• German grammar
  • 1 German pronunciation [0/1]
  • 2 German functions of words [0/5]
  • 3 German sentence structure [0/28]
  • Construct a German sentence! (Score -/-)Free
  • Make a German indirect speech! (Score -/-)Free
  • 3.1 Sentence structure of main clauses in German [0/4]
  • 3.2 Dependent clauses in German [0/12]
  • 3.3 Negation in German [0/3]
  • 3.4 Questions in German [0/2]
  • 3.5 Indirect speech in German [0/2]
  • 3.6 Conjunctions in German [0/3]
  • 4 German Articles [0/7]
  • 5 German nouns [0/28]
  • Fill in the correct form of the German noun! (Score -/-)Free
  • Form the correct plural form of the German nouns! (Score -/-)Free
  • Fill in the correct definite and indefinite article! (Score -/-)Free
  • Translate these nouns into German (Score -/-)Free
  • Match the right German word to the sentences (Score -/-)Free
  • 5.1 Gender of German nouns (substantives) - der, die, das [0/9]
  • 5.2 Plural of German nouns [0/4]
  • 5.3 German declension (N-declension) [0/4]
  • 5.4 Diminutive (-lein, -chen) in German [0/3]
  • 5.5 Compound nouns in German [0/2]
  • 5.6 Adjectives and verbs as nouns in German [0/1]
  • 6 German pronouns [0/19]
  • 7 German cases [0/13]
  • 8 German adjectives [0/29]
  • Exercise for building German adjectives (Score -/-)Free
  • Determine the form of use of these German adjectives! (Score -/-)Free
  • Transform these German adjectives to their nominal form (Score -/-)Free
  • Build the comparative and superlative of these German adjectives (Score -/-)Free
  • Insert the German attributive adjective! (Score -/-)Free
  • 8.1 Different types of adjectives in German [0/3]
  • 8.2 How to form German adjectives [0/1]
  • 8.3 German participle as adjectives [0/2]
  • 8.4 Comparative and superlative adjectives in German [0/4]
  • 8.5 Declension of German adjectives [0/2]
  • 8.6 Forming and declension of ordinal numbers in German [0/2]
  • 8.7 Possessive adjectives in German [0/2]
  • 8.8 Demonstrative adjectives in German [0/2]
  • 8.9 Interrogative and exclamatory adjectives in German [0/2]
  • 8.10 Indefinite adjectives in German [0/2]
  • 8.11 List of German Adjectives [0/2]
  • 9 German adverbs [0/13]
  • 10 German verbs [0/67]
  • Match the correct German verb to the sentences (Score -/-)Free
  • Form the German simple past and participle II form (Score -/-)Free
  • Exercise to match the right German auxiliary verb! (Score -/-)Free
  • Choose the right conjugation of the German verbs (Score -/-)Free
  • Build the German form of politeness! (Score -/-)Free
  • 10.1 Auxiliary verbs in German [0/5]
  • 10.2 Modal verbs in German [0/8]
  • 10.3 Separable and inseparable verbs in German [0/3]
  • 10.4 Conjugation of regular verbs (weak verbs) in German
  • 10.5 Conjugation of irregular verbs (strong verbs) in German [0/45]
  • Exercise: German irregular verbs (Score -/-)Free
  • 10.5.1 Conjugation of geben (to give) in German [0/2]
  • 10.5.2 Conjugation of gehen (to walk, to go) in German [0/2]
  • 10.5.3 Conjugation of lassen (to let) in German [0/2]
  • 10.5.4 Conjugation of nehmen (to take) in German [0/2]
  • 10.5.5 Conjugation of fahren (to drive) German [0/2]
  • 10.5.6 Conjugation of essen (to eat) in German [0/2]
  • 10.5.7 Conjugation of lesen (to read) in German [0/2]
  • 10.5.8 Conjugation of sehen (to see) in German [0/2]
  • 10.5.9 Conjugation of kommen (to come) in German [0/2]
  • 10.5.10 Conjugation of trinken (to drink) in German [0/2]
  • 10.5.11 Conjugation of schlafen (to sleep) in German [0/2]
  • 10.5.12 Conjugation of gefallen (to please) in German [0/2]
  • 10.5.13 Conjugation of schreiben (to write) in German [0/2]
  • 10.5.14 Conjugation of helfen (to help) in German [0/1]
  • 10.5.15 Conjugation of laufen (to run) in German [0/2]
  • 10.5.16 Conjugation of treffen (to meet, to hit) in German [0/1]
  • 10.5.17 Conjugation of tragen (to carry) in German [0/1]
  • 10.5.18 Conjugation of bleiben (to stay) in German [0/1]
  • 10.5.19 Conjugation of schwimmen (to swim) in German [0/1]
  • 10.5.20 Conjugation of finden (to find) in German [0/2]
  • 10.5.21 Conjugation of waschen (to wash) in German [0/1]
  • 10.5.22 Conjugation of bekommen (to get) in German [0/1]
  • 10.5.23 Cojugation of bringen (to bring) in German [0/1]
  • 10.5.24 Conjugation of sprechen (to speak) in German [0/1]
  • 10.5.25 Conjugation of heißen (to be called) in German [0/1]
  • 10.5.26 Conjugation of fliegen (to fly) in German [0/2]
  • 10.5.27 Conjugation of backen (to bake) in German [0/1]
  • 10.5.28 Conjugation of steigen (to rise) in German [0/1]
  • 10.6 List of common verbs in German [0/1]
  • 11 German prepositions [0/27]
  • Spot all the used German prepositions! (Score -/-)Free
  • Match the German prepositions! (Score -/-)Free
  • Prepositions and German grammar cases! (Score -/-)Free
  • Determine which kind of German preposition is being used! (Score -/-)Free
  • Complete the verbs and adjectives! (Score -/-)Free
  • 11.1 Locative prepositions in German [0/2]
  • 11.2 Temporal prepositions in German [0/2]
  • 11.3 Modal prepositions in German [0/2]
  • 11.4 Causal prepositions in German [0/2]
  • 11.5 German prepositions requiring the genitive [0/2]
  • 11.6 German prepositions requiring the dative [0/2]
  • 11.7 German Prepositions requiring the accusative [0/2]
  • 11.8 German prepositions with either dative or accusative [0/2]
  • 11.9 German prepositions and articles [0/2]
  • 11.10 German prepositions with verbs [0/2]
  • 11.11 German prepositions and adjectives [0/2]
  • 12 Tenses and conjugation of German verbs [0/23]
  • Form the correct German tense! (Score -/-)Free
  • Choose the correct German tense! (Score -/-)Free
  • 12.1 Present tense (Präsens) in German [0/4]
  • 12.2 Simple past tense (Präteritum) in German [0/4]
  • 12.3 Present perfect (Perfekt) in German [0/3]
  • 12.4 Past perfect tense (Plusquamperfekt) in German [0/3]
  • 12.5 German future I [0/4]
  • 12.6 German Future II [0/3]
  • 13 Infinitive in German [0/8]
  • 14 Imperative in German [0/3]
  • 15 Subjunctive in German [0/6]
  • 16 Active and passive voice in German [0/2]
  • 17 Participle in German [0/6]
  • Nominative case (1. Fall) in German


