• French grammar
  • 1 French alphabet
  • 2 French pronunciation and phonetics [0/7]
  • 3 Nature and function of French words [0/23]
  • Multiple choice exercise about the nature of French words (Score -/-)
  • Multiple choice questions about the function of French words (Score -/-)
  • 3.1 The subject in French [0/3]
  • 3.2 The apostrophe and apposition in French [0/2]
  • 3.3 The complement object in French [0/12]
  • 3.4 The circumstancial complement in French [0/2]
  • 3.5 The agent complement in French [0/2]
  • 4 French articles [0/9]
  • 5 French nouns [0/13]
  • 6 French pronouns [0/20]
  • Multiple choice questions about the pronouns in French (Score -/-)
  • 6.1 French personal pronouns - je, tu, il [0/3]
  • 6.2 French possessive pronouns - le mien, le tien [0/2]
  • 6.3 French reflexive pronouns - me, te, se [0/2]
  • 6.4 French demonstrative pronouns - celui, celle, ceux [0/2]
  • 6.5 French relative pronouns - qui, que, qu' [0/4]
  • 6.6 French indefinite pronouns - tout, chacun [0/2]
  • 6.7 French interrogative pronouns - qui, que, lequel [0/2]
  • 6.8 French adverbial pronouns - en, y [0/2]
  • 7 French adjectives [0/17]
  • Multiple choice questions about the epithet, attribute in French (Score -/-)
  • 7.1 Endings of regular and irregular French adjectives [0/3]
  • 7.2 Comparative and superlative of French adjectives [0/3]
  • 7.3 Placement of French adjectives [0/2]
  • 7.4 French possessive adjectives - mon, ton, son [0/4]
  • 7.5 French demonstrative adjectives - ce, cette [0/2]
  • 7.6 French indefinite adjectives - toutes, quelques [0/2]
  • 8 French adverbs [0/18]
  • 9 French prepositions [0/10]
  • 10 French verbs [0/135]
  • 10.1 Tenses and moods in French [0/63]
  • 10.1.1 Indicative in French [0/26]
  • Present tense in French [0/2]
  • Past tenses in French [0/13]
  • Future tenses in French [0/11]
  • 10.1.2 Subjunctive in French (le Subjonctif) [0/11]
  • 10.1.3 Conditional in French (le conditionnel) [0/10]
  • 10.1.4 Imperative in French [0/3]
  • 10.1.5 Infinitive in French [0/4]
  • 10.1.6 Gerund in French [0/2]
  • 10.1.7 Present participle in French [0/3]
  • 10.1.8 Past participle in French [0/4]
  • 10.2 French auxiliary verbs (avoir, être) [0/11]
  • 10.3 Modal verbs in French [0/17]
  • Fill in the blank exercise for the modal verbs in French (Score -/-)
  • 10.3.1 Conjugation of pouvoir (can) in French [0/4]
  • 10.3.2 Conjugation of devoir (should) in French [0/4]
  • 10.3.3 conjugation of vouloir (want) in French [0/4]
  • 10.3.4 Conjugation of savoir (to know) in French [0/4]
  • 10.4 Passive voice in French [0/4]
  • 10.5 Reflexive verbs in French [0/4]
  • 10.6 Irregular verbs in French [0/24]
  • Fill in the blanks exercise of the irregular verbs in French (Score -/-)
  • Fill in the blanks exercise of the irregular verbs in French II (Score -/-)
  • 10.6.1 Conjugation of venir (to come) in French [0/4]
  • 10.6.2 conjugation of aller (to go) in French [0/4]
  • 10.6.3 conjugation of faire (to do) in French [0/4]
  • 10.6.4 conjugation of prendre (to take) in French [0/3]
  • 10.6.5 conjugation of voir (to see) in French [0/3]
  • 10.6.6 Conjugation of partir (to leave) in French [0/4]
  • 10.7 Regular verbs in French [0/8]
  • 10.8 Reported Speech in French [0/4]
  • 11 French sentence structure [0/25]
  • Multiple choice questions about the sentence structure in French (Score -/-)
  • 11.1 The phrases in French [0/5]
  • 11.2 The forms of phrases in French [0/7]
  • 11.3 The types of phrases in French [0/8]
  • 11.4 The propositions in French [0/4]
  • 12 French si clauses [0/3]
  • 13
  • French verbs ending in -er

    The regular verbs that end in -er are the 1st group verbs in French (except the verbs: aller). 
    There are different endings in -er:

    • -er
    • -cer
    • -e+consonant+er
    • -é+consonant+er
    • -ger
    • -éger
    •  -eler or -eter 
    • -éer
    • -ier
    • -ayer 
    • -oyer or -uyer

