• French grammar
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  • 1 French alphabet
  • 2 French pronunciation and phonetics [0/7]
  • 3 Nature and function of French words [0/23]
  • Multiple choice exercise about the nature of French words (Score -/-)Free
  • Multiple choice questions about the function of French words (Score -/-)Free
  • 3.1 The subject in French [0/3]
  • 3.2 The apostrophe and apposition in French [0/2]
  • 3.3 The complement object in French [0/12]
  • 3.4 The circumstancial complement in French [0/2]
  • 3.5 The agent complement in French [0/2]
  • 4 French articles [0/9]
  • 5 French nouns [0/13]
  • 6 French pronouns [0/20]
  • Multiple choice questions about the pronouns in French (Score -/-)Free
  • 6.1 French personal pronouns - je, tu, il [0/3]
  • 6.2 French possessive pronouns - le mien, le tien [0/2]
  • 6.3 French reflexive pronouns - me, te, se [0/2]
  • 6.4 French demonstrative pronouns - celui, celle, ceux [0/2]
  • 6.5 French relative pronouns - qui, que, qu' [0/4]
  • 6.6 French indefinite pronouns - tout, chacun [0/2]
  • 6.7 French interrogative pronouns - qui, que, lequel [0/2]
  • 6.8 French adverbial pronouns - en, y [0/2]
  • 7 French adjectives [0/17]
  • Multiple choice questions about the epithet, attribute in French (Score -/-)Free
  • 7.1 Endings of regular and irregular French adjectives [0/3]
  • 7.2 Comparative and superlative of French adjectives [0/3]
  • 7.3 Placement of French adjectives [0/2]
  • 7.4 French possessive adjectives - mon, ton, son [0/4]
  • 7.5 French demonstrative adjectives - ce, cette [0/2]
  • 7.6 French indefinite adjectives - toutes, quelques [0/2]
  • 8 French adverbs [0/18]
  • Drag and drop exercise about the adverbs (Score -/-)Free
  • Fill in the blank exercise about the regular form of the adverbs (Score -/-)Free
  • Fill in the blank exercise about the irregular adverbs (Score -/-)Free
  • 8.1 Adverbs of place in French [0/2]
  • 8.2 Adverbs of time in French [0/2]
  • 8.3 Adverbs of manner in French [0/2]
  • 8.4 Adverbs of quantity in French [0/2]
  • 8.5 Adverbs of reason in French [0/2]
  • 8.6 Placement of adverbs in French [0/2]
  • 8.7 Comparative of French adverbs [0/2]
  • 8.8 Difference adjectives and adverbs in French [0/1]
  • 9 French prepositions [0/10]
  • 10 French verbs [0/135]
  • 10.1 Tenses and moods in French [0/63]
  • 10.1.1 Indicative in French [0/26]
  • 10.1.1.1 Present tense in French [0/2]
  • 10.1.1.2 Past tenses in French [0/13]
  • 10.1.1.3 Future tenses in French [0/11]
  • 10.1.2 Subjunctive in French (le Subjonctif) [0/11]
  • 10.1.3 Conditional in French (le conditionnel) [0/10]
  • 10.1.4 Imperative in French [0/3]
  • 10.1.5 Infinitive in French [0/4]
  • 10.1.6 Gerund in French [0/2]
  • 10.1.7 Present participle in French [0/3]
  • 10.1.8 Past participle in French [0/4]
  • 10.2 French auxiliary verbs (avoir, être) [0/11]
  • 10.3 Modal verbs in French [0/17]
  • Fill in the blank exercise for the modal verbs in French (Score -/-)Free
  • 10.3.1 Conjugation of pouvoir (can) in French [0/4]
  • 10.3.2 Conjugation of devoir (should) in French [0/4]
  • 10.3.3 conjugation of vouloir (want) in French [0/4]
  • 10.3.4 Conjugation of savoir (to know) in French [0/4]
  • 10.4 Passive voice in French [0/4]
  • 10.5 Reflexive verbs in French [0/4]
  • 10.6 Irregular verbs in French [0/24]
  • Fill in the blanks exercise of the irregular verbs in French (Score -/-)Free
  • Fill in the blanks exercise of the irregular verbs in French II (Score -/-)Free
  • 10.6.1 Conjugation of venir (to come) in French [0/4]
  • 10.6.2 conjugation of aller (to go) in French [0/4]
  • 10.6.3 conjugation of faire (to do) in French [0/4]
  • 10.6.4 conjugation of prendre (to take) in French [0/3]
  • 10.6.5 conjugation of voir (to see) in French [0/3]
  • 10.6.6 Conjugation of partir (to leave) in French [0/4]
  • 10.7 Regular verbs in French [0/8]
  • 10.8 Reported Speech in French [0/4]
  • 11 French sentence structure [0/25]
  • Multiple choice questions about the sentence structure in French (Score -/-)Free
  • 11.1 The phrases in French [0/5]
  • 11.2 The forms of phrases in French [0/7]
  • 11.3 The types of phrases in French [0/8]
  • 11.4 The propositions in French [0/4]
  • 12 French si clauses [0/3]
  • The past conditional (French: le conditionnel passé) is generally used to express: 

