• French grammar
    0%
  • 1 French alphabet
  • 2 French pronunciation and phonetics [0/7]
  • 3 Nature and function of French words [0/23]
  • Multiple choice exercise about the nature of French words (Score -/-)
  • Multiple choice questions about the function of French words (Score -/-)
  • 3.1 The subject in French [0/3]
  • 3.2 The apostrophe and apposition in French [0/2]
  • 3.3 The complement object in French [0/12]
  • 3.4 The circumstancial complement in French [0/2]
  • 3.5 The agent complement in French [0/2]
  • 4 French articles [0/9]
  • 5 French nouns [0/13]
  • 6 French pronouns [0/20]
  • Multiple choice questions about the pronouns in French (Score -/-)
  • 6.1 French personal pronouns - je, tu, il [0/3]
  • 6.2 French possessive pronouns - le mien, le tien [0/2]
  • 6.3 French reflexive pronouns - me, te, se [0/2]
  • 6.4 French demonstrative pronouns - celui, celle, ceux [0/2]
  • 6.5 French relative pronouns - qui, que, qu' [0/4]
  • 6.6 French indefinite pronouns - tout, chacun [0/2]
  • 6.7 French interrogative pronouns - qui, que, lequel [0/2]
  • 6.8 French adverbial pronouns - en, y [0/2]
  • 7 French adjectives [0/17]
  • Multiple choice questions about the epithet, attribute in French (Score -/-)
  • 7.1 Endings of regular and irregular French adjectives [0/3]
  • 7.2 Comparative and superlative of French adjectives [0/3]
  • 7.3 Placement of French adjectives [0/2]
  • 7.4 French possessive adjectives - mon, ton, son [0/4]
  • 7.5 French demonstrative adjectives - ce, cette [0/2]
  • 7.6 French indefinite adjectives - toutes, quelques [0/2]
  • 8 French adverbs [0/18]
  • 9 French prepositions [0/10]
  • 10 French verbs [0/135]
  • 10.1 Tenses and moods in French [0/63]
  • 10.1.1 Indicative in French [0/26]
  • 10.1.1.1 Present tense in French [0/2]
  • 10.1.1.2 Past tenses in French [0/13]
  • 10.1.1.3 Future tenses in French [0/11]
  • 10.1.2 Subjunctive in French (le Subjonctif) [0/11]
  • 10.1.3 Conditional in French (le conditionnel) [0/10]
  • 10.1.4 Imperative in French [0/3]
  • 10.1.5 Infinitive in French [0/4]
  • 10.1.6 Gerund in French [0/2]
  • 10.1.7 Present participle in French [0/3]
  • 10.1.8 Past participle in French [0/4]
  • 10.2 French auxiliary verbs (avoir, être) [0/11]
  • 10.3 Modal verbs in French [0/17]
  • Fill in the blank exercise for the modal verbs in French (Score -/-)
  • 10.3.1 Conjugation of pouvoir (can) in French [0/4]
  • 10.3.2 Conjugation of devoir (should) in French [0/4]
  • 10.3.3 conjugation of vouloir (want) in French [0/4]
  • 10.3.4 Conjugation of savoir (to know) in French [0/4]
  • 10.4 Passive voice in French [0/4]
  • 10.5 Reflexive verbs in French [0/4]
  • 10.6 Irregular verbs in French [0/24]
  • Fill in the blanks exercise of the irregular verbs in French (Score -/-)
  • Fill in the blanks exercise of the irregular verbs in French II (Score -/-)
  • 10.6.1 Conjugation of venir (to come) in French [0/4]
  • 10.6.2 conjugation of aller (to go) in French [0/4]
  • 10.6.3 conjugation of faire (to do) in French [0/4]
  • 10.6.4 conjugation of prendre (to take) in French [0/3]
  • 10.6.5 conjugation of voir (to see) in French [0/3]
  • 10.6.6 Conjugation of partir (to leave) in French [0/4]
  • 10.7 Regular verbs in French [0/8]
  • 10.8 Reported Speech in French [0/4]
  • 11 French sentence structure [0/25]
  • Multiple choice questions about the sentence structure in French (Score -/-)
  • 11.1 The phrases in French [0/5]
  • 11.2 The forms of phrases in French [0/7]
  • 11.3 The types of phrases in French [0/8]
  • 11.4 The propositions in French [0/4]
  • 12 French si clauses [0/3]
  • 13
  • le passé simple in French

    The passé simple (English: Literary past tense) is utilized in rather literary contexts. It's mainly used to speak about a completed action in the past which has no relation to the present tense. 

    It expresses a completed action of the past, most often a brief action

    Formation of the passé simple

    The forms of the passé simple can be formed with the following endings:

    verbs ending in -er (1st group) ai -as -a  -âmes -âtes -èrent
    verbs ending in -ir  (2nd group) -is -is  -it -îmes -îtes -irent
    irregular verbs (3rd group)

    -is -is -it -îmes -îtes -irent 

    -us -us -ut -ûmes -ûtes - urent

    -ins, -ins, -int, înmes, întes, înrent

    Regular forms of the passé simple

    The passé simple for regular forms are the same for all verbs groups. They are composed of the stem of the verbs in which you add the endings: 

    Examples  

    1st group

    Aimer (to like)

    2nd group

    Finir (to finish)

    J'aimai Je finis
    Tu aimas Tu finis
    Il/elle/ on aima Il/elle/on finit
    Nous aimâmes Nous finîmes 
    Vous aimâtes Vous finîtes
    Ils aimèrent Ils/elles finirent

    Irregular forms of the passé simple

    They are many verbs that make the litterary past tense irregular: the auxiliary verbs 'être' and 'avoir' and verbs of the 3rd group. They differ from the remaining irregular verbs by their stem

    Passe simple of avoir and être

    Avoir (to have) Être (to be)
    J'eus Je fus
    Tu eus Tu fus
    Il/elle/ on eut il/elle/on fut
    Nous eûmes Nous fûmes
    Vous eûtes Vous fûtes
    Ils/elles eurent Ils/elles furent

    enlightenedYou use the passe simple avoir or être to conjugate the Past anterior

    Passe simple of 3rd group verbs

    The litterary past tense has three types of endings for the irregular verbs

    • For the irregular verbs ending in -re-is -is -it -îmes -îtes -irent
    • For the irregular verbs ending in -oir-us -us -ut -ûmes -ûtes - urent 
    • For the irregular verbs ending in -ir-ins, -ins, -int, înmes, întes, înrent
    Prendre (to take) Croire (to believe) Venir (to come)
    Je pris Je crus Je vins
    Tu pris Tu crus Tu vins
    Il/elle/on prit Il/elle/on crut Il/elle/on vint
    Nous prîmes Nous crûmes Nous vînmes
    Vous prîtes Vous crûtes Vous vîntes
    Ils prirent Ils/elles crurent Ils/elles vinrent

    Exercises

    Drag and drop exercise about the past simple

    Fill in the blank exercise about the litterary past tense