• French grammar
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  • 1 French alphabet
  • 2 French pronunciation and phonetics [0/7]
  • 3 Nature and function of French words [0/23]
  • Multiple choice exercise about the nature of French words (Score -/-)Free
  • Multiple choice questions about the function of French words (Score -/-)Free
  • 3.1 The subject in French [0/3]
  • 3.2 The apostrophe and apposition in French [0/2]
  • 3.3 The complement object in French [0/12]
  • 3.4 The circumstancial complement in French [0/2]
  • 3.5 The agent complement in French [0/2]
  • 4 French articles [0/9]
  • 5 French nouns [0/13]
  • 6 French pronouns [0/20]
  • Multiple choice questions about the pronouns in French (Score -/-)Free
  • 6.1 French personal pronouns - je, tu, il [0/3]
  • 6.2 French possessive pronouns - le mien, le tien [0/2]
  • 6.3 French reflexive pronouns - me, te, se [0/2]
  • 6.4 French demonstrative pronouns - celui, celle, ceux [0/2]
  • 6.5 French relative pronouns - qui, que, qu' [0/4]
  • 6.6 French indefinite pronouns - tout, chacun [0/2]
  • 6.7 French interrogative pronouns - qui, que, lequel [0/2]
  • 6.8 French adverbial pronouns - en, y [0/2]
  • 7 French adjectives [0/17]
  • Multiple choice questions about the epithet, attribute in French (Score -/-)Free
  • 7.1 Endings of regular and irregular French adjectives [0/3]
  • 7.2 Comparative and superlative of French adjectives [0/3]
  • 7.3 Placement of French adjectives [0/2]
  • 7.4 French possessive adjectives - mon, ton, son [0/4]
  • 7.5 French demonstrative adjectives - ce, cette [0/2]
  • 7.6 French indefinite adjectives - toutes, quelques [0/2]
  • 8 French adverbs [0/18]
  • Drag and drop exercise about the adverbs (Score -/-)Free
  • Fill in the blank exercise about the regular form of the adverbs (Score -/-)Free
  • Fill in the blank exercise about the irregular adverbs (Score -/-)Free
  • 8.1 Adverbs of place in French [0/2]
  • 8.2 Adverbs of time in French [0/2]
  • 8.3 Adverbs of manner in French [0/2]
  • 8.4 Adverbs of quantity in French [0/2]
  • 8.5 Adverbs of reason in French [0/2]
  • 8.6 Placement of adverbs in French [0/2]
  • 8.7 Comparative of French adverbs [0/2]
  • 8.8 Difference adjectives and adverbs in French [0/1]
  • 9 French prepositions [0/11]
  • 10 French verbs [0/135]
  • 10.1 Tenses and moods in French [0/63]
  • 10.1.1 Indicative in French [0/26]
  • 10.1.1.1 Present tense in French [0/2]
  • 10.1.1.2 Past tenses in French [0/13]
  • 10.1.1.3 Future tenses in French [0/11]
  • 10.1.2 Subjunctive in French (le Subjonctif) [0/11]
  • 10.1.3 Conditional in French (le conditionnel) [0/10]
  • 10.1.4 Imperative in French [0/3]
  • 10.1.5 Infinitive in French [0/4]
  • 10.1.6 Gerund in French [0/2]
  • 10.1.7 Present participle in French [0/3]
  • 10.1.8 Past participle in French [0/4]
  • 10.2 French auxiliary verbs (avoir, être) [0/11]
  • 10.3 Modal verbs in French [0/17]
  • Fill in the blank exercise for the modal verbs in French (Score -/-)Free
  • 10.3.1 Conjugation of pouvoir (can) in French [0/4]
  • 10.3.2 Conjugation of devoir (should) in French [0/4]
  • 10.3.3 conjugation of vouloir (want) in French [0/4]
  • 10.3.4 Conjugation of savoir (to know) in French [0/4]
  • 10.4 Passive voice in French [0/4]
  • 10.5 Reflexive verbs in French [0/4]
  • 10.6 Irregular verbs in French [0/24]
  • Fill in the blanks exercise of the irregular verbs in French (Score -/-)Free
  • Fill in the blanks exercise of the irregular verbs in French II (Score -/-)Free
  • 10.6.1 Conjugation of venir (to come) in French [0/4]
  • 10.6.2 conjugation of aller (to go) in French [0/4]
  • 10.6.3 conjugation of faire (to do) in French [0/4]
  • 10.6.4 conjugation of prendre (to take) in French [0/3]
  • 10.6.5 conjugation of voir (to see) in French [0/3]
  • 10.6.6 Conjugation of partir (to leave) in French [0/4]
  • 10.7 Regular verbs in French [0/8]
  • 10.8 Reported Speech in French [0/4]
  • 11 French sentence structure [0/25]
  • Multiple choice questions about the sentence structure in French (Score -/-)Free
  • 11.1 The phrases in French [0/5]
  • 11.2 The forms of phrases in French [0/7]
  • 11.3 The types of phrases in French [0/8]
  • 11.4 The propositions in French [0/4]
  • 12 French si clauses [0/3]
  • The indicative (French: l'indicatif) is a personal mood and you use it to talk about life in general. It has 8 tenses. 