    • cautious in describing events that have happened but are not yet officially confirmed
    • regrets

    After a pluperfect verb in a 'si' clause, the past conditional is used in the main clause. 

    Sample sentences  Translation  Use 
    Le ministre aurait démissioné the minister would have resigned  cautious in describing events 
    J'aurais aimé partir avec lui  I would have liked to go with him  regret 
    Si tu avais travaillé, tu aurais réussi l'examen  if you had worked, you would have succeeded the exam  'si' clause 

    The formation of the past conditional in French 

    The past conditional is made up of the present conditional of être or avoir and the past participle. 

    Examples 

      present conditional to be or to have  past participle object
    Je serais  allée à Nice
    Nous aurions fait  une bonne tarte 
    Elle a été au tennis 

    The past conditional with 'être'

    Verbs using 'être' are state verbs. They do not designate an action but a statement. The past conditional with 'être' agrees in gender and number with the noun they qualify. There are many verbs and among them you find:

     naître (to be born) mourir (to die) venir (to come)  aller (to go) 
    Je serais né(e) Je serais mort(e) Je serais venu (e) Je serais allé(e)
    Tu serais né(e) Tu serais mort(e) Tu serais venu(e) Tu serais allé(e)
    Il/elle/on serait né(e) Il/elle serait mort(e) Il/elle serait venu(e) Il/elle serait allé(e)
    Nous serions né(e)s Nous serions mort(e)s Nous serions venu(e)s Nous serions allé(e)s
    Vous seriez né(e)s Vous seriez morts(e)s Vous seriez venu(e)s Vous seriez allé(e)s
    Ils/elles seraient né(e)s Ils/elles seraient morts(e)s Ils/elle seraient venu(e)s Ils/elles seraient allé(e)s

    enlightenedOthers verbs that use the auxiliary verb 'être'.  

    • partir (to leave) 
    • devenir (to become)
    • tomber (to fall)
    • arriver (to arrive)
    • sortir (to exit)
    • revenir (to come back)
    • venir (to come)
    • entrer (to enter) 
    • rester (to stay)
    • retourner (to return) 

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    The past conditional with 'avoir' 

    Verbs using 'avoir' are active verbs. They designate an action. The past participle conjugated with the auxiliary 'avoir' does not agree with the subject. It agrees with the Direct Object Complement if it is placed before the verb.

    Example:

    • ils ont acheté des pommes. (They bought apples)
    • ils les ont achetées(They bought them)
    parler (to speak) finir (to finish) aimer (to like) 
    j'aurais parlé j'aurais fini j'aurais aimé
    tu aurais parlé tu aurais fini tu aurais aimé
    il/elle/on aurait parlé il/elle/on aurais fini il/elle/on aurait aimé
    nous aurions parlé  nous aurions fini nous aurions aimé
    vous auriez parlé vous auriez fini vous auriez aimé
    ils/elles auraient parlé ils/elles auraient fini ils/elles auraient aimé 

    enlightenedYou use the auxiliary 'avoir' to conjugate the past participle of 'avoir' and 'être'

    • J'aurais eu (I would have had) 
    • J'aurais été (I would have been)

    enlightenedNote that you use the same form for all regular and irregular verbs. 

     yes Keep your motivation and test your knowledge about the conditional with our exercises.