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Demonstrative pronouns are used to emphasize something that is already defined. They replace the before mentioned noun or accompany the emphasized noun.
dieser/ diese/ dieses
jener/ jene/ jenes
The corresponding pronouns in English are 'that, this, those,...'
Demonstrative pronouns in German are used as...
|Replacing a noun||Accompanying a noun|
Due to their function demonstrative pronouns that accompany a noun are often called demonstrative articles.
These pronouns have to be declined due to their...
Declining demonstrative pronouns we get the same ending as declining definite articles.
If you want to get more information about German cases, click here.
In general 'dieser' und 'jener' have the same meaning but they are used differently
'Dieser' suggests a shorter spatial or temporal distance than 'jener'
'Dieser' and 'Jener' are often used to distinguish two or more persons or things of the same kind.
In everyday language it is common to use 'der/die/das + da/dort' rather than 'jener/jene/jenes'.
The definite articles 'der/die/das' can also be used as demonstrative pronoun.
In German we use the pronoun 'der-/die-/dasselbe' if we are refer to exactly one and the same thing or person.
If we refer to another thing of exactly the same kind we don't use 'der-/die-/dasselbe' but 'der/die/das Gleiche'
The pronoun 'solch-' can also be used as demonstrative pronoun. It is used to indicate several persons or things of the same kind.
The English translation would be "such".
'Derselb- und solch- ...' have the same endings as other demonstrative pronouns if they are being declined.
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