The sentence is delimited by the punctuation and constitutes at the same time a syntactic unit, a melodic unit and a unit of meaning. In the French language, verbal sentences (French: les phrases verbales) are the most common, they revolve around a conjugated verb.
Alors on vit un spectacle formidable. (Victor Hugo, les misérables, 1862)
Some sentences that do not include a conjugated verb, emphasize a noun or nominal group (French: le groupe nominal), an adjective (French: la phrase adjectivale) or an adverb (French: la phrase adverbiale).
Bouleversement de toute ma personne. (Marcel Proust, Sodome et Gomorrhe, 1921)
You study a sentence according to its structure (simple, composed or complex), its type (declarative, interrogative, exclamatory or imperative), its form (affirmative or negative) and its voice (active or passive).
Just like in English, a sentence always start with a capital letter and always ends with a single point (.) but it can also end with an exclamation point or a question mark. The sentence is composed of a set of words placed in a logical order to have a meaning and to express a fact or an action.
A sentence can be more or less complex. Therefore, you distinguish simple sentences, composed sentences and complex sentences.
The simple sentence (French: la phrase simple) is called an independent proposition. It is not related to any other proposition. Among the simple sentences, we find the verbal sentence (French: la phrase verbale) and the nominal sentence (French: la phrase nominale).
The verbal sentences (French: la phrase verbale) are composed of a subject or a group of subjects, a conjugated verb and a complement.
|Nous||allons||à la plage||(We are going to the beach)|
|Alina et moi||sommes||de grands amateurs||(Alina and I are big amateurs)|
|Tom et Nana||sont||des personnages de dessin animés||(Tom and Nana are cartoons' avatars)|
The nominal sentences (French: la phrase nominale) does not have a conjugated verb.
A complex sentence should at least have two verbs and therefore it can also have one, two or more complements depending on the numbers of verbs included.
|Proposition principale||Proposition subordonnée||Translations|
|Je ne sais pas||quand elle est arrivée||(I don't know when she arrived)|
|Je suis rentrée||ainsi que mes amies||(I went back home and my friends as well)|
|Il partira de la France||lorsqu'il aura son permis||(He will leave France once he gets his license driver)|
The French grammar has many form of phrases (French: les formes de phrase) and among them you find:
|Forme négative||Je ne pourrais pas te donner ce que tu demandes||(I could not give you what you are asking for)|
|Forme affirmative||Tes amies viennent te voir ce soir||(Your friends will come to see you tonight)|
The emphatic form (French: la forme emphatique) insist or draw attention to a word or a group of words in a sentence. The neutral form (French: la forme neutre) is when a sentence insists on no particular word, it is not emphatic.
You need to distinguish them.
De l'argent, ce n'est pas ce qui manque
La vue, elle est belle
(Money, it is not what is missing)
(The view, it is beautiful)
L'argent n'est pas ce qui manque
La vue est belle
(Money is not what is missing)
(The view is beautiful)
The impersonal form (French: la forme impersonnelle) is when the subject of the sentence is the 3rd personal pronoun (il) and represents nothing and nobody. Therefore, you cannot replace the personal pronoun with a word or group of words.
The French grammar has 4 types of phrases:
|Declarative||Je ne veux pas aller à la plage.||(I don't want to go to the beach.)|
|Imperative||Restez où vous êtes !||(Don't move !)|
|Exclamative||Quelle belle surprise !||(What a beautiful surprise !)|
|Interrogative||Quelle heure il est ?||(What time is it ?)|
Within a sentence, the coherent set of words that alone makes sense is called a proposition (French: une proposition). The phrase can include one or more propositions which has a verb.
Each proposition consists of several group of words.
Let's analyse this sentence
Je pense que mon frère a acheté une nouvelle voiture. (I think my brother bought a new car)
The French grammar has 4 types of propositions.
|Independent||Je vais aller faire les courses||(I am going to do shopping)|
|Main||Je ne sais pas pourquoi elle est partie||(I don't know why he left)|
|Subordinate conjunctiva||Elle est allée dormir puisqu'elle ne part plus||(She went to sleep as she is not going anymore)|
|Relative subordinate||Comment s'appelle le garcon qui a les cheveux longs ?||(What is the name of the boy who has long hair)|
|Incidental||Je crois que vous vous êtes trompés, dit-il||(I think you misunderstood, he says)|
Bonjour! Veux-tu apprendre français? ou l'améliorer?
My classes are structured according to my students' needs, I use different teaching methods and I rely on listening each of my students' expectations and goals. Dynamism and constant learning are my purposes in my classes.
I have worked as a French teacher for more than ten years.
I have academic studies in English and French from Montréal, Canada, where I lived for six years.
I learned French at an early age in immersion in a French-speaking region and I studied French formally for 11 years, obtaining a native level.
Fabrizio's children are learning French very fast, I have the impression that these lessons online have been helpful for them and I am sure they will master the language easily. They are very interested in learning.
I m claudie , I m french and i have experience to teach french to foreign people.
