• French grammar
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  • 1 French alphabet
  • 2 French pronunciation and phonetics [0/7]
  • 3 Nature and function of French words [0/23]
  • Multiple choice exercise about the nature of French words (Score -/-)Free
  • Multiple choice questions about the function of French words (Score -/-)Free
  • 3.1 The subject in French [0/3]
  • 3.2 The apostrophe and apposition in French [0/2]
  • 3.3 The complement object in French [0/12]
  • 3.4 The circumstancial complement in French [0/2]
  • 3.5 The agent complement in French [0/2]
  • 4 French articles [0/9]
  • 5 French nouns [0/13]
  • 6 French pronouns [0/20]
  • Multiple choice questions about the pronouns in French (Score -/-)Free
  • 6.1 French personal pronouns - je, tu, il [0/3]
  • 6.2 French possessive pronouns - le mien, le tien [0/2]
  • 6.3 French reflexive pronouns - me, te, se [0/2]
  • 6.4 French demonstrative pronouns - celui, celle, ceux [0/2]
  • 6.5 French relative pronouns - qui, que, qu' [0/4]
  • 6.6 French indefinite pronouns - tout, chacun [0/2]
  • 6.7 French interrogative pronouns - qui, que, lequel [0/2]
  • 6.8 French adverbial pronouns - en, y [0/2]
  • 7 French adjectives [0/17]
  • Multiple choice questions about the epithet, attribute in French (Score -/-)Free
  • 7.1 Endings of regular and irregular French adjectives [0/3]
  • 7.2 Comparative and superlative of French adjectives [0/3]
  • 7.3 Placement of French adjectives [0/2]
  • 7.4 French possessive adjectives - mon, ton, son [0/4]
  • 7.5 French demonstrative adjectives - ce, cette [0/2]
  • 7.6 French indefinite adjectives - toutes, quelques [0/2]
  • 8 French adverbs [0/18]
  • Drag and drop exercise about the adverbs (Score -/-)Free
  • Fill in the blank exercise about the regular form of the adverbs (Score -/-)Free
  • Fill in the blank exercise about the irregular adverbs (Score -/-)Free
  • 8.1 Adverbs of place in French [0/2]
  • 8.2 Adverbs of time in French [0/2]
  • 8.3 Adverbs of manner in French [0/2]
  • 8.4 Adverbs of quantity in French [0/2]
  • 8.5 Adverbs of reason in French [0/2]
  • 8.6 Placement of adverbs in French [0/2]
  • 8.7 Comparative of French adverbs [0/2]
  • 8.8 Difference adjectives and adverbs in French [0/1]
  • 9 French prepositions [0/10]
  • 10 French verbs [0/135]
  • 10.1 Tenses and moods in French [0/63]
  • 10.1.1 Indicative in French [0/26]
  • 10.1.1.1 Present tense in French [0/2]
  • 10.1.1.2 Past tenses in French [0/13]
  • 10.1.1.3 Future tenses in French [0/11]
  • 10.1.2 Subjunctive in French (le Subjonctif) [0/11]
  • 10.1.3 Conditional in French (le conditionnel) [0/10]
  • 10.1.4 Imperative in French [0/3]
  • 10.1.5 Infinitive in French [0/4]
  • 10.1.6 Gerund in French [0/2]
  • 10.1.7 Present participle in French [0/3]
  • 10.1.8 Past participle in French [0/4]
  • 10.2 French auxiliary verbs (avoir, être) [0/11]
  • 10.3 Modal verbs in French [0/17]
  • Fill in the blank exercise for the modal verbs in French (Score -/-)Free
  • 10.3.1 Conjugation of pouvoir (can) in French [0/4]
  • 10.3.2 Conjugation of devoir (should) in French [0/4]
  • 10.3.3 conjugation of vouloir (want) in French [0/4]
  • 10.3.4 Conjugation of savoir (to know) in French [0/4]
  • 10.4 Passive voice in French [0/4]
  • 10.5 Reflexive verbs in French [0/4]
  • 10.6 Irregular verbs in French [0/24]
  • Fill in the blanks exercise of the irregular verbs in French (Score -/-)Free
  • Fill in the blanks exercise of the irregular verbs in French II (Score -/-)Free
  • 10.6.1 Conjugation of venir (to come) in French [0/4]
  • 10.6.2 conjugation of aller (to go) in French [0/4]
  • 10.6.3 conjugation of faire (to do) in French [0/4]
  • 10.6.4 conjugation of prendre (to take) in French [0/3]
  • 10.6.5 conjugation of voir (to see) in French [0/3]
  • 10.6.6 Conjugation of partir (to leave) in French [0/4]
  • 10.7 Regular verbs in French [0/8]
  • 10.8 Reported Speech in French [0/4]
  • 11 French sentence structure [0/25]
  • Multiple choice questions about the sentence structure in French (Score -/-)Free
  • 11.1 The phrases in French [0/5]
  • 11.2 The forms of phrases in French [0/7]
  • 11.3 The types of phrases in French [0/8]
  • 11.4 The propositions in French [0/4]
  • 12 French si clauses [0/3]
  • 13
  • What is the infinitive of French verbs?

