• French grammar
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  • 1 French alphabet
  • 2 French pronunciation and phonetics [0/7]
  • 3 Nature and function of French words [0/23]
  • Multiple choice exercise about the nature of French words (Score -/-)Free
  • Multiple choice questions about the function of French words (Score -/-)Free
  • 3.1 The subject in French [0/3]
  • 3.2 The apostrophe and apposition in French [0/2]
  • 3.3 The complement object in French [0/12]
  • 3.4 The circumstancial complement in French [0/2]
  • 3.5 The agent complement in French [0/2]
  • 4 French articles [0/9]
  • 5 French nouns [0/13]
  • 6 French pronouns [0/20]
  • Multiple choice questions about the pronouns in French (Score -/-)Free
  • 6.1 French personal pronouns - je, tu, il [0/3]
  • 6.2 French possessive pronouns - le mien, le tien [0/2]
  • 6.3 French reflexive pronouns - me, te, se [0/2]
  • 6.4 French demonstrative pronouns - celui, celle, ceux [0/2]
  • 6.5 French relative pronouns - qui, que, qu' [0/4]
  • 6.6 French indefinite pronouns - tout, chacun [0/2]
  • 6.7 French interrogative pronouns - qui, que, lequel [0/2]
  • 6.8 French adverbial pronouns - en, y [0/2]
  • 7 French adjectives [0/17]
  • Multiple choice questions about the epithet, attribute in French (Score -/-)Free
  • 7.1 Endings of regular and irregular French adjectives [0/3]
  • 7.2 Comparative and superlative of French adjectives [0/3]
  • 7.3 Placement of French adjectives [0/2]
  • 7.4 French possessive adjectives - mon, ton, son [0/4]
  • 7.5 French demonstrative adjectives - ce, cette [0/2]
  • 7.6 French indefinite adjectives - toutes, quelques [0/2]
  • 8 French adverbs [0/18]
  • Drag and drop exercise about the adverbs (Score -/-)Free
  • Fill in the blank exercise about the regular form of the adverbs (Score -/-)Free
  • Fill in the blank exercise about the irregular adverbs (Score -/-)Free
  • 8.1 Adverbs of place in French [0/2]
  • 8.2 Adverbs of time in French [0/2]
  • 8.3 Adverbs of manner in French [0/2]
  • 8.4 Adverbs of quantity in French [0/2]
  • 8.5 Adverbs of reason in French [0/2]
  • 8.6 Placement of adverbs in French [0/2]
  • 8.7 Comparative of French adverbs [0/2]
  • 8.8 Difference adjectives and adverbs in French [0/1]
  • 9 French prepositions [0/10]
  • 10 French verbs [0/135]
  • 10.1 Tenses and moods in French [0/63]
  • 10.1.1 Indicative in French [0/26]
  • 10.1.1.1 Present tense in French [0/2]
  • 10.1.1.2 Past tenses in French [0/13]
  • 10.1.1.3 Future tenses in French [0/11]
  • 10.1.2 Subjunctive in French (le Subjonctif) [0/11]
  • 10.1.3 Conditional in French (le conditionnel) [0/10]
  • 10.1.4 Imperative in French [0/3]
  • 10.1.5 Infinitive in French [0/4]
  • 10.1.6 Gerund in French [0/2]
  • 10.1.7 Present participle in French [0/3]
  • 10.1.8 Past participle in French [0/4]
  • 10.2 French auxiliary verbs (avoir, être) [0/11]
  • 10.3 Modal verbs in French [0/17]
  • Fill in the blank exercise for the modal verbs in French (Score -/-)Free
  • 10.3.1 Conjugation of pouvoir (can) in French [0/4]
  • 10.3.2 Conjugation of devoir (should) in French [0/4]
  • 10.3.3 conjugation of vouloir (want) in French [0/4]
  • 10.3.4 Conjugation of savoir (to know) in French [0/4]
  • 10.4 Passive voice in French [0/4]
  • 10.5 Reflexive verbs in French [0/4]
  • 10.6 Irregular verbs in French [0/24]
  • Fill in the blanks exercise of the irregular verbs in French (Score -/-)Free
  • Fill in the blanks exercise of the irregular verbs in French II (Score -/-)Free
  • 10.6.1 Conjugation of venir (to come) in French [0/4]
  • 10.6.2 conjugation of aller (to go) in French [0/4]
  • 10.6.3 conjugation of faire (to do) in French [0/4]
  • 10.6.4 conjugation of prendre (to take) in French [0/3]
  • 10.6.5 conjugation of voir (to see) in French [0/3]
  • 10.6.6 Conjugation of partir (to leave) in French [0/4]
  • 10.7 Regular verbs in French [0/8]
  • 10.8 Reported Speech in French [0/4]
  • 11 French sentence structure [0/25]
  • Multiple choice questions about the sentence structure in French (Score -/-)Free
  • 11.1 The phrases in French [0/5]
  • 11.2 The forms of phrases in French [0/7]
  • 11.3 The types of phrases in French [0/8]
  • 11.4 The propositions in French [0/4]
  • 12 French si clauses [0/3]
  • The pronominal verbs (French: les verbes pronominaux) are verbs that conjugate with a reflected pronoun of the same person as the subject.

