• French grammar
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  • 1 French alphabet
  • 2 French pronunciation and phonetics [0/7]
  • 3 Nature and function of French words [0/23]
  • Multiple choice exercise about the nature of French words (Score -/-)Free
  • Multiple choice questions about the function of French words (Score -/-)Free
  • 3.1 The subject in French [0/3]
  • 3.2 The apostrophe and apposition in French [0/2]
  • 3.3 The complement object in French [0/12]
  • 3.4 The circumstancial complement in French [0/2]
  • 3.5 The agent complement in French [0/2]
  • 4 French articles [0/9]
  • 5 French nouns [0/13]
  • 6 French pronouns [0/20]
  • Multiple choice questions about the pronouns in French (Score -/-)Free
  • 6.1 French personal pronouns - je, tu, il [0/3]
  • 6.2 French possessive pronouns - le mien, le tien [0/2]
  • 6.3 French reflexive pronouns - me, te, se [0/2]
  • 6.4 French demonstrative pronouns - celui, celle, ceux [0/2]
  • 6.5 French relative pronouns - qui, que, qu' [0/4]
  • 6.6 French indefinite pronouns - tout, chacun [0/2]
  • 6.7 French interrogative pronouns - qui, que, lequel [0/2]
  • 6.8 French adverbial pronouns - en, y [0/2]
  • 7 French adjectives [0/17]
  • Multiple choice questions about the epithet, attribute in French (Score -/-)Free
  • 7.1 Endings of regular and irregular French adjectives [0/3]
  • 7.2 Comparative and superlative of French adjectives [0/3]
  • 7.3 Placement of French adjectives [0/2]
  • 7.4 French possessive adjectives - mon, ton, son [0/4]
  • 7.5 French demonstrative adjectives - ce, cette [0/2]
  • 7.6 French indefinite adjectives - toutes, quelques [0/2]
  • 8 French adverbs [0/18]
  • Drag and drop exercise about the adverbs (Score -/-)Free
  • Fill in the blank exercise about the regular form of the adverbs (Score -/-)Free
  • Fill in the blank exercise about the irregular adverbs (Score -/-)Free
  • 8.1 Adverbs of place in French [0/2]
  • 8.2 Adverbs of time in French [0/2]
  • 8.3 Adverbs of manner in French [0/2]
  • 8.4 Adverbs of quantity in French [0/2]
  • 8.5 Adverbs of reason in French [0/2]
  • 8.6 Placement of adverbs in French [0/2]
  • 8.7 Comparative of French adverbs [0/2]
  • 8.8 Difference adjectives and adverbs in French [0/1]
  • 9 French prepositions [0/10]
  • 10 French verbs [0/135]
  • 10.1 Tenses and moods in French [0/63]
  • 10.1.1 Indicative in French [0/26]
  • 10.1.1.1 Present tense in French [0/2]
  • 10.1.1.2 Past tenses in French [0/13]
  • 10.1.1.3 Future tenses in French [0/11]
  • 10.1.2 Subjunctive in French (le Subjonctif) [0/11]
  • 10.1.3 Conditional in French (le conditionnel) [0/10]
  • 10.1.4 Imperative in French [0/3]
  • 10.1.5 Infinitive in French [0/4]
  • 10.1.6 Gerund in French [0/2]
  • 10.1.7 Present participle in French [0/3]
  • 10.1.8 Past participle in French [0/4]
  • 10.2 French auxiliary verbs (avoir, être) [0/11]
  • 10.3 Modal verbs in French [0/17]
  • Fill in the blank exercise for the modal verbs in French (Score -/-)Free
  • 10.3.1 Conjugation of pouvoir (can) in French [0/4]
  • 10.3.2 Conjugation of devoir (should) in French [0/4]
  • 10.3.3 conjugation of vouloir (want) in French [0/4]
  • 10.3.4 Conjugation of savoir (to know) in French [0/4]
  • 10.4 Passive voice in French [0/4]
  • 10.5 Reflexive verbs in French [0/4]
  • 10.6 Irregular verbs in French [0/24]
  • Fill in the blanks exercise of the irregular verbs in French (Score -/-)Free
  • Fill in the blanks exercise of the irregular verbs in French II (Score -/-)Free
  • 10.6.1 Conjugation of venir (to come) in French [0/4]
  • 10.6.2 conjugation of aller (to go) in French [0/4]
  • 10.6.3 conjugation of faire (to do) in French [0/4]
  • 10.6.4 conjugation of prendre (to take) in French [0/3]
  • 10.6.5 conjugation of voir (to see) in French [0/3]
  • 10.6.6 Conjugation of partir (to leave) in French [0/4]
  • 10.7 Regular verbs in French [0/8]
  • 10.8 Reported Speech in French [0/4]
  • 11 French sentence structure [0/25]
  • Multiple choice questions about the sentence structure in French (Score -/-)Free
  • 11.1 The phrases in French [0/5]
  • 11.2 The forms of phrases in French [0/7]
  • 11.3 The types of phrases in French [0/8]
  • 11.4 The propositions in French [0/4]
  • 12 French si clauses [0/3]
  • Definite article in French - le, la, les

