• French grammar
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  • 1 French alphabet
  • 2 French pronunciation and phonetics [0/7]
  • 3 Nature and function of French words [0/23]
  • Multiple choice exercise about the nature of French words (Score -/-)Free
  • Multiple choice questions about the function of French words (Score -/-)Free
  • 3.1 The subject in French [0/3]
  • 3.2 The apostrophe and apposition in French [0/2]
  • 3.3 The complement object in French [0/12]
  • 3.4 The circumstancial complement in French [0/2]
  • 3.5 The agent complement in French [0/2]
  • 4 French articles [0/9]
  • 5 French nouns [0/13]
  • 6 French pronouns [0/20]
  • Multiple choice questions about the pronouns in French (Score -/-)Free
  • 6.1 French personal pronouns - je, tu, il [0/3]
  • 6.2 French possessive pronouns - le mien, le tien [0/2]
  • 6.3 French reflexive pronouns - me, te, se [0/2]
  • 6.4 French demonstrative pronouns - celui, celle, ceux [0/2]
  • 6.5 French relative pronouns - qui, que, qu' [0/4]
  • 6.6 French indefinite pronouns - tout, chacun [0/2]
  • 6.7 French interrogative pronouns - qui, que, lequel [0/2]
  • 6.8 French adverbial pronouns - en, y [0/2]
  • 7 French adjectives [0/17]
  • Multiple choice questions about the epithet, attribute in French (Score -/-)Free
  • 7.1 Endings of regular and irregular French adjectives [0/3]
  • 7.2 Comparative and superlative of French adjectives [0/3]
  • 7.3 Placement of French adjectives [0/2]
  • 7.4 French possessive adjectives - mon, ton, son [0/4]
  • 7.5 French demonstrative adjectives - ce, cette [0/2]
  • 7.6 French indefinite adjectives - toutes, quelques [0/2]
  • 8 French adverbs [0/18]
  • Drag and drop exercise about the adverbs (Score -/-)Free
  • Fill in the blank exercise about the regular form of the adverbs (Score -/-)Free
  • Fill in the blank exercise about the irregular adverbs (Score -/-)Free
  • 8.1 Adverbs of place in French [0/2]
  • 8.2 Adverbs of time in French [0/2]
  • 8.3 Adverbs of manner in French [0/2]
  • 8.4 Adverbs of quantity in French [0/2]
  • 8.5 Adverbs of reason in French [0/2]
  • 8.6 Placement of adverbs in French [0/2]
  • 8.7 Comparative of French adverbs [0/2]
  • 8.8 Difference adjectives and adverbs in French [0/1]
  • 9 French prepositions [0/10]
  • 10 French verbs [0/135]
  • 10.1 Tenses and moods in French [0/63]
  • 10.1.1 Indicative in French [0/26]
  • 10.1.1.1 Present tense in French [0/2]
  • 10.1.1.2 Past tenses in French [0/13]
  • 10.1.1.3 Future tenses in French [0/11]
  • 10.1.2 Subjunctive in French (le Subjonctif) [0/11]
  • 10.1.3 Conditional in French (le conditionnel) [0/10]
  • 10.1.4 Imperative in French [0/3]
  • 10.1.5 Infinitive in French [0/4]
  • 10.1.6 Gerund in French [0/2]
  • 10.1.7 Present participle in French [0/3]
  • 10.1.8 Past participle in French [0/4]
  • 10.2 French auxiliary verbs (avoir, être) [0/11]
  • 10.3 Modal verbs in French [0/17]
  • Fill in the blank exercise for the modal verbs in French (Score -/-)Free
  • 10.3.1 Conjugation of pouvoir (can) in French [0/4]
  • 10.3.2 Conjugation of devoir (should) in French [0/4]
  • 10.3.3 conjugation of vouloir (want) in French [0/4]
  • 10.3.4 Conjugation of savoir (to know) in French [0/4]
  • 10.4 Passive voice in French [0/4]
  • 10.5 Reflexive verbs in French [0/4]
  • 10.6 Irregular verbs in French [0/24]
  • Fill in the blanks exercise of the irregular verbs in French (Score -/-)Free
  • Fill in the blanks exercise of the irregular verbs in French II (Score -/-)Free
  • 10.6.1 Conjugation of venir (to come) in French [0/4]
  • 10.6.2 conjugation of aller (to go) in French [0/4]
  • 10.6.3 conjugation of faire (to do) in French [0/4]
  • 10.6.4 conjugation of prendre (to take) in French [0/3]
  • 10.6.5 conjugation of voir (to see) in French [0/3]
  • 10.6.6 Conjugation of partir (to leave) in French [0/4]
  • 10.7 Regular verbs in French [0/8]
  • 10.8 Reported Speech in French [0/4]
  • 11 French sentence structure [0/25]
  • Multiple choice questions about the sentence structure in French (Score -/-)Free
  • 11.1 The phrases in French [0/5]
  • 11.2 The forms of phrases in French [0/7]
  • 11.3 The types of phrases in French [0/8]
  • 11.4 The propositions in French [0/4]
  • 12 French si clauses [0/3]
  • What is an interrogative phrase in French ? 