    • le présent 
    • l'imparfait
    • le passé simple
    • le futur simple
    • le passé composé 
    • le plus-que-parfait
    • le passé antérieur 
    • le futur antérieur

    Indicative in French

    ​The present tense

    The present (French: le présent) is used to express what is happening at the moment we talk

    Its endings are various depending of the group verbs: 

    Pronouns 1st group verb: aimer (to like) 2nd group verb: grandir (to grow)
    je/j' aime grandis
    tu aimes grandis
    il/elle/on aime grandit
    nous aimons grandissons
    vous aimez grandissez
    ils/elles aiment grandissent

    Note that the 3rd group verbs have three different endings. 

    3rd group verbs general prendre (to take) pouvoir (can)
    je mets prends peux
    tu mets prends peux
    il/elle/on met prend peut
    nous mettons prenons pouvons
    vous mettez prenez pouvez
    ils/elles mettent prennent peuvent

    enlightenedAll infinitive verbs ending in -dre conjugate like "prendre" except 'joindre' (to join)

    enlightened'Valoir' (to worth) and 'vouloir' (want) also conjugate like "pouvoir"

    The imperfect 

    The imperfect (French: l'imparfait) expresses an action or fact that already happened at the moment we talk but is still progressing

    The endings of the imperfect are the same for all group verbs

    Pronouns 1st group verb: aimer (to like) 2nd group verb: grandir (to grow) 3rd group verb: mettre (to put)
    je/j' aimais grandissais mettais
    tu aimais grandissais mettais
    il/elle/on aimait grandissait mettait
    nous aimions grandissions mettions
    vous aimiez grandissiez mettiez
    ils/elles aimaient grandissaient mettaient

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    The literary past tense

    The literary past tense (French: le passé simple) expresses a completed action in the past

    The endings are various depending on the group verbs.

    Pronouns 1st group verb: aimer (to like) 2nd group verb: grandir (to grow)
    je/j' aimai grandis
    tu aimas grandis
    il/elle/on aima grandit
    nous aimâmes grandîmes
    vous aimâtes grandîtes
    ils/elles aimèrent grandirent

    Note that for the 3rd group verbs, there are 3 different endings

    3rd group verbs prendre (to take) venir (to come) croire (to believe)
    je pris vins crus
    tu pris vins crus
    il/elle/on prit vint crut
    nous prîmes vînmes crûmes
    vous prîtes vîntes crûtes
    ils/elles prirent vinrent crurent

    The future simple

    The future simple (French: le futur simple) is used when you want to talk about a fact or an action in the near future. It didn't happen yet at the moment of speaking

    The endings of the future simple are the same for all group verbs:

    Pronouns 1st group verb: aimer (to like) 2nd group verb: grandir (to grow) 3rd group verb: mettre (to put)
    je/j' aimerai grandirai mettrai
    tu aimeras grandiras mettras
    il/elle/on aimera grandira mettra
    nous aimerons grandirons mettrons
    vous aimerez grandirez mettrez
    ils/elles aimeront grandiront mettront

    enlightenedThe future of the verb 'aller' is: irai, iras, ira, irons, irez, iront

    The past completed 

    The past completed (French: le passé composé) is a used when you want to talk in the past about a fact or an action that already happened at the moment of speaking

    It is formed with an auxiliary avoir or être conjugated in the present tense and the past participle.

