Reflexive pronouns ensure that the action expressed by the predicate is reflected on the subject. They linked to specific verbs that require reflective pronominal use, the so-called reflexive or reciprocal verbs.
Reflexive pronouns are declined by their...
|1st person singular||ich||mich||mir||myself|
|2nd person singular||du||dich||dir||yourself|
|3rd person singular||er / sie / es||sich||sich||him- /her- / itself|
|1st person plural||wir||uns||uns||ourselves|
|2nd person plural||ihr||euch||euch||yourselves|
|3rd person plural||sie||sich||sich||themselves|
Reflexive pronouns equal personal pronouns, except the 3rd-person forms in singular and plural.
The nominative case is used to express the subject. For this reason thee are no reflective forms to the nominative. It coincide with the personal pronoun.
Verbs and prepositions which require accusative
sich auf den Weg machen
to set off
to know about (something)
to be wrong
Verbs and prepositions which require dative
sich etwas denken
sich Mühe geben
sich Zeit lassen
sich Sorgen machen
sich etwas merken
to think something
make an effort
to take yourself time
to memorize something
to introduce oneself
There is no genitive case of reflexive pronouns!
Reflexive pronouns can be used to reflect an action to oneself or to indicate a reciprocal action between two or more people or things.
These verbs need a reflexive pronoun to refer to oneself.
These verbs need a reflexive pronoun to refer to each other. They are exclusively used in plural form.
Unlike in English the reflexive pronoun can occupy different positions in sentences in German.
Er hat sich heute ein neues Auto gekauft. - He bought himself a new car today.
|4th posiion||Heute hat er sich ein neues Auto gekauft. - Today he bought himself a new car.|
Before or after the subject
Seit langem wollte Hans sich ein neues Auto kaufen. - Since a long time hans wated to buy (himself) a car.
Seit langem wollte sich Hans ein neues Auto kaufen. - Since a long time Hans wated to buy (himself) a car.
Hans ist aufgeregt, weil er sich heute ein neues Auto gekauft hat. - Hans is excited because he bought (himself) a new car today.
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Thanks to many years of experience, I offer you professional language instruction via Skype.
I am a native speaker (bilingual German and English) and have been working with Skype for over 9 years. The courses are optimally tailored to your language level and job description. Arrange a trial lesson.
Proficient handling of everyday German, leading to various certificates (Goethe Certificates, DaF etc.), specific courses for the professional field (hotel, tourism, law, medicine - FACHSPRACHENPRÜFUNG MEDIZIN, technology, business.....).
I'm learning German with Belinda (currently B1) and I am trying to do a final push, so i can finally start speaking. Classes are very well prepared and structured. The book/ books used in the class have exercises that actually make your brain work and are not always easy to do ( this is for people who had experience with easy and boring grammar materials). We play dialogues, we have conversations through which the teacher understands where I am with my level and is trying to make adjustments to the program. And there's a lot of homework (when you ask for it) !!! : )
I'm a German language teacher with a Master's degree in German language and literature. Since I was born and lived in Switzerland and grew up in a bilingual family, I speak also Swiss German and Croatian on a native level.
I started to teach German in 2016, to English and Croatian speaking students, but since I love languages I work also as professional translator and became also sworn translator for the German language in the same year.
Now I work as freelance teacher and translator for various companies, also my own company for translation services and German language education that I founded in 2018.
– ABOUT THE CLASS –
I offer standard German language lessons for A1, A2, B1, B2 level.
This is ideal for students who want to improve their fluency and communication skills through conversations by actively participating in the class and to learn new words, to improve their vocabulary by reading texts on various topics.
All learning materials and exercises are free and will be provided before or during the lesson (in PDF or Word). The topics and exercises are following the Common European Framework of Reference for Languages (CEFR), because of that they include grammar, speaking and reading exercises.
The course will also prepare you for following tests (depending which level you finished): Start Deutsch A1, Start Deutsch A2, telc Deutsch Beruf A2, telc Deutsch Beruf B1, Zertifikat Deutsch B1.
If you wish to have only conversational lessons, I can arrange this also for you :)
My teaching method is to adapt to every student differently depending on their needs and language level. You can always feel free to express your wishes :)
* Please keep in mind that coLanguage shows only my general availability, if you want to schedule a free trial lesson just sent me a message and I will forward you my up-to-date schedule.
I really enjoyed my first lesson with Mihaela. She was more than punctual, provided materials that were proper for my knowledge and was very helpful with tips and introducing new words.
