• French grammar
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  • 1 French alphabet
  • 2 French pronunciation and phonetics [0/7]
  • 3 Nature and function of French words [0/23]
  • Multiple choice exercise about the nature of French words (Score -/-)Free
  • Multiple choice questions about the function of French words (Score -/-)Free
  • 3.1 The subject in French [0/3]
  • 3.2 The apostrophe and apposition in French [0/2]
  • 3.3 The complement object in French [0/12]
  • 3.4 The circumstancial complement in French [0/2]
  • 3.5 The agent complement in French [0/2]
  • 4 French articles [0/9]
  • 5 French nouns [0/13]
  • 6 French pronouns [0/20]
  • Multiple choice questions about the pronouns in French (Score -/-)Free
  • 6.1 French personal pronouns - je, tu, il [0/3]
  • 6.2 French possessive pronouns - le mien, le tien [0/2]
  • 6.3 French reflexive pronouns - me, te, se [0/2]
  • 6.4 French demonstrative pronouns - celui, celle, ceux [0/2]
  • 6.5 French relative pronouns - qui, que, qu' [0/4]
  • 6.6 French indefinite pronouns - tout, chacun [0/2]
  • 6.7 French interrogative pronouns - qui, que, lequel [0/2]
  • 6.8 French adverbial pronouns - en, y [0/2]
  • 7 French adjectives [0/17]
  • Multiple choice questions about the epithet, attribute in French (Score -/-)Free
  • 7.1 Endings of regular and irregular French adjectives [0/3]
  • 7.2 Comparative and superlative of French adjectives [0/3]
  • 7.3 Placement of French adjectives [0/2]
  • 7.4 French possessive adjectives - mon, ton, son [0/4]
  • 7.5 French demonstrative adjectives - ce, cette [0/2]
  • 7.6 French indefinite adjectives - toutes, quelques [0/2]
  • 8 French adverbs [0/18]
  • Drag and drop exercise about the adverbs (Score -/-)Free
  • Fill in the blank exercise about the regular form of the adverbs (Score -/-)Free
  • Fill in the blank exercise about the irregular adverbs (Score -/-)Free
  • 8.1 Adverbs of place in French [0/2]
  • 8.2 Adverbs of time in French [0/2]
  • 8.3 Adverbs of manner in French [0/2]
  • 8.4 Adverbs of quantity in French [0/2]
  • 8.5 Adverbs of reason in French [0/2]
  • 8.6 Placement of adverbs in French [0/2]
  • 8.7 Comparative of French adverbs [0/2]
  • 8.8 Difference adjectives and adverbs in French [0/1]
  • 9 French prepositions [0/10]
  • 10 French verbs [0/135]
  • 10.1 Tenses and moods in French [0/63]
  • 10.1.1 Indicative in French [0/26]
  • 10.1.1.1 Present tense in French [0/2]
  • 10.1.1.2 Past tenses in French [0/13]
  • 10.1.1.3 Future tenses in French [0/11]
  • 10.1.2 Subjunctive in French (le Subjonctif) [0/11]
  • 10.1.3 Conditional in French (le conditionnel) [0/10]
  • 10.1.4 Imperative in French [0/3]
  • 10.1.5 Infinitive in French [0/4]
  • 10.1.6 Gerund in French [0/2]
  • 10.1.7 Present participle in French [0/3]
  • 10.1.8 Past participle in French [0/4]
  • 10.2 French auxiliary verbs (avoir, être) [0/11]
  • 10.3 Modal verbs in French [0/17]
  • Fill in the blank exercise for the modal verbs in French (Score -/-)Free
  • 10.3.1 Conjugation of pouvoir (can) in French [0/4]
  • 10.3.2 Conjugation of devoir (should) in French [0/4]
  • 10.3.3 conjugation of vouloir (want) in French [0/4]
  • 10.3.4 Conjugation of savoir (to know) in French [0/4]
  • 10.4 Passive voice in French [0/4]
  • 10.5 Reflexive verbs in French [0/4]
  • 10.6 Irregular verbs in French [0/24]
  • Fill in the blanks exercise of the irregular verbs in French (Score -/-)Free
  • Fill in the blanks exercise of the irregular verbs in French II (Score -/-)Free
  • 10.6.1 Conjugation of venir (to come) in French [0/4]
  • 10.6.2 conjugation of aller (to go) in French [0/4]
  • 10.6.3 conjugation of faire (to do) in French [0/4]
  • 10.6.4 conjugation of prendre (to take) in French [0/3]
  • 10.6.5 conjugation of voir (to see) in French [0/3]
  • 10.6.6 Conjugation of partir (to leave) in French [0/4]
  • 10.7 Regular verbs in French [0/8]
  • 10.8 Reported Speech in French [0/4]
  • 11 French sentence structure [0/25]
  • Multiple choice questions about the sentence structure in French (Score -/-)Free
  • 11.1 The phrases in French [0/5]
  • 11.2 The forms of phrases in French [0/7]
  • 11.3 The types of phrases in French [0/8]
  • 11.4 The propositions in French [0/4]
  • 12 French si clauses [0/3]
  • 13 French conjunctions and logical connectors
  • All French nouns have a gender. Every noun is defined as either masculine (French: masculin) or feminine (French: féminin). There are no neuter nouns. 

