• French grammar
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  • 1 French alphabet
  • 2 French pronunciation and phonetics [0/7]
  • 3 Nature and function of French words [0/23]
  • Multiple choice exercise about the nature of French words (Score -/-)Free
  • Multiple choice questions about the function of French words (Score -/-)Free
  • 3.1 The subject in French [0/3]
  • 3.2 The apostrophe and apposition in French [0/2]
  • 3.3 The complement object in French [0/12]
  • 3.4 The circumstancial complement in French [0/2]
  • 3.5 The agent complement in French [0/2]
  • 4 French articles [0/9]
  • 5 French nouns [0/13]
  • 6 French pronouns [0/20]
  • Multiple choice questions about the pronouns in French (Score -/-)Free
  • 6.1 French personal pronouns - je, tu, il [0/3]
  • 6.2 French possessive pronouns - le mien, le tien [0/2]
  • 6.3 French reflexive pronouns - me, te, se [0/2]
  • 6.4 French demonstrative pronouns - celui, celle, ceux [0/2]
  • 6.5 French relative pronouns - qui, que, qu' [0/4]
  • 6.6 French indefinite pronouns - tout, chacun [0/2]
  • 6.7 French interrogative pronouns - qui, que, lequel [0/2]
  • 6.8 French adverbial pronouns - en, y [0/2]
  • 7 French adjectives [0/17]
  • Multiple choice questions about the epithet, attribute in French (Score -/-)Free
  • 7.1 Endings of regular and irregular French adjectives [0/3]
  • 7.2 Comparative and superlative of French adjectives [0/3]
  • 7.3 Placement of French adjectives [0/2]
  • 7.4 French possessive adjectives - mon, ton, son [0/4]
  • 7.5 French demonstrative adjectives - ce, cette [0/2]
  • 7.6 French indefinite adjectives - toutes, quelques [0/2]
  • 8 French adverbs [0/18]
  • Drag and drop exercise about the adverbs (Score -/-)Free
  • Fill in the blank exercise about the regular form of the adverbs (Score -/-)Free
  • Fill in the blank exercise about the irregular adverbs (Score -/-)Free
  • 8.1 Adverbs of place in French [0/2]
  • 8.2 Adverbs of time in French [0/2]
  • 8.3 Adverbs of manner in French [0/2]
  • 8.4 Adverbs of quantity in French [0/2]
  • 8.5 Adverbs of reason in French [0/2]
  • 8.6 Placement of adverbs in French [0/2]
  • 8.7 Comparative of French adverbs [0/2]
  • 8.8 Difference adjectives and adverbs in French [0/1]
  • 9 French prepositions [0/10]
  • 10 French verbs [0/135]
  • 10.1 Tenses and moods in French [0/63]
  • 10.1.1 Indicative in French [0/26]
  • 10.1.1.1 Present tense in French [0/2]
  • 10.1.1.2 Past tenses in French [0/13]
  • 10.1.1.3 Future tenses in French [0/11]
  • 10.1.2 Subjunctive in French (le Subjonctif) [0/11]
  • 10.1.3 Conditional in French (le conditionnel) [0/10]
  • 10.1.4 Imperative in French [0/3]
  • 10.1.5 Infinitive in French [0/4]
  • 10.1.6 Gerund in French [0/2]
  • 10.1.7 Present participle in French [0/3]
  • 10.1.8 Past participle in French [0/4]
  • 10.2 French auxiliary verbs (avoir, être) [0/11]
  • 10.3 Modal verbs in French [0/17]
  • Fill in the blank exercise for the modal verbs in French (Score -/-)Free
  • 10.3.1 Conjugation of pouvoir (can) in French [0/4]
  • 10.3.2 Conjugation of devoir (should) in French [0/4]
  • 10.3.3 conjugation of vouloir (want) in French [0/4]
  • 10.3.4 Conjugation of savoir (to know) in French [0/4]
  • 10.4 Passive voice in French [0/4]
  • 10.5 Reflexive verbs in French [0/4]
  • 10.6 Irregular verbs in French [0/24]
  • Fill in the blanks exercise of the irregular verbs in French (Score -/-)Free
  • Fill in the blanks exercise of the irregular verbs in French II (Score -/-)Free
  • 10.6.1 Conjugation of venir (to come) in French [0/4]
  • 10.6.2 conjugation of aller (to go) in French [0/4]
  • 10.6.3 conjugation of faire (to do) in French [0/4]
  • 10.6.4 conjugation of prendre (to take) in French [0/3]
  • 10.6.5 conjugation of voir (to see) in French [0/3]
  • 10.6.6 Conjugation of partir (to leave) in French [0/4]
  • 10.7 Regular verbs in French [0/8]
  • 10.8 Reported Speech in French [0/4]
  • 11 French sentence structure [0/25]
  • Multiple choice questions about the sentence structure in French (Score -/-)Free
  • 11.1 The phrases in French [0/5]
  • 11.2 The forms of phrases in French [0/7]
  • 11.3 The types of phrases in French [0/8]
  • 11.4 The propositions in French [0/4]
  • 12 French si clauses [0/3]
  • 13
  • What is a negative phrase in French ? 

