What is a preposition?
A preposition (French: les prépositions) is a word such as at, for, with, into or from, which is usually followed by a noun, pronoun or, in English, a word ending in -ing. Prepositions show how people and things relate to the rest of the sentence.
The French grammar has many prepositions along them you can find
- temporal prepositions
- local prepositions
- prepositions of purpose
- prepositions of manner
- prepositions of cause
Using French prepositions
Prepositions can create many kinds of connections or relationships between different parts of a sentence. They can indicate place, time. cause, goal, means, manner, possession, and so on.
In general they are used:
- in front of nouns and pronouns
- before verb forms ending in -ing in English
- after certain adjectives and verbs
Please note that you can NEVER end a French sentence with a preposition.
- Il va au bureau. (He goes to the office.)
- Il habite ici depuis deux ans. (He has been living here for two years.)
- Elle a le livre de ma mère. (She has the book of my mother.)
- Il le fait avec hésitation. (He does it with hesitation.)
The temporal prepositions
The temporal prepositions (French: les prépositions temporels) are small words used to express a particular situation in time.
She answers the question "quand ?" (when ?), to express when an action occurred, an event and to express several temporal values.
|Je suis arrivée à 10 heures||(I arrived at 10)|
|Il viendra me voir en août||(He will come to see me in August)|
|Je serais à Paris jusqu'à dimanche||(I will stay in Paris until sunday)|
The local prepositions
The local prepositions (French: les prépositions de lieu) are small words used to express a particular situation in space. It answers the question "où ?" (where ?), to express where an object, a person or an animal is.
These prepositions are used to describe the direction to a place, to orient yourself in a place or to establish a precise itinerary.
|La table est à côté de l'armoire||(The table is near the wardrobe)|
|Il faut emprunter la direction vers le Sud||(You need to go towards the South)|
|Nous allons aux Bahamas||(We are going to the Bahamas)|
The prepositions of purpose
The prepositions of purpose (French: les prépositions de but) are small words that serves to express a particular goal, an intention. It answers the question "pourquoi ?" (why ?) an action is done.
The purpose can be expressed through the following structure:
- preposition of purpose + verb in the infinitive
- preposition of purpose + noun
|Il fait tout pour être aimé de son père||(He does his best to be loved by his father)|
|De peur d'une bagarre, il ne dit rien||(He says nothing to avoid a fight)|
|Il étudie pour faire plaisir à son père||(He studies for the pleasure of his father)|
The prepositions of manner
The prepositions of manner (French: les prépositions de manière) are small words that serves to express the way in which an action is performed. She answers the question "comment ?" (how ?).
|Il le donne de bon coeur||(He gives it with all his heart)|
|Il l'apaise par la tendresse||(He soothes him with tenderness)|
|Il a dit cela dans la colère||(He said it with anger)|
The prepositions of cause
The prepositions of cause (French: les prépositions de cause) are small words that serves to express a cause, a particular reason. She answers the question "pourquoi ?" (why ?)
|À cause de la chaleur j'ai soif||(Cause of the warmth now I am thirsty)|
|À force de manger j'ai pris du poids||(I took some weight by dint of eating)|
|Du fait de ton comportement, tu es puni||(Because of your behavior, you are punished)|
Take a look at our subpages for the most used prepositions and to learn in deep about them
Practise with a private teacher on Skype!
- Private Skype lessons
- Learn any topic
- Flexible appointments
German lessons and learning materials included
I teach: German, English, French
My name is Christina and I provide fun German and French language lesson for children and adult beginners or intermediate who want to... strengthen their language skills, improve the grammar knowledge, enrich the vocabulary and get into the German culture! I can teach in English or French!I had experince in teaching German, English and French to foreign people so I do have a lot of useful learning material I can provide you to make it easier! Read more
This teacher is one of our premium members. A premium teacher is very motivated to provide an excellent learning experience.
Professionnal French courses with a French native and certified teacher
I teach: French
Hello,Are you looking to learn or improve your French in a Fun and relaxed atmosphere?Look no further !My name is Anissa and I'm a French... native and certified teacher.Focusing on each student's individual level, interests, and goals, my online classes are effective to achieve impressive learning results in a shorter period of time. The courses will be based on your personal needs and during the class you will receive direct explanations, correction and feedback in order to instantly improve your language skills.Whether you want to learn French for your own pleasure or preparing for an exam, an upcoming interview or a presentation at work, I will be happy to assist you in reaching your goals.My online classes are available at any time! Choose a subject from my curriculum or request your own topic, date, time and start master your French!I look forward to meeting you,Anissa, your French (and nice) teacher :)*Please note that I'm not offering a free trial anymore* Read more
Ready to take on the challenge to learn Bulgarian?
I teach: Bulgarian, English, French
Hello,My name is Zlatko. I believe that learning Bulgarian online with me gives you the best of both worlds: fast progress and enjoyment.Taking... on the challenge to learn a new language is impressive. The reasons might be different. Some people give it a go because they just like new things. Others need to learn a new language because they are moving to a country where the language is spoken. Remember that whatever your reason is, it is your motivation that is the key to successful learning.Who am I and why to pick me up:online and face-to-face teaching experience: over 15 years helping hundreds of students achieve their language goalsflexibility: willing to tailor my techniques to both your interests and specific needspatience and excellent listening skillshonesty and collaboration: let's build trust and consider our work as a partnershipnative Bulgarian speaker with oustanding educational backgroundsence of humourIn general, my teaching style includes, but is not limited to:speaking practice through role-play activities, stotytelling and discussionsgap filling excerciseslistening comprehensionvocabulary developmentaccent reductionHow does that grab you? If interested, drop me a line and we'll discuss your language goals and expectations.Hope to see you soon.Here are a few tips on how to get the most out of every lesson:• Review what you covered in your previous lesson. Focus on things you had difficulty with. I’ll definitely go over them.• It is always a great idea to take notes during your lessons. It helps you stay more focused on what you’re learning.• Feel free to ask me if anything has come up since your last lesson that you want clarification on. Your questions do not have to be prior lesson related, maybe you are just curious about how to say something.• Be sure you have completed your homework assignments. If you were not able to complete them, make notes about what stumped you. Were the instructions not clear enough, was the vocabulary beyond your level of comprehension, were the grammar rules too overwhelming, was there too much homework for the time you had planned to spend on it, etc.• Contact me prior to your next lesson if there are any issues or changes you would like to make me aware of so I can have a chance to make changes to your learning plan.Hope this helps. Read more