• French grammar
    0%
  • 1 French alphabet
  • 2 French pronunciation and phonetics [0/7]
  • 3 Nature and function of French words [0/23]
  • Multiple choice exercise about the nature of French words (Score -/-)
  • Multiple choice questions about the function of French words (Score -/-)
  • 3.1 The subject in French [0/3]
  • 3.2 The apostrophe and apposition in French [0/2]
  • 3.3 The complement object in French [0/12]
  • 3.4 The circumstancial complement in French [0/2]
  • 3.5 The agent complement in French [0/2]
  • 4 French articles [0/9]
  • 5 French nouns [0/13]
  • 6 French pronouns [0/20]
  • Multiple choice questions about the pronouns in French (Score -/-)
  • 6.1 French personal pronouns - je, tu, il [0/3]
  • 6.2 French possessive pronouns - le mien, le tien [0/2]
  • 6.3 French reflexive pronouns - me, te, se [0/2]
  • 6.4 French demonstrative pronouns - celui, celle, ceux [0/2]
  • 6.5 French relative pronouns - qui, que, qu' [0/4]
  • 6.6 French indefinite pronouns - tout, chacun [0/2]
  • 6.7 French interrogative pronouns - qui, que, lequel [0/2]
  • 6.8 French adverbial pronouns - en, y [0/2]
  • 7 French adjectives [0/17]
  • Multiple choice questions about the epithet, attribute in French (Score -/-)
  • 7.1 Endings of regular and irregular French adjectives [0/3]
  • 7.2 Comparative and superlative of French adjectives [0/3]
  • 7.3 Placement of French adjectives [0/2]
  • 7.4 French possessive adjectives - mon, ton, son [0/4]
  • 7.5 French demonstrative adjectives - ce, cette [0/2]
  • 7.6 French indefinite adjectives - toutes, quelques [0/2]
  • 8 French adverbs [0/18]
  • 9 French prepositions [0/10]
  • 10 French verbs [0/135]
  • 10.1 Tenses and moods in French [0/63]
  • 10.1.1 Indicative in French [0/26]
  • 10.1.1.1 Present tense in French [0/2]
  • 10.1.1.2 Past tenses in French [0/13]
  • 10.1.1.3 Future tenses in French [0/11]
  • 10.1.2 Subjunctive in French (le Subjonctif) [0/11]
  • 10.1.3 Conditional in French (le conditionnel) [0/10]
  • 10.1.4 Imperative in French [0/3]
  • 10.1.5 Infinitive in French [0/4]
  • 10.1.6 Gerund in French [0/2]
  • 10.1.7 Present participle in French [0/3]
  • 10.1.8 Past participle in French [0/4]
  • 10.2 French auxiliary verbs (avoir, être) [0/11]
  • 10.3 Modal verbs in French [0/17]
  • Fill in the blank exercise for the modal verbs in French (Score -/-)
  • 10.3.1 Conjugation of pouvoir (can) in French [0/4]
  • 10.3.2 Conjugation of devoir (should) in French [0/4]
  • 10.3.3 conjugation of vouloir (want) in French [0/4]
  • 10.3.4 Conjugation of savoir (to know) in French [0/4]
  • 10.4 Passive voice in French [0/4]
  • 10.5 Reflexive verbs in French [0/4]
  • 10.6 Irregular verbs in French [0/24]
  • Fill in the blanks exercise of the irregular verbs in French (Score -/-)
  • Fill in the blanks exercise of the irregular verbs in French II (Score -/-)
  • 10.6.1 Conjugation of venir (to come) in French [0/4]
  • 10.6.2 conjugation of aller (to go) in French [0/4]
  • 10.6.3 conjugation of faire (to do) in French [0/4]
  • 10.6.4 conjugation of prendre (to take) in French [0/3]
  • 10.6.5 conjugation of voir (to see) in French [0/3]
  • 10.6.6 Conjugation of partir (to leave) in French [0/4]
  • 10.7 Regular verbs in French [0/8]
  • 10.8 Reported Speech in French [0/4]
  • 11 French sentence structure [0/25]
  • Multiple choice questions about the sentence structure in French (Score -/-)
  • 11.1 The phrases in French [0/5]
  • 11.2 The forms of phrases in French [0/7]
  • 11.3 The types of phrases in French [0/8]
  • 11.4 The propositions in French [0/4]
  • 12 French si clauses [0/3]
  • 13
  • Present tense in French

    What is the present tense?

