• French grammar
  • 1 French alphabet
  • 2 French pronunciation and phonetics [0/7]
  • 3 Nature and function of French words [0/23]
  • Multiple choice exercise about the nature of French words (Score -/-)
  • Multiple choice questions about the function of French words (Score -/-)
  • 3.1 The subject in French [0/3]
  • 3.2 The apostrophe and apposition in French [0/2]
  • 3.3 The complement object in French [0/12]
  • 3.4 The circumstancial complement in French [0/2]
  • 3.5 The agent complement in French [0/2]
  • 4 French articles [0/9]
  • 5 French nouns [0/13]
  • 6 French pronouns [0/20]
  • Multiple choice questions about the pronouns in French (Score -/-)
  • 6.1 French personal pronouns - je, tu, il [0/3]
  • 6.2 French possessive pronouns - le mien, le tien [0/2]
  • 6.3 French reflexive pronouns - me, te, se [0/2]
  • 6.4 French demonstrative pronouns - celui, celle, ceux [0/2]
  • 6.5 French relative pronouns - qui, que, qu' [0/4]
  • 6.6 French indefinite pronouns - tout, chacun [0/2]
  • 6.7 French interrogative pronouns - qui, que, lequel [0/2]
  • 6.8 French adverbial pronouns - en, y [0/2]
  • 7 French adjectives [0/17]
  • Multiple choice questions about the epithet, attribute in French (Score -/-)
  • 7.1 Endings of regular and irregular French adjectives [0/3]
  • 7.2 Comparative and superlative of French adjectives [0/3]
  • 7.3 Placement of French adjectives [0/2]
  • 7.4 French possessive adjectives - mon, ton, son [0/4]
  • 7.5 French demonstrative adjectives - ce, cette [0/2]
  • 7.6 French indefinite adjectives - toutes, quelques [0/2]
  • 8 French adverbs [0/18]
  • 9 French prepositions [0/10]
  • 10 French verbs [0/135]
  • 10.1 Tenses and moods in French [0/63]
  • 10.1.1 Indicative in French [0/26]
  • Present tense in French [0/2]
  • Past tenses in French [0/13]
  • Future tenses in French [0/11]
  • 10.1.2 Subjunctive in French (le Subjonctif) [0/11]
  • 10.1.3 Conditional in French (le conditionnel) [0/10]
  • 10.1.4 Imperative in French [0/3]
  • 10.1.5 Infinitive in French [0/4]
  • 10.1.6 Gerund in French [0/2]
  • 10.1.7 Present participle in French [0/3]
  • 10.1.8 Past participle in French [0/4]
  • 10.2 French auxiliary verbs (avoir, être) [0/11]
  • 10.3 Modal verbs in French [0/17]
  • Fill in the blank exercise for the modal verbs in French (Score -/-)
  • 10.3.1 Conjugation of pouvoir (can) in French [0/4]
  • 10.3.2 Conjugation of devoir (should) in French [0/4]
  • 10.3.3 conjugation of vouloir (want) in French [0/4]
  • 10.3.4 Conjugation of savoir (to know) in French [0/4]
  • 10.4 Passive voice in French [0/4]
  • 10.5 Reflexive verbs in French [0/4]
  • 10.6 Irregular verbs in French [0/24]
  • Fill in the blanks exercise of the irregular verbs in French (Score -/-)
  • Fill in the blanks exercise of the irregular verbs in French II (Score -/-)
  • 10.6.1 Conjugation of venir (to come) in French [0/4]
  • 10.6.2 conjugation of aller (to go) in French [0/4]
  • 10.6.3 conjugation of faire (to do) in French [0/4]
  • 10.6.4 conjugation of prendre (to take) in French [0/3]
  • 10.6.5 conjugation of voir (to see) in French [0/3]
  • 10.6.6 Conjugation of partir (to leave) in French [0/4]
  • 10.7 Regular verbs in French [0/8]
  • 10.8 Reported Speech in French [0/4]
  • 11 French sentence structure [0/25]
  • Multiple choice questions about the sentence structure in French (Score -/-)
  • 11.1 The phrases in French [0/5]
  • 11.2 The forms of phrases in French [0/7]
  • 11.3 The types of phrases in French [0/8]
  • 11.4 The propositions in French [0/4]
  • 12 French si clauses [0/3]
  • 13
  • Past Subjunctive (le subjonctif passé) in French

    The past subjunctive (le subjonctif passé) expresses an uncertain action, supposedly realized at the moment when we express ourselves. In others words the precedence of the action.

