• German grammar
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  • 1 German pronunciation [0/1]
  • 2 German functions of words [0/5]
  • 3 German sentence structure [0/28]
  • Construct a German sentence! (Score -/-)Free
  • Make a German indirect speech! (Score -/-)Free
  • 3.1 Sentence structure of main clauses in German [0/4]
  • 3.2 Dependent clauses in German [0/12]
  • 3.3 Negation in German [0/3]
  • 3.4 Questions in German [0/2]
  • 3.5 Indirect speech in German [0/2]
  • 3.6 Conjunctions in German [0/3]
  • 4 German Articles [0/7]
  • 5 German nouns [0/28]
  • Fill in the correct form of the German noun! (Score -/-)Free
  • Form the correct plural form of the German nouns! (Score -/-)Free
  • Fill in the correct definite and indefinite article! (Score -/-)Free
  • Translate these nouns into German (Score -/-)Free
  • Match the right German word to the sentences (Score -/-)Free
  • 5.1 Gender of German nouns (substantives) - der, die, das [0/9]
  • 5.2 Plural of German nouns [0/4]
  • 5.3 German declension (N-declension) [0/4]
  • 5.4 Diminutive (-lein, -chen) in German [0/3]
  • 5.5 Compound nouns in German [0/2]
  • 5.6 Adjectives and verbs as nouns in German [0/1]
  • 6 German pronouns [0/19]
  • 7 German cases [0/13]
  • 8 German adjectives [0/29]
  • Exercise for building German adjectives (Score -/-)Free
  • Determine the form of use of these German adjectives! (Score -/-)Free
  • Transform these German adjectives to their nominal form (Score -/-)Free
  • Build the comparative and superlative of these German adjectives (Score -/-)Free
  • Insert the German attributive adjective! (Score -/-)Free
  • 8.1 Different types of adjectives in German [0/3]
  • 8.2 How to form German adjectives [0/1]
  • 8.3 German participle as adjectives [0/2]
  • 8.4 Comparative and superlative adjectives in German [0/4]
  • 8.5 Declension of German adjectives [0/2]
  • 8.6 Forming and declension of ordinal numbers in German [0/2]
  • 8.7 Possessive adjectives in German [0/2]
  • 8.8 Demonstrative adjectives in German [0/2]
  • 8.9 Interrogative and exclamatory adjectives in German [0/2]
  • 8.10 Indefinite adjectives in German [0/2]
  • 8.11 List of German Adjectives [0/2]
  • 9 German adverbs [0/13]
  • 10 German verbs [0/67]
  • Match the correct German verb to the sentences (Score -/-)Free
  • Form the German simple past and participle II form (Score -/-)Free
  • Exercise to match the right German auxiliary verb! (Score -/-)Free
  • Choose the right conjugation of the German verbs (Score -/-)Free
  • Build the German form of politeness! (Score -/-)Free
  • 10.1 Auxiliary verbs in German [0/5]
  • 10.2 Modal verbs in German [0/8]
  • 10.3 Separable and inseparable verbs in German [0/3]
  • 10.4 Conjugation of regular verbs (weak verbs) in German
  • 10.5 Conjugation of irregular verbs (strong verbs) in German [0/45]
  • Exercise: German irregular verbs (Score -/-)Free
  • 10.5.1 Conjugation of geben (to give) in German [0/2]
  • 10.5.2 Conjugation of gehen (to walk, to go) in German [0/2]
  • 10.5.3 Conjugation of lassen (to let) in German [0/2]
  • 10.5.4 Conjugation of nehmen (to take) in German [0/2]
  • 10.5.5 Conjugation of fahren (to drive) German [0/2]
  • 10.5.6 Conjugation of essen (to eat) in German [0/2]
  • 10.5.7 Conjugation of lesen (to read) in German [0/2]
  • 10.5.8 Conjugation of sehen (to see) in German [0/2]
  • 10.5.9 Conjugation of kommen (to come) in German [0/2]
  • 10.5.10 Conjugation of trinken (to drink) in German [0/2]
  • 10.5.11 Conjugation of schlafen (to sleep) in German [0/2]
  • 10.5.12 Conjugation of gefallen (to please) in German [0/2]
  • 10.5.13 Conjugation of schreiben (to write) in German [0/2]
  • 10.5.14 Conjugation of helfen (to help) in German [0/1]
  • 10.5.15 Conjugation of laufen (to run) in German [0/2]
  • 10.5.16 Conjugation of treffen (to meet, to hit) in German [0/1]
  • 10.5.17 Conjugation of tragen (to carry) in German [0/1]
  • 10.5.18 Conjugation of bleiben (to stay) in German [0/1]
  • 10.5.19 Conjugation of schwimmen (to swim) in German [0/1]
  • 10.5.20 Conjugation of finden (to find) in German [0/2]
  • 10.5.21 Conjugation of waschen (to wash) in German [0/1]
  • 10.5.22 Conjugation of bekommen (to get) in German [0/1]
  • 10.5.23 Cojugation of bringen (to bring) in German [0/1]
  • 10.5.24 Conjugation of sprechen (to speak) in German [0/1]
  • 10.5.25 Conjugation of heißen (to be called) in German [0/1]
  • 10.5.26 Conjugation of fliegen (to fly) in German [0/2]
  • 10.5.27 Conjugation of backen (to bake) in German [0/1]
  • 10.5.28 Conjugation of steigen (to rise) in German [0/1]
  • 10.6 List of common verbs in German [0/1]
  • 11 German prepositions [0/27]
  • Spot all the used German prepositions! (Score -/-)Free
  • Match the German prepositions! (Score -/-)Free
  • Prepositions and German grammar cases! (Score -/-)Free
  • Determine which kind of German preposition is being used! (Score -/-)Free
  • Complete the verbs and adjectives! (Score -/-)Free
  • 11.1 Locative prepositions in German [0/2]
  • 11.2 Temporal prepositions in German [0/2]
  • 11.3 Modal prepositions in German [0/2]
  • 11.4 Causal prepositions in German [0/2]
  • 11.5 German prepositions requiring the genitive [0/2]
  • 11.6 German prepositions requiring the dative [0/2]
  • 11.7 German Prepositions requiring the accusative [0/2]
  • 11.8 German prepositions with either dative or accusative [0/2]
  • 11.9 German prepositions and articles [0/2]
  • 11.10 German prepositions with verbs [0/2]
  • 11.11 German prepositions and adjectives [0/2]
  • 12 Tenses and conjugation of German verbs [0/23]
  • Form the correct German tense! (Score -/-)Free
  • Choose the correct German tense! (Score -/-)Free
  • 12.1 Present tense (Präsens) in German [0/4]
  • 12.2 Simple past tense (Präteritum) in German [0/4]
  • 12.3 Present perfect (Perfekt) in German [0/3]
  • 12.4 Past perfect tense (Plusquamperfekt) in German [0/3]
  • 12.5 German future I [0/4]
  • 12.6 German Future II [0/3]
  • 13 Infinitive in German [0/8]
  • 14 Imperative in German [0/3]
  • 15 Subjunctive in German [0/6]
  • 16 Active and passive voice in German [0/2]
  • 17 Participle in German [0/6]
  • Dative case (3. Fall) in German

