The composed phrases in French
The composed phrase (French: la phrase composée) consists of two independent phrases which can be coordinated or juxtaposed propositions, and thus contains two conjugated verbs.
|Juxtaposée||Nous ne sommes plus amis, je n'ai plus de ses nouvelles||(We are not friends anymore, I have no news of him)|
|Coordination||Ton gâteau a l'air bon mais je n'ai plus faim||(Your cake seems good but I am not angry)|
What is a coordinated phrase in French ?
When the sentence is composed of two coordinated propositions, we use a coordination conjunction to link the two propositions.
- mais (but)
- où (where)
- et (and)
- donc (so)
- or (thus)
- ni (nor)
- car (because)
|Mais||Thomas voulait partir avec lui mais il n'y avait plus de place||(Thomas wanted to go with him but there was any place)|
|Où||Vous dites à votre père où vous allez avant de sortir||(Tell your dad where you are going before you leave)|
|Et||Il se repose et dans cinq heures, il viendra chez toi||(He is resting and in five hours, he will come at yours')|
|Or||Tout le monde l'admire or c'est un dépressif||(Everyone admire him thus he is just a depressed guy)|
|Ni||Tu ne m'as pas aidé ni donné des conseils||(You didn't helped nor gave me advice)|
|Car||Léo a acheté une nouvelle voiture car l'école des enfants est loin||(Leo bought a new because the children's school is far)|
What is a juxtaposed phrase sentence in French ?
When the sentence is composed of two juxtaposed propositions, we use a punctuation mark between the propositions.
- a comma (,)
- a semicolon (;)
|Comma||Nous sommes restées amis, nous nous appelons souvent||(We remained friends, we often talk)|
|Semicolon||Je cherche du boulot, je parle; j'étudie rien||(I search for work, I speak; I study nothing)|
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