• French grammar
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  • 1 French alphabet
  • 2 French pronunciation and phonetics [0/7]
  • 3 Nature and function of French words [0/23]
  • Multiple choice exercise about the nature of French words (Score -/-)Free
  • Multiple choice questions about the function of French words (Score -/-)Free
  • 3.1 The subject in French [0/3]
  • 3.2 The apostrophe and apposition in French [0/2]
  • 3.3 The complement object in French [0/12]
  • 3.4 The circumstancial complement in French [0/2]
  • 3.5 The agent complement in French [0/2]
  • 4 French articles [0/9]
  • 5 French nouns [0/13]
  • 6 French pronouns [0/20]
  • Multiple choice questions about the pronouns in French (Score -/-)Free
  • 6.1 French personal pronouns - je, tu, il [0/3]
  • 6.2 French possessive pronouns - le mien, le tien [0/2]
  • 6.3 French reflexive pronouns - me, te, se [0/2]
  • 6.4 French demonstrative pronouns - celui, celle, ceux [0/2]
  • 6.5 French relative pronouns - qui, que, qu' [0/4]
  • 6.6 French indefinite pronouns - tout, chacun [0/2]
  • 6.7 French interrogative pronouns - qui, que, lequel [0/2]
  • 6.8 French adverbial pronouns - en, y [0/2]
  • 7 French adjectives [0/17]
  • Multiple choice questions about the epithet, attribute in French (Score -/-)Free
  • 7.1 Endings of regular and irregular French adjectives [0/3]
  • 7.2 Comparative and superlative of French adjectives [0/3]
  • 7.3 Placement of French adjectives [0/2]
  • 7.4 French possessive adjectives - mon, ton, son [0/4]
  • 7.5 French demonstrative adjectives - ce, cette [0/2]
  • 7.6 French indefinite adjectives - toutes, quelques [0/2]
  • 8 French adverbs [0/18]
  • Drag and drop exercise about the adverbs (Score -/-)Free
  • Fill in the blank exercise about the regular form of the adverbs (Score -/-)Free
  • Fill in the blank exercise about the irregular adverbs (Score -/-)Free
  • 8.1 Adverbs of place in French [0/2]
  • 8.2 Adverbs of time in French [0/2]
  • 8.3 Adverbs of manner in French [0/2]
  • 8.4 Adverbs of quantity in French [0/2]
  • 8.5 Adverbs of reason in French [0/2]
  • 8.6 Placement of adverbs in French [0/2]
  • 8.7 Comparative of French adverbs [0/2]
  • 8.8 Difference adjectives and adverbs in French [0/1]
  • 9 French prepositions [0/10]
  • 10 French verbs [0/135]
  • 10.1 Tenses and moods in French [0/63]
  • 10.1.1 Indicative in French [0/26]
  • 10.1.1.1 Present tense in French [0/2]
  • 10.1.1.2 Past tenses in French [0/13]
  • 10.1.1.3 Future tenses in French [0/11]
  • 10.1.2 Subjunctive in French (le Subjonctif) [0/11]
  • 10.1.3 Conditional in French (le conditionnel) [0/10]
  • 10.1.4 Imperative in French [0/3]
  • 10.1.5 Infinitive in French [0/4]
  • 10.1.6 Gerund in French [0/2]
  • 10.1.7 Present participle in French [0/3]
  • 10.1.8 Past participle in French [0/4]
  • 10.2 French auxiliary verbs (avoir, être) [0/11]
  • 10.3 Modal verbs in French [0/17]
  • Fill in the blank exercise for the modal verbs in French (Score -/-)Free
  • 10.3.1 Conjugation of pouvoir (can) in French [0/4]
  • 10.3.2 Conjugation of devoir (should) in French [0/4]
  • 10.3.3 conjugation of vouloir (want) in French [0/4]
  • 10.3.4 Conjugation of savoir (to know) in French [0/4]
  • 10.4 Passive voice in French [0/4]
  • 10.5 Reflexive verbs in French [0/4]
  • 10.6 Irregular verbs in French [0/24]
  • Fill in the blanks exercise of the irregular verbs in French (Score -/-)Free
  • Fill in the blanks exercise of the irregular verbs in French II (Score -/-)Free
  • 10.6.1 Conjugation of venir (to come) in French [0/4]
  • 10.6.2 conjugation of aller (to go) in French [0/4]
  • 10.6.3 conjugation of faire (to do) in French [0/4]
  • 10.6.4 conjugation of prendre (to take) in French [0/3]
  • 10.6.5 conjugation of voir (to see) in French [0/3]
  • 10.6.6 Conjugation of partir (to leave) in French [0/4]
  • 10.7 Regular verbs in French [0/8]
  • 10.8 Reported Speech in French [0/4]
  • 11 French sentence structure [0/25]
  • Multiple choice questions about the sentence structure in French (Score -/-)Free
  • 11.1 The phrases in French [0/5]
  • 11.2 The forms of phrases in French [0/7]
  • 11.3 The types of phrases in French [0/8]
  • 11.4 The propositions in French [0/4]
  • 12 French si clauses [0/3]
  • 13
  • The complement object in French

