- 1.What is an adverb?
- 1.1.How adverbs are used?
- 1.2.Characteristics of adverbs
- 2.The adverbs of time in French
- 3.The adverbs of place in French
- 4.The adverbs of manner in French
- 5.The adverbs of quantity in French
- 6.The adverb "bien" in French
- 6.1.Bien + verb
- 6.2.Bien expresses a quantity of things
- 6.3.Bien + adjective
What is an adverb?
An adverb (French: l'adverbe) is a word usually used with verbs, adjectives or other adverbs that gives more information about when, how, where, or in what circumstances something happens.
They are four types of adverbs in the French grammar:
How adverbs are used?
In general adverbs can be used together with verbs, adjectives or other adverbs. Adverbs can also relate to the whole sentence; they often tell you what the speaker is thinking or feeling.
|lire beaucoup (read much)||trés beau (very beautiful)||trop peu (too little)|
|dormir bien (sleep well)||plus grand (taller)||beaucoup mieux (much better)|
Please note that adverbs in French never change their form, no matter what they refer to.
Characteristics of adverbs
We have to differ between two kinds of adverbs in the French language:
- les adverbes simples which don't have a characteristic ending (alors, bien, comme, plus)
- les adverbes en -ment which end in -ment (longuement, franchement, naturellement)
Many English adverbs end in -ly, which is added to the end of the adjective. In French, many adverbs end in -ment.
This is usually added to the end of the feminine singular form of the adjective.
Only exception: If the masculine adjective ends in -e, -i or -u.
The adverbs of time in French
An adverb of time (French: adverbe de temps) is an invariable word that gives an indication of time (duration or chronology). It brings a nuance to the meaning of a noun, an adjective, a verb or another adverb.
|Ils partiront demain matin.||(They will leave tomorrow morning)|
|Autrefois, il était interdit de divorcer sans raison valable||(In the old days, it was prohibited to divorce without any valid reaseon)|
The adverbs of place in French
An adverb of place (French: adverbe de lieu) is an invariable word that indicates the place where the action takes place. In general, it answers the question "Where ?". Often he accompanies and precedes a nominal group.
|Je m'installe derrière la scène||(I will sit behind the scenes)|
|Les toilettes d'en bas sont occupés||(The toilets downstairs are occupied)|
The adverbs of manner in French
A adverb of manner (French: adverbe de manière) is an invariable word that indicates how the action unfolds. In general, it helps answer the question "how ?"
- Tu récites ta leçon rapidemment. (You are repeating your lesson quickly)
- Ton frère courrait tellement vite comme un lynx. (Your brother was running so fast like a lynx)
The adverbs of quantity in French
An adverb of quantity (French: adverbe de quantité) is an invariable word that gives information on quantity. It brings a nuance to the meaning of a noun, an adjective, a verb or another adverb. When it specifies a name, it is followed by the preposition "de" or "d" and answers the question: "How much ?".
|C'est très facile||(It's very easy)|
|Il a trop mangé||(He ate a lot)|
|J'ai assez d'argent pour acheter une voiture||(I have enough money to buy a house)|
The adverb "bien" in French
The meaning of the adverb "bien" (good) depends on the word (or words) it accompanies.
Bien + verb
When accompanying a verb, it has the same meaning as:
- Effectivement (effectively)
- Idéalement (Ideally)
- De manière satisfaisante (satisfactorily)
|Je travaille bien à l'école||Je travaille de manière satisfaisante à l'école||(I am a good student)|
|Je l'aime bien||Je l'aime idéalement||(I do like him)|
Bien expresses a quantity of things
When he accompanies a name, he expresses a quantity of things. It is followed by the preposition de, du or des and means beaucoup (a lot).
|Bien des mois ont passé avant qu'il ne revienne||Beaucoup de mois ont passé avant qu'il ne revienne||(Lot of month passed before he comes back)|
|Bien des enfants ont travaillé dans cette ferme||Beaucoup d'enfants ont travaillé dans cette ferme||(Lot of kids worked in this farm)|
Bien + adjective
When accompanying an adjective it means très (very) or vraiment (really). It marks a strong intensity.
|Je suis bien fatigué||Je suis très fatigué||(I am very tired)|
|Tu peux dire que je suis bien maladroit||Je suis vraiment maladroit||(You can say that I am really clumsy)|
Learn more about the adverbs in our subpages !
Practise with a private teacher on Skype!
- Private Skype lessons
- Learn any topic
- Flexible appointments
German lessons and learning materials included
I teach: German, English, French
My name is Christina and I provide fun German and French language lesson for children and adult beginners or intermediate who want to... strengthen their language skills, improve the grammar knowledge, enrich the vocabulary and get into the German culture! I can teach in English or French!I had experince in teaching German, English and French to foreign people so I do have a lot of useful learning material I can provide you to make it easier! Read more
This teacher is one of our premium members. A premium teacher is very motivated to provide an excellent learning experience.
Professionnal French courses with a French native and certified teacher
I teach: French
Hello,Are you looking to learn or improve your French in a Fun and relaxed atmosphere?Look no further !My name is Anissa and I'm a French... native and certified teacher.Focusing on each student's individual level, interests, and goals, my online classes are effective to achieve impressive learning results in a shorter period of time. The courses will be based on your personal needs and during the class you will receive direct explanations, correction and feedback in order to instantly improve your language skills.Whether you want to learn French for your own pleasure or preparing for an exam, an upcoming interview or a presentation at work, I will be happy to assist you in reaching your goals.My online classes are available at any time! Choose a subject from my curriculum or request your own topic, date, time and start master your French!I look forward to meeting you,Anissa, your French (and nice) teacher :)*Please note that I'm not offering a free trial anymore* Read more
Ready to take on the challenge to learn Bulgarian?
I teach: Bulgarian, English, French
Hello,My name is Zlatko. I believe that learning Bulgarian online with me gives you the best of both worlds: fast progress and enjoyment.Taking... on the challenge to learn a new language is impressive. The reasons might be different. Some people give it a go because they just like new things. Others need to learn a new language because they are moving to a country where the language is spoken. Remember that whatever your reason is, it is your motivation that is the key to successful learning.Who am I and why to pick me up:online and face-to-face teaching experience: over 15 years helping hundreds of students achieve their language goalsflexibility: willing to tailor my techniques to both your interests and specific needspatience and excellent listening skillshonesty and collaboration: let's build trust and consider our work as a partnershipnative Bulgarian speaker with oustanding educational backgroundsence of humourIn general, my teaching style includes, but is not limited to:speaking practice through role-play activities, stotytelling and discussionsgap filling excerciseslistening comprehensionvocabulary developmentaccent reductionHow does that grab you? If interested, drop me a line and we'll discuss your language goals and expectations.Hope to see you soon.Here are a few tips on how to get the most out of every lesson:• Review what you covered in your previous lesson. Focus on things you had difficulty with. I’ll definitely go over them.• It is always a great idea to take notes during your lessons. It helps you stay more focused on what you’re learning.• Feel free to ask me if anything has come up since your last lesson that you want clarification on. Your questions do not have to be prior lesson related, maybe you are just curious about how to say something.• Be sure you have completed your homework assignments. If you were not able to complete them, make notes about what stumped you. Were the instructions not clear enough, was the vocabulary beyond your level of comprehension, were the grammar rules too overwhelming, was there too much homework for the time you had planned to spend on it, etc.• Contact me prior to your next lesson if there are any issues or changes you would like to make me aware of so I can have a chance to make changes to your learning plan.Hope this helps. Read more