My name is Karolin and I have been living in Chile for more than 2 years now. I've been teaching via Skype for quite some time and I've found that this kind of work is fun. That's why I would like to expand my circle of students.
Both in English and in German, I teach classes for beginners and advanced students. I speak Spanish fluently, but I do not want to cheat anyone, so I note here that I speak the spanish from Chile. I learned and teach the spanish from Spain and I can explain the differences if you're interested, but that is why I only teach spanish for beginners.
If you'd like to get to know me and my teaching methods, just contact me and we will do a free trial lesson.
See you soon!
Karolin is a fantastic teacher! She is very well organized, precise and punctual. She always knows how to explain the German grammar rules to make them clear and easier to remember. The lessons time with her is flying and I always look forward to the next one. Highly recommended.
Hello everyone and a big warm welcome to all the fellow language learners,
My name is Katerina, I’m a native Russian speaker and a foreign language teacher from St Petersburg, Russia. I’ve always been addicted to learning foreign languages, be it English, German, Spanish, Turkish or Arabic, so turning my passion into my job was just a matter of time. I have a Master’s degree in linguistics which taught me to understand the way the mechanism of a language works and thus to help my students see the logics behind the grammar rules. Being a constant language learner enables me to see the process from both sides and to predict the difficulties my students might face. The fact that I’m not a native speaker of English or German means I’ve been through exactly the same language-learning journey you’re about to take, and thanks to my personal experience as a student, I can make this road smooth for you.
I've had students of all ages, from pre-school kids to senior generation, and I feel comfortable working with both beginners and those who are eager to take their learning process to a new level. In my classes I encourage you to talk in the language we’re studying as much as possible, putting every single bit of knowledge into practice right away. If you’re a Russian-learner, I’d be glad to prove it to you that you can absolutely nail my mother-tongue - and yes, you’ll be able to make a small talk in Russian by the end of the first class even if you’re an absolute beginner! We’ll be focusing on the topics that are most relevant to your goals, while discovering the language and getting to know more about the culture of people who speak it.
I offer a short free trial class, for us to give each other a smile and discuss our teaching pattern, in order to ajust it to your goals and make our lessons the bee's knees :) See you soon!
Ekaterina writes new words and sentences learnt during the lesson. She has got a very nice attitude and great accent! A pleasure to work with... yes, even in German!!!!!
Dear Silvia, thank you very much for your feedback! It's a real pleasure to have classes with you, and I hope you find them useful!
My name is Christina and I provide fun German and French language lesson for children and adult beginners or intermediate who want to strengthen their language skills, improve the grammar knowledge, enrich the vocabulary and get into the German culture! I can teach in English or French!
I had experince in teaching German, English and French to foreign people so I do have a lot of useful learning material I can provide you to make it easier!
Christina is very helpful in correcting my grammar and sentence structures and providing materials to learn new vocabulary.
I am an enthusiastic and devoted Native English speaker with excellent communication skills and I would love to help you improve your conversational English
I have a Bachelors degree in Information Design and Marketing. I am also a certified TEFL teacher. I have 15 years experience teaching students at University level and more recently I started teaching English on-line to all age groups. As part of my community service, I do volunteer English teaching to underprivileged students in Myanmar which I find hugely rewarding.
My classes focus on conversational English, in other words - we talk and read a lot, we make mistakes and correct them, we focus on pronunciation and correct sentence construction and have fun while learning and practising your English. My number one priority is always to focus on addressing your specific needs and problem areas.
Learning to speak a new language is more than just acquiring new words and the sentences, it is also about getting the confidence to use it. This confidence will come from using the language in a friendly, safe and non-judgemental environment - and that is what I offer you.
I believe I am very friendly, easy to get along with, and extremely patient.
Teaching English to me is a passion and not a job. I am super excited to share this learning journey with you.
Pieter is a South African English teacher with loads of experience. He has taught different age groups and even teaches English to people who cannot afford it on his free time. He counts with different learning materials for different ages and purposes and seems eager to accommodate courses according to the student's needs.
Hello! I am Cesar. I come from Madrid (Spain) and I teach Spanish for foreign students since 2016.- That's my profession.- I have studied Spanish Language and Literature and a master in Teaching Spanish as a Foreign Language.- Online activities and exercises adapted to each student.- Levels from A1 (beginner) to C1 (advanced).- Reports and optional exercises between lessons.- Preparation for official exam DELE (I work as DELE examiner).- I speak English.- Je parle français.- Я немного говорю по русски.
Very good teacher, with good learning materials. Goes forward in a structured manner and givese a lot of feedback on written and spoken skills.
