• German grammar
    0%
  • 1 German pronunciation [0/1]
  • 2 German functions of words [0/5]
  • 3 German sentence structure [0/28]
  • Construct a German sentence! (Score -/-)Free
  • Make a German indirect speech! (Score -/-)Free
  • 3.1 Sentence structure of main clauses in German [0/4]
  • 3.2 Dependent clauses in German [0/12]
  • 3.3 Negation in German [0/3]
  • 3.4 Questions in German [0/2]
  • 3.5 Indirect speech in German [0/2]
  • 3.6 Conjunctions in German [0/3]
  • 4 German Articles [0/7]
  • 5 German nouns [0/28]
  • Fill in the correct form of the German noun! (Score -/-)Free
  • Form the correct plural form of the German nouns! (Score -/-)Free
  • Fill in the correct definite and indefinite article! (Score -/-)Free
  • Translate these nouns into German (Score -/-)Free
  • Match the right German word to the sentences (Score -/-)Free
  • 5.1 Gender of German nouns (substantives) - der, die, das [0/9]
  • 5.2 Plural of German nouns [0/4]
  • 5.3 German declension (N-declension) [0/4]
  • 5.4 Diminutive (-lein, -chen) in German [0/3]
  • 5.5 Compound nouns in German [0/2]
  • 5.6 Adjectives and verbs as nouns in German [0/1]
  • 6 German pronouns [0/19]
  • 7 German cases [0/13]
  • 8 German adjectives [0/29]
  • Exercise for building German adjectives (Score -/-)Free
  • Determine the form of use of these German adjectives! (Score -/-)Free
  • Transform these German adjectives to their nominal form (Score -/-)Free
  • Build the comparative and superlative of these German adjectives (Score -/-)Free
  • Insert the German attributive adjective! (Score -/-)Free
  • 8.1 Different types of adjectives in German [0/3]
  • 8.2 How to form German adjectives [0/1]
  • 8.3 German participle as adjectives [0/2]
  • 8.4 Comparative and superlative adjectives in German [0/4]
  • 8.5 Declension of German adjectives [0/2]
  • 8.6 Forming and declension of ordinal numbers in German [0/2]
  • 8.7 Possessive adjectives in German [0/2]
  • 8.8 Demonstrative adjectives in German [0/2]
  • 8.9 Interrogative and exclamatory adjectives in German [0/2]
  • 8.10 Indefinite adjectives in German [0/2]
  • 8.11 List of German Adjectives [0/2]
  • 9 German adverbs [0/13]
  • 10 German verbs [0/67]
  • Match the correct German verb to the sentences (Score -/-)Free
  • Form the German simple past and participle II form (Score -/-)Free
  • Exercise to match the right German auxiliary verb! (Score -/-)Free
  • Choose the right conjugation of the German verbs (Score -/-)Free
  • Build the German form of politeness! (Score -/-)Free
  • 10.1 Auxiliary verbs in German [0/5]
  • 10.2 Modal verbs in German [0/8]
  • 10.3 Separable and inseparable verbs in German [0/3]
  • 10.4 Conjugation of regular verbs (weak verbs) in German
  • 10.5 Conjugation of irregular verbs (strong verbs) in German [0/45]
  • Exercise: German irregular verbs (Score -/-)Free
  • 10.5.1 Conjugation of geben (to give) in German [0/2]
  • 10.5.2 Conjugation of gehen (to walk, to go) in German [0/2]
  • 10.5.3 Conjugation of lassen (to let) in German [0/2]
  • 10.5.4 Conjugation of nehmen (to take) in German [0/2]
  • 10.5.5 Conjugation of fahren (to drive) German [0/2]
  • 10.5.6 Conjugation of essen (to eat) in German [0/2]
  • 10.5.7 Conjugation of lesen (to read) in German [0/2]
  • 10.5.8 Conjugation of sehen (to see) in German [0/2]
  • 10.5.9 Conjugation of kommen (to come) in German [0/2]
  • 10.5.10 Conjugation of trinken (to drink) in German [0/2]
  • 10.5.11 Conjugation of schlafen (to sleep) in German [0/2]
  • 10.5.12 Conjugation of gefallen (to please) in German [0/2]
  • 10.5.13 Conjugation of schreiben (to write) in German [0/2]
  • 10.5.14 Conjugation of helfen (to help) in German [0/1]
  • 10.5.15 Conjugation of laufen (to run) in German [0/2]
  • 10.5.16 Conjugation of treffen (to meet, to hit) in German [0/1]
  • 10.5.17 Conjugation of tragen (to carry) in German [0/1]
  • 10.5.18 Conjugation of bleiben (to stay) in German [0/1]
  • 10.5.19 Conjugation of schwimmen (to swim) in German [0/1]
  • 10.5.20 Conjugation of finden (to find) in German [0/2]
  • 10.5.21 Conjugation of waschen (to wash) in German [0/1]
  • 10.5.22 Conjugation of bekommen (to get) in German [0/1]
  • 10.5.23 Cojugation of bringen (to bring) in German [0/1]
  • 10.5.24 Conjugation of sprechen (to speak) in German [0/1]
  • 10.5.25 Conjugation of heißen (to be called) in German [0/1]
  • 10.5.26 Conjugation of fliegen (to fly) in German [0/2]
  • 10.5.27 Conjugation of backen (to bake) in German [0/1]
  • 10.5.28 Conjugation of steigen (to rise) in German [0/1]
  • 10.6 List of common verbs in German [0/1]
  • 11 German prepositions [0/27]
  • Spot all the used German prepositions! (Score -/-)Free
  • Match the German prepositions! (Score -/-)Free
  • Prepositions and German grammar cases! (Score -/-)Free
  • Determine which kind of German preposition is being used! (Score -/-)Free
  • Complete the verbs and adjectives! (Score -/-)Free
  • 11.1 Locative prepositions in German [0/2]
  • 11.2 Temporal prepositions in German [0/2]
  • 11.3 Modal prepositions in German [0/2]
  • 11.4 Causal prepositions in German [0/2]
  • 11.5 German prepositions requiring the genitive [0/2]
  • 11.6 German prepositions requiring the dative [0/2]
  • 11.7 German Prepositions requiring the accusative [0/2]
  • 11.8 German prepositions with either dative or accusative [0/2]
  • 11.9 German prepositions and articles [0/2]
  • 11.10 German prepositions with verbs [0/2]
  • 11.11 German prepositions and adjectives [0/2]
  • 12 Tenses and conjugation of German verbs [0/23]
  • Form the correct German tense! (Score -/-)Free
  • Choose the correct German tense! (Score -/-)Free
  • 12.1 Present tense (Präsens) in German [0/4]
  • 12.2 Simple past tense (Präteritum) in German [0/4]
  • 12.3 Present perfect (Perfekt) in German [0/3]
  • 12.4 Past perfect tense (Plusquamperfekt) in German [0/3]
  • 12.5 German future I [0/4]
  • 12.6 German Future II [0/3]
  • 13 Infinitive in German [0/8]
  • 14 Imperative in German [0/3]
  • 15 Subjunctive in German [0/6]
  • 16 Active and passive voice in German [0/2]
  • 17 Participle in German [0/6]
  • German indefinite pronouns

