• French grammar
    0%
  • 1 French alphabet
  • 2 French pronunciation and phonetics [0/7]
  • 3 Nature and function of French words [0/23]
  • Multiple choice exercise about the nature of French words (Score -/-)
  • Multiple choice questions about the function of French words (Score -/-)
  • 3.1 The subject in French [0/3]
  • 3.2 The apostrophe and apposition in French [0/2]
  • 3.3 The complement object in French [0/12]
  • 3.4 The circumstancial complement in French [0/2]
  • 3.5 The agent complement in French [0/2]
  • 4 French articles [0/9]
  • 5 French nouns [0/13]
  • 6 French pronouns [0/20]
  • Multiple choice questions about the pronouns in French (Score -/-)
  • 6.1 French personal pronouns - je, tu, il [0/3]
  • 6.2 French possessive pronouns - le mien, le tien [0/2]
  • 6.3 French reflexive pronouns - me, te, se [0/2]
  • 6.4 French demonstrative pronouns - celui, celle, ceux [0/2]
  • 6.5 French relative pronouns - qui, que, qu' [0/4]
  • 6.6 French indefinite pronouns - tout, chacun [0/2]
  • 6.7 French interrogative pronouns - qui, que, lequel [0/2]
  • 6.8 French adverbial pronouns - en, y [0/2]
  • 7 French adjectives [0/17]
  • Multiple choice questions about the epithet, attribute in French (Score -/-)
  • 7.1 Endings of regular and irregular French adjectives [0/3]
  • 7.2 Comparative and superlative of French adjectives [0/3]
  • 7.3 Placement of French adjectives [0/2]
  • 7.4 French possessive adjectives - mon, ton, son [0/4]
  • 7.5 French demonstrative adjectives - ce, cette [0/2]
  • 7.6 French indefinite adjectives - toutes, quelques [0/2]
  • 8 French adverbs [0/18]
  • 9 French prepositions [0/10]
  • 10 French verbs [0/135]
  • 10.1 Tenses and moods in French [0/63]
  • 10.1.1 Indicative in French [0/26]
  • 10.1.1.1 Present tense in French [0/2]
  • 10.1.1.2 Past tenses in French [0/13]
  • 10.1.1.3 Future tenses in French [0/11]
  • 10.1.2 Subjunctive in French (le Subjonctif) [0/11]
  • 10.1.3 Conditional in French (le conditionnel) [0/10]
  • 10.1.4 Imperative in French [0/3]
  • 10.1.5 Infinitive in French [0/4]
  • 10.1.6 Gerund in French [0/2]
  • 10.1.7 Present participle in French [0/3]
  • 10.1.8 Past participle in French [0/4]
  • 10.2 French auxiliary verbs (avoir, être) [0/11]
  • 10.3 Modal verbs in French [0/17]
  • Fill in the blank exercise for the modal verbs in French (Score -/-)
  • 10.3.1 Conjugation of pouvoir (can) in French [0/4]
  • 10.3.2 Conjugation of devoir (should) in French [0/4]
  • 10.3.3 conjugation of vouloir (want) in French [0/4]
  • 10.3.4 Conjugation of savoir (to know) in French [0/4]
  • 10.4 Passive voice in French [0/4]
  • 10.5 Reflexive verbs in French [0/4]
  • 10.6 Irregular verbs in French [0/24]
  • Fill in the blanks exercise of the irregular verbs in French (Score -/-)
  • Fill in the blanks exercise of the irregular verbs in French II (Score -/-)
  • 10.6.1 Conjugation of venir (to come) in French [0/4]
  • 10.6.2 conjugation of aller (to go) in French [0/4]
  • 10.6.3 conjugation of faire (to do) in French [0/4]
  • 10.6.4 conjugation of prendre (to take) in French [0/3]
  • 10.6.5 conjugation of voir (to see) in French [0/3]
  • 10.6.6 Conjugation of partir (to leave) in French [0/4]
  • 10.7 Regular verbs in French [0/8]
  • 10.8 Reported Speech in French [0/4]
  • 11 French sentence structure [0/25]
  • Multiple choice questions about the sentence structure in French (Score -/-)
  • 11.1 The phrases in French [0/5]
  • 11.2 The forms of phrases in French [0/7]
  • 11.3 The types of phrases in French [0/8]
  • 11.4 The propositions in French [0/4]
  • 12 French si clauses [0/3]
  • 13
  • French personal pronouns - je, tu, il

