German past participle (participle II)
In the following you fill find information about the formation and the usage of the past participle.
Formation of the past participle
There are three different ways to form the past participle of a verb.
1. Regular weak verbs
A regular weak verb doesn't change its word stem in the past participle. It is formed as follows: ge + stem + -t . The ending -t widens to -et in verbs whose stem ends in -d, -t and -n.
|weak verb||past participle|
2. Verbs that end in -ieren
The verbs end in -ieren are also weak verbs. They don't have a ge- prefix in their past participle form.
|weak verb||past participle|
3. Inseparable and separable prefix verbs
If you don't remember the meaning of these verbs, please click on separable and inseparable verbs in order to receive more information.
- Verb with inseparable prefixes do not have the ge- prefix in their participle form.
- Verbs that have a separable prefix add the ge- particle between the separable prefix and the stem.
Usage of the past participle
You use the past participle for the passive voice, the compound tenses, as attributive adjective or instead of a subset where one action leads the other.
|past participle||use of past participle|
Die Aufgaben wurden vom Lehrer geprüft.
(Your tasks have been checked by the teacher)
Die Geschwister haben sich heute wiedergesehen.
(The siblings saw each other again today)
Den Radiobericht gehört, weiß sie, dass Fett dick macht.
(Having heard the radio report, she knows that fat makes one overweight)
|one action leads the other|
Darum lässt er die geöffnete Tür offen.
(That's why he leaves the open door open)
Practise with a private teacher on Skype!
- Private Skype lessons
- Learn any topic
- Flexible appointments
German Classes for TestDaf, DaF
I teach: German
Hello, my name is Claus !For many years I teach students from all over the world as a professional teacher of the German language. With a lot of... experience and patience I lead my students to their to teach successfully and with fun. I offer you general language courses of A1-C2 with test preparations, as well as courses in Business German (prerequisites are language proficiency in German from level B1 +!). Read more
This teacher is one of our premium members. A premium teacher is very motivated to provide an excellent learning experience.
German native teacher for German and Spanish classes
I teach: German, Spanish
I am Marcus Hartmann, 30 years old and I have been living in Cali, Colombia, for more than four years. There I work as a German teacher for... Spanish-speaking people, young and old. I love the German language and develop many modern methodologies to make the German more playful and easier to learn. I also run a blog and a Facebook page, where I present many tips and tricks that make learning German easier. I teach German for all levels and Spanish for beginners. Read more
Italian and German as a foreign language
I teach: German, Italian
Hi! I am Donatella, I'm Italian and I have been living in Vienna since 2009. I teach Italian and German as a foreign language. I really... like teaching and I enjoy it! Every day I have the great chance to work together with people with a different ages, backgroung and learning goals. Thanks to my job I can broaden and deepen my knowledge and skills and of course meet people from all over the world.Foreign languages represent my first interest, as a learner too. After having experienced a distance learning course I find the e-learning a personal, specific and practical method to learn, improve or polish up a foreign language! I would be glad to hear from you! Read more