• French grammar
  • 1 French alphabet
  • 2 French pronunciation and phonetics [0/7]
  • 3 Nature and function of French words [0/23]
  • Multiple choice exercise about the nature of French words (Score -/-)
  • Multiple choice questions about the function of French words (Score -/-)
  • 3.1 The subject in French [0/3]
  • 3.2 The apostrophe and apposition in French [0/2]
  • 3.3 The complement object in French [0/12]
  • 3.4 The circumstancial complement in French [0/2]
  • 3.5 The agent complement in French [0/2]
  • 4 French articles [0/9]
  • 5 French nouns [0/13]
  • 6 French pronouns [0/20]
  • Multiple choice questions about the pronouns in French (Score -/-)
  • 6.1 French personal pronouns - je, tu, il [0/3]
  • 6.2 French possessive pronouns - le mien, le tien [0/2]
  • 6.3 French reflexive pronouns - me, te, se [0/2]
  • 6.4 French demonstrative pronouns - celui, celle, ceux [0/2]
  • 6.5 French relative pronouns - qui, que, qu' [0/4]
  • 6.6 French indefinite pronouns - tout, chacun [0/2]
  • 6.7 French interrogative pronouns - qui, que, lequel [0/2]
  • 6.8 French adverbial pronouns - en, y [0/2]
  • 7 French adjectives [0/17]
  • Multiple choice questions about the epithet, attribute in French (Score -/-)
  • 7.1 Endings of regular and irregular French adjectives [0/3]
  • 7.2 Comparative and superlative of French adjectives [0/3]
  • 7.3 Placement of French adjectives [0/2]
  • 7.4 French possessive adjectives - mon, ton, son [0/4]
  • 7.5 French demonstrative adjectives - ce, cette [0/2]
  • 7.6 French indefinite adjectives - toutes, quelques [0/2]
  • 8 French adverbs [0/18]
  • 9 French prepositions [0/10]
  • 10 French verbs [0/135]
  • 10.1 Tenses and moods in French [0/63]
  • 10.1.1 Indicative in French [0/26]
  • Present tense in French [0/2]
  • Past tenses in French [0/13]
  • Future tenses in French [0/11]
  • 10.1.2 Subjunctive in French (le Subjonctif) [0/11]
  • 10.1.3 Conditional in French (le conditionnel) [0/10]
  • 10.1.4 Imperative in French [0/3]
  • 10.1.5 Infinitive in French [0/4]
  • 10.1.6 Gerund in French [0/2]
  • 10.1.7 Present participle in French [0/3]
  • 10.1.8 Past participle in French [0/4]
  • 10.2 French auxiliary verbs (avoir, être) [0/11]
  • 10.3 Modal verbs in French [0/17]
  • Fill in the blank exercise for the modal verbs in French (Score -/-)
  • 10.3.1 Conjugation of pouvoir (can) in French [0/4]
  • 10.3.2 Conjugation of devoir (should) in French [0/4]
  • 10.3.3 conjugation of vouloir (want) in French [0/4]
  • 10.3.4 Conjugation of savoir (to know) in French [0/4]
  • 10.4 Passive voice in French [0/4]
  • 10.5 Reflexive verbs in French [0/4]
  • 10.6 Irregular verbs in French [0/24]
  • Fill in the blanks exercise of the irregular verbs in French (Score -/-)
  • Fill in the blanks exercise of the irregular verbs in French II (Score -/-)
  • 10.6.1 Conjugation of venir (to come) in French [0/4]
  • 10.6.2 conjugation of aller (to go) in French [0/4]
  • 10.6.3 conjugation of faire (to do) in French [0/4]
  • 10.6.4 conjugation of prendre (to take) in French [0/3]
  • 10.6.5 conjugation of voir (to see) in French [0/3]
  • 10.6.6 Conjugation of partir (to leave) in French [0/4]
  • 10.7 Regular verbs in French [0/8]
  • 10.8 Reported Speech in French [0/4]
  • 11 French sentence structure [0/25]
  • Multiple choice questions about the sentence structure in French (Score -/-)
  • 11.1 The phrases in French [0/5]
  • 11.2 The forms of phrases in French [0/7]
  • 11.3 The types of phrases in French [0/8]
  • 11.4 The propositions in French [0/4]
  • 12 French si clauses [0/3]
  • 13
  • French si clauses

    Structures with Si are used to express an assumption, in other words to express conditions contrary to fact. 