    Exercises

    0%
    1. Exercise of indefinite pronouns Score -/-
    2. Exercise: Spot the German indefinite pronouns! Score -/-

    What are indefinite pronouns in German?

    Indefinite pronouns in German are used for undefined subjects or objects. They have the function of generalizing.

    List of most important indefinite pronouns

    • etwas - something
    • nichts - nothing
    • man - one/you (undefined)
    • jemand - somebody/someone/anybody/anyone
    • jeder - everybody/everyone/anyone/anybody/every(-thing)
    • nichts - nothing
    • alles - everything
    • etwas - something / a little
    • ein bisschen / ein wenig - a little
    • einige - some 
    • wenige - a few
    • mehrere -  various
    • ...

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    Declension of German indefinite pronouns

    Regular declension

    Some of the indefinite pronouns are declined like demonstrative pronouns. 

    The table shows the declension at the example of 'einige' (some)

      Masculine Feminine Neuter Plural
    Nominative einiger  einige einiges einige
    Dative einigem  einiger einigem einigen
    Accusative einigen einige einige einige
    Genitive einiges einiger einiges einiger

     

    Examples:

    • Wie viele Äpfel hast du gepflückt? - Einige. - How many apples did you pick? - some.
    • Deutsch zu lernen fällt einigen schwer. - To learn German is hard for some (people).

