In German, it's possible to use numbers as adjectives. To do so, it's important to know the difference of ordinal and cardinal numbers and their usage. This chapter will deal with it.
Ordinal numbers are not the numerals to count (eins, zwei drei). In most cases they are written (erste, zweite, dritte/first, second, third) and used:
The ordinal numbers are created in most cases by adding a suffix to a cardinal number. To use a cardinal number, you have to add
|Cardinal number||Pronouncing||Ordinal number with -te|
Watch out for some exception of this rule! At erste and dritte there is a changed root, at siebte the- en is dropped, and at achte which only adds an -e.
|Cardinal number||Pronouncing||Ordinal number with -ste|
By writing a text, the ordinal numbers are usually written out until 12. By using numbers from 13 on, just use the cardinal form and add a point (13., 14.).
In most cases, ordinal numbers are considered as adjectives. Therefore the numbers need to be declined in the same way as adjectives. Depending on the type of article, there are different types of declension:
|With definite article||Masculine||Feminine||Neuter|
|Nominative||der zweite Hund||die zweite Puppe||das zweite Kind|
|Accusative||den zweiten Hund||die zweite Puppe||das zweite Kind|
|Dative||dem zweiten Hund||der zweiten Puppe||dem zweiten Kind|
|Genitive||des zweiten Hundes||der zweiten Puppe||des zweiten Kindes|
|With indefinite article||Masculine||Feminine||Neuter|
|Nominative||ein zweiter Hund||eine zweite Puppe||ein zweites Kind|
|Accusative||einen zweiten Hund||eine zweite Puppe||ein zweites Kind|
|Dative||einem zweiten Hund||einer zweiten Puppe||einem zweiten Kind|
|Genitive||eines zweiten Hundes||einer zweiten Puppe||eines zweiten Kindes|
|Nominative||zweiter Hund||zweite Puppe||zweites Kind|
|Accusative||zweiten Hund||zweite Puppe||zweites Kind|
|Dative||zweitem Hund||zweiter Puppe||zweitem Kind|
|Genitive||zweiten Hundes||zweiter Puppe||zweiten Kindes|
As ordinal numbers as adjectives usually refer to a noun, they need to be declined. They stand in front of the noun they refer to.
Keep in mind, that the numbers are used as adjectives and therefore always need to take adjective endings!
There are some forms of expressions, where it is necessary to know how to use ordinals in German. For instance:
1) By using ordinal numbers to talk about the dates in German the ordinal number stands before the month or the year.
2) Ordinal numbers without article are not just used as the ordinal numbers, but with synonyms.
In all examples the bold type words mean that the noun is ranked number one in any ranking. So the ordinal number is used in a different style.
3) Ordinal numbers can also be used as nouns.
In German, as well as in English, there are both cardinal and ordinal numbers. The cardinal numbers are the numerals used to count.
|Cardinal numbers in German||Spelling and pronouncing|
Using numbers higher than 20, in German the numbers are expressed in reverse (e.g. 21 = einundzwanzig = one-and-twenty).
Cardinal numbers can also be used in combination with adjectives.
If you want to learn more about this, have a look at the chapter about counting in German.
Unlike in other platforms, all our teachers are manually verified by our professional team. Trust in the experiences of our students.
My name is Karolin and I have been living in Chile for more than 2 years now. I've been teaching via Skype for quite some time and I've found that this kind of work is fun. That's why I would like to expand my circle of students.
Both in English and in German, I teach classes for beginners and advanced students. I speak Spanish fluently, but I do not want to cheat anyone, so I note here that I speak the spanish from Chile. I learned and teach the spanish from Spain and I can explain the differences if you're interested, but that is why I only teach spanish for beginners.
If you'd like to get to know me and my teaching methods, just contact me and we will do a free trial lesson.
See you soon!
Karolina is a great teacher and I am really enjoying making some progress in German. She is very professional and friendly and has a really effective way of explaining concepts that I find quite difficult. She is fun and makes the lessons interactive. I am looking forward to future lessons very much.
my name is Nina, I'm from Austria and I also lived for one year and a half in Canada. I worked there as a German Teacher for adults, so I speak German, English and French.
I also teach English for beginners and advanced beginners.
My teaching methodes are totally based on the level of my student. If somebody is already advanced, I focus on communication and pronunciation. We will arrange on a topic and talk and discuss in the lesson about it.
If my student is a beginner, I'm gonna start with the basics of the German language. (the articles, the verb "to be", the pronouns...)
The learning material is all made by myself, because I'm a German teacher, so that means, I already got lots of working sheets for many topics. I send these to my student via e-mail or put it directly on the coLanguage homepage.
I'm available from Monday to Thursday between 5pm and 08:00 pm. For the weekend it's the best to just send me a request.
Of course is a free trial lesson (it's about 20 minutes) possible.
I'm happy to teach you :-)
See you soon! Nina
vielen Dank Nina! It was very interesting lesson with Nina. She was helping me a lot to understand better verbs with Akkusativ and Dativ objects. She was correcting my sentences and was typing them for me, so I can come back to them again and repeat and remember them. Danke schön nochmal :)
Hi, I'm Irish, have been living Milan for 30 years. I have a strong business background in sales and marketing. I have lived in USA, UK and done business in Far East. I teach private students and in global corporates and universities. If you're looking to improve your English quickly I have developed my interactive communication method. A great lesson is based on understanding your needs, planning, content, your involvement, feedback, correction, repetition. My experience in theatre helps me to organise, conduct role plays, followed by constructive feedback. I prepare students for EU exams. Qualities; ability to listen, empathy, patience, motivating, energetic, open to feedback, positive outlook, value sharing, abilty to focus on long and short term objectives, relationship building. Look forward to 'partnering' with you.