    Exercises

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    1. Exercise of the German dative Score -/-
    2. Exercise of the German dative Score -/-

    What is the nominative case in German?

    The dative case in German is an indirect object in the sentence and forms the answer to the questions:

    wem? - whom?

    A dative can be 

    • a person
    • a pronoun
    • (rarely) an object

    Here are some examples.

    Example Question (Wem?) Answer
    Ich gebe meiner Schwester den Schüssel. - I give the key to my sister. Wem gebe ich den Schlüssel? - To whom do I give the key.  meiner Schwester - to my sister
    Peter schenkt seiner Frau eine Uhr. - Peter gives his wife a watch.   Wem schenkt Peter eine Uhr? - To whom does Peter give a watch. seiner Frau - his wife

    Declension of the dative case

    The nouns in the dative case remain unchanged except in the plural, where most of the nouns take the ending -n / -en.

    enlightenedIn dative, weak and mixed masculine nouns always take the suffix -n / -en both in the singular and in the plural, as well as in the accusative. Let's have a look into the course about the N-declension and verbs/adjectives as nouns.

    enlightenedThe nouns that use -s in plural do not take the -n / -en suffix in the plural.

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    Table of declension of the article and the noun in the dative case

    In this table you can find several examples for the declension of noun and their articles in the different genders. In addition, there are some examples of adjectives that accompany a noun in the dative case.

      Masculine Feminine Neuter Plural
    With a definite article dem Mann der Frau dem Kind den Leuten
    With an indefinite article einem Mann einer Frau einem Kind Leuten 
    With a definite article + adjective dem guten Mann der schönen Frau dem jungen Kind den alten Leuten
    With an indefinite article + article einem guten Mann einer schönen Frau einem jungen Kind alten Leuten

     

    Translation

    • dem guten Mann the good man
    • der schöne Frau - the beautiful women
    • dem jungen Kind - the young child
    • den alten Leute - the old people

    enlightenedRemember: there is no indefinite article in Plural.

