• French grammar
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  • 1 French alphabet
  • 2 French pronunciation and phonetics [0/7]
  • 3 Nature and function of French words [0/23]
  • Multiple choice exercise about the nature of French words (Score -/-)Free
  • Multiple choice questions about the function of French words (Score -/-)Free
  • 3.1 The subject in French [0/3]
  • 3.2 The apostrophe and apposition in French [0/2]
  • 3.3 The complement object in French [0/12]
  • 3.4 The circumstancial complement in French [0/2]
  • 3.5 The agent complement in French [0/2]
  • 4 French articles [0/9]
  • 5 French nouns [0/13]
  • 6 French pronouns [0/20]
  • Multiple choice questions about the pronouns in French (Score -/-)Free
  • 6.1 French personal pronouns - je, tu, il [0/3]
  • 6.2 French possessive pronouns - le mien, le tien [0/2]
  • 6.3 French reflexive pronouns - me, te, se [0/2]
  • 6.4 French demonstrative pronouns - celui, celle, ceux [0/2]
  • 6.5 French relative pronouns - qui, que, qu' [0/4]
  • 6.6 French indefinite pronouns - tout, chacun [0/2]
  • 6.7 French interrogative pronouns - qui, que, lequel [0/2]
  • 6.8 French adverbial pronouns - en, y [0/2]
  • 7 French adjectives [0/17]
  • Multiple choice questions about the epithet, attribute in French (Score -/-)Free
  • 7.1 Endings of regular and irregular French adjectives [0/3]
  • 7.2 Comparative and superlative of French adjectives [0/3]
  • 7.3 Placement of French adjectives [0/2]
  • 7.4 French possessive adjectives - mon, ton, son [0/4]
  • 7.5 French demonstrative adjectives - ce, cette [0/2]
  • 7.6 French indefinite adjectives - toutes, quelques [0/2]
  • 8 French adverbs [0/18]
  • Drag and drop exercise about the adverbs (Score -/-)Free
  • Fill in the blank exercise about the regular form of the adverbs (Score -/-)Free
  • Fill in the blank exercise about the irregular adverbs (Score -/-)Free
  • 8.1 Adverbs of place in French [0/2]
  • 8.2 Adverbs of time in French [0/2]
  • 8.3 Adverbs of manner in French [0/2]
  • 8.4 Adverbs of quantity in French [0/2]
  • 8.5 Adverbs of reason in French [0/2]
  • 8.6 Placement of adverbs in French [0/2]
  • 8.7 Comparative of French adverbs [0/2]
  • 8.8 Difference adjectives and adverbs in French [0/1]
  • 9 French prepositions [0/10]
  • 10 French verbs [0/135]
  • 10.1 Tenses and moods in French [0/63]
  • 10.1.1 Indicative in French [0/26]
  • 10.1.1.1 Present tense in French [0/2]
  • 10.1.1.2 Past tenses in French [0/13]
  • 10.1.1.3 Future tenses in French [0/11]
  • 10.1.2 Subjunctive in French (le Subjonctif) [0/11]
  • 10.1.3 Conditional in French (le conditionnel) [0/10]
  • 10.1.4 Imperative in French [0/3]
  • 10.1.5 Infinitive in French [0/4]
  • 10.1.6 Gerund in French [0/2]
  • 10.1.7 Present participle in French [0/3]
  • 10.1.8 Past participle in French [0/4]
  • 10.2 French auxiliary verbs (avoir, être) [0/11]
  • 10.3 Modal verbs in French [0/17]
  • Fill in the blank exercise for the modal verbs in French (Score -/-)Free
  • 10.3.1 Conjugation of pouvoir (can) in French [0/4]
  • 10.3.2 Conjugation of devoir (should) in French [0/4]
  • 10.3.3 conjugation of vouloir (want) in French [0/4]
  • 10.3.4 Conjugation of savoir (to know) in French [0/4]
  • 10.4 Passive voice in French [0/4]
  • 10.5 Reflexive verbs in French [0/4]
  • 10.6 Irregular verbs in French [0/24]
  • Fill in the blanks exercise of the irregular verbs in French (Score -/-)Free
  • Fill in the blanks exercise of the irregular verbs in French II (Score -/-)Free
  • 10.6.1 Conjugation of venir (to come) in French [0/4]
  • 10.6.2 conjugation of aller (to go) in French [0/4]
  • 10.6.3 conjugation of faire (to do) in French [0/4]
  • 10.6.4 conjugation of prendre (to take) in French [0/3]
  • 10.6.5 conjugation of voir (to see) in French [0/3]
  • 10.6.6 Conjugation of partir (to leave) in French [0/4]
  • 10.7 Regular verbs in French [0/8]
  • 10.8 Reported Speech in French [0/4]
  • 11 French sentence structure [0/25]
  • Multiple choice questions about the sentence structure in French (Score -/-)Free
  • 11.1 The phrases in French [0/5]
  • 11.2 The forms of phrases in French [0/7]
  • 11.3 The types of phrases in French [0/8]
  • 11.4 The propositions in French [0/4]
  • 12 French si clauses [0/3]
  • 13
  • Partitive article in French - du, de la, de l', des