    Exercises

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    1. Multiple choice questions about the direct objects in French Score -/-

    The object complement (abbreviated CO) (French: Le complément d'objet) is part of the verbal group and is a transitive verb. It is essential to the proposition.

    The object complement can be composed of a noun, a nominal group, a pronoun, an infinitive verb or a subordinate clause.  The object complement is usually placed after the verb, but it can also be placed in front of the verb in an interrogative sentence, or when this object complement is a pronoun.

    There are three types of object complements:

    The object complement is determined by its position in the sentence and how it is related to the verb it completes.

    The direct object in French 

    The direct object complement (French: le complément d'objet direct) directly completes the verb without any preposition. The verb used with a COD is a direct transitive verb.

    To find the COD of a verb, it is most often enough to ask questions: 

    • Quoi ? (What ?)
    • Qui ? (Who ?)
    Examples Questions Translations
    Je vais voir mon père Je vais voir qui ?  (I am going to see my father)
    Nous avons acheté un bouquet de fleurs Nous avons acheté quoi ?  (We bought a bouquet of flowers)

    The indirect object in French 

    The indirect object complement (French: le complément d'objet indirectindirectly completes the verb most often through a preposition. The verb used with an COI is an indirect transitive verb.

    To find the COI of the verb, it is most enough to ask questions: 

    • à qui ? à quoi ? (to whom ?) (to what ?)
    • de qui ? de quoi ? (of who ?) (of what ?)
    Examples Questions Translations
    Cette salle appartient à la directrice Cette salle appartient à qui ?  (This classroom belongs to the director)
    Mon père l'aime de tout son coeur Mon père l'aime de quoi ?  (My father loves her with all his heart)

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    The position of object pronouns 

    Direct and indirect object pronouns are placed before the conjugated verb in the present, future, imperfect and before the auxiliary verb (avoir or être) in compound tenses such as the past completed.  

    It is also place before the infinitive verb in structures that include a conjugated verb followed by an infinitive. 

    The only structure that requires the object pronoun to be placed after the verb is the affirmative command. 

    Object pronouns Examples Translations
    precede the verb in simple tenses Je le vois I see him
    precede the auxiliary verb in compound tenses Je l'ai vu I saw him
    precede the infinitive form Je vais le voir I am going to see him
    Follow the verb in affirmative commands Regarde-le Look at him ! 

    The second object in French 

    The second object complement (French: le complément d'objet second) is very simple. It is used with a direct transitive verb along with the direct object complement and usually with a preposition

    It is called second just because there is another complement which is a COD that is in first position. It means that if the sentence has no direct object complement it is always an indirect object

    Examples: 

    COS Translations COD
    J'enseigne l'anglais à mes amis (I am teaching english to my friends) J'enseigne l'anglais
     Pierre a offert un cadeau à son amie (Peter offered a gift to his friend) Pierre a offert un cadeau

    enlightenedLearn more about the object complements in our subpages ! 

    Next lessons

    1 The direct object (COD) in French Get a comprehensive overview about the direct object complement and study the topic online.
    2 The indirect object (COI) in French Get a comprehensive overview about the indirect object complement and study the topic online.
    3 The second object (COS) in French Get a comprehensive overview about the second object complement and study the topic online.
    4 French direct and indirect object pronouns Get a comprehensive overview about the direct and indirect pronouns and study the topic online.