I create in a school of langage in Spain a little faculty for my french lessons with a group from 15 years olds until 25.
The pupils were all the levels A1 until C2!
I was teaching as well with lillte children and adults in Spain and Rumania.
I m a very dynamic teacher with a lot of patient and empathy.
You will make a lot of progress!
thank you very much, I really enjoyed the hours spent working French together on many topics and also our laughter !!
My name is Mathilde, and I have been a French teacher since 2017!
I have a teaching diploma in French as a foreign language (DAEFLE) issued by the Alliance Française de Paris, as well as three years of experience teaching French abroad, in France and online! Having lived 5 years in the United States, I master the English language and offer, in addition to French lessons, English lessons or reinforcement.
For me, teaching a language should be fun and varied. I use the action method with my students, which means that you will learn to use the language as a tool to achieve your personal goals (be it tourism, work, French gastronomy, etc.). We will do grammar and conjugation lessons of course, but I am not focusing my teaching on the grammar rules to be learned by heart. I want the learning to be authentic and fun. So I use a lot of games! Don't worry, I learned to use them via the internet as well.
I believe in the diversity of supports for effective learning. Audio, video, reading, discussion ... so many opportunities to express yourself, depending on your desires but also your abilities because we are all different in terms of learning. If you don't want to develop reading but only conversation, this is what we will do.
In my lessons, I link culture to language. Thus, during French lessons, you will learn the language while discovering French and Francophone culture. Likewise, during English lessons, we will use supports in order to discover American culture or other English-speaking culture. For example, if you are passionate about sport and it motivates you to learn, I will look for adequate supports to facilitate your learning (working on the Rolland-Garros tennis competition, the Tour de France, etc.).
I offer a first free session, during which we will get to know each other and target your needs. Thus, I will be able thereafter, if you wish to continue with me, to create lessons adapted to your expectations.
Looking forward to meeting you soon! :)
Thank you Natacha for this nice message! I wish you a good continuation with French. Looking forward, - Mathilde
I’m French, currently living in the Netherlands.
I lived in Paris for almost twenty years, and I know very well my country (and of course my language, French, my mother tongue). I taught French for two years in Spain, conversation class about culture essentially.
In Paris, I was Spanish teacher, I have the Agregation degree which is the highest degree for teaching in France, I'm bilingual. I've participated too in several editorial projects about Spanish teaching and DELE preparation.
I have a Spanish Studies Master and I'm currently doing a research about the Spanish and Sefardi Judaism.
I have a French as foreign language and a Religious Studies Masters too.
I enjoy sharing what I know. I’m a very eclectic person and curious about everything. To give you an idea, my interest (and sometimes hobbies) are: philosophy, spirituality and religions in general, meditation, psychology and psychoanalysis, history, geography, literature, writing (in particular creative writing, and I’m used to write everyday), art (painting, photography), sciences (vulgarisation level) and cultural matters in general. I travel a lot (as a backpacker), sometimes by foot, and the places I know well are France, the Netherlands, Italy and Serbia.
One of my qualities is my capacity of adaptation, I enjoy preparing documents to help the student to acquire autonomy, but I love speaking too, and it’s the best way to learn a language.
I'm waiting for your message, please when contact me, explain quickly who you are, why you want to study French and what you are looking for exactly.
See you soon.
Thanks a lot Matteo, it's a pleasure!
I am French living in Lisbon in Portugal. I have lived in different countries such as England, the United States and India. It gave me some experience of learning a foreign language and teaching it.
I am passionate about different cultures and try to share my love for French culture with you in a lively way.
I adapt to the needs of the students, whether to improve their oral, written, prepare for an exam or a job interview. I prioritize the conversation to allow the student to "unblock" and have fun speaking the language. I write down the vocabulary and grammar that the student lacks to express himself.
Learning a foreign language is, in my view, above all through cultural curiosity. We want to learn a language because we want to live in the country, travel there or get to know it better. We feel attracted. It is its Culture that motivates us in our learning: music, film, text, literature, way of being and cultural differences forming "another world". This means that learning is not just about learning a list of words and grammar lessons, as is taught too often in school. Practice again and again through conversation, books, music, movies and above all the pleasure of speaking and listening.
I adapt the student's personal work according to their available time and their objective (conversation, deadline for an exam, scheduled trip, etc.).
I am at your disposal for any further information.
See you soon,
1 - If you are looking for a well-structured French program to take you from a beginner level to advanced level to be able to travel to France, i have developed with success my own program which includes 70 worksheets from basic to advance level.
2 - If you are thinking taking any DELF exam, I can help you as I have experience in this field (3 years with Ensemble en Francais - online school).
3 - If you are a VCE French student, I definitively will be able to boost your skills to do well at the exam due to my experience as VCE French teacher and also as a VCE assessor.