    Exercises

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    1. Fill in the blank exercise about the French partitive articles Score -/-
    2. Quiz about the French partitive articles Score -/-

    How to use the partitive article in French

    In English we use the words some or any with nouns that cannot be counted, such as milk, coffee and tea. In French the partitve is used with these nouns and the partitive article cannot be omitted. The partitive is expressed by de plus the definite article.

    Forms of the partitive article

      masculine feminine Example
     Singular  du/ de l'  de la/ de l'

     du sucre (sugar)

     de la farine (flour)

     de l'eau (water)

     Plural

     des  des  des crêpes (crêpes)

    enlightenedPlease note that de + le and de la change to de l' when they are used in front of a word starting with a vowel, most words starting with h, and the French word y.

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    Using the partitive article de

    There are three exceptional cases, in which only the partitive article de is used:

    Case 1: Indication of quantity

    If you're talking about measurements be aware that de has to be used, for example after beaucoup (much). trop (too much). peu (little), assez (enough). 

    partitive de Translation Examples with the partitive de
     assez de  enough  assez d' expérience (enough experience)
     beaucoup de  a lot of  beaucoup de farine (a lot of flour)
     un group de  a group of  un groupe de danseurs (a group of dancers)
     un kilo de  a kilogram   un kilo de sucre (a kilogram sugar)
     peu de  little  peu de nouilles (little luck)
     plein de  a lot  plein de nouilles (a lot of luck)
     trop de  too much  trop d'huile (too much oil)

    enlightenedPlease note that after bien (good), la plupart (the most) and la moitié (the half) you have to use the partitive article NOT the partitive de.

    Partitive article Translation Examples with partitive articles
     bien des  quite a lot  Avoir bien des difficultés. (Having quite a lot of difficulties.)
     la moitié des  the half  la moitié des gens (half of the people)

    Case 2: After the negation

    Bear in mind that you must not place partitive articles after negations, but the partitive de.

    • Aujourd'hui, j'achète de la viande. (Today I buy meat.)

    • Demain, je n'achèterai pas de viande. (Tommorow, I'm not going to buy meat.)

    • Vous prenez encore du café? (Do you still take coffee?)

    • Non, merci, je ne prends plus de café. (No thank you,I don't take any coffee anymore)

    enlightenedNote that after être the partitive article has to be placed.

    partitive de Translation Examples with partitive de + être
     ne pas du  no  Ce n'est pas du cidre. (That's no cidre)
     ne pas du  no   Ce que tu bois, ce n'est pas du café. (What you drink is no coffee.)

    Case 3: In front of a adjective + noun in the plural

    Instead of using the partitive article in front of an adjective or a noun in the plural,  you have to stick to using the partitive de. 

    • Acheter de jolies fleurs. (Buying nice flowers.)
    • Lire de passionnants livres. (Read passionate books.)

    enlightenedNote that neither partitive articles nor the partitive de are used after sans:

    • C'est sans importance. (That's not important.)
    • Une maison sans confort. (A house without comfort.)