    The sentence with si is a different clause and is always separated with a comma (,) with the main clause. There are formed as followed :

    Si clause + main clause

    The clause can also be switched in this case there is no need to add a comma: 

    Main clause + si clause


    • Si tu pars au marché, tu m'achèteras un peu de fruits. (If you go to the market, you will buy me some fruits)
    • Tu m'achèteras un peu de fruits si tu pars au marché. (You will buy me some fruits some fruits if you go to the market)

    The assumption in French 

    The si clauses can use 3 tenses in the French grammar : the present, the past and the future. And there is a definitive sequence of them to be followed. 


    Temps Examples Traductions
    Présent Si je gagnais au loto, je m'achèterais une voiture de course. (If i won the lottery, I would buy a  car race)
    Passé Si j'avais gagné au loto, j'aurais acheté une voiture de course. (If I had won the lottery, I would have bought a car race)
    Futur Si je gagne au loto, j'achèterai une voiture de course.  (If I win the lottery, I will buy a  car race)

    The Si clauses in the present

    These clauses express a improbability with regard to the present or the future. The condition can only theocratically be met. 

    In general, you use it when you imagine something that cannot happen. 

    To make an assumption in the present, you use: 

    Si + imperfect + present conditional 


    Si + imparfait  Conditionnel présent Traductions
    S'il faisait beau, j'irais à la plage (If it was sunny, I would go to the beach)
    Si j'étais français, je parlerais bien français (If I was French, I would speak good French)

    enlightenedTo make a suggestion, you use si + imperfect

    • Si on allait au cinéma ? (What if we go to the cinema ?)
    • Si on préparait une tarte ? (What if we make a pie ?)

    The Si clauses in the future 

    The clauses express a possibility with regard to the present or the future. In these cases, the condition is completely fulfilled. 

    To make an assumption in the future you use: 

    Si + present + future simple 

    Si + présent Futur  Traductions
    Si je reviens à Paris,  j'irais au Ritz palace. (If I come back to Paris, I will go to the Ritz)
    Si je sors tôt,  je passerais chez toi. (If I leave sooner, I'll come to see you)

    enlightened Si is never used after the future, do not confound the indirect speech that uses the future to the assumption that cannot use it. 

    • Elle lui demande si elle viendra avec nous. (She asks him if he will come with us)
    • Je ne sais pas si je partirai. (I don't know if I'll come)

    Expressing a fact

    To express a fact, a generality, you use si + present + present 

    • Si on mange trop, on grossit. (If we eat too much, we take weight)
    • Si je dors trop, j'ai mal à la tête. (If I sleep too much, I have a headache)

    Expressing an advice or recommendation

    To express an advice or recommendation, you use si + present + present imperative

    • Si tu sors, mets ton manteau ! (If you go out, put a coat !)
    • Si tu as des problèmes, appelle-moi ! (If you have any problem, call me !)

    Expressing a certainty

    When you want to express a certainty, you use quand + future simple

    • Quand je reviendrai, j'irai à la tour Eiffel. (When I'll come back, I'll go to the Eiffel tower)
    • Quand nous aurons nos notes, on partira en vacances. (When we will receive our marks, we will go on holidays)

    The Si clauses in the past 

    These clauses express an impossibility with regard to the past. There is no way the condition can be met because the events are already over.

    The assumption about the past most often expresses regret, something that is over, a situation where someone cannot go back.

    To make an assumption in the past, you use:

    Si + pluperfect + past conditional 


    Si + plus-que-parfait Conditionel passé Traductions
    Si j'avais passé mon bac, j'aurais fait des études à l'université (If I had done my A-level, I would have done studies at the university)
    Si tu étais venue plus tôt, tu aurais vu ton père (If you had came sooner, you would have seen your father)


    Multiple choice questions about the si clauses in French

    Fill in the blank exercise about the si clauses in French

    Drag and drop exercise about the si clauses in French