The imperative sentences in French
What is an imperative sentence in French ?
The imperative phrase (French: la phrase impérative) is also called injonctive phrase (La phrase injonctive) and expresses an order, an advice, or a prohibition. It can end with a point (.) Or an exclamation point (!).
Injonctive vs imperative sentences in French
Even if they are the same, they have a little particularities:
The injonctive phrase is used to express the same thing but can be a nominal phrase and uses other tenses than the imperative:
- future simple
You can use those verbs: interdire que, exiger que, souhaiter que... conjugated or as an introduction to the subjunctive.
|Use of injonctive||Examples||Translation|
|Nominal phrase||Dehors !||(Get out !)|
|Present||Je t'interdis de partir.||(Don't you dare to leave !)|
|Future||Vous ne ferez plus vos devoirs après le dîner.||(You will do no more homework after dinner)|
|Infinitive||Interdiction de fumer ici !||(It is prohibited to smoke here !)|
|Subjunctive||J'exige que tu le fasses||(I want you to do it)|
|Imperative||Va voir le médecin.||(Go to the doctor)|
The imperative sentence only uses the imperative tense. Therefore an exclamation point.
|Examples of imperative||Translations|
|Fais tes devoirs !||(Do your homework !)|
|Rangez vos affaires avant de sortir !||(Arrange your stuff before leaving !)|
|Tais-toi et mange !||(Shut up and eat !)|
The imperative sentences and forms in French
The exclamative phrases can take forms but usually the affirmative form and the negative form.
|Affirmative||Prépare le repas||(Prepare the lunch)|
|Negative||Ne prépare pas le repas||(Don't prepare the lunch)|
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