• German grammar
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  • 1 German pronunciation [0/1]
  • 2 German functions of words [0/5]
  • 3 German sentence structure [0/28]
  • Construct a German sentence! (Score -/-)
  • Make a German indirect speech! (Score -/-)
  • 3.1 Sentence structure of main clauses in German [0/4]
  • 3.2 Dependent clauses in German [0/12]
  • 3.3 Negation in German [0/3]
  • 3.4 Questions in German [0/2]
  • 3.5 Indirect speech in German [0/2]
  • 3.6 Conjunctions in German [0/3]
  • 4 German Articles [0/7]
  • 5 German nouns [0/28]
  • Fill in the correct form of the German noun! (Score -/-)
  • Form the correct plural form of the German nouns! (Score -/-)
  • Fill in the correct definite and indefinite article! (Score -/-)
  • Translate these nouns into German (Score -/-)
  • Match the right German word to the sentences (Score -/-)
  • 5.1 Gender of German nouns (substantives) - der, die, das [0/9]
  • 5.2 Plural of German nouns [0/4]
  • 5.3 German declension (N-declension) [0/4]
  • 5.4 Diminutive (-lein, -chen) in German [0/3]
  • 5.5 Compound nouns in German [0/2]
  • 5.6 Adjectives and verbs as nouns in German [0/1]
  • 6 German pronouns [0/19]
  • 7 German cases [0/13]
  • 8 German adjectives [0/29]
  • Exercise for building German adjectives (Score -/-)
  • Determine the form of use of these German adjectives! (Score -/-)
  • Transform these German adjectives to their nominal form (Score -/-)
  • Build the comparative and superlative of these German adjectives (Score -/-)
  • Insert the German attributive adjective! (Score -/-)
  • 8.1 Different types of adjectives in German [0/3]
  • 8.2 How to form German adjectives [0/1]
  • 8.3 German participle as adjectives [0/2]
  • 8.4 Comparative and superlative adjectives in German [0/4]
  • 8.5 Declension of German adjectives [0/2]
  • 8.6 Forming and declension of ordinal numbers in German [0/2]
  • 8.7 Possessive adjectives in German [0/2]
  • 8.8 Demonstrative adjectives in German [0/2]
  • 8.9 Interrogative and exclamatory adjectives in German [0/2]
  • 8.10 Indefinite adjectives in German [0/2]
  • 8.11 List of German Adjectives [0/2]
  • 9 German adverbs [0/13]
  • 10 German verbs [0/67]
  • Match the correct German verb to the sentences (Score -/-)
  • Form the German simple past and participle II form (Score -/-)
  • Exercise to match the right German auxiliary verb! (Score -/-)
  • Choose the right conjugation of the German verbs (Score -/-)
  • Build the German form of politeness! (Score -/-)
  • 10.1 Auxiliary verbs in German [0/5]
  • 10.2 Modal verbs in German [0/8]
  • 10.3 Separable and inseparable verbs in German [0/3]
  • 10.4 Conjugation of regular verbs (weak verbs) in German
  • 10.5 Conjugation of irregular verbs (strong verbs) in German [0/45]
  • Exercise: German irregular verbs (Score -/-)
  • 10.5.1 Conjugation of geben (to give) in German [0/2]
  • 10.5.2 Conjugation of gehen (to walk, to go) in German [0/2]
  • 10.5.3 Conjugation of lassen (to let) in German [0/2]
  • 10.5.4 Conjugation of nehmen (to take) in German [0/2]
  • 10.5.5 Conjugation of fahren (to drive) German [0/2]
  • 10.5.6 Conjugation of essen (to eat) in German [0/2]
  • 10.5.7 Conjugation of lesen (to read) in German [0/2]
  • 10.5.8 Conjugation of sehen (to see) in German [0/2]
  • 10.5.9 Conjugation of kommen (to come) in German [0/2]
  • 10.5.10 Conjugation of trinken (to drink) in German [0/2]
  • 10.5.11 Conjugation of schlafen (to sleep) in German [0/2]
  • 10.5.12 Conjugation of gefallen (to please) in German [0/2]
  • 10.5.13 Conjugation of schreiben (to write) in German [0/2]
  • 10.5.14 Conjugation of helfen (to help) in German [0/1]
  • 10.5.15 Conjugation of laufen (to run) in German [0/2]
  • 10.5.16 Conjugation of treffen (to meet, to hit) in German [0/1]
  • 10.5.17 Conjugation of tragen (to carry) in German [0/1]
  • 10.5.18 Conjugation of bleiben (to stay) in German [0/1]
  • 10.5.19 Conjugation of schwimmen (to swim) in German [0/1]
  • 10.5.20 Conjugation of finden (to find) in German [0/2]
  • 10.5.21 Conjugation of waschen (to wash) in German [0/1]
  • 10.5.22 Conjugation of bekommen (to get) in German [0/1]
  • 10.5.23 Cojugation of bringen (to bring) in German [0/1]
  • 10.5.24 Conjugation of sprechen (to speak) in German [0/1]
  • 10.5.25 Conjugation of heißen (to be called) in German [0/1]
  • 10.5.26 Conjugation of fliegen (to fly) in German [0/2]
  • 10.5.27 Conjugation of backen (to bake) in German [0/1]
  • 10.5.28 Conjugation of steigen (to rise) in German [0/1]
  • 10.6 List of common verbs in German [0/1]
  • 11 German prepositions [0/27]
  • Spot all the used German prepositions! (Score -/-)
  • Match the German prepositions! (Score -/-)
  • Prepositions and German grammar cases! (Score -/-)
  • Determine which kind of German preposition is being used! (Score -/-)
  • Complete the verbs and adjectives! (Score -/-)
  • 11.1 Locative prepositions in German [0/2]
  • 11.2 Temporal prepositions in German [0/2]
  • 11.3 Modal prepositions in German [0/2]
  • 11.4 Causal prepositions in German [0/2]
  • 11.5 German prepositions requiring the genitive [0/2]
  • 11.6 German prepositions requiring the dative [0/2]
  • 11.7 German Prepositions requiring the accusative [0/2]
  • 11.8 German prepositions with either dative or accusative [0/2]
  • 11.9 German prepositions and articles [0/2]
  • 11.10 German prepositions with verbs [0/2]
  • 11.11 German prepositions and adjectives [0/2]
  • 12 Tenses and conjugation of German verbs [0/23]
  • 13 Infinitive in German [0/8]
  • 14 Imperative in German [0/3]
  • 15 Subjunctive in German [0/6]
  • 16 Active and passive voice in German [0/2]
  • 17 Participle in German [0/6]
  • German demonstrative pronouns