    Declension of man, jemand, jeder

    In the table you can see the declension of man, jemand and jeder according to the German cases. You just need the masculine form for man and jemand. Jeder is declined according to the gender. These pronouns do not have a plural form.

      man  jemand jeder (masculine) jeder (feminine) jeder (neutral)
    Nominative  man  jemand jeder jede jedes
    Dative  einem jemandem jedem jeder jedem
    Accutsative einen jemanden jeden jede jedes
    Genitive eines jemandes jedes jeder jedes

     

    Examples:

    • Kann mir jemand helfen? - Can anybody help me?
    • Ich helfe immer gern jemandem- I always like to help someone.
    • Du kannst jeden fragen. - You can ask anyone.

    Not declinable indefinite pronouns

    enlightenedThe pronouns etwas, nichts, alles, ein bisschen, ein wenig are not declined. Those pronouns are always used in third-person singular and nominative case.

    Examples:

    • Nichts kann mich mehr schocken. Nothing can shock me anymore.
    • Hast du etwas gesagt?  - Did you say something.

    Usage of German indefinite pronouns

    Types of indefinite pronouns

    There are indefinite pronouns of three different types:

    • indefinite pronouns for personsman, jemand, niemand

    • indefinite pronouns for thingsetwas, nichts, alles, ein bisschen, ein wenig

    • indefinite pronouns for persons and thingsalle, einige, jeder, irgendein, kein, manche, mehrere, ein, welche


    'Manche' vs. 'solche'

    These words are used to speak about undefined groups of persons or things

      manche solche
    Usage used for a limited amount of a whole  used fore differend things or persons of the same kind.
    English translation some such
    Examples
    • Nicht alle Autos sind günstig, nur manche. -  Not all cars are cheap, just some. 
    • Viele Studenten lernen lagsam, manche jedoch schnell. - Many students learn slow, but some learn quick.
    • ​Das ist ein Sportwagen. Solche  sind Teuer. - Thats a sports car. Such are expensive.
    • Sudenten die schnell lernen, sind solche die es leichter haben. - Students who learn quick, are those who have it easier.

    'Irgend-' in German

    'Irgend-' means as much as 'some' or 'any'.

    It is often added as an prefix to the pronouns 'jemand', 'etwas', 'ein', 'solche' or 'welche'.

    'Irgend-' is used to enforce the generalization of the related subject or object.

    Examples:

    • Irgendeiner hat die Milch aus dem Kühlschrank genommen! - Someone took the milk out of the fridge!
    • Ich habe die Milch irgendjemandem gegeben. - I gave the milk to somebody.
    • Ich möchte in den ferien irgendetwas unternehmen. - I want to do something during he vacation.


    'Man' in German

    The pronoun 'man' means one or more unspecified people. The word 'man' is always used third-person singular and nominative form.

    Examples:

    • Man darf auf dem Schulhof nicht rauchen. - You must not smoke at the schoolyard.
    • Wenn es regnet, wird man nass. - If it rains, one gets wet.

    For dative and accusative case we do not use 'man'. We use the word 'einem' for dative and for accusative we use 'einen'.

    Examples:

    • Im Winter ist einem oft kalt. - In winter one feels cold often.
    • Was einen nicht umbringt macht einen stärker. - What doesn't kill you makes you stronger.

    Indefinite adjectives vs. indefinite pronouns

    In German we have indefinite adjectives which accompany a noun and indefinite pronouns to replace the noun

    Adjective Pronoun
    • Sie hat ein bisschen Angst. - She is a little afraid.
    • Ein bisschen kannst du dir noch nehmen. - You can take a little bit more.
    • Daniel hat einige neue Freunde gefunde. Daniel found several new friends here.
    • Einige von ihnen sind jünger als er. Some of them are younger than him
    • Meine Tante hat genug Geld.My aunt has enough money.
    • Sie hat immer genug. - She always has enough.
    • Meine Kollegen haben mir alles Gute gewünscht. - My colleagues wished me all the best.
    • Es war nicht genug für alle da. - There was not enough for everybody.
    • Leider gibt es keinen Hinweis - Unfortunatley there is no clue.
    • Keiner muss zahlen. - Nobody needs to pay.
    • Jeder Mensch weiß etwas. - Every person knows something.
    • Ich kenne jeden in diesem Dorf. - I know everyone in this village.