The interrogative sentence (French: la phrase interrogative) is used to ask a question. It ends with a question mark (?)
The French grammar uses two types of interrogatives.
We can construct an interrogative sentence and ask a question in several different ways. To mark the query:
|Est ce que||Est ce que tu as fait tes devoirs ?||(Did you do your homework ?)|
|Qui||Qui as fait ça ?||(Who did this ?)|
|Pourquoi||Pourquoi tu es partie sans moi ?||(Why did you leave without me ?)|
|Quand||Quand viendras-tu ?||(When will you come back ?)|
|Où||Où vas tu ?||(Where are you going ?)|
|Comment||Comment tu as réussi à monter ?||(How did you climb ?)|
|Quel||Quel foulard tu veux ?||(Which scarf do you want ?)|
|à qui||A qui appartient ce livre ?||(To whom belongs this book ?)|
|à quoi||A quoi tu t'attendais ?||(What did you expect ? )|
The total interrogation (French: l'interrogation totale) covers the entire content of the sentence and calls for a "yes" or "no" answer. It is then equivalent to the affirmative or negative resumption of the question asked.
The subject is placed after the verb in the inversion of the subject reserved especially reserved in written. In oral speech, only the intonation makes it possible to distinguish the interrogation from the affirmation. Therefore the question looks like a normal phrase.
|Intonation||Tu as fais ce que je t'ai dit ?||(Did you do what I told you ?)|
|Inversion||As-tu fait ce que je t'ai dit ?||(Did you do what I told you ?)|
The inversion can be two types:
In this inversion, the subject is simply placed immediately after the verb. In the total interrogation, this inversion applies to personal pronouns or to the demonstrative pronoun "ce".
When you reverse the interrogative, make sure to add an hyphen between the verb and the pronouns.
The inversion with pronouns should always rhyme with a t. Some conjugated verbs do not have it so you write an additional t to make the sentence correct
When the subject is a nominal group or a pronoun other than personal or demonstrative, it remains placed before the verb but is taken again after the verb by a personal pronoun subject of the 3rd person who agrees with him.
"Est-ce-que" allows you to maintain the subject before the verb, to avoid the inversion.
The partial interrogation (French: l'interrogation partielle) relates to a part of the sentence (on one of its constituents). One of the constituents of the interrogative sentence is presented as being unknown or unidentified and it is therefore on this constituent that the request for information made by means of an interrogative term carries:
The partial interrogation is expressed by interrogatives pronouns, determinants or interrogative adverbs, which can be associated with the inversion of the subject or reinforced by "est ce que".
Quel agrees in gender and number with the noun.
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