• French grammar
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  • 1 French alphabet
  • 2 French pronunciation and phonetics [0/7]
  • 3 Nature and function of French words [0/23]
  • Multiple choice exercise about the nature of French words (Score -/-)
  • Multiple choice questions about the function of French words (Score -/-)
  • 3.1 The subject in French [0/3]
  • 3.2 The apostrophe and apposition in French [0/2]
  • 3.3 The complement object in French [0/12]
  • 3.4 The circumstancial complement in French [0/2]
  • 3.5 The agent complement in French [0/2]
  • 4 French articles [0/9]
  • 5 French nouns [0/13]
  • 6 French pronouns [0/20]
  • Multiple choice questions about the pronouns in French (Score -/-)
  • 6.1 French personal pronouns - je, tu, il [0/3]
  • 6.2 French possessive pronouns - le mien, le tien [0/2]
  • 6.3 French reflexive pronouns - me, te, se [0/2]
  • 6.4 French demonstrative pronouns - celui, celle, ceux [0/2]
  • 6.5 French relative pronouns - qui, que, qu' [0/4]
  • 6.6 French indefinite pronouns - tout, chacun [0/2]
  • 6.7 French interrogative pronouns - qui, que, lequel [0/2]
  • 6.8 French adverbial pronouns - en, y [0/2]
  • 7 French adjectives [0/17]
  • Multiple choice questions about the epithet, attribute in French (Score -/-)
  • 7.1 Endings of regular and irregular French adjectives [0/3]
  • 7.2 Comparative and superlative of French adjectives [0/3]
  • 7.3 Placement of French adjectives [0/2]
  • 7.4 French possessive adjectives - mon, ton, son [0/4]
  • 7.5 French demonstrative adjectives - ce, cette [0/2]
  • 7.6 French indefinite adjectives - toutes, quelques [0/2]
  • 8 French adverbs [0/18]
  • 9 French prepositions [0/10]
  • 10 French verbs [0/135]
  • 10.1 Tenses and moods in French [0/63]
  • 10.1.1 Indicative in French [0/26]
  • 10.1.1.1 Present tense in French [0/2]
  • 10.1.1.2 Past tenses in French [0/13]
  • 10.1.1.3 Future tenses in French [0/11]
  • 10.1.2 Subjunctive in French (le Subjonctif) [0/11]
  • 10.1.3 Conditional in French (le conditionnel) [0/10]
  • 10.1.4 Imperative in French [0/3]
  • 10.1.5 Infinitive in French [0/4]
  • 10.1.6 Gerund in French [0/2]
  • 10.1.7 Present participle in French [0/3]
  • 10.1.8 Past participle in French [0/4]
  • 10.2 French auxiliary verbs (avoir, être) [0/11]
  • 10.3 Modal verbs in French [0/17]
  • Fill in the blank exercise for the modal verbs in French (Score -/-)
  • 10.3.1 Conjugation of pouvoir (can) in French [0/4]
  • 10.3.2 Conjugation of devoir (should) in French [0/4]
  • 10.3.3 conjugation of vouloir (want) in French [0/4]
  • 10.3.4 Conjugation of savoir (to know) in French [0/4]
  • 10.4 Passive voice in French [0/4]
  • 10.5 Reflexive verbs in French [0/4]
  • 10.6 Irregular verbs in French [0/24]
  • Fill in the blanks exercise of the irregular verbs in French (Score -/-)
  • Fill in the blanks exercise of the irregular verbs in French II (Score -/-)
  • 10.6.1 Conjugation of venir (to come) in French [0/4]
  • 10.6.2 conjugation of aller (to go) in French [0/4]
  • 10.6.3 conjugation of faire (to do) in French [0/4]
  • 10.6.4 conjugation of prendre (to take) in French [0/3]
  • 10.6.5 conjugation of voir (to see) in French [0/3]
  • 10.6.6 Conjugation of partir (to leave) in French [0/4]
  • 10.7 Regular verbs in French [0/8]
  • 10.8 Reported Speech in French [0/4]
  • 11 French sentence structure [0/25]
  • Multiple choice questions about the sentence structure in French (Score -/-)
  • 11.1 The phrases in French [0/5]
  • 11.2 The forms of phrases in French [0/7]
  • 11.3 The types of phrases in French [0/8]
  • 11.4 The propositions in French [0/4]
  • 12 French si clauses [0/3]
  • 13
  • French prepositions

    What is a preposition?

