverbs of manner in French [0/2]
  • 8.4 Adverbs of quantity in French [0/2]
  • 8.5 Adverbs of reason in French [0/2]
  • 8.6 Placement of adverbs in French [0/2]
  • 8.7 Comparative of French adverbs [0/2]
  • 8.8 Difference adjectives and adverbs in French [0/1]
  • 9 French prepositions [0/10]
  • 10 French verbs [0/135]
  • 10.1 Tenses and moods in French [0/63]
  • 10.1.1 Indicative in French [0/26]
  • 10.1.1.1 Present tense in French [0/2]
  • 10.1.1.2 Past tenses in French [0/13]
  • 10.1.1.3 Future tenses in French [0/11]
  • 10.1.2 Subjunctive in French (le Subjonctif) [0/11]
  • 10.1.3 Conditional in French (le conditionnel) [0/10]
  • 10.1.4 Imperative in French [0/3]
  • 10.1.5 Infinitive in French [0/4]
  • 10.1.6 Gerund in French [0/2]
  • 10.1.7 Present participle in French [0/3]
  • 10.1.8 Past participle in French [0/4]
  • 10.2 French auxiliary verbs (avoir, être) [0/11]
  • 10.3 Modal verbs in French [0/17]
  • Fill in the blank exercise for the modal verbs in French (Score -/-)Free
  • 10.3.1 Conjugation of pouvoir (can) in French [0/4]
  • 10.3.2 Conjugation of devoir (should) in French [0/4]
  • 10.3.3 conjugation of vouloir (want) in French [0/4]
  • 10.3.4 Conjugation of savoir (to know) in French [0/4]
  • 10.4 Passive voice in French [0/4]
  • 10.5 Reflexive verbs in French [0/4]
  • 10.6 Irregular verbs in French [0/24]
  • Fill in the blanks exercise of the irregular verbs in French (Score -/-)Free
  • Fill in the blanks exercise of the irregular verbs in French II (Score -/-)Free
  • 10.6.1 Conjugation of venir (to come) in French [0/4]
  • 10.6.2 conjugation of aller (to go) in French [0/4]
  • 10.6.3 conjugation of faire (to do) in French [0/4]
  • 10.6.4 conjugation of prendre (to take) in French [0/3]
  • 10.6.5 conjugation of voir (to see) in French [0/3]
  • 10.6.6 Conjugation of partir (to leave) in French [0/4]
  • 10.7 Regular verbs in French [0/8]
  • 10.8 Reported Speech in French [0/4]
  • 11 French sentence structure [0/25]
  • Multiple choice questions about the sentence structure in French (Score -/-)Free
  • 11.1 The phrases in French [0/5]
  • 11.2 The forms of phrases in French [0/7]
  • 11.3 The types of phrases in French [0/8]
  • 11.4 The propositions in French [0/4]
  • 12 French si clauses [0/3]
  • Indirect or Direct pronouns (French: les pronoms indirects et directs) are used to replace the complement it can either be a COD or a COI. Even for the COS, we can also use pronouns to replace the complement in this case also it can either be the direct object or the indirect object pronouns. 

    Here you wil get an overview about all the complements pronouns in the French grammar

    1) French direct object pronouns

    The French direct object pronoun replaces a direct object complement (COD) and makes it possible not to repeat the noun. It is always placed before the verb. 

    It answers to the question:

    • Qui ? (for a person)
    • Quoi ? (for a thing)

    Chart of the French direct object pronouns

      COD
    Singular

    Me 

    Te 

    Le

    La

    Plural

    Nous 

    Vous

    Les

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    Formation of the French direct object pronouns

    1. For yourself, the person who is talking (I), you use the pronoun me or m' (in front of a vowel or an h)

    • Il connaît Julien depuis le lycée. ------> Il me connaît depuis le lycée. (He knows Julian since high school)
    • Ils adorent Marie. -------> Ils m'adorent

    enlightenedThis direct object pronouns cannot apply to the 1st plural person: nous

    2. For the person who you talking to (you), you use the pronoun te or t' (in front of a vowel or an h)

    • Je n'ai pas vu Sandra à la gare. -----> Je ne t'ai pas vu à la gare. (I didn't saw you at the train station)
    • Nous tuerons Léo -----> Nous te tuerons. (We will kill you)

    enlightenedThis direct object cannot apply to the 2nd plural person: vous

    3. For people that are talking (we), you use the pronoun: nous

    • Ton amie invite notre famille à dîner. -----> Ton amie nous invite à dîner
    • Vous attendez vos amies. -----> Vous nous attendez. 

    enlightenedThis pronoun cannot apply to the 1st singular person: je

    4. For the people we are talking to (you), you use the pronoun: vous 

    • J'attends mes amies et toi -----> Je vous attends
    • Je ne vois plus Marie et Rosie -----> Je ne vous vois plus

    enlightenedIn general, this pronoun is used in all personal pronouns as a cortesy for a person. 

    5. For a person or a thing, you use:

    • la or l' for the feminine complement 
    • le or l' for the masculine complement
    • les for many things or many persons

    Examples

      COD Object pronouns Examples
    Feminine complement Je regarde la télévision Je la regarde (I am watching the TV)
    Masculine complement

    Ils voient le jardin 

    Vous adorez le professeur

    Ils le voient

    Vous l'adorez

    (They see the garden)

    (You love the professor

    many things or persons

    Nous achetons les fruits

    Vous voyez les enfants

    Nous les achetons

    Vous les voyez

    (We are buying fruits)

    (You see the children)

    enlightenedNote that the direct object pronouns le,la,les,l' always agree in gender and in number with the complement/noun it replaces. 

    2) The French Indirect object pronouns

    The French direct object pronoun replaces a indirect object complement (COI) and makes it possible not to repeat the noun. It is always placed before the verb.

    It answers to the question: 

    • à qui ? 
    • à quoi ? 

    Chart of the French indirecti object pronouns

      COI
    Singular

    Me 

    Te 

    Lui

    Plural

    Nous 

    Vous 

    Leur

    These pronouns are usually used with the communication verbs that are built with the preposition à:

    • dire à
    • téléphoner à
    • parler à
    • envoyer à
    • donner à
    • offrir à
    • répondre à
    • écrire à
    • demander à

    Examples

    Pronouns COI Pronoun
    me Le professeur a donné un devoir à moi Le professeur m'a donné un devoir
    te Je parle à toi Je te parle
    lui Nous avons envoyé une lettre au président Nous lui avons envoyé une lettre
    nous Le voisin apporte des pommes à nos amies le voisin nous apporte des pommes
    vous Il demande pardon à tes amies Il vous demande pardon
    leur Vous écrivez une poésie aux parents des élèves Vous leur écrivez une poésie

    enlightenedNote that in front of a,e,i,o,u,y and h te and me become m' and t'