• French grammar
  • 1 French alphabet
  • 2 French pronunciation and phonetics [0/7]
  • 3 Nature and function of French words [0/23]
  • Multiple choice exercise about the nature of French words (Score -/-)
  • Multiple choice questions about the function of French words (Score -/-)
  • 3.1 The subject in French [0/3]
  • 3.2 The apostrophe and apposition in French [0/2]
  • 3.3 The complement object in French [0/12]
  • 3.4 The circumstancial complement in French [0/2]
  • 3.5 The agent complement in French [0/2]
  • 4 French articles [0/9]
  • 5 French nouns [0/13]
  • 6 French pronouns [0/20]
  • Multiple choice questions about the pronouns in French (Score -/-)
  • 6.1 French personal pronouns - je, tu, il [0/3]
  • 6.2 French possessive pronouns - le mien, le tien [0/2]
  • 6.3 French reflexive pronouns - me, te, se [0/2]
  • 6.4 French demonstrative pronouns - celui, celle, ceux [0/2]
  • 6.5 French relative pronouns - qui, que, qu' [0/4]
  • 6.6 French indefinite pronouns - tout, chacun [0/2]
  • 6.7 French interrogative pronouns - qui, que, lequel [0/2]
  • 6.8 French adverbial pronouns - en, y [0/2]
  • 7 French adjectives [0/17]
  • Multiple choice questions about the epithet, attribute in French (Score -/-)
  • 7.1 Endings of regular and irregular French adjectives [0/3]
  • 7.2 Comparative and superlative of French adjectives [0/3]
  • 7.3 Placement of French adjectives [0/2]
  • 7.4 French possessive adjectives - mon, ton, son [0/4]
  • 7.5 French demonstrative adjectives - ce, cette [0/2]
  • 7.6 French indefinite adjectives - toutes, quelques [0/2]
  • 8 French adverbs [0/18]
  • 9 French prepositions [0/10]
  • 10 French verbs [0/135]
  • 10.1 Tenses and moods in French [0/63]
  • 10.1.1 Indicative in French [0/26]
  • Present tense in French [0/2]
  • Past tenses in French [0/13]
  • Future tenses in French [0/11]
  • 10.1.2 Subjunctive in French (le Subjonctif) [0/11]
  • 10.1.3 Conditional in French (le conditionnel) [0/10]
  • 10.1.4 Imperative in French [0/3]
  • 10.1.5 Infinitive in French [0/4]
  • 10.1.6 Gerund in French [0/2]
  • 10.1.7 Present participle in French [0/3]
  • 10.1.8 Past participle in French [0/4]
  • 10.2 French auxiliary verbs (avoir, être) [0/11]
  • 10.3 Modal verbs in French [0/17]
  • Fill in the blank exercise for the modal verbs in French (Score -/-)
  • 10.3.1 Conjugation of pouvoir (can) in French [0/4]
  • 10.3.2 Conjugation of devoir (should) in French [0/4]
  • 10.3.3 conjugation of vouloir (want) in French [0/4]
  • 10.3.4 Conjugation of savoir (to know) in French [0/4]
  • 10.4 Passive voice in French [0/4]
  • 10.5 Reflexive verbs in French [0/4]
  • 10.6 Irregular verbs in French [0/24]
  • Fill in the blanks exercise of the irregular verbs in French (Score -/-)
  • Fill in the blanks exercise of the irregular verbs in French II (Score -/-)
  • 10.6.1 Conjugation of venir (to come) in French [0/4]
  • 10.6.2 conjugation of aller (to go) in French [0/4]
  • 10.6.3 conjugation of faire (to do) in French [0/4]
  • 10.6.4 conjugation of prendre (to take) in French [0/3]
  • 10.6.5 conjugation of voir (to see) in French [0/3]
  • 10.6.6 Conjugation of partir (to leave) in French [0/4]
  • 10.7 Regular verbs in French [0/8]
  • 10.8 Reported Speech in French [0/4]
  • 11 French sentence structure [0/25]
  • Multiple choice questions about the sentence structure in French (Score -/-)
  • 11.1 The phrases in French [0/5]
  • 11.2 The forms of phrases in French [0/7]
  • 11.3 The types of phrases in French [0/8]
  • 11.4 The propositions in French [0/4]
  • 12 French si clauses [0/3]
  • 13
  • Conditional in French (le conditionnel)

    What is the conditional? 

