The passive form (French: la forme passive) is a transformation of the active phrase in which the subject of the active voice becomes complement.
In the passive sentence, the subject becomes the agent complement and the direct object of the active voice becomes the subject.
|Le garagiste répare la voiture.||Active||The mechanic repairs the car.|
|La voiture est réparée par le garagiste.||Passive||The car has been repaired by the mechanic.|
The active voice (French: voix active) presents the subject as agent of the action.
The active voice is formed with the: subject + verb + direct object complement (COD).
|Le chat||boit||du lait|
|Julien||a eu||une bonne note|
|Maman||prépare||une belle surprise|
Direct objects are sentence complements that receive the action of a transitive verb, with no intervening prepositions.
The passive voice (French: voix passive) presents the subject as agent undergoing the action. By changing the voice of the sentence, therefore we present the same action, the same event, but in a different way.
The passive voice is always made up of:
|Tense||active voice||passive voice|
|indicative||j'aime||je suis aimé(e)|
|past compound||j'ai aimé||j'ai été aimé(e)|
|future simple||j'aimerai||je serai aimé(e)|
|present conditional||j'aimerais||je serais aimé(e)|
|past conditional||j'aurais aimé||j'aurais été aimé(e)|
You use "de" to introduce the subject with verbs like: "aimer", "connaître", "respecter".
Tout le monde aime cette personne → Cette personne est aimée de tous (everyone loves this person)
You cannot form the passive when the subject is a pronoun.
You use the passive form to emphasize
|the object of the verb||la télévision a été inventée par John Baird||the television has been invented by John Baird|
|event||le président Kennedy a été assassiné||the president Kennedy has been murdered|
|invention, laws||une loi a été votée||a law just passed|
Therefore the passive transformation is only possible with verbs that accept a direct object complement (transitive verbs).
It cannot be used in the passive voice when:
Some verbs as conseiller, demander, dire, parler, permettre, répondre, appeler are not used in the passive voice
|active sentence with "on"||on a décidé d'augmenter la TVA||we decided to increase the VTA|
|reflexive verbs||le médicament se boit avec de l'eau||the medicine is taken with water|
|se faire + infinitive||elle se fait offrir une bague||she was offered a ring|
|être l'objet de||son arrestation sera l'objet de beaucoup de discussions||his arrest will be the subject of much debate|
Keep your motivation and test your knowledge about the passive form with our exercises!
4.8/5 from 1 reviews
My name is Christina and I provide fun German and French language lesson for children and adult beginners or intermediate who want to... strengthen their language skills, improve the grammar knowledge, enrich the vocabulary and get into the German culture! I can teach in English or French! I had experince in teaching German, English and French to foreign people so I do have a lot of useful learning material I can provide you to make it easier! Read more
I’m French, currently living in the Netherlands. I lived in Paris for almost twenty years, and I know very well my country (and of course... my language, French, my mother tongue). I taught French for two years in Spain, conversation class about culture essentially. In Paris, I was Spanish teacher, I have the Agregation degree which is the highest degree for teaching in France, I'm bilingual. I've participated too in several editorial projects about Spanish teaching and DELE preparation. I have a Spanish Studies Master and I'm currently doing a research about the Spanish and Sefardi Judaism. I have a French as foreign language and a Religious Studies Masters too. I enjoy sharing what I know. I’m a very eclectic person and curious about everything. To give you an idea, my interest (and sometimes hobbies) are: philosophy, spirituality and religions in general, meditation, psychology and psychoanalysis, history, geography, literature, writing (in particular creative writing, and I’m used to write everyday), art (painting, photography), sciences (vulgarisation level) and cultural matters in general. I travel a lot (as a backpacker), sometimes by foot, and the places I know well are France, the Netherlands, Italy and Serbia. One of my qualities is my capacity of adaptation, I enjoy preparing documents to help the student to acquire autonomy, but I love speaking too, and it’s the best way to learn a language. I'm waiting for your message, please when contact me, explain quickly who you are, why you want to study French and what you are looking for exactly. See you soon. Read more
Hello,I would love to help you improve your knowledge of English.I adapt the lessons following your wishes : are you a beginner and need to get... some basic knowledge with grammar and easy texts or do you want to improve your conversation skills. I can help you either way.Looking forward to meeting you ! Read more