- Skype teachers
- Free trial lesson
- Flexible appointments
The past subjunctive (le subjonctif passé) expresses an uncertain action, supposedly realized at the moment when we express ourselves. In others words the precedence of the action.
It is also used to express regrets.
The action of the 'que' clause occurs before the action of the main clause (the moment you are talking about probably happened)
When using the subjunctive past in a subordinate clause, then the verb of the main proposition is in the present tense.
The past subjunctive is made up of the present subjunctive of avoir or être + the past participle.
|Subjonctif présent||Participe passé||Objet|
|Nous sommes désolés||que vous ne soyez pas||venu||au bal du lycée|
|Ils sont heureux||que tu aies||eu||ton bac|
|Tu as peur||que je sois||parti||sans toi|
Most verbs form the past subjunctive with avoir. The past participle conjugated with the auxiliary 'avoir' does not agree with the subject. It agrees with the Direct Object Complement if it is placed before the verb.
|parler (to speak)||finir (to finish)||travailler (to work)|
|que j'aie parlé||que j'aie fini||que j'aie travaillé|
|que tu aies parlé||que tu aies fini||que tu aies travaillé|
|qu'il/elle/on ait parlé||qu'il/elle/on ait fini||qu'il/elle/on ait travaillé|
|que nous ayons parlé||que nous ayons fini||que nous ayons travaillé|
|que vous ayez parlé||que vous ayez fini||que vous ayez travaillé|
|qu'ils/elles aient parlé||qu'ils/elles aient fini||qu'ils/elles aient travaillé|
You use the auxiliary 'avoir' to conjugate the past participle of 'avoir' and 'être'
Verbs using 'être' are state verbs. You use it with reflexive verbs and with verbs of movement and lingering. The past subjunctive with 'être' agrees in gender and number with the noun they qualify. There are many verbs and among them you find:
|partir (to leave)||aller (to go)||venir (to come)|
|que je sois parti(e)||que je sois allé(e)||que je sois venu(e)|
|que tu sois parti(e)||que tu sois allé(e)||que tu sois venu(e)|
|qu'il/elle/on soit parti(e)||qu'il/elle/on soit allé(e)||qu'il/elle/on soit venu(e)|
|que nous soyons parti(e)s||que nous soyons allé(e)s||que nous soyons venu(e)s|
|que vous soyez parti(e)s||que vous soyez parti(e)s||que vous soyez venu(e)s|
|qu'ils/elles soient parti(e)s||qu'ils/elles soient parti(e)s||qu'ils/elles soient venu(e)s|
Others verbs that use the auxiliary verb 'être'.
Keep your motivation and test your knowledge about the subjunctive with our exercises.
4.5/5 from 1 reviews
My name is Christina and I provide fun German and French language lesson for children and adult beginners or intermediate who want to... strengthen their language skills, improve the grammar knowledge, enrich the vocabulary and get into the German culture! I can teach in English or French!I had experince in teaching German, English and French to foreign people so I do have a lot of useful learning material I can provide you to make it easier! Read more
Hello,I would love to help you improve your knowledge of English.I adapt the lessons following your wishes : are you a beginner and need to get... some basic knowledge with grammar and easy texts or do you want to improve your conversation skills. I can help you either way.Looking forward to meeting you ! Read more
I’m French, currently living in the Netherlands.I lived in Paris for almost twenty years, and I know very well my country (and of course... my language, French, my mother tongue). I taught French for two years in Spain, conversation class about culture essentially.In Paris, I was Spanish teacher, I have the Agregation degree which is the highest degree for teaching in France, I'm bilingual. I've participated too in several editorial projects about Spanish teaching and DELE preparation. I have a Spanish Studies Master and I'm currently doing a research about the Spanish and Sefardi Judaism. I have a French as foreign language and a Religious Studies Masters too. I enjoy sharing what I know. I’m a very eclectic person and curious about everything. To give you an idea, my interest (and sometimes hobbies) are: philosophy, spirituality and religions in general, meditation, psychology and psychoanalysis, history, geography, literature, writing (in particular creative writing, and I’m used to write everyday), art (painting, photography), sciences (vulgarisation level) and cultural matters in general. I travel a lot (as a backpacker), sometimes by foot, and the places I know well are France, the Netherlands, Italy and Serbia.One of my qualities is my capacity of adaptation, I enjoy preparing documents to help the student to acquire autonomy, but I love speaking too, and it’s the best way to learn a language.I'm waiting for your message, please when contact me, explain quickly who you are, why you want to study French and what you are looking for exactly.See you soon. Read more