• German grammar
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  • 1 German pronunciation [0/1]
  • 2 German functions of words [0/5]
  • 3 German sentence structure [0/28]
  • Construct a German sentence! (Score -/-)Free
  • Make a German indirect speech! (Score -/-)Free
  • 3.1 Sentence structure of main clauses in German [0/4]
  • 3.2 Dependent clauses in German [0/12]
  • 3.3 Negation in German [0/3]
  • 3.4 Questions in German [0/2]
  • 3.5 Indirect speech in German [0/2]
  • 3.6 Conjunctions in German [0/3]
  • 4 German Articles [0/7]
  • 5 German nouns [0/28]
  • Fill in the correct form of the German noun! (Score -/-)Free
  • Form the correct plural form of the German nouns! (Score -/-)Free
  • Fill in the correct definite and indefinite article! (Score -/-)Free
  • Translate these nouns into German (Score -/-)Free
  • Match the right German word to the sentences (Score -/-)Free
  • 5.1 Gender of German nouns (substantives) - der, die, das [0/9]
  • 5.2 Plural of German nouns [0/4]
  • 5.3 German declension (N-declension) [0/4]
  • 5.4 Diminutive (-lein, -chen) in German [0/3]
  • 5.5 Compound nouns in German [0/2]
  • 5.6 Adjectives and verbs as nouns in German [0/1]
  • 6 German pronouns [0/19]
  • 7 German cases [0/13]
  • 8 German adjectives [0/29]
  • Exercise for building German adjectives (Score -/-)Free
  • Determine the form of use of these German adjectives! (Score -/-)Free
  • Transform these German adjectives to their nominal form (Score -/-)Free
  • Build the comparative and superlative of these German adjectives (Score -/-)Free
  • Insert the German attributive adjective! (Score -/-)Free
  • 8.1 Different types of adjectives in German [0/3]
  • 8.2 How to form German adjectives [0/1]
  • 8.3 German participle as adjectives [0/2]
  • 8.4 Comparative and superlative adjectives in German [0/4]
  • 8.5 Declension of German adjectives [0/2]
  • 8.6 Forming and declension of ordinal numbers in German [0/2]
  • 8.7 Possessive adjectives in German [0/2]
  • 8.8 Demonstrative adjectives in German [0/2]
  • 8.9 Interrogative and exclamatory adjectives in German [0/2]
  • 8.10 Indefinite adjectives in German [0/2]
  • 8.11 List of German Adjectives [0/2]
  • 9 German adverbs [0/13]
  • 10 German verbs [0/67]
  • Match the correct German verb to the sentences (Score -/-)Free
  • Form the German simple past and participle II form (Score -/-)Free
  • Exercise to match the right German auxiliary verb! (Score -/-)Free
  • Choose the right conjugation of the German verbs (Score -/-)Free
  • Build the German form of politeness! (Score -/-)Free
  • 10.1 Auxiliary verbs in German [0/5]
  • 10.2 Modal verbs in German [0/8]
  • 10.3 Separable and inseparable verbs in German [0/3]
  • 10.4 Conjugation of regular verbs (weak verbs) in German
  • 10.5 Conjugation of irregular verbs (strong verbs) in German [0/45]
  • Exercise: German irregular verbs (Score -/-)Free
  • 10.5.1 Conjugation of geben (to give) in German [0/2]
  • 10.5.2 Conjugation of gehen (to walk, to go) in German [0/2]
  • 10.5.3 Conjugation of lassen (to let) in German [0/2]
  • 10.5.4 Conjugation of nehmen (to take) in German [0/2]
  • 10.5.5 Conjugation of fahren (to drive) German [0/2]
  • 10.5.6 Conjugation of essen (to eat) in German [0/2]
  • 10.5.7 Conjugation of lesen (to read) in German [0/2]
  • 10.5.8 Conjugation of sehen (to see) in German [0/2]
  • 10.5.9 Conjugation of kommen (to come) in German [0/2]
  • 10.5.10 Conjugation of trinken (to drink) in German [0/2]
  • 10.5.11 Conjugation of schlafen (to sleep) in German [0/2]
  • 10.5.12 Conjugation of gefallen (to please) in German [0/2]
  • 10.5.13 Conjugation of schreiben (to write) in German [0/2]
  • 10.5.14 Conjugation of helfen (to help) in German [0/1]
  • 10.5.15 Conjugation of laufen (to run) in German [0/2]
  • 10.5.16 Conjugation of treffen (to meet, to hit) in German [0/1]
  • 10.5.17 Conjugation of tragen (to carry) in German [0/1]
  • 10.5.18 Conjugation of bleiben (to stay) in German [0/1]
  • 10.5.19 Conjugation of schwimmen (to swim) in German [0/1]
  • 10.5.20 Conjugation of finden (to find) in German [0/2]
  • 10.5.21 Conjugation of waschen (to wash) in German [0/1]
  • 10.5.22 Conjugation of bekommen (to get) in German [0/1]
  • 10.5.23 Cojugation of bringen (to bring) in German [0/1]
  • 10.5.24 Conjugation of sprechen (to speak) in German [0/1]
  • 10.5.25 Conjugation of heißen (to be called) in German [0/1]
  • 10.5.26 Conjugation of fliegen (to fly) in German [0/2]
  • 10.5.27 Conjugation of backen (to bake) in German [0/1]
  • 10.5.28 Conjugation of steigen (to rise) in German [0/1]
  • 10.6 List of common verbs in German [0/1]
  • 11 German prepositions [0/27]
  • Spot all the used German prepositions! (Score -/-)Free
  • Match the German prepositions! (Score -/-)Free
  • Prepositions and German grammar cases! (Score -/-)Free
  • Determine which kind of German preposition is being used! (Score -/-)Free
  • Complete the verbs and adjectives! (Score -/-)Free
  • 11.1 Locative prepositions in German [0/2]
  • 11.2 Temporal prepositions in German [0/2]
  • 11.3 Modal prepositions in German [0/2]
  • 11.4 Causal prepositions in German [0/2]
  • 11.5 German prepositions requiring the genitive [0/2]
  • 11.6 German prepositions requiring the dative [0/2]
  • 11.7 German Prepositions requiring the accusative [0/2]
  • 11.8 German prepositions with either dative or accusative [0/2]
  • 11.9 German prepositions and articles [0/2]
  • 11.10 German prepositions with verbs [0/2]
  • 11.11 German prepositions and adjectives [0/2]
  • 12 Tenses and conjugation of German verbs [0/23]
  • Form the correct German tense! (Score -/-)Free
  • Choose the correct German tense! (Score -/-)Free
  • 12.1 Present tense (Präsens) in German [0/4]
  • 12.2 Simple past tense (Präteritum) in German [0/4]
  • 12.3 Present perfect (Perfekt) in German [0/3]
  • 12.4 Past perfect tense (Plusquamperfekt) in German [0/3]
  • 12.5 German future I [0/4]
  • 12.6 German Future II [0/3]
  • 13 Infinitive in German [0/8]
  • 14 Imperative in German [0/3]
  • 15 Subjunctive in German [0/6]
  • 16 Active and passive voice in German [0/2]
  • 17 Participle in German [0/6]
  • Separable and inseparable verbs in German

