• German grammar
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  • 1 German pronunciation [0/1]
  • 2 German functions of words [0/5]
  • 3 German sentence structure [0/28]
  • Construct a German sentence! (Score -/-)Free
  • Make a German indirect speech! (Score -/-)Free
  • 3.1 Sentence structure of main clauses in German [0/4]
  • 3.2 Dependent clauses in German [0/12]
  • 3.3 Negation in German [0/3]
  • 3.4 Questions in German [0/2]
  • 3.5 Indirect speech in German [0/2]
  • 3.6 Conjunctions in German [0/3]
  • 4 German Articles [0/7]
  • 5 German nouns [0/28]
  • Fill in the correct form of the German noun! (Score -/-)Free
  • Form the correct plural form of the German nouns! (Score -/-)Free
  • Fill in the correct definite and indefinite article! (Score -/-)Free
  • Translate these nouns into German (Score -/-)Free
  • Match the right German word to the sentences (Score -/-)Free
  • 5.1 Gender of German nouns (substantives) - der, die, das [0/9]
  • 5.2 Plural of German nouns [0/4]
  • 5.3 German declension (N-declension) [0/4]
  • 5.4 Diminutive (-lein, -chen) in German [0/3]
  • 5.5 Compound nouns in German [0/2]
  • 5.6 Adjectives and verbs as nouns in German [0/1]
  • 6 German pronouns [0/19]
  • 7 German cases [0/13]
  • 8 German adjectives [0/29]
  • Exercise for building German adjectives (Score -/-)Free
  • Determine the form of use of these German adjectives! (Score -/-)Free
  • Transform these German adjectives to their nominal form (Score -/-)Free
  • Build the comparative and superlative of these German adjectives (Score -/-)Free
  • Insert the German attributive adjective! (Score -/-)Free
  • 8.1 Different types of adjectives in German [0/3]
  • 8.2 How to form German adjectives [0/1]
  • 8.3 German participle as adjectives [0/2]
  • 8.4 Comparative and superlative adjectives in German [0/4]
  • 8.5 Declension of German adjectives [0/2]
  • 8.6 Forming and declension of ordinal numbers in German [0/2]
  • 8.7 Possessive adjectives in German [0/2]
  • 8.8 Demonstrative adjectives in German [0/2]
  • 8.9 Interrogative and exclamatory adjectives in German [0/2]
  • 8.10 Indefinite adjectives in German [0/2]
  • 8.11 List of German Adjectives [0/2]
  • 9 German adverbs [0/13]
  • 10 German verbs [0/67]
  • Match the correct German verb to the sentences (Score -/-)Free
  • Form the German simple past and participle II form (Score -/-)Free
  • Exercise to match the right German auxiliary verb! (Score -/-)Free
  • Choose the right conjugation of the German verbs (Score -/-)Free
  • Build the German form of politeness! (Score -/-)Free
  • 10.1 Auxiliary verbs in German [0/5]
  • 10.2 Modal verbs in German [0/8]
  • 10.3 Separable and inseparable verbs in German [0/3]
  • 10.4 Conjugation of regular verbs (weak verbs) in German
  • 10.5 Conjugation of irregular verbs (strong verbs) in German [0/45]
  • Exercise: German irregular verbs (Score -/-)Free
  • 10.5.1 Conjugation of geben (to give) in German [0/2]
  • 10.5.2 Conjugation of gehen (to walk, to go) in German [0/2]
  • 10.5.3 Conjugation of lassen (to let) in German [0/2]