    Pronouns 1st group verb: aimer (to like) 2nd group: grandir (to grow) 3rd group verb: partir (to leave)
    je/j' ai aimé ai grandi suis parti(e)
    tu as aimé as grandi es parti(e)
    il/elle/on a aimé a grandi est parti(e)
    nous avons aimé avons grandi sommes partis(e)
    vous avez aimé avez grandi êtes partis(e)
    ils/elles ont aimé ont grandi sont partis(e)

    The pluperfect

    The pluperfect (French: le plus-que-parfait) is used to accentuate on the anteriority of a fact or an action related to a past action. In this case, you can either use it with the past completed or the literary past tense. 

    It is formed with an auxiliary avoir or être conjugated in the imperfect tense and the past participle. 

    Pronouns 1st group verb: aimer (to like) 2nd group verb: grandir (to grow) 3rd group verb: partir (to leave)
    j' avais aimé avais grandi étais parti(e)
    tu avais aimé avais grandi étais parti(e)
    il/elle/on avait aimé avait grandi était parti(e)
    nous avions aimé avions grandi étions partis(e)
    vous aviez aimé aviez grandi étiez partis(e)
    ils/elles avaient aimé avaient grandi étaient partis(e)

    The past anterior

    The past anterior (French: le passé antérieur) is always used with the past simple to accentuate the anteriority of a completed action

    It is formed with the auxiliary avoir or être conjugated in the past simple and the past participle.

    Pronouns 1st group verb: aimer (to like) 2nd group verb: grandir (to grow) 3rd group verb: partir (to leave)
    j' eu aimé eu grandi fus parti(e)
    tu eus aimé eus grandi fus parti(e)
    il/elle/on eut aimé eut grandi fut parti(e)
    nous eûmes aimé eûmes grandi fûmes partis(e)
    vous eûtes aimé eûtes grandi fûtes partis(e)
    ils/elles eurent aimé  eurent grandi furent partis(e)

    The future perfect 

    The future perfect (French: le futur antérieur) has two uses: it can be used all alone in this case, it expresses a fact or an action which will be completed at the moment. It can be used along with the future simple, in this case, it expresses an action that will happen after a second action

    It is formed with the auxiliary avoir or être conjugated in the future simple and the past participle.

    Pronouns 1st group verb: aimer (to like) 2nd group verb: grandir (to grow) 3rd group verb: partir (to leave)
    j' aurai aimé aurai grandi serai parti(e)
    tu auras aimé auras grandi seras parti(e)
    il/elle/on aura aimé aura grandi sera parti(e)
    nous aurons aimé aurons grandi serons partis(e)
    vous aurez aimé aurez grandi serez partis(e)
    ils/elles auront aimé auront grandi seront partis(e)

    The near future

    Even if the near future (French: le futur proche) is not considered as a tense, the French grammar use it to talk about an action that will take place very soon

    It is formed with the verb aller conjugated in the present tense and the infinitive of the verb.

    Pronouns 1st group verb: aimer (to like) 2nd group verb: grandir (to grow) 3rd group verb: partir (to leave)
    je vais aimer vais grandir vais partir
    tu vas aimer vas grandir vas partir
    il/elle/on va aimer va grandir va partir
    nous allons aimer allons grandir allons partir
    vous allez aimer allez grandir allez partir
    ils/elles vont aimer vont grandir vont partir

    enlightenedVerbs that uses the auxiliary être agrees in gender and number

    enlightenedLearn more about the past participle by clicking the link. 

    enlightenedLearn about the conjugation of avoir and être to form the compound times. 

    Next lessons

    1 Present tense in French Get an overview about the present tense in French and study this topic online.
    2 Past tenses in French Get an overview about the past tense in French and study this topic online.
    3 Future tenses in French Get an overview about the future tenses in French and study this topic online.