    What are demonstrative pronouns in German? 

    Demonstrative pronouns are used to emphasize something that is already defined. They replace the before mentioned noun or accompany the emphasized noun. 

    List of demonstrative pronouns

    • dieser/ diese/ dieses​

    • jener/ jene/ jenes 

    • der da/ die da/ das da​
    • dieser dort/ diese dort/ dieses dort
    • derjenige/ diejenige(n)/ dasjenige
    • derselbe/ dieselbe/ dasselbe
    • der/ die/ das
    • ...

    The corresponding pronouns in English are 'that, this, those,...' 

    Usage of demonstrative pronoun

    Demonstrative pronouns in German are used as...

    • ... a replacement for an already mentioned noun.
    • ... an accompaniment for a noun.

     

    Replacing a noun Accompanying a noun
    • Laura probiert zwei Hosen. Diese sitzt gut, jene ist zu eng. - Laura tries tow pants. This one fits well. That one is too tight.
    • Diese Hose sitzt gut. This pants fit well. 
    • Was für ein Treffer! Hast du den gerade gesehen? - What a hit! - Did you see that?
    • Schau dir diesen Kampf an! - Look that fight!

     

    Due to their function demonstrative pronouns that accompany a noun are often called demonstrative articles.

    Declension of demonstrative pronouns

    These pronouns have to be declined due to their...