    1. Exercise of German nominative Score -/-
    2. Exercise of the nominative case Score -/-

    What is the nominative case in German?

    Within a sentence the nominative is fundamental, because it is the subject of the sentence. An article, an adjective and a nouns can form the nominal group of the nominative. They are based on the case, gender and number. In order to find the nominative of a sentence, you have to answer the question: 

    wer oder was? - who or what (performs the action)

    How to identify the Nominative noun in a sentence

    This table shows you some examples, how to ask for the nominative in a sentence.

    Example Question (Wer oder was?) Answer
    Der Student liest ein Gedicht. - The student reads a poem.  Wer liest ein Gedicht? - Who reads the poem? der Student - the student
    Sie trinkt Milch. - She drinks milk. Wer trinkt Milch? - Who drinks milk? sie - she
    Seine kleine Wohnung wurde renoviert. - His small apartment was renovated. Was wurde renoviert? - What has been renovated? seine kleine Wohnung - his small apartment 

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    Different forms of the nominative

    The nominative can be an explicit person, personal pronoun or a nominal group (adjective/pronoun + noun).

    Here you can find some examples for each type.

    Type of Nominative Example Translation
    explicit person
    • Der Vater geht einkaufen.
    • Susie spricht Deutsch.
    • The father goes shopping.
    • Susie speaks German.
    personal pronoun
    • Er kann weit springen.
    • Sie backt einen Kuchen.
    • He can jump far.
    • She bakes a cake.
    nominal group (adjective/pronoun + noun)
    • Ihr rotes Auto ist kaputt.
    • Mein neues Handy funktioniert einwandfrei. 
    • Her red car in broken.
    • My new phone works properly.


    enlightenedAttention: the adjective is always declined according to the case, the gender and the number. To learn more about the declension of adjectives, have a look in to our lessons about the German adjectives.

