• German grammar
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  • 1 German pronunciation [0/1]
  • 2 German functions of words [0/5]
  • 3 German sentence structure [0/28]
  • Construct a German sentence! (Score -/-)Free
  • Make a German indirect speech! (Score -/-)Free
  • 3.1 Sentence structure of main clauses in German [0/4]
  • 3.2 Dependent clauses in German [0/12]
  • 3.3 Negation in German [0/3]
  • 3.4 Questions in German [0/2]
  • 3.5 Indirect speech in German [0/2]
  • 3.6 Conjunctions in German [0/3]
  • 4 German Articles [0/7]
  • 5 German nouns [0/28]
  • Fill in the correct form of the German noun! (Score -/-)Free
  • Form the correct plural form of the German nouns! (Score -/-)Free
  • Fill in the correct definite and indefinite article! (Score -/-)Free
  • Translate these nouns into German (Score -/-)Free
  • Match the right German word to the sentences (Score -/-)Free
  • 5.1 Gender of German nouns (substantives) - der, die, das [0/9]
  • 5.2 Plural of German nouns [0/4]
  • 5.3 German declension (N-declension) [0/4]
  • 5.4 Diminutive (-lein, -chen) in German [0/3]
  • 5.5 Compound nouns in German [0/2]
  • 5.6 Adjectives and verbs as nouns in German [0/1]
  • 6 German pronouns [0/19]
  • 7 German cases [0/13]
  • 8 German adjectives [0/29]
  • Exercise for building German adjectives (Score -/-)Free
  • Determine the form of use of these German adjectives! (Score -/-)Free
  • Transform these German adjectives to their nominal form (Score -/-)Free
  • Build the comparative and superlative of these German adjectives (Score -/-)Free
  • Insert the German attributive adjective! (Score -/-)Free
  • 8.1 Different types of adjectives in German [0/3]
  • 8.2 How to form German adjectives [0/1]
  • 8.3 German participle as adjectives [0/2]
  • 8.4 Comparative and superlative adjectives in German [0/4]
  • 8.5 Declension of German adjectives [0/2]
  • 8.6 Forming and declension of ordinal numbers in German [0/2]
  • 8.7 Possessive adjectives in German [0/2]
  • 8.8 Demonstrative adjectives in German [0/2]
  • 8.9 Interrogative and exclamatory adjectives in German [0/2]
  • 8.10 Indefinite adjectives in German [0/2]
  • 8.11 List of German Adjectives [0/2]
  • 9 German adverbs [0/13]
  • 10 German verbs [0/67]
  • Match the correct German verb to the sentences (Score -/-)Free
  • Form the German simple past and participle II form (Score -/-)Free
  • Exercise to match the right German auxiliary verb! (Score -/-)Free
  • Choose the right conjugation of the German verbs (Score -/-)Free
  • Build the German form of politeness! (Score -/-)Free
  • 10.1 Auxiliary verbs in German [0/5]
  • 10.2 Modal verbs in German [0/8]
  • 10.3 Separable and inseparable verbs in German [0/3]
  • 10.4 Conjugation of regular verbs (weak verbs) in German
  • 10.5 Conjugation of irregular verbs (strong verbs) in German [0/45]
  • Exercise: German irregular verbs (Score -/-)Free
  • 10.5.1 Conjugation of geben (to give) in German [0/2]
  • 10.5.2 Conjugation of gehen (to walk, to go) in German [0/2]
  • 10.5.3 Conjugation of lassen (to let) in German [0/2]
  • 10.5.4 Conjugation of nehmen (to take) in German [0/2]
  • 10.5.5 Conjugation of fahren (to drive) German [0/2]
  • 10.5.6 Conjugation of essen (to eat) in German [0/2]
  • 10.5.7 Conjugation of lesen (to read) in German [0/2]
  • 10.5.8 Conjugation of sehen (to see) in German [0/2]
  • 10.5.9 Conjugation of kommen (to come) in German [0/2]
  • 10.5.10 Conjugation of trinken (to drink) in German [0/2]
  • 10.5.11 Conjugation of schlafen (to sleep) in German [0/2]
  • 10.5.12 Conjugation of gefallen (to please) in German [0/2]
  • 10.5.13 Conjugation of schreiben (to write) in German [0/2]
  • 10.5.14 Conjugation of helfen (to help) in German [0/1]
  • 10.5.15 Conjugation of laufen (to run) in German [0/2]
  • 10.5.16 Conjugation of treffen (to meet, to hit) in German [0/1]
  • 10.5.17 Conjugation of tragen (to carry) in German [0/1]
  • 10.5.18 Conjugation of bleiben (to stay) in German [0/1]
  • 10.5.19 Conjugation of schwimmen (to swim) in German [0/1]
  • 10.5.20 Conjugation of finden (to find) in German [0/2]
  • 10.5.21 Conjugation of waschen (to wash) in German [0/1]
  • 10.5.22 Conjugation of bekommen (to get) in German [0/1]
  • 10.5.23 Cojugation of bringen (to bring) in German [0/1]
  • 10.5.24 Conjugation of sprechen (to speak) in German [0/1]
  • 10.5.25 Conjugation of heißen (to be called) in German [0/1]
  • 10.5.26 Conjugation of fliegen (to fly) in German [0/2]
  • 10.5.27 Conjugation of backen (to bake) in German [0/1]
  • 10.5.28 Conjugation of steigen (to rise) in German [0/1]
  • 10.6 List of common verbs in German [0/1]
  • 11 German prepositions [0/27]
  • Spot all the used German prepositions! (Score -/-)Free
  • Match the German prepositions! (Score -/-)Free
  • Prepositions and German grammar cases! (Score -/-)Free
  • Determine which kind of German preposition is being used! (Score -/-)Free
  • Complete the verbs and adjectives! (Score -/-)Free
  • 11.1 Locative prepositions in German [0/2]
  • 11.2 Temporal prepositions in German [0/2]
  • 11.3 Modal prepositions in German [0/2]
  • 11.4 Causal prepositions in German [0/2]
  • 11.5 German prepositions requiring the genitive [0/2]
  • 11.6 German prepositions requiring the dative [0/2]
  • 11.7 German Prepositions requiring the accusative [0/2]
  • 11.8 German prepositions with either dative or accusative [0/2]
  • 11.9 German prepositions and articles [0/2]
  • 11.10 German prepositions with verbs [0/2]
  • 11.11 German prepositions and adjectives [0/2]
  • 12 Tenses and conjugation of German verbs [0/23]
  • Form the correct German tense! (Score -/-)Free
  • Choose the correct German tense! (Score -/-)Free
  • 12.1 Present tense (Präsens) in German [0/4]
  • 12.2 Simple past tense (Präteritum) in German [0/4]
  • 12.3 Present perfect (Perfekt) in German [0/3]
  • 12.4 Past perfect tense (Plusquamperfekt) in German [0/3]
  • 12.5 German future I [0/4]
  • 12.6 German Future II [0/3]
  • 13 Infinitive in German [0/8]
  • 14 Imperative in German [0/3]
  • 15 Subjunctive in German [0/6]
  • 16 Active and passive voice in German [0/2]
  • 17 Participle in German [0/6]
  • German possessive pronouns