    • ...number (sing./pl.)
    • ...gender (m/f/n)
    • ...case (nominative/genitive/dative/accusative)

    enlightenedDeclining demonstrative pronouns we get the same ending as declining definite articles.

    Declenson of 'dieser' 

      Nominative Genitive Dative Accusative
    Masculine dieser dieses diesem diesen
    Feminine diese dieser dieser diese
    Neuter dieses dieses diesem dies(es)
    Plural diese dieser diesen diese

    Examples:

    • Der Chef hat etwas für seine Sekretärin geschrieben und gibt es dieser. -The boss wrote something for his secretary and gives it to her.
    • Der Chef hat einen Brief geschrieben. Diesen gibt er seiner Sekretärin. The boss wrote a letter. He gives it to his secretary.

    Declension of 'jener'

      Nominative Genitive Dative Accusative
    Masculine jener jenes jenem jenen
    Feminine jene jener jener jene
    Neuter jenes jenes jenem jenen
    Plural jene jener jener jene

    Examples:

    • Ich habe schon viele Reisen gemacht, aber jene vor fünf Jahren war die schönste! - I did a lot of journeys, but that one five years ago was the best!
    • Jenes Mannes Haus ist abgebrannt. - That mans house burned down.

    If you want to get more information about German cases, click here.

    'Dieser' vs. 'jener'

    In general 'dieser' und 'jener' have the same meaning but they are used differently

    Usage of 'dieser' and 'jener'

    'Dieser' suggests a shorter spatial or temporal distance than 'jener'

    Dieser Jener
    • Diesen Montag habe ich meine Wäsche gewaschen. This monday I washed my clothes. 
    • Es war jener Tag im November 1989 an dem die Berliner Mauer fiel. - It was that day in November of 1989 when the Berlin Wall fell down. 
    • In diesem Haus wohne ich. - I live in this house.
    • Früher wonhte ich in jenem (Haus) die Straße hinunter. - Before I lived in that house down the street.

     

    'Dieser' and 'Jener' are often used to distinguish two or more persons or things of the same kind.

    Examples:

    • Dieser Schüler weiß sehr viel, jener muss noch viel lernen. - This student knows a lot, that (other) one has to learn a lot.
    • Dieses Auto ist alt. Jenes ist neu. - This car is old. That one is new.

    enlightenedIn everyday language it is common to use 'der/die/das + da/dort' rather than 'jener/jene/jenes'.

    'Der/die/das' as demonstrative pronouns

    The definite articles 'der/die/das' can also be used as demonstrative pronoun.

    Examples:

    • Kennst du das neue Schwimmbad? - Nein, das habe ich noch nicht besucht. - Do you know the new swimming pool? - No, I haven't visited it yet.
    • Gefällt dir der Deutschkurs? - Ja, den mag ich sehr! - Do you like the German class? - Yes, I like it very much!

    Further demonstrative pronouns in German

    'Derselbe'

    In German we use the pronoun 'der-/die-/dasselbe' if we are refer to exactly one and the same thing or person.

    • Das Haus sieht aus wie auf dem Foto. Ist es dasselbe? - The house looks like in the photo. Is it the same?
    • Bernd und Lena sind Fans vom FC Bayern. Ihr Lieblingsverein ist derselbe. - Bernd und Lena are fans of FC Bayern. Their favorite club is the same.

    enlightenedIf we refer to another thing of exactly the same kind we don't use 'der-/die-/dasselbe' but 'der/die/das Gleiche'

    'Solch-'

    The pronoun 'solch-' can also be used as demonstrative pronoun. It is used to indicate several persons or things of the same kind.

    The English translation would be "such"

    Examples:

    • Das sind tropische Früchte. Ich habe solche noch nie gegessen. - That are tropical fruits. I've never eaten such (fruits).
    • Das ist ein sehr altes Auto. Solche sind selten geworden. - That is a very old car. Such have become rare.

    enlightened'Derselb-  und solch- ...' have the same endings as other demonstrative pronouns if they are being declined.

    Exercises

    Execise of der, die, das as demonstrative pronoun

    Exercise of demonstrative pronouns