• French grammar
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  • 1 French alphabet
  • 2 French pronunciation and phonetics [0/7]
  • 3 Nature and function of French words [0/23]
  • Multiple choice exercise about the nature of French words (Score -/-)
  • Multiple choice questions about the function of French words (Score -/-)
  • 3.1 The subject in French [0/3]
  • 3.2 The apostrophe and apposition in French [0/2]
  • 3.3 The complement object in French [0/12]
  • 3.4 The circumstancial complement in French [0/2]
  • 3.5 The agent complement in French [0/2]
  • 4 French articles [0/9]
  • 5 French nouns [0/13]
  • 6 French pronouns [0/20]
  • Multiple choice questions about the pronouns in French (Score -/-)
  • 6.1 French personal pronouns - je, tu, il [0/3]
  • 6.2 French possessive pronouns - le mien, le tien [0/2]
  • 6.3 French reflexive pronouns - me, te, se [0/2]
  • 6.4 French demonstrative pronouns - celui, celle, ceux [0/2]
  • 6.5 French relative pronouns - qui, que, qu' [0/4]
  • 6.6 French indefinite pronouns - tout, chacun [0/2]
  • 6.7 French interrogative pronouns - qui, que, lequel [0/2]
  • 6.8 French adverbial pronouns - en, y [0/2]
  • 7 French adjectives [0/17]
  • Multiple choice questions about the epithet, attribute in French (Score -/-)
  • 7.1 Endings of regular and irregular French adjectives [0/3]
  • 7.2 Comparative and superlative of French adjectives [0/3]
  • 7.3 Placement of French adjectives [0/2]
  • 7.4 French possessive adjectives - mon, ton, son [0/4]
  • 7.5 French demonstrative adjectives - ce, cette [0/2]
  • 7.6 French indefinite adjectives - toutes, quelques [0/2]
  • 8 French adverbs [0/18]
  • 9 French prepositions [0/10]
  • 10 French verbs [0/135]
  • 10.1 Tenses and moods in French [0/63]
  • 10.1.1 Indicative in French [0/26]
  • 10.1.1.1 Present tense in French [0/2]
  • 10.1.1.2 Past tenses in French [0/13]
  • 10.1.1.3 Future tenses in French [0/11]
  • 10.1.2 Subjunctive in French (le Subjonctif) [0/11]
  • 10.1.3 Conditional in French (le conditionnel) [0/10]
  • 10.1.4 Imperative in French [0/3]
  • 10.1.5 Infinitive in French [0/4]
  • 10.1.6 Gerund in French [0/2]
  • 10.1.7 Present participle in French [0/3]
  • 10.1.8 Past participle in French [0/4]
  • 10.2 French auxiliary verbs (avoir, être) [0/11]
  • 10.3 Modal verbs in French [0/17]
  • Fill in the blank exercise for the modal verbs in French (Score -/-)
  • 10.3.1 Conjugation of pouvoir (can) in French [0/4]
  • 10.3.2 Conjugation of devoir (should) in French [0/4]
  • 10.3.3 conjugation of vouloir (want) in French [0/4]
  • 10.3.4 Conjugation of savoir (to know) in French [0/4]
  • 10.4 Passive voice in French [0/4]
  • 10.5 Reflexive verbs in French [0/4]
  • 10.6 Irregular verbs in French [0/24]
  • Fill in the blanks exercise of the irregular verbs in French (Score -/-)
  • Fill in the blanks exercise of the irregular verbs in French II (Score -/-)
  • 10.6.1 Conjugation of venir (to come) in French [0/4]
  • 10.6.2 conjugation of aller (to go) in French [0/4]
  • 10.6.3 conjugation of faire (to do) in French [0/4]
  • 10.6.4 conjugation of prendre (to take) in French [0/3]
  • 10.6.5 conjugation of voir (to see) in French [0/3]
  • 10.6.6 Conjugation of partir (to leave) in French [0/4]
  • 10.7 Regular verbs in French [0/8]
  • 10.8 Reported Speech in French [0/4]
  • 11 French sentence structure [0/25]
  • Multiple choice questions about the sentence structure in French (Score -/-)
  • 11.1 The phrases in French [0/5]
  • 11.2 The forms of phrases in French [0/7]
  • 11.3 The types of phrases in French [0/8]
  • 11.4 The propositions in French [0/4]
  • 12 French si clauses [0/3]
  • 13
  • The indirect object (COI) in French

    What is the indirect object complement in French ? 

    The indirect object complement (French: le complément d'objet indirect) is an element of the verbal group, introduced by a preposition, which makes it possible to specify the object of an action performed. The COI thus makes it possible to complete a verb preceded by a preposition.

    It is a complement of verb. It represents the being or the thing that indirectly receives the action that the subject does.

    Examples: 

    • Léo parle à son ami. (Leo is talking to his friend)
    • Maria montre à ses élèves. (Maria is showing to his students) 
    • Je me souviens de mes vacances. (I remember my holidays)

    ​How to recognize the COI in French ? 

    You have to find out the subject and the verb before the COI. The indirect object complement answers the following questions: 

    • Subject + verb + à qui ? 
    • Subject + verb + à quoi ? 
    • Subject + verb + de qui ? 
    • Subject  + verb + de quoi ? 

    Examples

    In these three examples, you will analyse the sentence to find out the COI. 

    Selena téléphone à son amie. (Selena is calling her friend) 

    • The subject is "Selena"
    • The verb is "téléphone"
    • Now, ask the question "à qui ?" because we are talking about a person
    • Selena téléphone à qui ? → à son amie. 

    Mes parents se sont souvenus de nos bêtises. (Our parents remembered our foolishness)

    • The subject is "Mes parents"
    • The verbs is "se sont souvenus"
    • Now, ask the questions "de quoi ?" because we are talking about things or objects
    • Mes parents se sont souvenus de quoi ? → de nos bêtises. 

    enlightenedNote that other questions are possible depending on the preposition used but the main used are "de" and "à". 

    • Je crois en nous. je crois en qui ? → en nous. (I believe in us) 
    • Il compte sur votre amitié. il compte sur qui ? → sur votre amitié. (He counts on your friendship) 

    ​The position of the COI in French 

    Like the COD, the COI usually follows the verb except if it's a pronoun. In this case, the indirect object can be replaced with pronouns like: 

    If it is a person you can use the reflexive pronouns

    • me
    • te
    • lui
    • nous
    • vous
    • leur

    Examples

    COI Pronoun Translation
    Léo parle de politique Il en parle (Leo talks about policy)
    Le professeur enseigne aux élèves Le professeur leur enseigne (The teacher is teaching them)

    The grammatical category of the COI in French 

    The grammatical nature (French: la nature grammaticale) of an indirect object can be: 

    • noun or nominal group 
    • pronoun
    • infinitive verb
    • subordinate clause 
    Nature Example Translation
    Noun or nominal group Le guide parle aux touristes (The tour guide is talking to the tourist)
    Pronoun Le guide leur parle (The tour guide is talking to them)
    Infinitive verb Cette chose m'a permis de comprendre la vérité (This thing allowed me to understand the truth)
    Subordinate clause Nous obeissons à ce que vous nous dites.  (We do what you say)

    Exercises

    Fill in the blank exercise about indirect object pronouns in French

    Drag and drop exercise about the COI in French

    Flashcards exercise about the COI in French