    Declension of the Nominative Case

    In the nominative case the nouns remain unchanged. The articles and/or the adjective, which accompanies the noun, designate the case, gender and number. Have also a look into the topic of articles and adjectives in German.

    Table of declension of the article and the noun in the nominative case

    In this table you can find several examples for the declension of noun and their articles in the different genders. In addition, there are some examples of adjectives that accompany a noun in the nominative case.

      Masculine Feminine Neuter Plural
    With a definite article der Mann die Frau das Kind die Leute
    With an indefinite article ein Mann eine Frau ein Kind Leute
    With a definite article + adjective der gute Mann die schöne Frau das junge Kind die vielen Leute
    With an indefinite article  + adjective ein guter Mann eine schöne Frau ein junges Kind viele Leute


    • der gute Mann - the good man
    • die schöne Frau - the beautiful women
    • das junge Kind - the young child
    • die vielen Leute - the many people

    enlightenedRemember: there is no indefinite article in Plural.

    Table of personal pronouns in the nominative case

    In the nominative case you have to decline personal pronouns too. They are listed in this table.

    Type of person Personal pronoun
    First person singular ich - I
    Second person singular du - you (informal)
    Third person singular (masculine, feminine, neuter) er, sie, es - he, she, it
    First person plural wir - we
    Second person plural ihr - you
    Third person plural + polite form sie/Sie - they/you (formal)

    How do you use the nominative case in German?

    There are three different situations when to use the nominative case.

    1. As the subject of the verb
    2. As a predicate nominative
    3. As a noun of a direct address

    As the subject of the verb

    Using the nominative case as the subject of the verb is the most common way in the German language. Have a look in the examples below to explore the nominative as a subject.

    • Der Junge liest ein Buch. - The boy reads a book.
    • Meine Katze ist weiß. - My cat is white.
    • Die Stadt ist bekannt. - The city is well-know.
    • Das Zimmer ist groß. - The room is large.

    As a predicate nominative

    A predicative nominative is a noun that is equated with the subject of the sentence or clause. It follows a linking verb and refers back to it. This table shows you common linking verbs.

    Verb Example
    sein - to be
    • Ich bin eine Studentin. - I am student.
    • Dieser Mann ist mein Vater. - This man is my father.
    werden - to become/going to
    • Mein Bruder möchte Lehrer werden. - My brother wants to be a teacher.
    • Wir werden berühmt. - We are going to be famous.
    heißen - to be called
    • Die Katze heißt Lilly. - The cat is called Lilly.
    • Mein Opa heißt Peter. - My grandpa is called Peter.
    bleiben - to stay/be/remain
    • Dr. Müller bleibt unser Zahnarzt. - Dr. Müller remains our dentist.
    • Sie bleibt meine Freundin. - She stays my friend.
    scheinen - to appear/seem
    • Das scheint mir eine gute Idee. - This seems a good idea to me. 
    • Es scheint eine Katze zu sein. - It seems to be a cat.
    aussehen - to look like
    • Wir sehen schlecht aus. - We look bad.
    • Meine Schwester sieht jung aus. - My sister look young. 

    As a noun of a direct address

    You have to use the nominative case in phrases where you use the imperative or you directly address someone.

    Here are some examples:

    • Guten Tag, mein Freund- Good day, my friend.
    • Herr Müller, wie geht es Ihnen? - Mr. Müller how are you?
    • Räum dein Zimmer auf, Clara! - Clean your room, Clara!
    • Sei still, Markus! - Be quite, Markus!

    Where do you place the nominative in a sentence

    Usually the nominative, being the subject, occupies the first place in a sentence and the it is followed by the verb. However, it often happens that the sentence starts with an adverb or another element. In this case, since the verb always occupies the second place, the nominative (subject) comes after the verb (in third place).

    Here are some examples: 

    • Luca singt ein Lied. - Luca sings a song.
    • Sie fahren morgen in die Berge. - They are going to the mountains tomorrow. 
    • Gestern bin ich mit dem Hund spazieren gegangen - Yesterday I went on walk with my dog. 
    • Nach der Arbeit gehe ich zum Strand. - After work I to the beach.

    yesNow you have learned the German nominative case. You can browse through the exercises to improve your knowledge. Good luck!