So with me you can learn all the tipps to improve or learn German. I also worked as an Engineer for several years so we can as well work on your vocabulary in a technical level.
I am a great fan of new cultures and languages.
Feel free to contact me for a class :)
Olivia has been amazing in helping learn German in a crash course fashion. She has materials for exactly the things I needed to know and helped me understand the bare minimum (which is what I was going for) to help me get my ideas across and understand the structure of what people are saying. She is a fantastic teacher.
For me, learning German was a nightmare and I was certain that I will never learn the language. Sara sure did prove me wrong. With her, learning German became fun. I always wait with excitement for our next session. She drastically imporved my skills in a few months and most importantly, I made a good friend along the way. Ich kann mit Sicherheit sagen, dass Sara die Beste ist
Who I am?
My name is Virginia, 28 years old and I work exclusively to unregulated training.
- TOEIC Diploma in English level C1
- DALF diploma in French C1
I also have a TEFL 120h Masterclass certificate (Language Teaching Training).
How do I teach?
- Audio-lingual method: Learning naturally by deduction - It is the most effective for anchoring knowledge.
- Communicative approach: I place special emphasis on interaction and the use of language in real situations.
- Total Physical Response (TPR) and educational games: Oriented towards children. Learn English in a fun and practical way.
Other important issues
- I have a lack of a history of sexual crimes (mandatory by law to work with minors in Spain) issued by the Ministry of Justice.
Any questions? Interested? Contact me!
Virginia is smiling and supportive all the time! She speaks many languages any addition of Spanish so she's able to help if I don't understand in Spanish. She provides structured lessons with clear goals and different ways to learn. Therefore the lesson is dynamic and very efficient. She's committed to help her students and you can see it since the beginning. Many thanks Virginia!
Many thanks to you Clemence. See you! :-))))
I'm a Italian/German bilingual teacher form Florence!
I offer lessons for beginners as well as for advanced speakers. I carry out different kinds of lessons: I could help you for example to prepare for a test, for your trip to Italy or for more advanced needs.
The lessons are focused on improving listening/comprehension skills as well as reading, writing, speaking and grammar.
If you want to know more about my methods, just book a trial lesson! It's free! I hope to see you soon!
The lesson was perfectly geared to my needs. As my requirement for learning does not fit easily in any 'set course' or classroom situation, this individual approach, looking at what I need and then providing it, suits me very well indeed. I am very happy with the way in which the teaching / learning experience is going so far and would certainly recommend Niccoló.
My name's Eleonora. I am from Ukraine. I am a qualified teacher and a Russian native speaker.
In 2007 I graduated from pedagogical university and since that time I work as a teacher. I love my job and always ready to share my knowledge with everyone.
If you want to improve your Russian, English or German or start learning them you will definitely like my lessons. My classes are developed for each student according to their level, interests and needs.
I try to make lessons various and use different kinds of teaching methods, exercises and technologies. My lessons include:
My schedule is quite flexible so contact me and we'll arrange the time for lessons.
Eleonora is very friendly and methodological teacher, perfectly adapting to students needs. I have enjoyed my every class learning.
Montse is always energetic and interesting, she always tailor the lections on the attendants level, always keeping an eye on trying to be original and fun. Easily a 5 Star Teacher.
My name is Laura. I am Italian and I live in London.
I grew up in a small Italian seaside town and I studied Languages and Literature at Bologna University. I also hold a post- graduation in Anthropology and a 150 hours TEFL certification.
I have lived in a few cities around Europe, London being the biggest.
My biggest passion is travelling and learning new languages.
I love teaching and help my students to achieve their goals. I also try to keep my lessons interesting adding new elements.
Contact me if you want to learn Italian and I will be very happy to help you!!!
Laura is a friendly and professional teacher. She adapts her lesson to her students' needs and help them learn the language with customized materials.
I am a native German speaker and am teaching English and German as foreign languages. I have got a teaching degree and have been teaching English and German for more than two years to all levels and age groups.
I personally prefer to speak in the learning language as much as possible and to focus on all four skills: speaking, listening, reading, and writing. Moreover, I like to cover practical topics that can be used in your everyday life and make classes as diverse and dynamic as possible. Nevertheless, I am always open-minded to suggestions coming from students.
Concerning materials I like to use a course book and in addition worksheets, audios, videos, etc.
In case you have got any further questions, don't hesitate to contact me :)
Anna is a very well prepared and good teacher. She is a good teacher, dedicated to teach you. Would recommend her for everyone who would like to learn German.