    The infinitive in the French language is a basic form of the verb which does not have a subject, tense or number. There are 3 groups of verbs in French, each of them are classified by their endings:

    Group 1 Group 2 Group 3
    Regular verbs ending in - ER Regular verbs ending in - IR Irregular verbs ending in - IR ,- OIR , -  RE
    • parler = to speak
    • marcher = to walk
    • donner = to give
    • acheter = to buy
    • finir = to finish
    • rougir = to blush
    • franchir = to cross
    • bondir = to jump
    • dire = to tell
    • faire = to do
    • apprendre = to learn
    • sortir = to leave

    How many types of infinitives do exist in French?

    There are 2 types of infinitives in French language:

    • L'infinitif présent (Present infinitive) 
    • L'infinitif passé (Past infinitive)

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    1) Present infinitive in French

    The present infinitive (French l'infinitif présent) is a non-conjugated form of the verb and expresses an action in progress. The present infinitive can function as subject, as well as direct object.

    The infinitive is used after most prepositions, such as avant de, pour, à, sans and afin de

    Prepositions Example Translation
    avant de  je vais prendre mon petit-déjeuner avant de partir I am going to have breakfast before leaving
    pour il va à l'armée pour apprendre le respect he is going to the army to learn respect
    à je te donne cinq jours en plus à partir d'aujourd'hui i give you five more days from now
    afin de il a acheté de la levure afin de faire préparer des crèpes he bought baking powder in order to prepare some crepes
    sans je peux bien manger sans parler I surely can eat without talking

    Examples

    • J'aime aller au promenade chaque matin. = I like to walk every morning. (function as direct object)
    • Il veut montrer ses résultat à ses parents. = He wants to show his results to his parents. (function as direct object)
    • Lire est très important. = To read is very important. (function as subject)
    • Passer du temps avec les amis nous fait beaucoup de plaisir. (function as subject) 

    2) Past infinitive in French

    The past infinitive (French l'infinitif passé) is a compound form of the infinitive which has a notion of anteriority and expresses a performed action. 

    It consists of:

    •  the infinitive of the auxiliary verb avoir (to have) or être (to be)
    •  and the past participle of main verb.

    Examples

    Present infinitive parler finir dire partir devenir aller
    Past infinitive avoir parlé avoir fini avoir dit être parti(e)(s) être devenu(e)(s) être allé(e)(s)

    enlightenedThe verbs conjugated with the auxiliary verb "être" have to be agreed with the subject while verbs conjugated with "avoir"  have to be agreed with the direct object. 

    The past infinitive is most of the times used after the preposition après

    Example of the past infinitive in sentences:

    •  Après avoir mangé mon croissant je suis allé à dormir = When I had finished to eat my croissant I went to sleep.
    •  Après avoir fini son travail il a appelé sa mère. = When he had finished the job he called his mother.
    •  Après être partie pour Paris elle est devenue heureuse. = When she had moved to Paris she became happy.

    enlightenedWhen there is two verbs in the sentence, you use the infinitive as the second verb like in English. 

    • j'aimerais parler au directeur. = I would like to talk to the CEO

    Usage of the infinitive in french

    There are many ways to use the present infinitive :

    As a noun

    If the subject is not expressed, the application of the infinitive is indeterminate. This is particularly the case when the infinitive is used to formulate an abstract thought, an action having an indeterminate and often hypothetical subject; the infinitive refers in this case to the verbal idea in itself. 

    In ordinary French, the use of the infinitive as subject is infrequent; it is more usual to use the infinitive as a dislocated term. you can also use the preposition "le fait de" when you want to use the past or present infinitive as a subject or to state a fact

    Examples:

    • vouloir c'est pouvoir = where there is a will, there is a way.
    • voter est un droit. = voting is a right. 
    • partir, c'est mon rêve. = go away, that's my dream 
    • boire de l'eau est nécessaire pour la vie. = drink water is a need for life. 
    • le fait de te voir heureuse me rend heureuse. = to see you happy makes me happy 
    • le fait d'avoir travaillé en Espagne est un grand avantage pour lui. = working in Spain is a big advantage for him

    As an imperative

    Choosing an infinitive in an imperative sentence, makes it possible to address a group of people more generally without aiming at a particular person. He has a more neutral and distant role. Sometimes, it is necessary to use courtesy before the infinive such as "prière de" "veuillez"

    The imperative instead makes it possible to target a particular person and is much more direct by the notion of order that he introduces. 

    You use the infinitive as an imperative for: instructions for use or recipes and security rules

    Examples: 

    • ne pas marcher sur le gazon. = do not walk on the grass. 
    • laissez cuire pendant trentes minutes. = cook for thirty minutes
    • veuillez enlever vos chaussures. = please, pull off your shoes
    • prière de ne pas faire de bruit. = please, do not make any noise. 

    In an interrogative phrase expressing deliberation 

    The infinitive is used to ask for a decision or for advice. It is sometimes followed by the present subjunctive.

    Examples: 

    • que faire ? = what shall I do ? 
    • où aller ? = where shall I go ? 
    • pourquoi partir aussi loin ? = why leave this far ? 
    • comment faire pour qu'il me parle ? = what shall I do for him to talk to me ? 
    • pourquoi être méchant, toi aussi ? = why you have to be this mean ? 

    In an exclamatory phrase

    The infinitive is used to express a wish

    Examples: 

    • finir et partir ! = to finish and leave !
    • oh ! être jeune encore ! = oh, to be still young ! 

    enlightenedIn causative construction, there is an important use of the verb "faire". the subject causes an action to be done by someone or something else so the conjugated verb is always followed by an infinitive. 

    • je fais chanter les enfants. = I make the children sing. 
    • il fait faire ce travail. = he has this work done