    A sentence is negative when it denies something. 

    How to form a negative phrase in French ? 

    Negation is expressed with ne in combination with:

    • pas
    • plus means "encore" in the affirmative form 
    • jamais means "toujours" in the affirmative form
    • rien means "quelque chose" in the affirmative form 
    • personne means "quelqu'un" in the affirmative form 
    • aucun means "pas un seul" in the affirmative form 

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    Example phrases

    Use Negative form Affirmative form Translation
    Ne... pas Je ne veux pas aller au cinéma Je veux aller au cinéma (I do not want to got to the cinema)
    Ne... plus Elle ne l'aime plus elle l'aime encore (She doesn't love her anymore)
    Ne...jamais Ils ne sont jamais partis en vacances Ils sont toujours partis en vacances (They never went on holidays)
    Ne... rien On n'a rien mangé On a mangé quelque chose (We ate nothing)
    Ne... personne Tu n'as vu personne ?  Tu as vu quelqu'un (You saw nobody ?)
    Ne... aucun Il ne connait aucune fille Il connait pas une seule fille (He knows no girl)

    Others negations 

    • ne...ni...ni for two or more linked negations means "et" in the affirmative form
    • sans means "avec" in the affirmative form
    • ne...que which is a restriction
    Use Negative form Affirmative form Translation
    Ne...ni...ni Paul n'est ni jeune, ni beau, ni intelligent Paul est jeune, beau et intelligent (Paul isn't young, nor beautiful, nor smart)
    sans Il sort sans son imperméable Il sort avec son imperméable (He goest out without his raincoat)
    Ne...que Julien n'a que cinq ans   (Julian is only five years-old)

    enlightened"ne" becomes a "n'" in front of a vowel 

    When the second negation becomes subject

    Negative form Affirmative form Translation
    Personne ne parle Quelqu'un parle (Nobody is talking)
    Rien ne marche Tout marche (Nothing is working)

    enlightenedThere can be many negations in a sentence 

    • Tu ne comprends jamais rien. (You never understand something)
    • Il n'y a plus personne. (There is not anybody)

    The placement of negations in French 

    The negations enclose the conjugated verb like a sandwich. 

    • For simple verbs

    Ne + verb + pas / plus / jamais / rien... 

    • For compound tenses

    Ne + auxiliary + pas / plus / jamais / rien... + past participle

    Examples 

    • Il ne boit pas. (He doesn't drink)
    • Il ne fait rien. (He does nothing)
    • Tes parents ne sont pas descendus. (Your parents didn't come down)
    • Je n'ai pas fait mon devoir pour demain. (I didn't do my homework for tomorrow)

    1) Pronouns are placed between the "ne" and the conjugated verb

    • Il n'en a pas bu. (He hasn't drink it) 
    • Je ne lui ai pas parlé. (I haven't talked to him)
    • Ils ne leur ont rien fait. (They did nothing to them)

    2) ​With compound tenses, "personne" and "aucun" which are placed after the past participle

    • Nous n'avons vu personne. (We saw no one)
    • Il n'a trouvé aucun logement. (He found no housing)

    3) ​The negations directly precede a negated infinitive

    • J'avais l'idée de ne pas venir. (I had the idea to not come)
    • Il a l'intention de ne plus le voir. (He intend to not see him anymore)
    • Il espère ne jamais le revoir. (He hopes to never see him again)

    enlightenedReflexive verbs have a different position for the negation

    Ne + reflexive conjugated verb + pas / plus ..... 

    • Nous ne nous laverons pas ce soir. (We will not get a shower tonight)
    • Je ne m'enfuierai pas cette fois-ci. (I will not run away this time)
    • Ta soeur ne s'attardera pas sur cette machine. (Your sister will not linger on this device)