  • 10.5.4 Conjugation of nehmen (to take) in German [0/2]
  • 10.5.5 Conjugation of fahren (to drive) German [0/2]
  • 10.5.6 Conjugation of essen (to eat) in German [0/2]
  • 10.5.7 Conjugation of lesen (to read) in German [0/2]
  • 10.5.8 Conjugation of sehen (to see) in German [0/2]
  • 10.5.9 Conjugation of kommen (to come) in German [0/2]
  • 10.5.10 Conjugation of trinken (to drink) in German [0/2]
  • 10.5.11 Conjugation of schlafen (to sleep) in German [0/2]
  • 10.5.12 Conjugation of gefallen (to please) in German [0/2]
  • 10.5.13 Conjugation of schreiben (to write) in German [0/2]
  • 10.5.14 Conjugation of helfen (to help) in German [0/1]
  • 10.5.15 Conjugation of laufen (to run) in German [0/2]
  • 10.5.16 Conjugation of treffen (to meet, to hit) in German [0/1]
  • 10.5.17 Conjugation of tragen (to carry) in German [0/1]
  • 10.5.18 Conjugation of bleiben (to stay) in German [0/1]
  • 10.5.19 Conjugation of schwimmen (to swim) in German [0/1]
  • 10.5.20 Conjugation of finden (to find) in German [0/2]
  • 10.5.21 Conjugation of waschen (to wash) in German [0/1]
  • 10.5.22 Conjugation of bekommen (to get) in German [0/1]
  • 10.5.23 Cojugation of bringen (to bring) in German [0/1]
  • 10.5.24 Conjugation of sprechen (to speak) in German [0/1]
  • 10.5.25 Conjugation of heißen (to be called) in German [0/1]
  • 10.5.26 Conjugation of fliegen (to fly) in German [0/2]
  • 10.5.27 Conjugation of backen (to bake) in German [0/1]
  • 10.5.28 Conjugation of steigen (to rise) in German [0/1]
  • 10.6 List of common verbs in German [0/1]
  • 11 German prepositions [0/27]
  • Spot all the used German prepositions! (Score -/-)Free
  • Match the German prepositions! (Score -/-)Free
  • Prepositions and German grammar cases! (Score -/-)Free
  • Determine which kind of German preposition is being used! (Score -/-)Free
  • Complete the verbs and adjectives! (Score -/-)Free
  • 11.1 Locative prepositions in German [0/2]
  • 11.2 Temporal prepositions in German [0/2]
  • 11.3 Modal prepositions in German [0/2]
  • 11.4 Causal prepositions in German [0/2]
  • 11.5 German prepositions requiring the genitive [0/2]
  • 11.6 German prepositions requiring the dative [0/2]
  • 11.7 German Prepositions requiring the accusative [0/2]
  • 11.8 German prepositions with either dative or accusative [0/2]
  • 11.9 German prepositions and articles [0/2]
  • 11.10 German prepositions with verbs [0/2]
  • 11.11 German prepositions and adjectives [0/2]
  • 12 Tenses and conjugation of German verbs [0/23]
  • Form the correct German tense! (Score -/-)Free
  • Choose the correct German tense! (Score -/-)Free
  • 12.1 Present tense (Präsens) in German [0/4]
  • 12.2 Simple past tense (Präteritum) in German [0/4]
  • 12.3 Present perfect (Perfekt) in German [0/3]
  • 12.4 Past perfect tense (Plusquamperfekt) in German [0/3]
  • 12.5 German future I [0/4]
  • 12.6 German Future II [0/3]
  • 13 Infinitive in German [0/8]
  • 14 Imperative in German [0/3]
  • 15 Subjunctive in German [0/6]
  • 16 Active and passive voice in German [0/2]
  • 17 Participle in German [0/6]
  • Interrogative and exclamatory adjectives in German

