French indefinite pronouns - tout, chacun
Indefinite pronouns (French: les pronoms indéfinis) are used to refer to people or things in a general way but without saying exactly who or what they are in particular. This group of pronouns can be compared to the English forms someone or something.
In French we can differ between:
- Indefinite adjectives which are placed in front of a noun.
- Indefinite pronouns which stand alone and therfore do not accompany a noun.
- 1.The indefinite pronoun - chacun/chacune
- 2.The indefinite pronoun - personne
- 3.The indefinite pronoun - quelque chose
- 4.The indefinite pronoun - quelqu'un
- 5.The indefinite pronoun - rien
- 6.The indefinite pronouns - tout, toute, tous, toutes
The indefinite pronoun - chacun/chacune
The masculine form chacun and the feminine form chacune can be translated into English with each one or everyone.
- Chacun à son goût. (Each to his own taste.)
- Chacun des garçons apportera un cadeau. (Each one of the boys will bring a gift.)
The indefinite pronoun - personne
The indefinite pronoun personne can be used for expressing the English words nobody/no one or anybody/anyone. You can also use personne on its own to answer a question.
Please note that if the sentence contains a verb you have to use ne with it.
- Il n'y a personne à la maison. (There's no one home.)
- Oui sait la réponse? Personne. (Who knows the answer? No one.)
The indefinite pronoun - quelque chose
The indefinite pronoun quelque chose can be used for expressing the English words something or anything.
- J'ai quelque chose pour toi. (I got something for you.)
- Voulez-vous quelque chose? (Do you want something?)
The indefinite pronoun - quelqu'un
The indefinite pronoun quelqu'un can be used for expressing the English words somebody or someone. It doesn't have a feminine form.
- Quelqu'un frappe á la porte. (Someone is knocking at the door.)
- Il y a quelqu'un à la porte. (There's someone at the door.)
The indefinite pronoun - rien
The indefinite pronoun rien can be used for expressing the English words nothing or anything. You can also use rien on its own to answer a question.
- Qu'est-ce tu as acheté? Rien. (What did you buy? Nothing.)
- Je ne vois rien. (I don't see anything.)
The indefinite pronouns - tout, toute, tous, toutes
The indefinite pronouns tout, toute, tous (masculine plural) or toutes (feminine plural) can be used for expressing the English words all or everything.
Please note that de is never used with tout, although we use to say all of them or all in English. Also mind that the pronoun tout precedes the past participle in compound tenses.
- Tout es bien ici. (Everything is fine here.)
- Je les connais tous. (I know them all.)
You can use quelque chose de/rien de and quelqu'un de/personne de with adjectives if you want to say nothing interesting, something new and so on.
Practise with a private teacher on Skype!
- Private Skype lessons
- Learn any topic
- Flexible appointments
French, English & Dutch - All levels
I teach: Dutch, English, French
Hi! My name is Bart, I am 31 years old, live in Amsterdam and I'm an advanced English/French/Dutch speaker and teacher. Having lived in... several countries I know what it's like to learn a foreign language and how challenging this can be. During our lessons I will explain how to deal your language difficulties and simplify them for you.I offer teaching for:ENGLISH:- Levels/exams A1,A2,B1,B2,C1- English for high school and students - To improve your English for other reasons (ex: English family, to be more comfortable making conversation, practical/social English) FRENCH:- Levels/exams A1,A2,B1,B2,C1- French for high school and students - To improve your French for other reasons (ex: French family, to be more comfortable making conversation, practical/social French) DUTCH:- A1, A2, B1, B2, C1, C2 levels/exams (including 'INBURGERINGSCURSUS')- Dutch for high school and students- Improving Dutch for OTHER REASONS(Dutch family, just to make conversation, to develop practical/sociallanguage skills etc.)How I teach:1 - Your level and objective(s)At the start we will discuss your level and objectives. This way I can efficiently give you the help that you need. 2 - Open communicationI have an open way of teaching in which I encourage students to keep telling me what their difficulties are or where they would like to improve. In my experience this saves a lot of time and also makes the lessons more fun.3 - Simplify instead of complicateI am good at listening and understanding why students are having difficulties with certain issues. This way I can simplify the issue and teach you Dutch in an easy and understandable way.4 - InvolvedI am involved with my students' objectives and am constantly looking for the best and most efficient way to make progress. I am a positive and optimistic person and this is also how I teach. I focus on how to do it right instead of wasting too much time on why something is wrong. I also prefer to simplify rather than to complicate issues. This creates a pleasant learning atmosphere and makes our lessons more productive and fun.At the same time I am also quite competitive. Once you share your goal(s) or expectations with me I will make sure that we do what it takes to achieve and hopefully exceed them.The reason why I like teaching so much is because I enjoy showing people what they are capable of and to help them achieve their goals. At the same time I am becoming a better teacher after every lesson so, in fact, you are also teaching me :) Read more
Professionnal French courses with a French native and certified teacher
I teach: French
Hello,Are you looking to learn or improve your French in a Fun and relaxed atmosphere?Look no further !My name is Anissa and I'm a French... native and certified teacher.Focusing on each student's individual level, interests, and goals, my online classes are effective to achieve impressive learning results in a shorter period of time. The courses will be based on your personal needs and during the class you will receive direct explanations, correction and feedback in order to instantly improve your language skills.Whether you want to learn French for your own pleasure or preparing for an exam, an upcoming interview or a presentation at work, I will be happy to assist you in reaching your goals.My online classes are available at any time! Choose a subject from my curriculum or request your own topic, date, time and start master your French!I look forward to meeting you,Anissa, your French (and nice) teacher :)*Please note that I'm not offering a free trial anymore* Read more
German lessons and learning materials included
I teach: German, English, French
My name is Christina and I provide fun German and French language lesson for children and adult beginners or intermediate who want to... strengthen their language skills, improve the grammar knowledge, enrich the vocabulary and get into the German culture! I can teach in English or French!I had experince in teaching German, English and French to foreign people so I do have a lot of useful learning material I can provide you to make it easier! Read more
This teacher is one of our premium members. A premium teacher is very motivated to provide an excellent learning experience.