• French grammar
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  • 1 French alphabet
  • 2 French pronunciation and phonetics [0/7]
  • 3 Nature and function of French words [0/23]
  • Multiple choice exercise about the nature of French words (Score -/-)Free
  • Multiple choice questions about the function of French words (Score -/-)Free
  • 3.1 The subject in French [0/3]
  • 3.2 The apostrophe and apposition in French [0/2]
  • 3.3 The complement object in French [0/12]
  • 3.4 The circumstancial complement in French [0/2]
  • 3.5 The agent complement in French [0/2]
  • 4 French articles [0/9]
  • 5 French nouns [0/13]
  • 6 French pronouns [0/20]
  • Multiple choice questions about the pronouns in French (Score -/-)Free
  • 6.1 French personal pronouns - je, tu, il [0/3]
  • 6.2 French possessive pronouns - le mien, le tien [0/2]
  • 6.3 French reflexive pronouns - me, te, se [0/2]
  • 6.4 French demonstrative pronouns - celui, celle, ceux [0/2]
  • 6.5 French relative pronouns - qui, que, qu' [0/4]
  • 6.6 French indefinite pronouns - tout, chacun [0/2]
  • 6.7 French interrogative pronouns - qui, que, lequel [0/2]
  • 6.8 French adverbial pronouns - en, y [0/2]
  • 7 French adjectives [0/17]
  • Multiple choice questions about the epithet, attribute in French (Score -/-)Free
  • 7.1 Endings of regular and irregular French adjectives [0/3]
  • 7.2 Comparative and superlative of French adjectives [0/3]
  • 7.3 Placement of French adjectives [0/2]
  • 7.4 French possessive adjectives - mon, ton, son [0/4]
  • 7.5 French demonstrative adjectives - ce, cette [0/2]
  • 7.6 French indefinite adjectives - toutes, quelques [0/2]
  • 8 French adverbs [0/18]
  • Drag and drop exercise about the adverbs (Score -/-)Free
  • Fill in the blank exercise about the regular form of the adverbs (Score -/-)Free
  • Fill in the blank exercise about the irregular adverbs (Score -/-)Free
  • 8.1 Adverbs of place in French [0/2]
  • 8.2 Adverbs of time in French [0/2]
  • 8.3 Adverbs of manner in French [0/2]
  • 8.4 Adverbs of quantity in French [0/2]
  • 8.5 Adverbs of reason in French [0/2]
  • 8.6 Placement of adverbs in French [0/2]
  • 8.7 Comparative of French adverbs [0/2]
  • 8.8 Difference adjectives and adverbs in French [0/1]
  • 9 French prepositions [0/11]
  • 10 French verbs [0/135]
  • 10.1 Tenses and moods in French [0/63]
  • 10.1.1 Indicative in French [0/26]
  • 10.1.1.1 Present tense in French [0/2]
  • 10.1.1.2 Past tenses in French [0/13]
  • 10.1.1.3 Future tenses in French [0/11]
  • 10.1.2 Subjunctive in French (le Subjonctif) [0/11]
  • 10.1.3 Conditional in French (le conditionnel) [0/10]
  • 10.1.4 Imperative in French [0/3]
  • 10.1.5 Infinitive in French [0/4]
  • 10.1.6 Gerund in French [0/2]
  • 10.1.7 Present participle in French [0/3]
  • 10.1.8 Past participle in French [0/4]
  • 10.2 French auxiliary verbs (avoir, être) [0/11]
  • 10.3 Modal verbs in French [0/17]
  • Fill in the blank exercise for the modal verbs in French (Score -/-)Free
  • 10.3.1 Conjugation of pouvoir (can) in French [0/4]
  • 10.3.2 Conjugation of devoir (should) in French [0/4]
  • 10.3.3 conjugation of vouloir (want) in French [0/4]
  • 10.3.4 Conjugation of savoir (to know) in French [0/4]
  • 10.4 Passive voice in French [0/4]
  • 10.5 Reflexive verbs in French [0/4]
  • 10.6 Irregular verbs in French [0/24]
  • Fill in the blanks exercise of the irregular verbs in French (Score -/-)Free
  • Fill in the blanks exercise of the irregular verbs in French II (Score -/-)Free
  • 10.6.1 Conjugation of venir (to come) in French [0/4]
  • 10.6.2 conjugation of aller (to go) in French [0/4]
  • 10.6.3 conjugation of faire (to do) in French [0/4]
  • 10.6.4 conjugation of prendre (to take) in French [0/3]
  • 10.6.5 conjugation of voir (to see) in French [0/3]
  • 10.6.6 Conjugation of partir (to leave) in French [0/4]
  • 10.7 Regular verbs in French [0/8]
  • 10.8 Reported Speech in French [0/4]
  • 11 French sentence structure [0/25]
  • Multiple choice questions about the sentence structure in French (Score -/-)Free
  • 11.1 The phrases in French [0/5]
  • 11.2 The forms of phrases in French [0/7]
  • 11.3 The types of phrases in French [0/8]
  • 11.4 The propositions in French [0/4]
  • 12 French si clauses [0/3]
  • The determinant is part of the nominal group. It agrees in gender (male or female) and in number (singular or plural) with the name it determines. The determinant is usually placed in front of the noun, sometimes separated from it by a epithet adjective.