    Exercises

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    1. Exercise on German interrogative and exclamatory adjectives Score -/-
    2. Multiple choice: which is the right adjective to use? Score -/-

    Definition of interrogative and exclamatory adjectives in German

    The interrogative and exclamatory adjectives are used in combination with a noun, either to ask something specific about the noun, or to emphasize it.

    There are two different constructions of it: 'welch' and 'was für'. These adjectives stand right before the noun.

    For example:

    • Welches T-Shirt findest du am schönsten? (Which t-shirt do you like the most?)
    • Was für Hausaufgaben hast du bekommen? (What kind of homework did you get?)

    The adjective ‘welch-’

    The special form of 'welch-' is very often used in the expression 'welch ein' (what a) and sometimes stand before attributive adjectives.

    The adjective 'welch-' can be used as an interrogative or exclamatory adjective.

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    'Welch-' as an interrogative adjective

    To use 'welch-' as an interrogative adjective, it needs to be declined in order to fit to noun. The interrogatives are often used to ask question and to get special information about the noun.

    For example:

    • Welcher Mantel gehört Paul? (Which coat is Pauls?)
    • Welchen Kuchen wollen wir backen? (Which cake do we want to bake?)
    • Welche CD hört Anna gerade? (Which CD is Anna listening to?)

    Declension of interrogative adjective 'welch-'

      Masculine Feminine Neuter Plural
    Nominative welcher welche welches welche
    Accusative welchen welche welches welche
    Dative welchem welcher welchem welchen
    Genitive welches welcher welches welcher

    'Welch' as an exclamatory adjective

    By using an exclamatory adjective you don't need to decline anything. Just use the word stem on his own.

    In the following table you can see two different ways to use sentences, while the right one uses the exclamatory 'welch'.

    Without 'welch' With 'welch'
    Wie schön diese Reise ist! (How wonderful this journey is!) Welch eine schöne Reise! (What a wonderful journey!)
    Er ist so ein kluger Mann! (He is such an intelligent guy!) Welch kluger Mann er ist! (What an intelligent guy he is!)
    Das war eine unterwartete Überraschung! (This was an unexpected surprise!) Welch unerwartete Überraschung! (What an unexpected surprise!)

     

    enlightenedAs you can see, the exclamatory sentences using the 'welch' construction are very short and emphasize the adjective even more.

    The adjective 'was für (ein-)'

    The interrogative adjective 'was für' is even more used than the construction of 'welch'. In the singular, the sentence is used with the indefinite article 'ein' that takes adjective endings, depending on the grammatical use of the noun in the sentence. In plural, the indefinite article 'ein' is omitted and the construction therefore is only 'was für'.

    'Was für (ein-)' as an interrogative adjective

    The construction is often use to ask questions about certain persons, objects or processes.

    For example:

    • Was für einen Kaffee hättest Du gerne? (What kind of coffee would you like to have?)

    • Was für Autos fahrt ihr? (What kind of cars do you drive?)

    Declension of interrogative adjective 'was für (ein-)'

    Is it also possible to use this adjective to ask a question. To do so, the constructions have to take adjective endigs.

      Masculine Feminine Neuter Plural
    Nominative

    was für ein(er)

    was für eine

    was für ein(es)

    was für

    Accusative

    was für einen

    was für eine

    was für ein(es)

    was für

    Dative

    was für einem

    was für einer

    was für ein(em)

    was für

    Genitive

    was für eines

    was für einer

    was für eines

    was für

    'Was für (ein-)' as an exclamatory adjective

    Of course, the construction 'was für (ein-)' can also be used as an exclamatory adjective. This is used to emphasize the noun and its characteristics.

    Singular Plural
    Was für ein schönes Haus! (What a beatiful house!) Was für schöne Häuser! (What beatiful houses!)
    Was für eine tolle Überraschung! (What a nice surprise!) Was für tolle Überraschungen! (What nice surprises!)
    Was für ein leckerer Keks! (What a tasty cookie!) Was für leckere Kekse! (What tasty cookies!)

     

    enlightenedKeep in mind, that the indirect article 'ein' has to be declined in order to fit to the related noun. In plural cases the 'ein-' is omitted.

    Difference between interrogative and exclamatory adjectives and pronouns

    The difference between interrogative and exclamatory adjectives and pronouns is simple. The interrogative adjective is always used in combination with a noun and is emphasizing it or asking for something we don't know. The pronoun on the other side can stand alone.

    Sentence with adjective Sentence with pronoun
    Welche Lunch-Box ist deine? (Which lunch-box is yours?) Welche ist deine? (Which one is yours?)
    Welche Farbe sieht besser aus? (Which colour looks better?) Was könnte ich dir zum Geburtstag schenken? (What should I buy you for your birthday?)

     

    enlightenedIn the second example, 'welche' is an interrogative adjective, because it refers to the noun 'Farbe'. In the other sentence 'was' is an interrogative pronoun, because it stands without a noun.

    To get a deeper understanding of words used as interrogative pronouns, have a look at the chapter about it.