The pronominal verbs (French: les verbes pronominaux) are verbs that conjugate with a reflected pronoun of the same person as the subject.
These verbs can be recognized by the fact that they form the infinitive with "themselves" (in French "se"):
|passive pronominal verbs||Cette leçon se comprend bien||The lesson is comprehensible|
|reflexive pronominal verbs||Je ne me sens pas bien||I am not feeling good|
|reciprocal pronominal verbs||Ils se disputent chaque fois||They always fight|
|subjective or non-reflexive||Julien se moque de son frère||Julian is laughing at his brother|
Reflexive verbs must always be used with the corresponding object pronoun, which always refers to the subject and is therefore also called a reflexive pronoun.The reflexive pronouns are me, te, se, nous and vous and when the verb begins with a vowel me, te and se become me, t' and s'. In addition, the reflexive pronoun must always stand between pronoun and verb:
|Pronom personnel||Présent||Passé composé||Imparfait||Plus-que-parfait||Futur simple|
|je||me lave||me suis lavé||me lavais||m'étais lavé|
|tu||te laves||t'es lavé||te lavais||t'étais lavé|
|il/elle/on||se lave||s'est lavé||se lavait||s'était lavé|
|nous||nous lavons||nous sommes lavés||nous lavions||nous étions lavé|
|vous||vous lavez||vous êtes lavés||vous laviez||vous étiez lavé|
|ils/elles||se lavent||se sont lavés||se lavaient||s'étaient lavé|
|Pronom Personnel||Présent||Passé composé||Imparfait||plus-que-parfait||futur simple|
|je||m'exclame||me suis exclamé(e)||m'exclamais||m'étais exclamé(e)||m'exclamerai|
|tu||t'exclames||t'es exclamé(e)||t'exclamais||t'étais exclamé(e)||t'exclameras|
|il/elle/on||s'exclame||s'est exclamé(e)||s'exclamait||s'était exclamé(e)||s'exclamera|
|nous||nous exclamerons||nous sommes exclamé(e)||nous exclamions||nous étions exclamé(e)s||nous exclamerons|
|vous||vous exclamez||vous êtes exclamé(e)||vous exclamiez||vous étiez exclamé(e)s||vous exclamerez|
|ils/elles||s'exclament||se sont exclamé(e)s||s'exclamaient||s'étaient exclamé(e)s||s'exclameront|
In a negative sentence, one element of negation "ne" is placed before the pronoun and the other element of negation "pas" after the verb.
Some verbs have both a reflexive and non-reflexive forms as listed below:
|appeler (to call someone)||s'appeler (to be called)|
|baigner (to bathe someone)||se baigner (to bath oneself)|
|lever (to raise)||se lever (to rise)|
|arrêter (to arrest)||s'arrêter (to stop)|
|attendre (to wait for)||s'attendre (to expect sth)|
|coucher (to lay)||se coucher (to go to bed)|
|éteindre (to turn off)||s'éteindre (to go out, to die)|
|marier (to marry)||se marier (to get married)|
|promener (to walk)||se promener (to go for a walk)|
|rappeler (to call back)||se rappeler (to remember)|
|réveiller (to wake someone up)||se réveiller (to wake up)|
|tromper (to deceive)||se tromper (to be mistaken)|
|tuer (to murder)||se tuer (to kill oneself)|
The following verbs occur only in the reflexive form:
To refer doing something to parts of the body, French uses a reflexive verb with the definite article, whereas English uses a possessive.
|Olivier se lave les mains||Olivier washes his hands|
|Nous nous lavons le visage||We wash our face|
|Elle se brosse les cheveux||She brushes her hair|
Some verbs represent an idiomatic use of the reflexive pronoun, they do not reflect reflexive or reciprocal actions.
An's Bulgarian has tremendously improved since she gave it go a year and a half ago. Of course, It goes without saying that I am pleased to work with such an enthusiastic learner who is living proof that, through hard work and perseverance, everyone can succeed in their language goals. An, you are now an independant user of the language who is able to successfully lead real-live conversations. Pat yourself on the back.
Thank you for your feedback, Brandon! I am very happy to know that you are so satisfied with the lessons. I've always believed that you could make it and I am glad that we never gave it up. The right attitude and a high level of perseverance have been the keys to your success. It has been a pleasure to be your guide in your learning process. I know that you can do much more, so let's continue towards a next level!
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Fabrizio's children are learning French very fast, I have the impression that these lessons online have been helpful for them and I am sure they will master the language easily. They are very interested in learning.
Thank you, Danilo. It is always a pleasure having lessons with you and I have enjoyed our many conversations together. And what a joy that over time they have become easier for both of us to understand! :D
Σ' ευχαριστώ πολύ Μέγκαν! I'm glad you had a good experience and that you enjoyed it. Your excitment about learning greek motivates me even more :)
Dear Linda, thank you for your positive feedback. I am very happy that you feel comfortable and this is very important to me. Thanks to you for the great trust :-)
Hi Alba! Thank you so much for your wonderful review! I enjoyed our class too & I wish you the best of luck with all your future projects :-)
Dear Silvia, thank you very much for your feedback! It's a real pleasure to have classes with you, and I hope you find them useful!
Thank you very much for your words! You are a very diligent student! You apply and take one step forward with each lesson! See you soon!
Thank you very much for your feedback, Ira. Your interest and your willpower to improve your Spanish is admirable. Keep it up!
Hi Mia, thank you for this feedback. We will continue in this way until you are ready for your exam!
Thank you Dan for the great review! A student like you makes everything easier. I hope to continue like that!
Thanks so much. It is understood that for any difficulty and / or misunderstanding I am at your disposal.Rina
Maria Grazia L.
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