Past conditional in French
The past conditional (French: le conditionnel passé) is generally used to express:
- cautious in describing events that have happened but are not yet officially confirmed
After a pluperfect verb in a 'si' clause, the past conditional is used in the main clause.
|Le ministre aurait démissioné||the minister would have resigned||cautious in describing events|
|J'aurais aimé partir avec lui||I would have liked to go with him||regret|
|Si tu avais travaillé, tu aurais réussi l'examen||if you had worked, you would have succeeded the exam||'si' clause|
The formation of the past conditional in French
The past conditional is made up of the present conditional of être or avoir and the past participle.
|present conditional to be or to have||past participle||object|
|Nous||aurions||fait||une bonne tarte|
The past conditional with 'être'
Verbs using 'être' are state verbs. They do not designate an action but a statement. The past conditional with 'être' agrees in gender and number with the noun they qualify. There are many verbs and among them you find:
|naître (to be born)||mourir (to die)||venir (to come)||aller (to go)|
|Je serais né(e)||Je serais mort(e)||Je serais venu (e)||Je serais allé(e)|
|Tu serais né(e)||Tu serais mort(e)||Tu serais venu(e)||Tu serais allé(e)|
|Il/elle/on serait né(e)||Il/elle serait mort(e)||Il/elle serait venu(e)||Il/elle serait allé(e)|
|Nous serions né(e)s||Nous serions mort(e)s||Nous serions venu(e)s||Nous serions allé(e)s|
|Vous seriez né(e)s||Vous seriez morts(e)s||Vous seriez venu(e)s||Vous seriez allé(e)s|
|Ils/elles seraient né(e)s||Ils/elles seraient morts(e)s||Ils/elle seraient venu(e)s||Ils/elles seraient allé(e)s|
Others verbs that use the auxiliary verb 'être'.
- partir (to leave)
- devenir (to become)
- tomber (to fall)
- arriver (to arrive)
- sortir (to exit)
- revenir (to come back)
- venir (to come)
- entrer (to enter)
- rester (to stay)
- retourner (to return)
The past conditional with 'avoir'
Verbs using 'avoir' are active verbs. They designate an action. The past participle conjugated with the auxiliary 'avoir' does not agree with the subject. It agrees with the Direct Object Complement if it is placed before the verb.
- ils ont acheté des pommes. (They bought apples)
- ils les ont achetées. (They bought them)
|parler (to speak)||finir (to finish)||aimer (to like)|
|j'aurais parlé||j'aurais fini||j'aurais aimé|
|tu aurais parlé||tu aurais fini||tu aurais aimé|
|il/elle/on aurait parlé||il/elle/on aurais fini||il/elle/on aurait aimé|
|nous aurions parlé||nous aurions fini||nous aurions aimé|
|vous auriez parlé||vous auriez fini||vous auriez aimé|
|ils/elles auraient parlé||ils/elles auraient fini||ils/elles auraient aimé|
You use the auxiliary 'avoir' to conjugate the past participle of 'avoir' and 'être'
- J'aurais eu (I would have had)
- J'aurais été (I would have been)
Note that you use the same form for all regular and irregular verbs.
Keep your motivation and test your knowledge about the conditional with our exercises.
Practise with a private teacher on Skype!
- Private Skype lessons
- Learn any topic
- Flexible appointments
German lessons and learning materials included
I teach: German, English, French
My name is Christina and I provide fun German and French language lesson for children and adult beginners or intermediate who want to... strengthen their language skills, improve the grammar knowledge, enrich the vocabulary and get into the German culture! I can teach in English or French!I had experince in teaching German, English and French to foreign people so I do have a lot of useful learning material I can provide you to make it easier! Read more
This teacher is one of our premium members. A premium teacher is very motivated to provide an excellent learning experience.
Professionnal French courses with a French native and certified teacher
I teach: French
Hello,Are you looking to learn or improve your French in a Fun and relaxed atmosphere?Look no further !My name is Anissa and I'm a French... native and certified teacher.Focusing on each student's individual level, interests, and goals, my online classes are effective to achieve impressive learning results in a shorter period of time. The courses will be based on your personal needs and during the class you will receive direct explanations, correction and feedback in order to instantly improve your language skills.Whether you want to learn French for your own pleasure or preparing for an exam, an upcoming interview or a presentation at work, I will be happy to assist you in reaching your goals.My online classes are available at any time! Choose a subject from my curriculum or request your own topic, date, time and start master your French!I look forward to meeting you,Anissa, your French (and nice) teacher :)*Please note that I'm not offering a free trial anymore* Read more
Ready to take on the challenge to learn Bulgarian?
I teach: Bulgarian, English, French
Hello,My name is Zlatko. I believe that learning Bulgarian online with me gives you the best of both worlds: fast progress and enjoyment.Taking... on the challenge to learn a new language is impressive. The reasons might be different. Some people give it a go because they just like new things. Others need to learn a new language because they are moving to a country where the language is spoken. Remember that whatever your reason is, it is your motivation that is the key to successful learning.Who am I and why to pick me up:online and face-to-face teaching experience: over 15 years helping hundreds of students achieve their language goalsflexibility: willing to tailor my techniques to both your interests and specific needspatience and excellent listening skillshonesty and collaboration: let's build trust and consider our work as a partnershipnative Bulgarian speaker with oustanding educational backgroundsence of humourIn general, my teaching style includes, but is not limited to:speaking practice through role-play activities, stotytelling and discussionsgap filling excerciseslistening comprehensionvocabulary developmentaccent reductionHow does that grab you? If interested, drop me a line and we'll discuss your language goals and expectations.Hope to see you soon.Here are a few tips on how to get the most out of every lesson:• Review what you covered in your previous lesson. Focus on things you had difficulty with. I’ll definitely go over them.• It is always a great idea to take notes during your lessons. It helps you stay more focused on what you’re learning.• Feel free to ask me if anything has come up since your last lesson that you want clarification on. Your questions do not have to be prior lesson related, maybe you are just curious about how to say something.• Be sure you have completed your homework assignments. If you were not able to complete them, make notes about what stumped you. Were the instructions not clear enough, was the vocabulary beyond your level of comprehension, were the grammar rules too overwhelming, was there too much homework for the time you had planned to spend on it, etc.• Contact me prior to your next lesson if there are any issues or changes you would like to make me aware of so I can have a chance to make changes to your learning plan.Hope this helps. Read more