• French grammar
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  • 1 French alphabet
  • 2 French pronunciation and phonetics [0/7]
  • 3 Nature and function of French words [0/23]
  • Multiple choice exercise about the nature of French words (Score -/-)Free
  • Multiple choice questions about the function of French words (Score -/-)Free
  • 3.1 The subject in French [0/3]
  • 3.2 The apostrophe and apposition in French [0/2]
  • 3.3 The complement object in French [0/12]
  • 3.4 The circumstancial complement in French [0/2]
  • 3.5 The agent complement in French [0/2]
  • 4 French articles [0/9]
  • 5 French nouns [0/13]
  • 6 French pronouns [0/20]
  • Multiple choice questions about the pronouns in French (Score -/-)Free
  • 6.1 French personal pronouns - je, tu, il [0/3]
  • 6.2 French possessive pronouns - le mien, le tien [0/2]
  • 6.3 French reflexive pronouns - me, te, se [0/2]
  • 6.4 French demonstrative pronouns - celui, celle, ceux [0/2]
  • 6.5 French relative pronouns - qui, que, qu' [0/4]
  • 6.6 French indefinite pronouns - tout, chacun [0/2]
  • 6.7 French interrogative pronouns - qui, que, lequel [0/2]
  • 6.8 French adverbial pronouns - en, y [0/2]
  • 7 French adjectives [0/17]
  • Multiple choice questions about the epithet, attribute in French (Score -/-)Free
  • 7.1 Endings of regular and irregular French adjectives [0/3]
  • 7.2 Comparative and superlative of French adjectives [0/3]
  • 7.3 Placement of French adjectives [0/2]
  • 7.4 French possessive adjectives - mon, ton, son [0/4]
  • 7.5 French demonstrative adjectives - ce, cette [0/2]
  • 7.6 French indefinite adjectives - toutes, quelques [0/2]
  • 8 French adverbs [0/18]
  • Drag and drop exercise about the adverbs (Score -/-)Free
  • Fill in the blank exercise about the regular form of the adverbs (Score -/-)Free
  • Fill in the blank exercise about the irregular adverbs (Score -/-)Free
  • 8.1 Adverbs of place in French [0/2]
  • 8.2 Adverbs of time in French [0/2]
  • 8.3 Adverbs of manner in French [0/2]
  • 8.4 Adverbs of quantity in French [0/2]
  • 8.5 Adverbs of reason in French [0/2]
  • 8.6 Placement of adverbs in French [0/2]
  • 8.7 Comparative of French adverbs [0/2]
  • 8.8 Difference adjectives and adverbs in French [0/1]
  • 9 French prepositions [0/11]
  • 10 French verbs [0/135]
  • 10.1 Tenses and moods in French [0/63]
  • 10.1.1 Indicative in French [0/26]
  • 10.1.1.1 Present tense in French [0/2]
  • 10.1.1.2 Past tenses in French [0/13]
  • 10.1.1.3 Future tenses in French [0/11]
  • 10.1.2 Subjunctive in French (le Subjonctif) [0/11]
  • 10.1.3 Conditional in French (le conditionnel) [0/10]
  • 10.1.4 Imperative in French [0/3]
  • 10.1.5 Infinitive in French [0/4]
  • 10.1.6 Gerund in French [0/2]
  • 10.1.7 Present participle in French [0/3]
  • 10.1.8 Past participle in French [0/4]
  • 10.2 French auxiliary verbs (avoir, être) [0/11]
  • 10.3 Modal verbs in French [0/17]
  • Fill in the blank exercise for the modal verbs in French (Score -/-)Free
  • 10.3.1 Conjugation of pouvoir (can) in French [0/4]
  • 10.3.2 Conjugation of devoir (should) in French [0/4]
  • 10.3.3 conjugation of vouloir (want) in French [0/4]
  • 10.3.4 Conjugation of savoir (to know) in French [0/4]
  • 10.4 Passive voice in French [0/4]
  • 10.5 Reflexive verbs in French [0/4]
  • 10.6 Irregular verbs in French [0/24]
  • Fill in the blanks exercise of the irregular verbs in French (Score -/-)Free
  • Fill in the blanks exercise of the irregular verbs in French II (Score -/-)Free
  • 10.6.1 Conjugation of venir (to come) in French [0/4]
  • 10.6.2 conjugation of aller (to go) in French [0/4]
  • 10.6.3 conjugation of faire (to do) in French [0/4]
  • 10.6.4 conjugation of prendre (to take) in French [0/3]
  • 10.6.5 conjugation of voir (to see) in French [0/3]
  • 10.6.6 Conjugation of partir (to leave) in French [0/4]
  • 10.7 Regular verbs in French [0/8]
  • 10.8 Reported Speech in French [0/4]
  • 11 French sentence structure [0/25]
  • Multiple choice questions about the sentence structure in French (Score -/-)Free
  • 11.1 The phrases in French [0/5]
  • 11.2 The forms of phrases in French [0/7]
  • 11.3 The types of phrases in French [0/8]
  • 11.4 The propositions in French [0/4]
  • 12 French si clauses [0/3]
  • Regular forms of French adjectives