    Exercises

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    1. Exercise of separable verbs Score -/-
    2. Exercise of inseparable verbs Score -/-
    3. Exercise of separable and inseparable verb Score -/-

    What are separable and inseparable verbs in German?

    A separable verb is composed of a separable particle and a radical (word stem). The separable particle is unchangeable and is placed at the end of a main sentence. The second part is conjugated as usual. Additionally, the separable particle is accentuated. Particles are flexible in their use, that means, the same particle is used for a lot of verbs. To differentiate between separable and inseparable verbs, it is important to know that an inseparable verb is composed of a ("true") prefix and a word stem. The prefix is not accentuated.

    In general,  a prefix/particle changes the basic meaning of the verb:

    German verb verb in English German verb with prefix/particle verb in English
    suchen to search besuchen to visit
    stellen to put anstellen to line up
    kommen to come hinkommen to get to

     

    List of separable verbs in German (examples and positions of verbs)

    Verbs are separated with "|" to point out the formation of the separable verb. The last four columns show you a possible sentence with one exemplary verbs and the correctly applied sentence structure. Remember that this is only a guidance!

    explanation particle + verb position 1 radical position 2 particle
    at, on an | fassen, an | machen, an |  springen Die Katze springt den Hund  an.
    off, down ab | fahren, ab | fallen , ab | schreiben Der Zug  fährt  am Gleis ab.
    up auf | bauen, auf | stehen, auf | räumen Das Mädchen  räumt  das Zimmer  auf.
    out aus | räumen Der Vater  räumt die Kisten aus.
    in, into ein | räumen, ein | stellen, ein | kaufen Die Mutter  kauft das Brot  ein.
    home heim | fahren, heim | kommen  Der Sohn kommt    heim
    here  her | kommen  Er  kommt  hier  her.
    out heraus | fahren, heraus | bringen  Die Tochter bringt  den Müll  heraus.
    in herein | bringen, herein | holen Der Kellner holt  die Stühle herein.
    up herauf | stellen Die Mutter  stellt die Lampe herauf.
    to there hin | stellen Die Mutter stellt  die Vase hin.
    up hinauf | laufen, hinauf | stellen Das Kind läuft die Treppe  hinauf.
    away, to let go los | laufen, los | lassen Er  läuft  in Richtung Straße los.
    with mit | nehmen, mit | denken  Sie nimmt das Handtuch mit.
    catch up  nach | kommen, nach | holen  Der Schüler holt  den Stoff nach.
    undertake vor | nehmen Sie  nehmen  sich Etwas vor.
    away  weg | kommen, weg | nehmen, weg | essen Er  isst  die Schokolade weg.
    to zu | nehmen , zu | hören Sie. hört ihm  zu.
    back zurück | nehmen Sie  nimmt  die Beschimpfung zurück.

     

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    Inseparable verbs in German

    Some verbs in the German language remain inseparable. They have a prefix in front of their stem. The verb is placed second.

    explanation prefix + verb  example
    be beantworten, bestehen, beschweren  Ich beantworte dir gerne die Frage. 
    ent entkommen, entfliehen, entschwinden Ich entkomme dem Verfolger.
    er erstehen, erstellen, erfinden Ich erfinde eine Geschichte.

     

    Separable and inseparable at the same time 

    Some verbs can be both: separable or inseparable. In these cases, the verb has different meanings. Prefixes like: durch-, unter-, hinter-, über-, um-. For example: Übersetzen

    separable verbinseparable verbs

    wink In this lesson you studied the separable and inseparable verbs in the German language. There are verbs, that are inseparable, separable or can be both at the same time. Test your skills with our exercises!