• French grammar
    0%
  • 1 French alphabet
  • 2 French pronunciation and phonetics [0/7]
  • 3 Nature and function of French words [0/23]
  • Multiple choice exercise about the nature of French words (Score -/-)Free
  • Multiple choice questions about the function of French words (Score -/-)Free
  • 3.1 The subject in French [0/3]
  • 3.2 The apostrophe and apposition in French [0/2]
  • 3.3 The complement object in French [0/12]
  • 3.4 The circumstancial complement in French [0/2]
  • 3.5 The agent complement in French [0/2]
  • 4 French articles [0/9]
  • 5 French nouns [0/13]
  • 6 French pronouns [0/20]
  • Multiple choice questions about the pronouns in French (Score -/-)Free
  • 6.1 French personal pronouns - je, tu, il [0/3]
  • 6.2 French possessive pronouns - le mien, le tien [0/2]
  • 6.3 French reflexive pronouns - me, te, se [0/2]
  • 6.4 French demonstrative pronouns - celui, celle, ceux [0/2]
  • 6.5 French relative pronouns - qui, que, qu' [0/4]
  • 6.6 French indefinite pronouns - tout, chacun [0/2]
  • 6.7 French interrogative pronouns - qui, que, lequel [0/2]
  • 6.8 French adverbial pronouns - en, y [0/2]
  • 7 French adjectives [0/17]
  • Multiple choice questions about the epithet, attribute in French (Score -/-)Free
  • 7.1 Endings of regular and irregular French adjectives [0/3]
  • 7.2 Comparative and superlative of French adjectives [0/3]
  • 7.3 Placement of French adjectives [0/2]
  • 7.4 French possessive adjectives - mon, ton, son [0/4]
  • 7.5 French demonstrative adjectives - ce, cette [0/2]
  • 7.6 French indefinite adjectives - toutes, quelques [0/2]
  • 8 French adverbs [0/18]
  • Drag and drop exercise about the adverbs (Score -/-)Free
  • Fill in the blank exercise about the regular form of the adverbs (Score -/-)Free
  • Fill in the blank exercise about the irregular adverbs (Score -/-)Free
  • 8.1 Adverbs of place in French [0/2]
  • 8.2 Adverbs of time in French [0/2]
  • 8.3 Adverbs of manner in French [0/2]
  • 8.4 Adverbs of quantity in French [0/2]
  • 8.5 Adverbs of reason in French [0/2]
  • 8.6 Placement of adverbs in French [0/2]
  • 8.7 Comparative of French adverbs [0/2]
  • 8.8 Difference adjectives and adverbs in French [0/1]
  • 9 French prepositions [0/10]
  • 10 French verbs [0/135]
  • 10.1 Tenses and moods in French [0/63]
  • 10.1.1 Indicative in French [0/26]
  • 10.1.1.1 Present tense in French [0/2]
  • 10.1.1.2 Past tenses in French [0/13]
  • 10.1.1.3 Future tenses in French [0/11]
  • 10.1.2 Subjunctive in French (le Subjonctif) [0/11]
  • 10.1.3 Conditional in French (le conditionnel) [0/10]
  • 10.1.4 Imperative in French [0/3]
  • 10.1.5 Infinitive in French [0/4]
  • 10.1.6 Gerund in French [0/2]
  • 10.1.7 Present participle in French [0/3]
  • 10.1.8 Past participle in French [0/4]
  • 10.2 French auxiliary verbs (avoir, être) [0/11]
  • 10.3 Modal verbs in French [0/17]
  • Fill in the blank exercise for the modal verbs in French (Score -/-)Free
  • 10.3.1 Conjugation of pouvoir (can) in French [0/4]
  • 10.3.2 Conjugation of devoir (should) in French [0/4]
  • 10.3.3 conjugation of vouloir (want) in French [0/4]
  • 10.3.4 Conjugation of savoir (to know) in French [0/4]
  • 10.4 Passive voice in French [0/4]
  • 10.5 Reflexive verbs in French [0/4]
  • 10.6 Irregular verbs in French [0/24]
  • Fill in the blanks exercise of the irregular verbs in French (Score -/-)Free
  • Fill in the blanks exercise of the irregular verbs in French II (Score -/-)Free
  • 10.6.1 Conjugation of venir (to come) in French [0/4]
  • 10.6.2 conjugation of aller (to go) in French [0/4]
  • 10.6.3 conjugation of faire (to do) in French [0/4]
  • 10.6.4 conjugation of prendre (to take) in French [0/3]
  • 10.6.5 conjugation of voir (to see) in French [0/3]
  • 10.6.6 Conjugation of partir (to leave) in French [0/4]
  • 10.7 Regular verbs in French [0/8]
  • 10.8 Reported Speech in French [0/4]
  • 11 French sentence structure [0/25]
  • Multiple choice questions about the sentence structure in French (Score -/-)Free
  • 11.1 The phrases in French [0/5]
  • 11.2 The forms of phrases in French [0/7]
  • 11.3 The types of phrases in French [0/8]
  • 11.4 The propositions in French [0/4]
  • 12 French si clauses [0/3]
  • 13 French conjunctions and logical connectors
  • Present participle (French participe présent) is a verbal form ending with -ant which is structurally equivalent of the -ing form in English. The present participle is used as an adjective, to build the participle sentences and to build the Gerund.