    Every adjective has to agree in number and gender with the noun it modifies. To make an adjective agree with the noun or pronoun it describes, you simply add the following endings in most cases:

      with masculine noun with feminine noun
     Singular  un chat noir  une chemise noire
     Plural  des chats noirs  des chemises noires

    Keep in mind

    enlightenedWith most adjectives you add an -e to the masculine singular form to make it feminine.

    un sac lourd (a heavy bag) → une valise lourde (a heavy suitcase)

    enlightenedIf the adjective already ends in an -e in the masculine form, you do not add another -e.

    un sac jaune (a yellow bag) → une chemise jaune (a yellow shirt)

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    List of adjective endings

     Masculine ending Feminine ending  Example  Meaning
     -f  -ve  neuf → neuve  new
     -x  -se  heureux → heureuse  happy
     -er  -ère  cher → chère  dear, expensive

     -an

     -en

     -on

     -anne

     -enne

     -onne

     paysan → paysanne

     européen → européenne

     bon → bonne

     farming, country

     European

     good, right 

     -el  -elle  cruel → cruelle  cruel
     -eil  -eille  pareil → pareille  similar
     -et

     -ette 

     -ète

     net → nette

     complet → complète

     clear

     complete, full

    enlightenedPlease note that if a masculine adjective ends in a vowel its pronunciation does not change when an -e is added to form the feminine.

    Irregular forms of French adjectives

    Some very common adjectives are completely irregular in the feminine form:

    Masculine Feminine Meaning
     aigu  aiguë  sharp
     ambigu  ambiguë  ambiguous
     bénin  bénigne  benign
     long  longue  long
     favori  favorite  favorite
     malin  maligne  sly
     frais  fraîche  fresh

    The adjectives beau, nouveau, vieux, fou, mou

    The adjectives beau, nouveau, vieux, fou and mou have three unique forms. They have a special masculine singular form before words beginning with a vowel or silent h.

    Masculine before a consonant Masculine before a vowel Feminine  Meaning
     beau  bel  belle  beautiful
     nouveau  nouvel  nouvelle  new
     vieux  vieil   vieille  old
     fou  fol  folle  crazy
     mou  mol  molle  soft

    Examples

    • un bel appartement (a beautiful flat)
    • le Nouvel An (New Year)
    • un vieil arbre (an old tree) 

    Plural of adjectives

    Regular forms

    With most adjectives you add an -s to the masculine singular or feminine singular form to form the plural.

      Masculine Feminine
     Singular  Le garçon est grand.  La fille est petite.
     Plural  Les garçons sont grands.  Les filles sont petites.

    enlightenedWhen an adjective describes a masculine and a feminine noun or pronoun, use the masculine plural form of the adjective.

    Adjectives ending in -s or -x

    Adjectives ending in -s or -x are the same in the masculine singular and plural forms. The feminine plural stays regular.

      Masculine Feminine
    Singular  un garçon heureux  une pièce merveilleuse
    Plural  des garçons heureux  des pièces merveilleuses

    Adjectives ending in -eu or -eau

    Adjectives ending in -eu or -eau add -x to build the masculine form of the plural. The feminine plural stays regular.

      Masculine Feminine
    Singular  le nouveau professeur  la belle peinture
    Plural  les nouveaux professeurs  les belles peintures

    enlightenedPlease note that there is an exception when it comes to the word bleu. In the plural it's transformed to bleus.

    Adjectives ending in -al

    Adjectives ending in -al change to -aux to form the masculine plural. The feminine plural stays regular.

      Masculine Feminine
    Singular  L'ami est loyal.  La loi est légale.
    Plural  Les amis sont loyaux.  Les lois sont légales.

    enlightenedPlease note that there are exceptions when it comes to the words banal, fatal, final, natal and naval. You have to add an -s to form the plural form of these words.

    Invariable adjectives

    A small number of adjectives (mostly relating to colours) do not change in the feminine or plural. They are called invariable adjectives because their form NEVER changes, no matter what they are describing.

    These adjectives are often made up of more than one word - for example, bleu marine (navy blue), or come from the names of fruit or nuts.

    List of invariable adjectives

     Invariable color adjectives  Meaning
     marron  brown
     orange  orange
     bleu foncé  dark blue
     argent  silver
     marine  navy blue
     or  gold
     turquoise  turquoise