    Personal pronouns (French: les pronoms personnels) in general are used to

    • talk about yourself
    • referring to other people or things

    Besides that, they have to be classified as Subject pronouns, Stressed pronouns or Object pronouns
    Below you can find a well-structured chart to get a quick overview of all the different kinds of personal pronouns in the French language. 

      Person Subject pronoun Stressed pronoun Object pronoun direct Object pronoun indirect
    Singular I Je Moi Me/M' Me/M'
      You Tu Toi Te/T' Te/T'
      He/She Il/Elle Lui/Elle Le/L' La/L' Lui
    Plural We Nous Nous Nous Nous
      You Vous Vous Vous Vous 
      They Ils/Elles Eux/Elles Les  Leur

    Subject pronouns

    Subject pronouns aim to replace a subject noun. As you can see in the chart above the Subject pronouns in French are je, tu, il/elle, nous, vous and ils/elles.

    enlightenedJe changes to J' before a vowel or vowel sound.

    enlightenedUse tu for a familiar form of address and vous for a politer form of you or simply to address more people.

    enlightenedUse elles when you're talking about a group of females and ils when there's a group of males or mixed genders. 

    Examples:

    J'habite à Strasbourg. (I live in Strasbourg.)

    Tu es mon meilleur ami. (You are my best friend.)

    Vous pouvez entrer. (You may come in.)

    Stressed pronouns

    Stressed pronouns (also known as disjunctive or empathic pronouns) are being used instead of a noun to emphasize something, especially in reference to yourself or to other people. They are expressed as moi, toi, lui/elle, vous, nous, eux/elles (me, you, him/her, us, you, them). 

    enlightenedStressed pronouns are placed after: c'est, ce sont (it is), negations like ce n'est pas or ce ne sont pas and prepositions like avecpour, sans, chez. Also they can be used in a comparison.

    Examples:

    C'est pour moi? (Is this for me?)

    Il est moins grand que toi. (He is smaller than you.)

    Je travaille avec Sandro. Je travaille avec lui. (I work with Sandro. I work with him.)

    Direct object pronouns

    The direct object pronoun aims to replace a noun and is the object of a sentence. You can ask for it with the questions what? or whom? The French direct objects are me, te, le/la, nous, vous and les.

    Whereas in English direct objects always come after the verb, French does it differently and provides to place them in front of the verb (except in orders, instructions and the imperative form).

    enlightenedDon't forget that you have to adjust the pronouns to the gender and number of the noun you're going to replace. 

    enlightenedAlso keep in mind to use the contracted form (m', t', l') in front of a vowel or a vowel sound.

    Examples:

    Je t'aime. (I love you.)

    Tu la vois ce soir. (You are seeing her this evening.)

    J'aime les fleurs. Je les aime. (I like flowers. I like them.)

    Indirect object pronouns

    Indirect object pronouns (French: Compléments d'objet indirect - COI) are used to replace a noun which refers to a person. You can ask for it with the questions who to/for or to/for what.

    Also you can recognize these types of pronouns easily as they're mostly followed by a verb and a preposition. French indirect objects are me, te, lui, nous, vous, leur.

    enlightenedThe indirect object pronoun usually comes before the verb. Only in instructions and orders the pronoun has to be placed after the verb.

    Examples:

    Il nous écrit tous les jours. (He writes us every day.)

    J'écris à Sandra. Je lui écris. (I'm writing to Sandra. I'm writing her.)

    Il ne veut pas me répondre. (He won't answer me.) 

     

    Exercises

    Fill in the blank exercise about the subject pronouns

    Drag and drop exercise about the stressed pronouns

    Fill in the blank exercise about the French Direct and indirect object pronouns