    Conjugation of -er verbs in French 

    As a general rule, you must remove the ending -er to obtain the radical of the verbs and then add the following endings. The future simple uses the infinitive + endings.


    aimer (to like) 

    présent imparfait passé simple futur simple
    j'aime j'aimais j'aimai j'aimerai
    tu aimes tu aimais tu aimas tu aimeras 
    il/elle/on aime il/elle/on aimait il/elle/on aimat il/elle/on aimera
    nous aimons nous aimions nous aimâmes nous aimerons 
    vous aimez vous aimiez vous aimâtes vous aimerez
    ils/elles aiment ils/elles aimaient ils/elles aimèrent ils/elles aimeront
    passé composé  plus-que-parfait passé antérieur futur antérieur
    j'ai aimé j'avais aimé j'eus aimé j'aurai aimé
    tu as aimé tu avais aimé tu eus tu auras aimé
    il/elle/on a aimé  il/elle/on avait aimé il/elle/on eut aimé il/elle/on aura aimé
    nous avons aimé nous avions aimé nous eûmes aimé nous aurons aimé
    vous avez aimé  vous aviez aimé vous eûtes aimé vous aurez aimé
    ils/elles ont aimé ils/elles avaient aimé ils/elles eurent aimé ils/elles auront aimé

    enlightenedThe transitive verbs of the 1st group form the compound times with the auxiliary avoir. However, some active verbs with an intransitive meaning form their compound times with the auxiliary être.

    Grammar rule of -er verbs in French

    Verbs ending in -cer

    In the case of regular verbs ending in -cer, you replace the c with ç for the 1st plural pronoun of the present. You also use it for the imperfect tense, the past simple, the subjunctive imperfect and the participle present in order to keep the original sound of the infinitive

    Example: commencer (to begin)

    tenses examples
    1st plural pronoun of the present nous commençons
    imperfect tu commençais
    past simple tu commença
    subjunctive imperfect que tu commençasses
    participle present en commençant

    Verbs ending in -ger

    In the case of regular verbs ending in -ger you add an e before the present ending -ons, the imperfect (except the 1st and 2nd plural pronoun), the past simple, the subjunctive imperfect and the participle in order to keep the original sound of the infinitive.

    Example: manger (to eat) 

    tenses examples
    1st plural pronoun nous mangeons
    imperfect ils mangeaient
    past simple il mangea
    subjunctive imperfect je mangeasse
    participle present mangeant 

    Verbs ending in -e + consonant + er

    Regular verbs that end in -e + consonant + er and most of those who end up in -é + consonant + er have the particularity to change the penultimate é or e by è when the ending is mute (that is to say the following endings: e, es and ent). You can also use it with the future simple, the conditional and the subjunctive. 

    tenses préférer (to prefer) acheter (to buy)
    present il préfère il achète
    future simple il préfèrera il achètera
    conditional present il préfèrerait il achèterait
    subjunctive présent qu'il préfère qu'il achète

    Verbs ending in -eter or -eler

    Most verbs ending in -eter or -eler do not change the e by è, but rather double the consonant into tt or ll when the ending e is mute. You use it with the present (1st, 2nd and 3rd singular pronoun), the future simple and the conditional. the subjunctive uses the 1st, 2st, 3rd singular pronoun

    tenses jeter (to throw) appeler (to call)
    present je jette j'appell
    future simple tu jetteras tu appelleras
    conditional present nous jetterions nous appellerions
    subjunctive  que vous jetiez que vous appeliez

    Verbs ending in -oyer and -uyer

    Regular verbs in -oyer and -uyer have the particularity to change the y by i in front of the mute syllable. You use it in the present tense (1st, 2nd, 3rd singular pronoun and 3rd plural), the future simple and the conditional.

    tenses nettoyer (to clean) ennuyer (to bother)
    present je nettoie j'ennuie
    future simple je nettoierai j'ennuierai
    conditional present nous nettoierions nous ennuierions

    Verbs ending in -ayer

    Regular verbs ending in -ayer have the distinction to be conjugated in two different ways. They can be conjugated as in the previous case, by changing the y by i before the mute syllable or can be conjugated by keeping the y. used with the same tenses, as the previous case. 

    tenses payer (to pay)
    present il paye/il paie
    future simple tu payeras/tu paieras
    conditional present je payerais/je paierais

    enlightenedCheck out the list of verbs in -er and exercice online


    Quiz about the conjugation of -er verbs in French

    Fill in the blank exercise for the regular verbs ending in -cer in French

    Fill in the blank exercise for the regular verb of -e + consonant + er in French

    Fill in the blank exercise for the regular verbs in -oyer, -ayer, -uyer in French