    Exercises

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    1. Exercise on the German possessive pronouns Score -/-
    2. Exercise of German possessive pronouns Score -/-

    What are possessive pronouns in German?

    Possessive pronouns are used to indicate ownership or affiliation. They have to be declined according to the associated noun.

    We distinguish between two types of possessive pronouns in German:

    1. Dependent possessive pronouns ( = Possessivbegleiter)
    2. Independent possessive pronouns

    Dependent possessive pronouns (Possessivebegleiter) in German

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    What are dependent possessive pronouns? 

    These pronouns are called dependent because they can, like articles, only occur as a companion of a noun. Often they are also called possessive article. Just like all articles, dependent possessive pronouns are declined according to the noun they accompany.

    Examples:

    • Ist das dein Hund? - Is that your dog? 
    • Euer Haus ist sehr Groß. - Your house is very big.

    Declension of dependent possessive pronouns

    To decline possessive pronouns in German we should know the following basic forms (word stem):

      Personal Pronoun Possessive Pronoun (word stem)  English Translation
    1st person singular ich mein- my 
    2nd person singular du dein-  your 
    3rd person singular (m) er sein- his
    3rd person singular (f) sie ihr- her 
    3rd person singular (n) es sein- its
    1st person plural wir unser- our 
    2nd person plural ihr eu(e)r- your 
    3rd person plural sie ihr- their

    The word stem refers to the person which possesses the noun. 

    To decline the pronouns we just need to add the appropriate ending.

    The ending changes according to the possessed nouns...

    • ... number (singular, plural)
    • ... gender (masculine, feminine, neuter)
    • ... case (nominative, genitive, dative accusative)

    enlightenedAttention: The stem of the second person plural changes from 'euer-' to 'eur-' when we add an ending! 

    Nominative case

    The nominative case of dependent possessive pronouns for masculine and neuter nouns equals the word stem. If we have a plural or a female noun we add the ending '-e'.

    Person Masculine/Neuter (-ø) Female/Plural (-e)
    ich mein meine
    du dein deine
    er sein seine
    sie ihr ihre
    es sein seine
    wir unser unsere
    ihr euer eure
    sie ihr ihre

    Examples:

    • Das ist mein Buch. - that is my book.

    • Seine Schuhe sind schön. - His shoes are beautiful.

    Genitive case

    The genitive case of dependent possessive pronouns requires the ending '-es' for masculine and neuter nouns. For female and plural nouns we add the ending '-er'.

    Person Masculine/Neuter (-es) Female/Plural (-er)
    ich meines meiner
    du deines diner
    er seines seiner
    sie ihres ihrer
    es seines seiner
    wir  unseres unserer
    ihr eures eurer
    sie ihres ihrer

    Examples:

    • Er mag die Freunde seines Sohnes. - He likes his sons friends.

    • Das ist das Haus meiner Eltern. - That's my parents house.