    There are several categories of determinants but in this topic, we are going to focus on the articles. 

    What are the French articles ? 

    The articles so as the others determinants brings more or less precision on the identity or the quantity of the name that it defines. The French grammar has several categories of articles. 

    1. Definite articles : le, la, les
    2. Indefinite articles: un, une, des
    3. Partitive articles: du, de la, de l', des
    4. Contracted articles: aux, au, du, des 

    How to use French articles

    ln English, an article is one of the words the, a, or an which is given in front of a noun. In French nouns are also used with articles. Beyond that, French articles can indicate if it's about

    • female nouns
    • masculine nouns 

    and if they are in the singular or plural form. 

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    The definite articles in French 

    These articles (French: les articles définis) designate precisely a thing, a person, a species or a known or identifiable reality that follows them. 

    There is also a contracted form for the le and la in front of a vowel or a mute h written in L'.

    Articles définis Exemples Traductions
    Le Le passager José Garcia est invité à se rendre à la porte d'embarquement (The passenger José Garcia is called upon to go at the gate)
    La La fille de ma soeur est enceinte (The daughter of my sister is pregrant)
    Les Les enfants sont partis à l'école (The children went to school)
    L' L'évènement s'est trés bien passé (The event went good)

    The indefinite articles in French 

    The indefinite articles (French: les articles indéfinis) designate a thing or a person but not precisely. 

    Articles indéfinis Exemples Traduction
    Un Un jeune homme m'a aidée à me relever (A young man helped to get up)
    Une  Une fille m'a appelé sur mon téléphone (A girl called me on my phone)
    Des Des abeilles survolent la maison (Bees are flying over the house)

    The partitive articles in French 

    These articles (French: les articles partitifs) designate a quantity of matter which can be real or not. The article "du" is a contracted form

    • Du (de + le)
    Articles partitifs Examples Traductions
    Du Je dois aller acheter du pain pour ce soir (I have to go buy some bread for tonight)
    De la Quand je l'ai vu pleurer, il m'a fait de la peine (When I saw him crying, I had a heartache)
    Des Tu achètera des fruits  (Buy some fruits)

    The contracted articles in French

    These articles (French: les articles contractées) are made up of articles that we studied above with some prepositions like à or de. 

    • aux (à + les) 
    • au (à + le) 
    • du (de + le) 
    • des (de + les) 

    enlightenedNote that, there is a difference between the indefinite article "des" which is precise and the contracted article "des" which is a preposition + a definite article

    enlightenedWhen le, la, les, or l' are placed in front of a verb, they are not articles but personal pronouns.

    yesLearn more about the French articles in our subpages ! 

    Next lessons

    1 Definite article in French - le, la, les Get an overview about the definite article in French and study this topic online.
    2 Indefinite article in French - un, une, des Get an overview about the indefinite article in French and study this topic online.
    3 Partitive article in French - du, de la, de l', des Get an overview about the partitive article in French and study this topic online.