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A preposition (French: les prépositions) is a word such as at, for, with, into or from, which is usually followed by a noun, pronoun or, in English, a word ending in -ing. Prepositions show how people and things relate to the rest of the sentence.
The French grammar has many prepositions along them you can find
Prepositions can create many kinds of connections or relationships between different parts of a sentence. They can indicate place, time. cause, goal, means, manner, possession, and so on.
In general they are used:
Please note that you can NEVER end a French sentence with a preposition.
The temporal prepositions (French: les prépositions temporels) are small words used to express a particular situation in time.
She answers the question "quand ?" (when ?), to express when an action occurred, an event and to express several temporal values.
|Je suis arrivée à 10 heures||(I arrived at 10)|
|Il viendra me voir en août||(He will come to see me in August)|
|Je serais à Paris jusqu'à dimanche||(I will stay in Paris until sunday)|
The local prepositions (French: les prépositions de lieu) are small words used to express a particular situation in space. It answers the question "où ?" (where ?), to express where an object, a person or an animal is.
These prepositions are used to describe the direction to a place, to orient yourself in a place or to establish a precise itinerary.
|La table est à côté de l'armoire||(The table is near the wardrobe)|
|Il faut emprunter la direction vers le Sud||(You need to go towards the South)|
|Nous allons aux Bahamas||(We are going to the Bahamas)|
The prepositions of purpose (French: les prépositions de but) are small words that serves to express a particular goal, an intention. It answers the question "pourquoi ?" (why ?) an action is done.
The purpose can be expressed through the following structure:
|Il fait tout pour être aimé de son père||(He does his best to be loved by his father)|
|De peur d'une bagarre, il ne dit rien||(He says nothing to avoid a fight)|
|Il étudie pour faire plaisir à son père||(He studies for the pleasure of his father)|
The prepositions of manner (French: les prépositions de manière) are small words that serves to express the way in which an action is performed. She answers the question "comment ?" (how ?).
|Il le donne de bon coeur||(He gives it with all his heart)|
|Il l'apaise par la tendresse||(He soothes him with tenderness)|
|Il a dit cela dans la colère||(He said it with anger)|
The prepositions of cause (French: les prépositions de cause) are small words that serves to express a cause, a particular reason. She answers the question "pourquoi ?" (why ?)
|À cause de la chaleur j'ai soif||(Cause of the warmth now I am thirsty)|
|À force de manger j'ai pris du poids||(I took some weight by dint of eating)|
|Du fait de ton comportement, tu es puni||(Because of your behavior, you are punished)|
Take a look at our subpages for the most used prepositions and to learn in deep about them
|1 Temporal prepositions in French||Get an overview about the French prepositions of time and study this topic online.|
|2 Local prepositions in French||Get an overview about the French prepositions of place and study this topic online.|
|3 Exceptional prepositions in French||Get an overview about all exceptional prepositions in French and study this topic online.|
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