The indirect object complement (French: le complément d'objet indirect) is an element of the verbal group, introduced by a preposition, which makes it possible to specify the object of an action performed. The COI thus makes it possible to complete a verb preceded by a preposition.
It is a complement of verb. It represents the being or the thing that indirectly receives the action that the subject does.
You have to find out the subject and the verb before the COI. The indirect object complement answers the following questions:
In these three examples, you will analyse the sentence to find out the COI.
Selena téléphone à son amie. (Selena is calling her friend)
Mes parents se sont souvenus de nos bêtises. (Our parents remembered our foolishness)
Note that other questions are possible depending on the preposition used but the main used are "de" and "à".
Like the COD, the COI usually follows the verb except if it's a pronoun. In this case, the indirect object can be replaced with pronouns like:
If it is a person you can use the reflexive pronouns.
|Léo parle de politique||Il en parle||(Leo talks about policy)|
|Le professeur enseigne aux élèves||Le professeur leur enseigne||(The teacher is teaching them)|
The grammatical nature (French: la nature grammaticale) of an indirect object can be:
|Noun or nominal group||Le guide parle aux touristes||(The tour guide is talking to the tourist)|
|Pronoun||Le guide leur parle||(The tour guide is talking to them)|
|Infinitive verb||Cette chose m'a permis de comprendre la vérité||(This thing allowed me to understand the truth)|
|Subordinate clause||Nous obeissons à ce que vous nous dites.||(We do what you say)|
4.6/5 from 3 reviews
My name is Christina and I provide fun German and French language lesson for children and adult beginners or intermediate who want to... strengthen their language skills, improve the grammar knowledge, enrich the vocabulary and get into the German culture! I can teach in English or French! I had experince in teaching German, English and French to foreign people so I do have a lot of useful learning material I can provide you to make it easier! Read more
Hello,I would love to help you improve your knowledge of English.I adapt the lessons following your wishes : are you a beginner and need to get... some basic knowledge with grammar and easy texts or do you want to improve your conversation skills. I can help you either way.Looking forward to meeting you ! Read more
I’m French, currently living in the Netherlands. I lived in Paris for almost twenty years, and I know very well my country (and of course... my language, French, my mother tongue). I taught French for two years in Spain, conversation class about culture essentially. In Paris, I was Spanish teacher, I have the Agregation degree which is the highest degree for teaching in France, I'm bilingual. I've participated too in several editorial projects about Spanish teaching and DELE preparation. I have a Spanish Studies Master and I'm currently doing a research about the Spanish and Sefardi Judaism. I have a French as foreign language and a Religious Studies Masters too. I enjoy sharing what I know. I’m a very eclectic person and curious about everything. To give you an idea, my interest (and sometimes hobbies) are: philosophy, spirituality and religions in general, meditation, psychology and psychoanalysis, history, geography, literature, writing (in particular creative writing, and I’m used to write everyday), art (painting, photography), sciences (vulgarisation level) and cultural matters in general. I travel a lot (as a backpacker), sometimes by foot, and the places I know well are France, the Netherlands, Italy and Serbia. One of my qualities is my capacity of adaptation, I enjoy preparing documents to help the student to acquire autonomy, but I love speaking too, and it’s the best way to learn a language. I'm waiting for your message, please when contact me, explain quickly who you are, why you want to study French and what you are looking for exactly. See you soon. Read more