    Exercises

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    1. Fill in the blank exercise about the definite articles in French Score -/-
    2. Quiz about the French definite articles Score -/-

    How to use the definite article in French

    The definite article in French is used in more or less the same way as we use the in English. However, one of the main differences is that in French, there is more than one definite article to choose from. Moreover, all French nouns are either masculine or feminine and, just as in English, they can be either singular or plural. 

    Forms of the definite article

      masculine feminine Examples
     Singular  le  la

     le père (the father)

     la mère (the mother)

     l'hirondelle (the swallow)

    Plural  les  les

     les pères (the fathers)

     les dames (the ladies)

    enlightenedLe and la change to l' when they are used in front of a word starting with a vowel and most words starting with h.

    enlightenedenlightenedIf à or de are placed in front of a definite article they'll be contracted:

     à/de + article  Contracted article  Example
     á + le  → au  la mousse au chocolate (chocolate mousse)
     à + les  → aux  mentir aux collègues (lie to the colleagues)
     de + le  → du  parler du livre (speak about the book)
     de + les  → des  à l'ombre des arbres (in the shadow of the trees)

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    Exceptional cases of using the definite article 

    You should be aware that there are some exceptional cases when it comes to using definite articles in French.

    1) Abstract & concrete nouns

    Different from the English language definite articles in French are used with words that describe qualities, ideas or experiences (= abstract nouns) and  things you can touch with your hands (= concret nouns).​

    • J'ai la grippe. (I've got flu.)
    • Je n'ai pas le temps (I don't have time.)
    • Je n'aime pas le café. (I don't like coffee.)

    2) Countries, continents & regions

    ln French you always have to use the definite article in front of the names of countries, continents and regions.

    • la Bretagne (Brittany)
    • l'Europe (Europe)
    • Je viens des États-Unis. (I come from the United States.)

    3) Formal addresses

    If you use an article in combination with madame or monsieur you have to put the article inbetween.

    • Monsieur le Commissaire (Mister Police Inspector)
    • Madame la Présidente (Miss President)

    4) Use with names

    The definite article in French is used before:

    • family names in the plural form (les Duponts)
    • proper names in the singular form (le jeune Dupont)
    • titles (le docteur Knock)

    5) Times & days

    You use the definite article with dates, and also with the names of the days of the week and the seasons when you are talking about something that you do regularly or that is a habit

    • Elle part le 7 mai. (She's leaving on the seventh of May.)
    • Je vais chez ma grand-mère le dimanche. (I go to my grandmother's on Sundays.)
    • Paris, le 14 juillet 1998. (Paris, on the 14. July 1998.)

    enlightenedNote that you do NOT use the definite article after en.