    The conditional (French: le conditionnel) is used to express an action that will take place if another action has already taken place. In general, it is used to express wishes, probability in the future, possibilities and doubts.

    The conditional is used in mainly three contexts:

    Usage Example Translation 
    Express a polite request Je voudrais aller à la gare, s'il vous plait.

    I would like to go to the train station, please.

    Express 'future of the past'
    (events that take place at a later time, viewed at a later time)
    Elle m'a dit qu'elle ferais une bonne avocate. She told me, she would make a good lawyer.
    'si clauses'
    Si tu gagnais le gros lot, tu achèterait une belle voiture. If you won the jackpot, you would buy a beautiful car. 

    enlightenedThe 'si' clauses use the present conditional (achèterais) when the condition is the imperfect (gagnais)

    Conditional as a tense in French 

    The conditional has a temporal form for the present (French: le conditionnel présent), like the future tense. we distinguish between two conditional tenses: the present and the past conditional tense.

    The present conditional 

    The present conditional (French: le présent conditionnel) is very similar to the future simple, but the endings are composed of an -r- and the endings of the imperfect tense. 



    (The future expresses your next step)


    (The conditional expresses possibility)


    To speak 

    Je parlerai

    I will speak

    Je parlerais

    I would speak


    To watch

    Tu regarderas

    You will watch

    Tu regarderais

    You would watch 


    Regular formation of the present conditional

     verbs on -er: manger verbs on -ir: finir verbs on -re: mettre
    Je mangerais  Je finirais Je mettrais
    Tu mangerais Tu finirais Tu mettrais
    Il/elle/on mangerait Il/elle/on finirait Il/elle/on mettrait
    Nous mangerions Nous finirions Nous mettrions
    Vous mangeriez Vous finiriez Vous mettriez
    Ils/elles mangeraient Ils/elles finiraient Ils/elles mettraient 

    Formation of the conditional with être and avoir

     enlightened 'Avoir' and ''être' are formed irregularly: 

    • Avoir: j'aurais, tu aurais, il aurait, nous aurions, vous auriez, ils auraient 
    • Être: je serais, tu serais, il serait, nous serions, vous seriez, ils seraient 

    ​The past conditional 

    The past conditional (French: le conditionnel passé) is formed with the conditionnel of the auxiliary verb 'avoir' or 'être' and the past participle. In general, it is used to express regrets.

    verbs on -er: aimer verbs on -ir: finir verbs on -re: mettre
    J'aurais aimé  J'aurais fini J'aurais mis
    Tu aurais aimé Tu aurais fini Tu aurais mis
    Il/elle/on aurait aimé  Il/elle/on aurait fini Il/elle/on aurait mis
    Nous aurions aimé Nous aurions fini Nous aurions mis
    Vous auriez aimé Vous auriez fini Vous auriez mis
    Ils/elles auraient aimé Ils/elles auraient fini Ils/elles auraient mis 

    enlightenedThe past conditional with 'être' agrees in gender and number with the noun they qualify.


    • Lucy se serait perdue dans les bois. (Lucy would have been lost in the woods.)  
    • Marc et Tom seraient rentrés en France. (Marc and Tom would have went back in France.)

    ​The conditional as a mode in French

    The conditionnel is also used as a mode in French. It is used to describe the manner in which an action or process can or should take place.

    In this case, you use the past or present conditional + infinitive

    In the present, it is used to express a wish, a possibility, a guess or a polite request:

    • J'aimerais faire un dessin pour ma mère. (I would like to make a drawing for my mother.)
    • Je saurais le faire. (I would know how to do it.) 

    ​In the past, it is used to express regrets: 

    • J'aurais aimé rester un peu plus longtemps. (I would have loved to stay a little longer.)
    • J'aurais été heureux de partir en vacances. (I would have been happy to go in holiday.)​

    yes Keep your motivation and test your knowledge about the conditional with our exercises.


    Exercise for the conditional in French I

    The French conditional tense or mode exercise I

    Next lessons

    1 Present conditional in French Get an ovierview of the present conditional tense in French and study the topic online
    2 Past conditional in French Get an ovierview of the past conditional tense in French and study the topic online