Past Subjunctive (le subjonctif passé) in French
The past subjunctive (le subjonctif passé) expresses an uncertain action, supposedly realized at the moment when we express ourselves. In others words the precedence of the action.
It is also used to express regrets.
- J'ai peur qu'elle soit partie. (I am afraid that she left.)
- Je suis heureuse que mes parents se soient réconciliés. (I am happy that my parents made peace.)
- C'est vraiment stupide que tu aies oublié ton livre à la maison. (it is too bad that you forgot your book at home.)
The action of the 'que' clause occurs before the action of the main clause (the moment you are talking about probably happened)
When using the subjunctive past in a subordinate clause, then the verb of the main proposition is in the present tense.
Formation and endings of the past subjunctive in French
The past subjunctive is made up of the present subjunctive of avoir or être + the past participle.
|Subjonctif présent||Participe passé||Objet|
|Nous sommes désolés||que vous ne soyez pas||venu||au bal du lycée|
|Ils sont heureux||que tu aies||eu||ton bac|
|Tu as peur||que je sois||parti||sans toi|
Conjugation of the past subjunctive with 'avoir'
Most verbs form the past subjunctive with avoir. The past participle conjugated with the auxiliary 'avoir' does not agree with the subject. It agrees with the Direct Object Complement if it is placed before the verb.
- Je ne pense pas qu'il aie acheté cette voiture. (I do not think he bought that car).
- Je ne pense pas qu'il l'ai achetée. (I do not think he bough it).
|parler (to speak)||finir (to finish)||travailler (to work)|
|que j'aie parlé||que j'aie fini||que j'aie travaillé|
|que tu aies parlé||que tu aies fini||que tu aies travaillé|
|qu'il/elle/on ait parlé||qu'il/elle/on ait fini||qu'il/elle/on ait travaillé|
|que nous ayons parlé||que nous ayons fini||que nous ayons travaillé|
|que vous ayez parlé||que vous ayez fini||que vous ayez travaillé|
|qu'ils/elles aient parlé||qu'ils/elles aient fini||qu'ils/elles aient travaillé|
You use the auxiliary 'avoir' to conjugate the past participle of 'avoir' and 'être'
- que tu aies eu (that I had)
- que vous ayez été (that you were)
Conjugation of the past subjunctive with 'être'
Verbs using 'être' are state verbs. You use it with reflexive verbs and with verbs of movement and lingering. The past subjunctive with 'être' agrees in gender and number with the noun they qualify. There are many verbs and among them you find:
|partir (to leave)||aller (to go)||venir (to come)|
|que je sois parti(e)||que je sois allé(e)||que je sois venu(e)|
|que tu sois parti(e)||que tu sois allé(e)||que tu sois venu(e)|
|qu'il/elle/on soit parti(e)||qu'il/elle/on soit allé(e)||qu'il/elle/on soit venu(e)|
|que nous soyons parti(e)s||que nous soyons allé(e)s||que nous soyons venu(e)s|
|que vous soyez parti(e)s||que vous soyez parti(e)s||que vous soyez venu(e)s|
|qu'ils/elles soient parti(e)s||qu'ils/elles soient parti(e)s||qu'ils/elles soient venu(e)s|
Others verbs that use the auxiliary verb 'être'.
- mourir (to die)
- devenir (to become)
- tomber (to fall)
- arriver (to arrive)
- sortir (to exit)
- revenir (to come back)
- venir (to come)
- entrer (to enter)
- rester (to stay)
- retourner (to return)
- apparaitre (to appear)
- naitre (to be born)
Keep your motivation and test your knowledge about the subjunctive with our exercises.
Practise with a private teacher on Skype!
- Private Skype lessons
- Learn any topic
- Flexible appointments
German lessons and learning materials included
I teach: English, French, German
My name is Christina and I provide fun German and French language lesson for children and adult beginners or intermediate who want to... strengthen their language skills, improve the grammar knowledge, enrich the vocabulary and get into the German culture! I can teach in English or French!I had experince in teaching German, English and French to foreign people so I do have a lot of useful learning material I can provide you to make it easier! Read more
This teacher is one of our premium members. A premium teacher is very motivated to provide an excellent learning experience.
Group lessons possible
Ready to take on the challenge to learn Bulgarian?
I teach: Bulgarian, English, French
Hello, My name is Zlatko. I believe that learning Bulgarian online with me gives you the best of both worlds: fast progress and enjoyment.Taking... on the challenge to learn a new language is impressive. The reasons might be different. Some people give it a go because they just like new things. Others need to learn a new language because they are moving to a country where the language is spoken. Remember that whatever your reason is, it is your motivation that is the key to successful learning. Who am I and why to pick me out: - online and face-to-face teaching experience: over 15 years helping hundreds of students achieve their language goals - flexibility: willing to tailor my techniques to both your interests and specific needs - patience and excellent listening skills - honesty and collaboration: let's build trust and consider our work as a partnership - native Bulgarian speaker with oustanding educational background - sence of humour In general, my teaching style includes, but is not limited to: - speaking practice through role-play activities - stotytelling and discussions - gap filling excercises - listening comprehension - vocabulary development - accent reduction How does that grab you? If interested, drop me a line and we will discuss your language goals and expectations. Hope to see you soon. Here are a few tips on how to get the most out of every lesson: 1. Review what you covered in your previous lesson. 2. Focus on things you had difficulty with. I will definitely go over them. 3. It is always a great idea to take notes during your lessons. It helps you stay more focused on what you are learning. 4. Feel free to ask me if anything has come up since your last lesson that you want clarification on. Your questions do not have to be prior lesson related, maybe you are just curious about how to say something. 5. Be sure you have completed your homework assignments. If you were not able to complete them, make notes about what stumped you. Were the instructions not clear enough, was the vocabulary beyond your level of comprehension, were the grammar rules too overwhelming, was there too much homework for the time you had planned to spend on it, and so on. 6. Contact me prior to your next lesson if there are any issues or changes you would like to make me aware of so I can have a chance to make changes to your learning plan. Hope this helps. Read more
Group lessons possible
Professionnal French courses with a French native and certified teacher
I teach: French
Hello,Are you looking to learn or improve your French in a Fun and relaxed atmosphere?Look no further !My name is Anissa and I'm a French... native and certified teacher.Focusing on each student's individual level, interests, and goals, my online classes are effective to achieve impressive learning results in a shorter period of time. The courses will be based on your personal needs and during the class you will receive direct explanations, correction and feedback in order to instantly improve your language skills.Whether you want to learn French for your own pleasure or preparing for an exam, an upcoming interview or a presentation at work, I will be happy to assist you in reaching your goals.My online classes are available at any time! Choose a subject from my curriculum or request your own topic, date, time and start master your French!I look forward to meeting you,Anissa, your French (and nice) teacher :)*Please note that I'm not offering a free trial anymore* Read more
Group lessons possible