    Dative case

    For the dative case of dependent possessive pronouns we add the ending '-em' for masculine and neuter nouns. For female nouns we add '-er' and for plural nouns '-en'.

    Person Masculine/Neuter (-em) Female (-er) Plural (-en)
    ich meinem meiner meinen
    du deinem deiner deinen
    er seinem seiner seinen
    sie ihrem ihrer ihren
    es seinem seiner seinen
    wir unserem unserer unseren
    ihr eurem eurer euren
    sie ihrem ihrer ihren

    Examples:

    • Meinem Bruder gefällt der Deutschunterricht. - My brother likes the German class.

    • Die Blume schenkt sie ihrer Tante. - She gives the Flower to her aunt.

    • Wir gratulieren unseren Eltern zum Hochzeitstag. - We congratulate our parents on their anniversary.

    Accusative case 

    The accusative case of dependent possessive pronouns demands the ending '-en' for masculine and '-e' for female and plural noun. If we have a neuter noun we use just the word stem.  

    Person Masculine (-en) Neuter (-ø) Female/Plural (-e)
    ich meinen mein meine
    du deinen dein deine
    er seinen sein seine
    sie ihren ihr ihre
    es seinen sein seine
    wir unseren unser unsere
    ihr euren euer eure
    sie ihren ihr ihne

    Examples:

    • Sie führen ihren Hund spazieren. - They take their dog for a walk.

    • Kann ich mir dein Buch ausleihen? - May I borrow your book?

    • Hast du deine Mutter gefragt? - Did you ask your Mother?

    Independent possessive pronouns in German

    Usage of independent possessive pronouns

    Unlike the Possessivbegleiter, independent possessive pronouns stand alone and have the function to replace an already mentioned noun to avoid repetition.

    • Das ist ein süßer Hund. Ist das deiner? - That's a cute dog. Is it yours? 
    • Ich habe ein kleines Haus. Eures ist sehr groß. - I have a small house. Yours is very big.

    However we still use the same word stem:

    • mein-
    • dein-
    • sein-
    • ihr-
    • sein-
    • unser-
    • eu(e)r-
    • ihr-

    Declension of independent possessive pronouns

    To decline these pronouns, again, we just need to add the appropriate ending according to the noun which is now being replaced.

    Nominative case 

    The nominative case of independent possessive pronouns is build with the ending '-er' for masculine nouns, '-s/-es' for neuter nouns and '-e' if we have a female or plural noun. 

    Person Masculine (-er) Neuter (-s/-es) Female/Plural (-e)
    ich meiner meins meine
    du deiner deins deine
    er seiner seins seine
    sie ihrer ihrs/ihres ihre
    es seiner seins seine
    wir unserer unseres unsere
    ihr eurer eures eure
    sie ihrer ihrs/ihres ihre

    Examples:

    • Siehst du den roten Wagen? Das ist meiner. - Do you see the red car? That's mine.
    • Das blaue Auto daneben ist unseres. - The blue car besides is ours.

    • A: Gehört die Tasche Maria? -  B: Ja, das ist ihre.A: Does this bag belong to Maria? - B: Yes, it's hers.

    Genitive case 

    enlightenedThe genitive form of independent possessive pronouns equals the genitive case of dependent possessive pronouns but it is less common.

    Dative case

    For the dative case of independent possessive pronouns we add '-em' if we have a masculine or neuter noun. For female nouns the ending is '-er'. The plural form is build with '-en'.

    Person Masculine/Neuter (-em) Female (-er) Plural (en)
    ich meinem meiner meinen
    du deinem deiner deinen
    er seinem seiner seinen
    sie ihrem ihrer ihren
    es seinem seiner seinen
    wir unserem unserer unseren
    ihr eurem eurer euren
    sie ihrem ihrer ihren

    Examples:

    • A: Wo hast du dein Auto geparkt? - B: Neben deinem.A: Where did you park your car? - B: Next to yours.
    • Diese Tasche gehört nicht deiner Freundin. Sie gehört meiner.This bag does not belong to your girlfriend. It belongs to mine.
    • Alle Eltern sind gekommen, außer deinen. - All parents came, except yours.

    Accusative case 

    The accusative case of independent possessive pronouns needs the ending '-en' for masculine nouns. The neuter form is build with '-s/-es'. For female nouns we use the ending '-e'.

    Person Masculine (-en) Neuter (-s/-es) Plural (-e)
    ich meinen meins meine
    du deinen deins deine
    er seinen seins seine
    sie ihren ihrs/ihres ihre
    es seinen seins seine
    wir unseren unseres unsere
    ihr euren eures eure
    sie ihren ihrs/ihres ihre

    Examples:

    • Unser Lehrer kennt die Antwort nicht. Könnt ihr euren fragen? - Our teacher doesn't know the answer. May you ask yours?
    • Ich habe mein Deutschbuch vergessen. Darf ich deins benutzen? - I forgot my German book. May I use yours?
    • Hans hat eine neue Uhr. Seine alte ist kaputt. -Hans has a new watch. his old one is broken.

    wink Are you not sure which case to use? Check out the German cases