• French grammar
    0%
  • 1 French alphabet
  • 2 French pronunciation and phonetics [0/7]
  • 3 Nature and function of French words [0/23]
  • Multiple choice exercise about the nature of French words (Score -/-)
  • Multiple choice questions about the function of French words (Score -/-)
  • 3.1 The subject in French [0/3]
  • 3.2 The apostrophe and apposition in French [0/2]
  • 3.3 The complement object in French [0/12]
  • 3.4 The circumstancial complement in French [0/2]
  • 3.5 The agent complement in French [0/2]
  • 4 French articles [0/9]
  • 5 French nouns [0/13]
  • 6 French pronouns [0/20]
  • Multiple choice questions about the pronouns in French (Score -/-)
  • 6.1 French personal pronouns - je, tu, il [0/3]
  • 6.2 French possessive pronouns - le mien, le tien [0/2]
  • 6.3 French reflexive pronouns - me, te, se [0/2]
  • 6.4 French demonstrative pronouns - celui, celle, ceux [0/2]
  • 6.5 French relative pronouns - qui, que, qu' [0/4]
  • 6.6 French indefinite pronouns - tout, chacun [0/2]
  • 6.7 French interrogative pronouns - qui, que, lequel [0/2]
  • 6.8 French adverbial pronouns - en, y [0/2]
  • 7 French adjectives [0/17]
  • Multiple choice questions about the epithet, attribute in French (Score -/-)
  • 7.1 Endings of regular and irregular French adjectives [0/3]
  • 7.2 Comparative and superlative of French adjectives [0/3]
  • 7.3 Placement of French adjectives [0/2]
  • 7.4 French possessive adjectives - mon, ton, son [0/4]
  • 7.5 French demonstrative adjectives - ce, cette [0/2]
  • 7.6 French indefinite adjectives - toutes, quelques [0/2]
  • 8 French adverbs [0/18]
  • 9 French prepositions [0/10]
  • 10 French verbs [0/135]
  • 10.1 Tenses and moods in French [0/63]
  • 10.1.1 Indicative in French [0/26]
  • 10.1.1.1 Present tense in French [0/2]
  • 10.1.1.2 Past tenses in French [0/13]
  • 10.1.1.3 Future tenses in French [0/11]
  • 10.1.2 Subjunctive in French (le Subjonctif) [0/11]
  • 10.1.3 Conditional in French (le conditionnel) [0/10]
  • 10.1.4 Imperative in French [0/3]
  • 10.1.5 Infinitive in French [0/4]
  • 10.1.6 Gerund in French [0/2]
  • 10.1.7 Present participle in French [0/3]
  • 10.1.8 Past participle in French [0/4]
  • 10.2 French auxiliary verbs (avoir, être) [0/11]
  • 10.3 Modal verbs in French [0/17]
  • Fill in the blank exercise for the modal verbs in French (Score -/-)
  • 10.3.1 Conjugation of pouvoir (can) in French [0/4]
  • 10.3.2 Conjugation of devoir (should) in French [0/4]
  • 10.3.3 conjugation of vouloir (want) in French [0/4]
  • 10.3.4 Conjugation of savoir (to know) in French [0/4]
  • 10.4 Passive voice in French [0/4]
  • 10.5 Reflexive verbs in French [0/4]
  • 10.6 Irregular verbs in French [0/24]
  • Fill in the blanks exercise of the irregular verbs in French (Score -/-)
  • Fill in the blanks exercise of the irregular verbs in French II (Score -/-)
  • 10.6.1 Conjugation of venir (to come) in French [0/4]
  • 10.6.2 conjugation of aller (to go) in French [0/4]
  • 10.6.3 conjugation of faire (to do) in French [0/4]
  • 10.6.4 conjugation of prendre (to take) in French [0/3]
  • 10.6.5 conjugation of voir (to see) in French [0/3]
  • 10.6.6 Conjugation of partir (to leave) in French [0/4]
  • 10.7 Regular verbs in French [0/8]
  • 10.8 Reported Speech in French [0/4]
  • 11 French sentence structure [0/25]
  • Multiple choice questions about the sentence structure in French (Score -/-)
  • 11.1 The phrases in French [0/5]
  • 11.2 The forms of phrases in French [0/7]
  • 11.3 The types of phrases in French [0/8]
  • 11.4 The propositions in French [0/4]
  • 12 French si clauses [0/3]
  • 13
  • Le passé antérieur in French

    The past anterior (French: le passé antérieur) is used most often with the litterary past tense to express the anteriority of an action. 

    Formation of the past anterior in French

    The past anterior is made up of the litterary past tense of être or avoir and the past participle.

    Examples: 

    Personal pronouns Litterary past tense of avoir or être Past participle Object
    Nous  Fûmes  allés voir ton père
    Il  Eut donné une très bonne leçon aux élèves

    Le passé antérieur with 'être'

    Verbs using 'être' are state verbs. They do not designate an action but a statement. The past anterior with 'être' agrees in gender and number with the noun they qualify. There are many verbs and among them you find:

    Partir - to leave Aller - to go Venir - to come
    Je fus partit Je fus allé(e) Je fus venu(e)
    Tu fus partit Tu fus allé(e) Tu fus venu(e)
    Il/elle/on fut partit Il/elle/on fut allé(e) Il/elle/on fut venu(e)
    Nous fûmes parti(e)s Nous fûmes allé(e)s  Nous fûmes venu(e)s 
    Vous fûtes parti(e)s Vous fûtes allé(e)s Vous fûtes venu(e)s
    Ils/elles furent parti(e)s Ils/elles furent allé(e)s Ils/elles furent venu(e)s

    Others verbs that use the auxiliary verb 'être'.  

    • mourir (to die)
    • devenir (to become)
    • tomber (to fall)
    • arriver (to arrive)
    • sortir (to exit)
    • revenir (to return)
    • entrer (to enter) 
    • rester (to stay)
    • retourner (to turn over)
    • descendre (to go down)
    • rentrer (to come back)
    • monter (to go up)
    • naître (to be born)
    • repartir (to set off again)

    The past anterior with 'avoir'

    Verbs using 'avoir' are active verbs. They designate an action. The past participle conjugated with the auxiliary 'avoir' does not agree with the subject. It agrees with the Direct Object Pronoun placed before the verb.

    Prendre Manger Finir
    J'eus pris J'eus mangé J'eus fini
    Tu eus pris Tu eus mangé Tu eus fini
    Il/elle/on eut pris Il/elle/on eut mangé Il/elle/on eut fini
    Nous eûmes pris Nous eûmes mangé Nous eûmes fini
    Vous eûtes pris Vous eûtes mangé Vous eûtes fini
    Ils/elles eurent pris Ils/elles eurent mangé Ils/elles eurent fini

    enlightenedYou use the auxiliary 'avoir' to conjugate the past participle of 'avoir' and 'être'

    • Nous eûmes eu une bonne note, ce jour-là
    • Nous fûmes été au zoo. 

    Exercises

    Fill in the blank exercise about the past anterior

    True or false exercise about the past anterior