    Whenever you are using a noun, you need to know whether it is masculine or feminine as this affects the form of other words used with it, such as:

    • adjectives that describe it 
    • articles that go before it
    • pronouns that replace it

    Especially when it comes to definite articles you have to consider that:

    • le or un before a noun tells you it is masculine
    • la or une before a noun tells you it is feminine

    enlightened​Please note that l' is used before masculine or feminine nouns beginning with a vowel or silent h. 

    Gender of things and abstract words

    ln English, we refer to things with "it". ln French, however, things are either masculine or feminine. Because of this, the gender usually is used arbitrary and must be memorized in the process of learning new vocabularies. 

    Different meaning of the nouns 

    1.) There are nouns which have a different meaning, according to the circumstance if they're used as a masculine or feminine. 

    masculine form feminine form
     le crêpe (textile)  la crêpe (pancake)
     le critique (critic)  la critique (criticism)
     le livre (book)  la livre (pound)
     le manche (stem)  la manche (sleeve)
     le mémoire (memoir)  la mémoire (memory)
     le mode (mode)  la mode (fashion)
     le mort (death man)  la mort (death)
     le poêle (stove)  la poêle (frying pan)
     le vase (vase)  la vase (mud)
     le tour (tour)  la tour (tower)

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    Nouns ending in -eur

    2.) Nouns which end in -eur are masculine when they want to describe something concrete and female, when they want to describe something abstract.

    • le monteur (the engine)
    • le directeur (the director)
    • la douleur (the pain)
    • la grandeur (the greatness)

    Endings of masculine and feminine nouns 

    3.) Certain characteristic endings indicate the gender of the noun:

    masculine endings Examples for masculine endings feminine endings  Examples for feminine endings
     -age

     le garage  un avantage

     (the garage, an advantage)

     -ade

     la salade  la promenade

     (the salat, the walk)

     -al

     le cheval  le signal

     (the horse, the signal)

     -ance

     -ence

     la distance  la différence 

     (the distance, the difference)

     -eau

     le château  le bateau

     (the castle, the boat)

     -ée

     la journée  une idée

     (the day, the idea)

     -ent

     le document  le talent

     (the document, the talent)

     -elle

     les nouvelles  une échelle

     (the news, the ladder)

     -et

     le billet  le guichet

     (the ticket, the ticket counter)

     -ette

     la cigarette  la bicyclette

     (the cigarette, the bicycle)

     -ier

     le cahier  le métier 

     (exercise book, the job)

     -ie

     la maladie  la librairie

     (the disease, the library)

     -isme

     le tourisme  le communisme

     (the tourism, the communism)

     -ine

     la cuisine  la cantine

     (the kitchen, the canteen)

     -oir

     le devoir  le pouvoir 

     (the homework, the power)

     -ion

     la télévision  la distraction

     (the television, the distraction)

    General rule of the gender of French nouns

    Generally, we add an -e to a masculine noun in order to obtain the feminine. 

    • Un anglais -----> une anglaise

    ​But they are many exceptions as we already saw below in the lists. 

    the nouns ending in -er make their feminine en ère

    • Un boulanger -----> une boulangère

    Some nouns double the final consonant before the -e

    • Un collégien ----> une collégienne

    Some nouns in -e make them feminine en -esse

    • Une comte ----> Une comtesse

    The nouns ending in -eur turn into feminine: 

    • Either in -euse
    • Either in -trice
    • Or in -esse
    eur euse trice esse
    vendeur vendeuse    
    moniteur   monitrice  
    docteur     docteresse

    Nouns ending in -if make them feminine in -ive

    • Un fugitif ----> une fugitive

    enlightenedSome nouns completely change in the feminine and some others are irregulars like the animals gender. 

    Gender of persons and animals 

    1.) The gender of persons and animals in French is always reduced to their natural gender. 

    • le monsieur (mister)
    • le coq (chicken)
    • la dame (lady)
    • la poule (chicken)

    2.) You recognize a female noun not only by looking at the article but also because of the ending 

    • acteur - actrice (actor - actress)
    • chat - chatte (male cat - female cat)
    • docteur - doctoresse (doctor)
    • veuf - veuve (widow - widower)

    3.) Sometimes you can also add -é to the end of a masculine noun to form the feminine. 

    • un ami - une amie (friend)
    • un ennemi - une ennemie (enemy)

    4.) It's also common to use periphrases.

    • une femme écrivain (a female writer)
    • une giraffe mâle (a male giraffe)

    5.) Some nouns have two genders, which are differentiated only by their articles.

    • un élève - une élève (pupil)
    • un touriste - une touriste (tourist)

    6.) For some nouns there is only a masculine form, which applies to both sexes.

    • un écrivain (writer)
    • un auteur (author)

    List of animals gender

    Masculine noun Feminine noun Translation
    Un taureau Une vache (A cow)
    Un cheval Une jument (A horse)
    Un agneau Une agnelle (A lamb)
    Un loup Une louve (A wolf)
    Un canard Une cane (A duck)
    Un âne Une ânesse (A donkey)
    Un cerf Une biche (A deer)
    Un chameau Une chamelle (A camel)
    Un chien Une chienne (A dog)
    Un dindon Une dinde (A turkey)
    Un singe Une guenon (A monkey)