    When to use the present participle in French?

    The 3 main uses of present participle in French are:

    1) as an adjective

    Examples: ​

    • La femme charmante (The charming woman)
    • Un enfant intéressant (An interesting child)

    2) in the participle sentences

    Examples:

    • La femme captivant l'attention de tous les hommes (The woman catching attention of all the men)
    • J'ai vu ma soeur lisant le journal (I saw my sister reading the newspaper)

    3) to build the Gerund

    Example:

    • En recevant la lettre,il pensait à ses enfants (Sending the letter he was thinking about his children)
    • Il pensait à son enfance en mangeant la glace (He was thinking about his childhood while eating the ice-cream)

    How to form present participle in French?

    The present participle is formed by replacing the ending “ons” with  the ending “ant” of stem of the 1st person plural of the present tense (the form of “nous”),

    Infinitive 1st person of the plural Present participle
    prendre (to take) nous prenons (we take) prenant (taking)
    danser (to dance) nous dansons (we dance) dansant (dancing)
    donner (to give) nous donnons (we give) donnant (giving)

    enlightenedAll the verbs are formed by the same rule except 3 verbs:

    • Avoir - ayant (having)
    • Être - étant (being)
    • Savoir- sachant (knowing)

    Examples:

    • Sachant la vérité il a decidé de ne plus parler avec cet homme.
    • Etant fatigué il est allé dormir.
    • Ayant des problèmes du transport elle n’as pas pu venir.
    • Prenant sa veste elle a quitté la maison.
    • Ils se sentaient mieux en donnant des conseils.

    Study this lesson together with a teacher

    Studying on your own is not effective since nobody guides you and you do not receive any feedback. Ask help from one of our professional teachers!

    Get a free trial lesson!
    View teachers

    ​Agreement of the Present participle in French

    If the Present participle is used as an adjective, it should be agreed with the subject:

      Masculine Feminine
    Singular - - e
    Plural - s - es

    Examples:

    • la femme charmante  - les femmes charmantes
    • un homme parlant - des hommes parlants
    • l'enfant jouant - les enfants jouants

    enlightenedIf the Present Participle is used in the participle sentences, it shouldn't be agreed!

    List of different adjectives and present participle

    Some verbs have their participle present similar to adjective but some others may be different.

    Adjectives Present participle
    adhérent adhérant
    différent différant
    excellent excellant
    influente influant
    précédent précédant
    convaicant convainquant
    provocant provoquant

     enlightenedAdjectives agrees in gender and number if they are similar to participles 

    yes Stay positive and motivated! Don't hesitate to check out our free exercises!