    A preposition (French: les prépositions) is a word such as at, for, with, into or from, which is usually followed by a noun, pronoun or, in English, a word ending in -ing. Prepositions show how people and things relate to the rest of the sentence.

    The French grammar has many prepositions along them you can find 

    1. temporal prepositions
    2. local prepositions
    3. prepositions of purpose 
    4. prepositions of manner
    5. prepositions of cause

    Using French prepositions

    Prepositions can create many kinds of connections or relationships between different parts of a sentence. They can indicate place, time. cause, goal, means, manner, possession, and so on. 

    In general they are used: 

    • in front of nouns and pronouns
    • before verb forms ending in -ing in English
    • after certain adjectives and verbs

    enlightenedPlease note that you can NEVER end a French sentence with a preposition. 

    Examples

    • Il va au bureau. (He goes to the office.)
    • Il habite ici depuis deux ans. (He has been living here for two years.)
    • Elle a le livre de ma mère. (She has the book of my mother.)
    • Il le fait avec hésitation. (He does it with hesitation.)

    The temporal prepositions

    The temporal prepositions (French: les prépositions temporels) are small words used to express a particular situation in time.

    She answers the question "quand ?" (when ?), to express when an action occurred, an event and to express several temporal values.

    Examples

    Temporal Translations
    Je suis arrivée à 10 heures (I arrived at 10)
    Il viendra me voir en août (He will come to see me in August)
    Je serais à Paris jusqu'à dimanche (I will stay in Paris until sunday)

    The local prepositions

    The local prepositions (French: les prépositions de lieu) are small words used to express a particular situation in space. It answers the question "où ?" (where ?), to express where an object, a person or an animal is.

    These prepositions are used to describe the direction to a place, to orient yourself in a place or to establish a precise itinerary. 

    Examples

    Local Translations
    La table est à côté de l'armoire (The table is near the wardrobe)
    Il faut emprunter la direction vers le Sud (You need to go towards the South)
    Nous allons aux Bahamas (We are going to the Bahamas)

    The prepositions of purpose

    The prepositions of purpose (French: les prépositions de but) are small words that serves to express a particular goal, an intention. It answers the question "pourquoi ?" (why ?) an action is done.

    The purpose can be expressed through the following structure:

    • preposition of purpose + verb in the infinitive
    • preposition of purpose + noun 

    Examples 

    Purpose Translation
    Il fait tout pour être aimé de son père (He does his best to be loved by his father)
    De peur d'une bagarre, il ne dit rien (He says nothing to avoid a fight)
    Il étudie pour faire plaisir à son père (He studies for the pleasure of his father)

    The prepositions of manner

    The prepositions of manner (French: les prépositions de manière) are small words that serves to express the way in which an action is performed. She answers the question "comment ?" (how ?).

    Examples

    Manner Translation
    Il le donne de bon coeur (He gives it with all his heart)
    Il l'apaise par la tendresse (He soothes him with tenderness)
    Il a dit cela dans la colère (He said it with anger)

    The prepositions of cause

    The prepositions of cause (French: les prépositions de cause) are small words that serves to express a cause, a particular reason. She answers the question "pourquoi ?" (why ?)

    Examples

    Cause Translations
    À cause de la chaleur j'ai soif (Cause of the warmth now I am thirsty)
    À force de manger j'ai pris du poids (I took some weight by dint of eating)
    Du fait de ton comportement, tu es puni (Because of your behavior, you are punished)

    enlightenedTake a look at our subpages for the most used prepositions and to learn in deep about them 

    Exercises

    Fill in the blank exercise about the prepositions of modes of transportation

    Fill in the blank exercise about the prepositions of cause

    Next lessons

    1 Temporal prepositions in French Get an overview about the French prepositions of time and study this topic online.
    2 Local prepositions in French Get an overview about the French prepositions of place and study this topic online.
    3 Exceptional prepositions in French Get an overview about all exceptional prepositions in French and study this topic online.