    These verbs can be recognized by the fact that they form the infinitive with "themselves" (in French "se"):

    • se tromper (to be fooled) 
    • se dépêcher (to hurry)
    • se blesser (to get hurt)

    The different types of pronominal verbs

    • Passive pronominal verbs: the subject undergoes the action but does not accomplish it.
    • Reflexive pronominal verbs: the subject undergoes the action he performs. 
    • Reciprocal pronominal verbs: the subjects undergo interaction. 
    • Subjective or non-reflexive pronominal verbs: the subject does not undergo the action it performs. They are often followed by a preposition. 

    Examples

    Use Examples  Translation 
    passive pronominal verbs Cette leçon se comprend bien The lesson is comprehensible
    reflexive pronominal verbs  Je ne me sens pas bien  I am not feeling good
    reciprocal pronominal verbs  Ils se disputent chaque fois They always fight 
    subjective or non-reflexive Julien se moque de son frère Julian is laughing at his brother 

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    Conjugation of reflexive verbs in French

    Reflexive verbs must always be used with the corresponding object pronoun, which always refers to the subject and is therefore also called a reflexive pronoun.The reflexive pronouns are me, te, se, nous and vous and when the verb begins with a vowel me, te and se become me, t' and s'. In addition, the reflexive pronoun must always stand between pronoun and verb:

    • Nous nous dépêchons. (we hurry up.)
    • Mireille s'est mariée avec Pierre. (she got married to Pierre.)

    Example of a reflexive verb without a vowel

    • se laver (to wash)
    Pronom personnel Présent Passé composé Imparfait Plus-que-parfait Futur simple
    je me lave me suis lavé me lavais m'étais lavé

    me laverai

    tu te laves t'es lavé te lavais t'étais lavé

    te laveras

    il/elle/on  se lave s'est lavé se lavait s'était lavé

    se lavera

    nous nous lavons nous sommes lavés nous lavions nous étions lavé

    nous laverons

    vous vous lavez vous êtes lavés vous laviez vous étiez lavé

    vous laverez

    ils/elles se lavent se sont lavés se lavaient s'étaient lavé

    se laveront

    Example of a reflexive verb with a vowel

    • s'exclamer (to exclaim) 
    Pronom Personnel Présent  Passé composé Imparfait plus-que-parfait futur simple 
    je  m'exclame me suis exclamé(e) m'exclamais m'étais exclamé(e) m'exclamerai
    tu  t'exclames t'es exclamé(e) t'exclamais t'étais exclamé(e) t'exclameras
    il/elle/on  s'exclame s'est exclamé(e) s'exclamait  s'était exclamé(e) s'exclamera
    nous  nous exclamerons  nous sommes exclamé(e) nous exclamions  nous étions exclamé(e)s nous exclamerons 
    vous  vous exclamez  vous êtes exclamé(e) vous exclamiez  vous étiez exclamé(e)s vous exclamerez 
    ils/elles s'exclament  se sont exclamé(e)s s'exclamaient s'étaient exclamé(e)s s'exclameront 

    enlightenedIn a negative sentence, one element of negation "ne" is placed before the pronoun and  the other element of negation "pas" after the verb. 

    •  Je ne me lève pas tôt. (I am not waking up early.)

    Verbs with reflexive and non-reflexive forms 

    Some verbs have both a reflexive and non-reflexive forms as listed below: 

    Non-reflexive  Reflexive 
    appeler (to call someone) s'appeler (to be called)
    baigner (to bathe someone) se baigner (to bath oneself)
    lever (to raise) se lever (to rise) 
    arrêter (to arrest) s'arrêter (to stop) 
    attendre (to wait for) s'attendre (to expect sth)
    coucher (to lay) se coucher (to go to bed)
    éteindre (to turn off) s'éteindre (to go out, to die)
    marier (to marry) se marier (to get married)
    promener (to walk) se promener (to go for a walk)
    rappeler (to call back) se rappeler (to remember) 
    réveiller (to wake someone up) se réveiller (to wake up)
    tromper (to deceive) se tromper (to be mistaken)
    tuer (to murder) se tuer (to kill oneself) 

    Verbs with only a reflexive form 

    The following verbs occur only in the reflexive form: 

    • s'en aller (to go away)
    • s'enfuir (to run away)
    • s'envoler (to fly away/off)
    • s'évanouir (to faint)
    • se méfier (to beware)
    • se moquer (to laugh at sb)
    • se soucier (to worry about sb)
    • se souvenir (to remember)
    • se taire (to remain silent)

    Reflexive verbs with parts of the body

    To refer doing something to parts of the body, French uses a reflexive verb with the definite article, whereas English uses a possessive.

    Examples  Translations 
    Olivier se lave les mains  Olivier washes his hands 
    Nous nous lavons le visage  We wash our face 
    Elle se brosse les cheveux  She brushes her hair 

    enlightenedSome verbs represent an idiomatic use of the reflexive pronoun, they do not reflect reflexive or reciprocal actions.

    • s'amuser, se dépêcher, s'endormir, s'ennuyer, se fâcher, se passer, se reposer, se sentir, se trouver.