• French grammar
    0%
  • 1 French alphabet
  • 2 French pronunciation and phonetics [0/7]
  • 3 Nature and function of French words [0/23]
  • Multiple choice exercise about the nature of French words (Score -/-)Free
  • Multiple choice questions about the function of French words (Score -/-)Free
  • 3.1 The subject in French [0/3]
  • 3.2 The apostrophe and apposition in French [0/2]
  • 3.3 The complement object in French [0/12]
  • 3.4 The circumstancial complement in French [0/2]
  • 3.5 The agent complement in French [0/2]
  • 4 French articles [0/9]
  • 5 French nouns [0/13]
  • 6 French pronouns [0/20]
  • Multiple choice questions about the pronouns in French (Score -/-)Free
  • 6.1 French personal pronouns - je, tu, il [0/3]
  • 6.2 French possessive pronouns - le mien, le tien [0/2]
  • 6.3 French reflexive pronouns - me, te, se [0/2]
  • 6.4 French demonstrative pronouns - celui, celle, ceux [0/2]
  • 6.5 French relative pronouns - qui, que, qu' [0/4]
  • 6.6 French indefinite pronouns - tout, chacun [0/2]
  • 6.7 French interrogative pronouns - qui, que, lequel [0/2]
  • 6.8 French adverbial pronouns - en, y [0/2]
  • 7 French adjectives [0/17]
  • Multiple choice questions about the epithet, attribute in French (Score -/-)Free
  • 7.1 Endings of regular and irregular French adjectives [0/3]
  • 7.2 Comparative and superlative of French adjectives [0/3]
  • 7.3 Placement of French adjectives [0/2]
  • 7.4 French possessive adjectives - mon, ton, son [0/4]
  • 7.5 French demonstrative adjectives - ce, cette [0/2]
  • 7.6 French indefinite adjectives - toutes, quelques [0/2]
  • 8 French adverbs [0/18]
  • Drag and drop exercise about the adverbs (Score -/-)Free
  • Fill in the blank exercise about the regular form of the adverbs (Score -/-)Free
  • Fill in the blank exercise about the irregular adverbs (Score -/-)Free
  • 8.1 Adverbs of place in French [0/2]
  • 8.2 Adverbs of time in French [0/2]
  • 8.3 Adverbs of manner in French [0/2]
  • 8.4 Adverbs of quantity in French [0/2]
  • 8.5 Adverbs of reason in French [0/2]
  • 8.6 Placement of adverbs in French [0/2]
  • 8.7 Comparative of French adverbs [0/2]
  • 8.8 Difference adjectives and adverbs in French [0/1]
  • 9 French prepositions [0/11]
  • 10 French verbs [0/135]
  • 10.1 Tenses and moods in French [0/63]
  • 10.1.1 Indicative in French [0/26]
  • 10.1.1.1 Present tense in French [0/2]
  • 10.1.1.2 Past tenses in French [0/13]
  • 10.1.1.3 Future tenses in French [0/11]
  • 10.1.2 Subjunctive in French (le Subjonctif) [0/11]
  • 10.1.3 Conditional in French (le conditionnel) [0/10]
  • 10.1.4 Imperative in French [0/3]
  • 10.1.5 Infinitive in French [0/4]
  • 10.1.6 Gerund in French [0/2]
  • 10.1.7 Present participle in French [0/3]
  • 10.1.8 Past participle in French [0/4]
  • 10.2 French auxiliary verbs (avoir, être) [0/11]
  • 10.3 Modal verbs in French [0/17]
  • Fill in the blank exercise for the modal verbs in French (Score -/-)Free
  • 10.3.1 Conjugation of pouvoir (can) in French [0/4]
  • 10.3.2 Conjugation of devoir (should) in French [0/4]
  • 10.3.3 conjugation of vouloir (want) in French [0/4]
  • 10.3.4 Conjugation of savoir (to know) in French [0/4]
  • 10.4 Passive voice in French [0/4]
  • 10.5 Reflexive verbs in French [0/4]
  • 10.6 Irregular verbs in French [0/24]
  • Fill in the blanks exercise of the irregular verbs in French (Score -/-)Free
  • Fill in the blanks exercise of the irregular verbs in French II (Score -/-)Free
  • 10.6.1 Conjugation of venir (to come) in French [0/4]
  • 10.6.2 conjugation of aller (to go) in French [0/4]
  • 10.6.3 conjugation of faire (to do) in French [0/4]
  • 10.6.4 conjugation of prendre (to take) in French [0/3]
  • 10.6.5 conjugation of voir (to see) in French [0/3]
  • 10.6.6 Conjugation of partir (to leave) in French [0/4]
  • 10.7 Regular verbs in French [0/8]
  • 10.8 Reported Speech in French [0/4]
  • 11 French sentence structure [0/25]
  • Multiple choice questions about the sentence structure in French (Score -/-)Free
  • 11.1 The phrases in French [0/5]
  • 11.2 The forms of phrases in French [0/7]
  • 11.3 The types of phrases in French [0/8]
  • 11.4 The propositions in French [0/4]
  • 12 French si clauses [0/3]
  • The noun (French: le nom) is a word that varies in gender and in number. In general, he is used along with a determinant that tells us about its gender and number. 