4 - Finally I have also an extensive experience in teaching French at the primary and middle school level
My name is Krisztina! I’m a teacher of German and French with the corresponding qualifications. I've grown up in a bilingual family (Hungarian-German), so I speak both languages as a native language. I’ve been teaching for six years, so I’m able to estimate your needs, and to meet them. In my lessons, I recreat real life situations, so that you will be able to adapt yourselves to different circumstances. I’m a patient, positive and creative person, who is looking forward to see you in her lessons, here on colanguage platform. So don’t hesitate to book a lesson with me.
I am a multilingual teacher with experience in teaching French to German, Japanese, English, Bulgarian and Italian-speaking students (levels A1 to C1).
I have been teaching French for 8 years in Luxemburg and now in Bulgaria for a year, to 3 to 10 years old children, teenagers, housewives, businessmen, architects, etc. TCF, DELF and DALF preparation. I also give Skype lessons in several countries.
Whether you need to learn French for business, integration or studying, I will be happy to help you. Do not hesitate to contact me for a free trial lesson.
Looking forward to hearing from you,
My name is David, I am a trained linguist but also majored in Translation and Interpreting in college, and I hold a MS in Speech Language Pathology. I am fluent in English, Italian, German, French and Spanish. I have lived and studied stateside on a Fulbright, as well as in Germany and Italy. I am currently based in Northern Italy and I have been teaching professionally students of all ages and all walks of life in all the afore-mentioned languages. I generally provide language instruction classes to teenagers and adults, though - as a SLP -I have worked with kids before. I have been a professional language teacher for the past 13 years. I am a firm believer in the focused deliberate practice model as well as the communicative method of teaching, but at the same time I try as hard as I can to tailor my didactical methodology to the individual student's needs and learning style. I am available for language classes in English, Italian and German at all levels, including the most advanced ones. I can also offer conversation classes in English, Italian, German, French and Spanish. I can provide Spanish and French classes up to an upper-intermediate (aka B2-C1) level. Looking forward to seeing you in “class”.
Bonjour ! Comment ça va ?
Nice to meet you, I'm Lou and I wwould be very happy to teach you french !
I offer classes for all levels : beginner to advanced (A1 to C1 according to the Common Europeean Framework for Languages).
Communication, grammar, vocabulary, writing and listening, we will do various activities so you can learn french in an efficent and fun way.
I also can prepare you to exams : DELF, DILF, DALF, TCF, DCL.
I you have specific needs and/or requests : I will adapt the classes, so just ask.
Some + :
- you'll have a document to follow your progress in french ;
- I will propose you exercices to do during the week, so you can practice while not in class ;
- written conversation during the week to practice writing a little bit everyday !
You can also have a group class : a vibrant and motivating way to learn french !
You can contact me to book a free trial class, see you soon online ! :-)
My name is Tiska. I am a French Teacher with experiences with adults and teenagers in Public Education (USA) and Language Schools.
I give Skype lessons to people who need or want to improve their French language. I like to use material from the internet (videos, article etc.) to introduce a theme which leads to a lesson and a conversation.
I like to create engaging learning with my students. I will give as homework a document to watch or to read with comprehension exercises so the time we have on skype is only speaking practice and explanation if needed.
I can help you prepare DELF-DALF Exams or work on specific needs (as professional French).
Really like to speak about all the subjects with the student especially those the student like so it gives the motivation to speak in the foreign language.
The free first lesson is organize to know your tastes, your level and your needs so we can plan the next lessons about the objectives you fixed.
Are you looking to learn or improve your French in a Fun and relaxed atmosphere?
Look no further !
My name is Anissa and I'm a French native and certified teacher.
Focusing on each student's individual level, interests, and goals, my online classes are effective to achieve impressive learning results in a shorter period of time. The courses will be based on your personal needs and during the class you will receive direct explanations, correction and feedback in order to instantly improve your language skills.
Whether you want to learn French for your own pleasure or preparing for an exam, an upcoming interview or a presentation at work, I will be happy to assist you in reaching your goals.
My online classes are available at any time! Choose a subject from my curriculum or request your own topic, date, time and start master your French!
I look forward to meeting you,
Anissa, your French (and nice) teacher :)
*Please note that I'm not offering a free trial anymore*
I want to help people to improve the level of their chosen language.
I have experience in teaching German, French and English and I really appreciated it. We will have lessons on SKYPE and I will create the whole content according to your personal needs and progresses. My teaching technics suits to all kinds of interests and goals: personal as professional. My students were/are at the university but also employees (hospitality, banking, selling, law, art and culture).
As I grew up in Switzerland, I am BILINGUAL because I used to study, work and live in the french as well as in the german part of Switzerland.
Additionally teaching is my passion (I am constantly learning new languages - right now I am about to learn Greek in Athens). Therefor I am not only a passionated and hart-working teacher but also a flexible, dynamic, kind and compassionate person.
You can contact me immediately so we can know each other better and discover your needs during the firs FREE lesson.
I hope to get in touch with you soon.
I’m from France but I’m living in Brazil for 3 years.
I love my job which is to teach french as a professional language for people to use in business, at university or for an immigration project.
I can also prepare you for french certifications ( DELF, DALF, TCF , TEF etc. ).
Please, enter in contact for any questions :)