    It is also used to express regrets


    • J'ai peur qu'elle soit partie. (I am afraid that she left.)
    • Je suis heureuse que mes parents se soient réconciliés. (I am happy that my parents made peace.)
    • C'est vraiment stupide que tu aies oublié ton livre à la maison. (it is too bad that you forgot your book at home.)

    enlightenedThe action of the 'que' clause occurs before the action of the main clause (the moment you are talking about probably happened)

    enlightened When using the subjunctive past in a subordinate clause, then the verb of the main proposition is in the present tense.

    Formation and endings of the past subjunctive in French 

    The past subjunctive is made up of the present subjunctive of avoir or être + the past participle


      Subjonctif présent Participe passé  Objet 
    Nous sommes désolés que vous ne soyez pas venu  au bal du lycée 
    Ils sont heureux  que tu aies  eu  ton bac 
    Tu as peur que je sois  parti  sans toi

    Conjugation of the past subjunctive with 'avoir'

    Most verbs form the past subjunctive with avoir. The past participle conjugated with the auxiliary 'avoir' does not agree with the subject. It agrees with the Direct Object Complement if it is placed before the verb.

    Examples :

    • Je ne pense pas qu'il aie acheté cette voiture. (I do not think he bought that car).
    • Je ne pense pas qu'il l'ai achetée. (I do not think he bough it).
    parler (to speak) finir (to finish) travailler (to work)
    que j'aie parlé que j'aie fini que j'aie travaillé
    que tu aies parlé  que tu aies fini que tu aies travaillé
    qu'il/elle/on ait parlé qu'il/elle/on ait fini qu'il/elle/on ait travaillé
    que nous ayons parlé que nous ayons fini que nous ayons travaillé
    que vous ayez parlé que vous ayez fini que vous ayez travaillé
    qu'ils/elles aient parlé qu'ils/elles aient fini qu'ils/elles aient travaillé 

    enlightenedYou use the auxiliary 'avoir' to conjugate the past participle of 'avoir' and 'être'

    • que tu aies eu (that I had)
    • que vous ayez été (that you were)

    Conjugation of the past subjunctive with 'être'

    Verbs using 'être' are state verbs. You use it with reflexive verbs and with verbs of movement and lingering. The past subjunctive with 'être' agrees in gender and number with the noun they qualify. There are many verbs and among them you find:

    partir (to leave) aller (to go) venir (to come)
    que je sois parti(e) que je sois allé(e) que je sois venu(e)
    que tu sois parti(e) que tu sois allé(e) que tu sois venu(e)
    qu'il/elle/on soit parti(e) qu'il/elle/on soit allé(e) qu'il/elle/on soit venu(e)
    que nous soyons parti(e)s que nous soyons allé(e)s que nous soyons venu(e)s
    que vous soyez parti(e)s que vous soyez parti(e)s que vous soyez venu(e)s
    qu'ils/elles soient parti(e)s qu'ils/elles soient parti(e)s qu'ils/elles soient venu(e)s

    enlightened Others verbs that use the auxiliary verb 'être'.  

    • mourir (to die) 
    • devenir (to become)
    • tomber (to fall)
    • arriver (to arrive)
    • sortir (to exit)
    • revenir (to come back)
    • venir (to come)
    • entrer (to enter) 
    • rester (to stay)
    • retourner (to return)
    • apparaitre (to appear) 
    • naitre (to be born)

    yes Keep your motivation and test your knowledge about the subjunctive with our exercises.


    Exercise for the past subjunctive in French I

    French past subjunctive exercise II

    French le subjonctif passé exercise III

    French le subjonctif passé exercice IV