    It can be used as: 

    Any element of the French language can become a noun as long as you can add a determinant to it. 

    How to use nouns in French

    A noun is a naming word which usually is used to describe living beings, things or ideas. All French nouns, unlike English nouns, either have a masculine or feminine gender. 

    About 60% of all French words are nouns which refer to:

    • persons
    • animals
    • things
    • abstract perceptions
    Persons, Animals Things Abstract words
     l'enfant (the child)  la maison (the house)  le temps (the time)
     la femme (the woman)  la table (the table)  l'exemple (the example)
     le chien (the dog)  le lit (the bed)  le travail (the job)

    The form of the noun varies depending on:

    Gender of French nouns

    The gender (French: le genre) can be said to originate in the notion of sex at least for the nouns of people and animals. But for the largest number of names, the genre is unknown or sometimes comes from a particular origin that does not allow to establish a rule. The use of a dictionary is then indispensable in case of doubt.

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    Masculine of French nouns

    The masculine is generally applied to the names of men and to male animals. As a general rule, a noun is masculine when the use allows the use of th articles "le" or "un"

    Examples

    Masculine nouns Translations
    Le panier (A basket)
    Papa (Dad)
    Un étudiant (A boy student)

    Feminine of French nouns

    The feminine is generally applied to the names of women and female animals. As a rule, a noun is feminine when the use allows the use of "la" or "une"

    Normally, the feminine is formed by adding an -e to the masculine noun: un ami ----> une amie

    Note that there are some exceptions: 

    • Nouns ending in -e form their feminine in -esse
    • Nouns ending in -at form their feminine in -ate
    • Nouns ending in -el fom their feminine in -elle
    • Nouns ending in -teur form their feminine in -trice or -teuse
    • Nouns ending in -er form their feminine in -ère

    Examples

    masculine nouns feminine nouns Translations
    Un tigre Une tigresse (A tiger)
    Un ouvrier Une ouvrière (A worker)
    Un chanteur Une chanteuse (A singer)
    Un directeur Une directrice (A headmaster)
    Un nouveau Une nouvelle (A new)

    Number of French nouns

    Singular of French nouns

    If we are speaking about a single animal, object or person, the number of the name is singular.

    The singular uses theses types of determinants: 

    • Definite articles (le, la)
    • Indefinite articles (un, une)
    • Demonstratives adjectives (ce, cette, cet)
    • Possessive adjectives (ma, mon, son, sa, ton, ta) 

    Examples

    Determinants Singular nouns Translations
    Definite articles le panier, la femme The basket, the woman
    Indefinite articles un panier, une femme A basket, a woman
    Demonstrative ce panier, cette femme This basket, this woman
    Possessive

    mon panier, ma femme

    son panier, sa femme

    ton panier, ta femme

    My basket, my wife

    His basket, his wife

    Your basket, your wife

    enlightenedThe singular can be used to designate a group of individuals, objects or animals like in English. 

    • Une association (An association)
    • Un troupeau (A gaggle)
    • Un groupe (A group)
    • Une collection (A collection)

    Plural of French nouns

    If we are speaking about several animals, objects or people, the number of the name is plural.The plural uses these determinants: 

    • Definite articles: les
    • Indefinite articles: des
    • Demonstratives adjectives: ces
    • Possessive adjectives: mes

    Examples 

    Determinants Plural nouns Translations
    les les femmes The women
    des des femmes Women
    ces ces femmes These women
    mes mes femmes My women 

    enlightenedSome nouns are used only in the plural: des annales (record) , des armoiries (armorial bearings), des condoléances (condolences), des fiançailles (an engagement), des honoraires (an honorarium)

    French compound nouns

    The compound nouns (French: les noms composés) are nouns that are put together to form a meaning. they are sometimes separated by an hyphen. They can be: 

    • Noun + noun
    • Adjective + noun 
    • Verb + noun 
    • Verb + verb 

    Examples 

    Compound nouns Translations
    Chemin de fer (Railway)
    Beau-père (Father-in-law)
    Belle-mère (Mother-in-law)

    French proper nouns

    The proper nouns (French: les noms propres) designates a person or object, or a single category of persons or objects. In general, unless otherwise, it has no determinant and starts with a capital letter

    Examples

    Proper nouns Translations
    Tour Eiffel (Eiffel tower)
    France (France)
    Victor (Victor)
    Guillaume (William)

    French common nouns

    The common nouns (French: les noms communs) are all persons or objects of the same species. He usually has a determinant and he starts with a lowercase letter

    Examples

    Common nouns Translations
    une élève (A schoogirl)
    un policier (A policeman)
    la voiture (The car)

    Functions of French nouns 

    Nouns and nominal groups may have different functions in the sentence: 

    Next lessons

    1 Gender of French nouns Get an overview about the gender of French nouns and study this topic online.
    2 Plural of French nouns Get an overview about the formation of nouns in French and study this topic online.
    3 French compound nouns Get a comprehensive overview about all the French compound nouns and study the topic online.
    4 French common nouns Get a comprehensive overview about all the French common nouns and study the topic online.
    5 French proper nouns Get a comprehensive overview about all the French proper nouns and study the topic online.