    The interrogative sentence (French: la phrase interrogative) is used to ask a question. It ends with a question mark (?) 

    The French grammar uses two types of interrogatives. 

    • The total interrogation
    • The partial interrogation

    How to form an interrogative sentence in French ? 

    We can construct an interrogative sentence and ask a question in several different ways. To mark the query: 

    • est-ce que ? (did/do ?)
    • qui ? (who ?)
    • pourquoi ? (why ?)
    • quand (when ?)
    • où ? (where ?)
    • comment ? (how ?)
    • quel/quelle ? (Which ?)
    • à qui ? (whom ?)
    • à quoi (what ?)
    Questions Examples Translate
    Est ce que Est ce que tu as fait tes devoirs ?  (Did you do your homework ?)
    Qui Qui as fait ça ?  (Who did this ?)
    Pourquoi Pourquoi tu es partie sans moi ?  (Why did you leave without me ?)
    Quand Quand viendras-tu ? (When will you come back ?)
    Où vas tu ?  (Where are you going ?) 
    Comment Comment tu as réussi à monter ? (How did you climb ?)
    Quel Quel foulard tu veux ?  (Which scarf do you want ?)
    à qui A qui appartient ce livre ?  (To whom belongs this book ?)
    à quoi A quoi tu t'attendais ?  (What did you expect ? ) 

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    1) The total interrogation in French 

    The total interrogation (French: l'interrogation totale) covers the entire content of the sentence and calls for a "yes" or "no" answer. It is then equivalent to the affirmative or negative resumption of the question asked.

    The subject is placed after the verb in the inversion of the subject reserved especially reserved in written. In oral speech, only the intonation makes it possible to distinguish the interrogation from the affirmation. Therefore the question looks like a normal phrase. 

    Examples: 

    Interrogation Examples Translations
    Intonation Tu as fais ce que je t'ai dit ? (Did you do what I told you ?)
    Inversion As-tu fait ce que je t'ai dit ? (Did you do what I told you ?) 

    The inversion can be two types: 

    • Simple inversion
    • Complex inversion

    The simple conversion 

    In this inversion, the subject is simply placed immediately after the verb. In the total interrogation, this inversion applies to personal pronouns or to the demonstrative pronoun "ce"

    Examples: 

    • Es-tu parti ? (Did you leave ?)
    • As-tu réussi ton permis ? (Have you succeeded your driver license  ?)
    • Est-ce ton nouvel ami ? (Is it your new friend ?)

    ​​enlightenedWhen you reverse the interrogative, make sure to add an hyphen between the verb and the pronouns

    enlightenedThe inversion with pronouns should always rhyme with a t. Some conjugated verbs do not have it so you write an additional t to make the sentence correct

    • Ont-ils fait leurs devoirs ? (Did they do their homework)
    • Parle-t-elle chinois ? (Can she speak chinese ?) 
    • Est-elle végétarienne ? (Is she vegetarian)
    • Mange-t-elle de la viande ? (Does she eat meat ?)

    The complex inversion 

    When the subject is a nominal group or a pronoun other than personal or demonstrative, it remains placed before the verb but is taken again after the verb by a personal pronoun subject of the 3rd person who agrees with him. 

    Examples: 

    • Le voleur s'en sortira-t-il ? (Will the robber get out of this ?)
    • Matthieu a-t-il son diplôme de management ? (Matthew, does he have his management diploma ?)
    • Selena était-elle avec vous ? (Was Selena with you ?)

    enlightened"Est-ce-que" allows you to maintain the subject before the verb, to avoid the inversion. 

    2) The partial interrogation in French 

    The partial interrogation (French: l'interrogation partielle) relates to a part of the sentence (on one of its constituents). One of the constituents of the interrogative sentence is presented as being unknown or unidentified and it is therefore on this constituent that the request for information made by means of an interrogative term carries:

    The partial interrogation is expressed by interrogatives pronouns, determinants or interrogative adverbs, which can be associated with the inversion of the subject or reinforced by "est ce que".

    Examples

    • Où iriez-vous manger demain ? (Where will you go to eat tomorrow ?)
    • Quelle heure est-il ? (What time is it ?)
    • Qui est cette personne ? (Who is this person ?)
    • Comment va-t-il ? (How is he doing ?)

    enlightenedQuel agrees in gender and number with the noun.