    The present tense (French: le présent) is used to talk about what is true at the moment what happens regularly and what is happening now.

    • Maintenant, je lis ce livre. (Now I'm reading this book.)
    • Je comprends les exemples. (I understand the examples.)

    You use a verb in the present tense to talk about:

    • things that are happening now
    • things that happen all the time or at certain intervals, or things that you do as a habit
    • things that are true at the present time

    When to use the present tense in French?

    Application Example Translation
    Timeless condition Le château de Versailles est magnifique. The castle of Versailles is beautiful.
    Habit Je me lève à 6 heures du matin. I get up at 6 in the morning. 
    Future Ce soir nous restons à la maison. This evening we are going to stay at home. 

    Regular and irregular present tense forms 

    In French there are regular and irregular present tense forms, which can be differentiated by their endings. 

    Regular present tense forms

    The present tense in French is formed with the following endings:

    • for verbs ending in -er with -e, -es, -e, -ons, -ez, -ent
    • for verbs ending in -ir, -re and -oir with -s, -s, -t, -ons, -ez

    enlightenedFor verbs ending in -ir the stem extension -iss is being inserted while for the third person singular the -t at the end is left out when the stem is ending in -t or -d. 

    Overview of regular verb endings

    Verb endings Example
    Verbs ending in -er

    parler (to speak):

    je parle, tu parles, il/elle parle, nous parlons, vous parlez, ils/elles parlent

    Verbs ending in -ir

    finir (to finish):

    je finis, tu finis, il/elle finit, nous finissons, vous finissez, ils/elles finissent

    Verbs ending in -re

    attendre (to wait for sb./sth.):

    j'attends, tu attends, il/elle attend, nous attendons, vous attendez, ils attendent

    Verbs ending in -oir

    recevoir (to get sth.):

    je reçois, tu reçois, il/elle reçoit, nous recevons, vous recevez, ils reçoivent

    Irregular present tense forms

    Infinitive Present tense forms Specialty

    acheter

    (to buy)

    j'achète, tu achètes, il/elle achète, nous achetons, vous achetez, ils/elles achètent Forms with -è

    aller

    (to go)

    je vais, tu vas, il/elle va, nous allons vous allez, ils/elles vont tu vas, il va

    appeler

    (to call)

    j'appelle, tu appelles, il/elle appelle, nous appelons, vous appelez, ils/elles appellent Forms with -ll

    avoir

    (to have)

    j'ai, tu as, il/elle a, nous avons, vous avez, ils/elles ont tu as, il a

    boire

    (to drink)

    je bois, tu bois, il/elle boit, nous buvons, vous buvez, ils/elles boivent -

    commencer

    (to begin)

    je comence, tu commences, il/elle commence, nous commençons, vous commencez, ils/elles commencent

    nous mit 

    connaître

    (to know)

    je connais, tu connais, il/elle connaît, nous connaissons, vous connaissez, ils/elles connaissent

    il/elle with -î

    dire 

    (to say)

    je dis, tu dis, il/elle dit, nous disons, vous dites, ils/elles disent vous dites

    dormir

    (to sleep)

    je dors, tu dors, il/elle dort, nous dormons, vous dormez, ils/elles dorment je dors

    être 

    (to be)

    je suis, tu es, il/elle est, nous sommes, vous êtes, ils/elles sont

    tu es

    vous êtes

    faire

    (to do)

    je fais, tu fais, il/elle fait, nous faisons, vous faites, ils/elles font  vous faites

    lire

    (to read)

    je lis, tu lis, il/elle lit, nous lisons, vous lisez, ils/elles lisent -

    manger

    (to eat)

    je mange, tu manges, il/elle mange, nous mangeons, vous mangez, ils/elles mangent nous mangeons

    partir

    (to leave)

    je pars, tu pars, il/elle part, nous partons, vous partez, ils/elles partent forms without -t-

    pouvoir

    (can)

    je peux, tu peux, il/elle peut, nous pouvons, vous pouvez, ils/elles peuvent je peux, tu peux

    savoir

    (to know)

    je sais, tu sais, il/elle sait, nous savons, vous savez, ils/elles savent ils savent

    suivre

    (to follow)

    je suis, tu suis, il suit, nous suivons, vous suivez, ils suivent je suis

    vouloir

    (want)

    je veux, tu veux, il veut, nous voulons, vous voulez, ils veulent je veux, tu veux

    yes Test your knowledge about the present tense in French with our exercises!

    Exercises

    French present tense exercises I

    French present tense exercises II