Comparing to English, the German language doesn't differentiate adjectives from adverbs with the -ly- ending. Therefore, you can almost use every adjective as adverbs, without any changes.
The German language divides adverbs into different categories, it all depends on whether the adverb provides information about place, time or manner. This lesson is very important, because it will not just increase your vocabulary but will also better your German grammar.
Er kommt heute. - He comes today.
Sie geht morgen. - She leaves tomorrow.
Position of adverbs
In German, adverbs usually follow the verb and the pronouns (if one is present). If more than one adverb occures, you will find the word order as follows: time, manner, place.
- Wir sind immer gesund. - We are always healthy.
- Er sagt mir nie seine Meinung. - He never tells me his opinion.
- Sie ist jetzt leider nicht da. - She is unfortunately not here now.
Adverbs of time in German
Adverbs of time give the answers to questions like:
When? - Vorhin am See habe ich sie getroffen. (I saw her before at the lake)
How often? - Täglich gehe ich in dem Park. (I go to the park daily)
Until when? - Bis dienstags. (Until tuesday)
Since when? - Seit vorgestern lerne ich (I learn since the day before yesterday)
Adverbs of placement in German
Adverbs of placement give answers to the questions like:
Where? - Es ist innen. (It's inside)
Where ... to? - Lege es dort drüben hin. (Put it over there)
Where ... form? - Er ist von nebenan. (It is from nearby)
German adverbs of frequency
These adverbs give the answer to questions like:
How much? - Mindestens eine Stunde. (At least one hour)
How? - Beinahe haben sie die erwischt. (They almost got you)
Adverbs of manner tell us how someone does something or how something happens, adverbs of frequency inform us how many times or often you do things, adverbs of place describe where something took place. In the following, we will explain the adverbs of the different castegories with lists and example sentences.
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