    Table of pronouns in the dative case

    The table shows the declination of pronouns in the dative case.

    Type of person Pronoun
    First person singular mir - me
    Second person singular dir - you
    Third person singular (masculine, feminine, neuter) ihm/ihr/ihm - him/her/it
    First person plural uns - us
    Second person plural euch - you 
    Third person plural ihnen / Ihnen - them

    How do you use the dative case in German?

    There are three different situations when to use the dative case.

    1. As the indirect object of the verb
    2. With dative verbs
    3. With prepositions
    4. With verbs of location and contracted prepositions

    As the indirect object of the verb

    In English the indirect object (dative) is often expressed by the preposition to and for. In addition, there are some verbs in German, that use the dative case as an indirect object of the verb and the accusative case as the direct object of the verb. 

    This table shows verbs that are frequently used with direct and indirect objects. Here the dative cases are highlighted.

    Verb + Translation Example
    zeigen - to show Lukas zeigt Laura das Bild. - Lukas shows Laura the picture.
    sagen - to say, to tell Meine Tochter sagt mir immer die Wahrheit. - My daughter always tells me the truth.
    schicken - to send Du schickst mir einen Brief. - You send me a letter.
    kaufen - to buy Sie kauft ihrer Schwester ein Auto. - She buys a car for her mother.
    holen - to get Ich hole meinen Bruder das Glas. - I am getting the glas for my brother.
    geben - to give Ich gebe dir einen Ratschlag. - I'll give you a piece of advice.
    bringen - to bring, take Er bringt seiner Freundin Blumen. - He brings flowers to his girlfriend. 

    With dative verbs

    There are some German verbs that only take the dative object. Let's have a look into this table.

    Verb + Translation Example
    folgen - to follow Der Hund  folgt seinem Herrchen. - The dog follows his master.
    gefallen - to like, be pleasing Das gefällt mir. - I like that. 
    gehören - to belong Dieses Buch gehört meiner Mutter. - This book belongs to my mother. 
    helfen - to help Der Lehrer hilft den Studenten. - The teacher helps the students. 
    danken - to thank (for) Ich danke Ihnen. - Thank you (formal).
    antworten - to answer/respond Der Schüler antwortet dem Lehrer. - The student answers the teacher.

    With prepositions

    This table shows preposition that usually use the dative case.

    Preposition Example
    aus - from Ich komme aus der Türkei. - I am from turkey.
    zu - to Von Montag bis Freitag muss Lisa zur Schule gehen. - From Monday to Friday Lisa has to go to school.
    nach - after Nach dem Sport esse ich. - After sports I eat.
    mit - with  Morgen gehe ich mit meinen Freunden ins Schwimmbad. - Tomorrow I will go to the pool with my friends.
    bei - at Mein Vater arbeitet bei der Polizei. - My father works at the police.
    von - from/by Das Geschenk ist von meiner Mutter. - The present is from my mother.
    seit - since/for Ich wohne seit einem Jahr in Paris. - I have been living in Paris for a year.
    außer - but Außer mir mögen alle Kichererbsen. - Everyone likes chickpeas but me.

    With verbs of location and contracted prepositions

    There are contracted prepositions (prepositions + article) that are used in the dative case and additionally expresses a position, location or a motion within a fixed location. These prepositions can answer the question wo? - in what place?/where?

    enlightenedBe careful: Verbs of movement + contracted prepositions always require the accusative case.

    Here is a list of verbs that express position, location or a motion within a fixed location. 

    • hängen - to hang
    • wohnen - to live
    • stehen - to stand
    • sitzen - to sit
    • liegen - to lie
    • stecken - to stick

    This table shows you examples of prepositions + dative case. Keep in mind:  a contracted prepositions is not always required, only if the dative definite article dem or das is used.

    Preposition Example
    an - at Die Mutter steht am (an + dem) Herd. - The mother is at the stove.
    auf - on, in Der Affe sitzt auf dem Baum. - The monkey is on the tree.
    hinter - behind Wir wohnem hinterm (hinter + dem) Berg. - We live behind the mountain.
    in - in Ich stehe im (in + dem) Garten. - I stand in the garden. 
    neben - beside/ next to Ich sitze neben meinem besten Freund. - I am sitting next to my best friend.
    über - over, above Das Hufeisen hängt über der Tür. - The horsehoe hangs over the door.
    unter - under, below Der Hund liegt unterm (unter + dem) Bett. - The dog is lying under the bed.
    vor - in front of, before Die Zeitung liegt vor der Tür. - The newspaper is in front of the door. 
    zwischen - between Das Buch liegt zwischen mir und dir. - The book is lying between you and me.