Emer is a very professional and experienced teacher. She is very motivated and really cares about her students' success. Highly recommended!!
I'm a German language teacher with a Master's degree in German language and literature. Since I was born and lived in Switzerland and grew up in a bilingual family, I speak also Swiss German and Croatian on a native level.
I started to teach German in 2016, to English and Croatian speaking students, but since I love languages I work also as professional translator and became also sworn translator for the German language in the same year.
Now I work as freelance teacher and translator for various companies, also my own company for translation services and German language education that I founded in 2018.
– ABOUT THE CLASS –
I offer standard German language lessons for A1, A2, B1, B2 level.
This is ideal for students who want to improve their fluency and communication skills through conversations by actively participating in the class and to learn new words, to improve their vocabulary by reading texts on various topics.
All learning materials and exercises are free and will be provided before or during the lesson (in PDF or Word). The topics and exercises are following the Common European Framework of Reference for Languages (CEFR), because of that they include grammar, speaking and reading exercises.
The course will also prepare you for following tests (depending which level you finished): Start Deutsch A1, Start Deutsch A2, telc Deutsch Beruf A2, telc Deutsch Beruf B1, Zertifikat Deutsch B1.
If you wish to have only conversational lessons, I can arrange this also for you :)
My teaching method is to adapt to every student differently depending on their needs and language level. You can always feel free to express your wishes :)
* Please keep in mind that coLanguage shows only my general availability, if you want to schedule a free trial lesson just sent me a message and I will forward you my up-to-date schedule.
I really enjoyed my first lesson with Mihaela. She was more than punctual, provided materials that were proper for my knowledge and was very helpful with tips and introducing new words.
Hello everyone and a big warm welcome to all the fellow language learners,
My name is Katerina, I’m a native Russian speaker and a foreign language teacher from St Petersburg, Russia. I’ve always been addicted to learning foreign languages, be it English, German, Spanish, Turkish or Arabic, so turning my passion into my job was just a matter of time. I have a Master’s degree in linguistics which taught me to understand the way the mechanism of a language works and thus to help my students see the logics behind the grammar rules. Being a constant language learner enables me to see the process from both sides and to predict the difficulties my students might face. The fact that I’m not a native speaker of English or German means I’ve been through exactly the same language-learning journey you’re about to take, and thanks to my personal experience as a student, I can make this road smooth for you.
I've had students of all ages, from pre-school kids to senior generation, and I feel comfortable working with both beginners and those who are eager to take their learning process to a new level. In my classes I encourage you to talk in the language we’re studying as much as possible, putting every single bit of knowledge into practice right away. If you’re a Russian-learner, I’d be glad to prove it to you that you can absolutely nail my mother-tongue - and yes, you’ll be able to make a small talk in Russian by the end of the first class even if you’re an absolute beginner! We’ll be focusing on the topics that are most relevant to your goals, while discovering the language and getting to know more about the culture of people who speak it.
I offer a short free trial class, for us to give each other a smile and discuss our teaching pattern, in order to ajust it to your goals and make our lessons the bee's knees :) See you soon!
Great positive energy, full of resources, willing to progress, patient with a lot explanations and examples, enormous amount of exercises designed to develop knowledge and fluency. A sheer pleasure to learn from Ekaterina.
Patrick is a Portuguese teacher who has experience with different groups. It has several learning materials that will help you meet different goals and practice speaking!
What about Fiorina ..... person available, prepared and always sunny ... for those who want to learn German I recommend studying with her.
My name is Christina and I provide fun German and French language lesson for children and adult beginners or intermediate who want to strengthen their language skills, improve the grammar knowledge, enrich the vocabulary and get into the German culture! I can teach in English or French!
I had experince in teaching German, English and French to foreign people so I do have a lot of useful learning material I can provide you to make it easier!
My daughter is really happy with Christina and I can already see she is improving her German after 6 lessons! Many thanks Christina!
Thank you very much !
I’m from France but I’m living in Brazil for 3 years.
I love my job which is to teach french as a professional language for people to use in business, at university or for an immigration project.
I can also prepare you for french certifications ( DELF, DALF, TCF , TEF etc. ).
Please, enter in contact for any questions :)
Marine is an amazing teacher, she is direct and focused at all times. She has a strong teaching background and it shows. I have been taking lessons for half a year with her and can't recommend her highly enough.
For me, learning German was a nightmare and I was certain that I will never learn the language. Sara sure did prove me wrong. With her, learning German became fun. I always wait with excitement for our next session. She drastically imporved my skills in a few months and most importantly, I made a good friend along the way. Ich kann mit Sicherheit sagen, dass Sara die Beste ist
In recent years I have worked as an Academic Director at a Language School in northern Spain. My job duties there included designing intensive Spanish & English courses for beginners’, intermediate and advanced levels, as well as teaching both on-site and via Skype. This constant interest has allowed me to become familiar with techniques and tools that are essential in today´s second language learning, such as the materials used by the Cervantes Institute and the most renowned publications and blogs in the field of language teaching. Most particularly, I have made extensive use of audiovisuals and creative writing activities in order to develop consistent, effective courses.
As an on-line teacher, I have steadily used different technology applications in language learning. My tasks as a teacher included setting homework and giving feedback to my students, according to their needs, on a regular basis, as well as keeping accurate register of their attendance and progress.
Graduated in Hispanic Philology and Masters in Applied French, I have always kept up with my teaching training and have recently completed a Cambridge CELTA course for English teachers This further training has provided me with the familiarity to different teaching methodologies, which have proven to be extremely useful in my classes.
My hobbies: art cinema, hiking, reading and watching and playing basketball.
I wanted to refresh and improve my Spanish and I contacted Inigo because he 's certified in luinguistic. Inigo is very patient, professional and helpful. He provides well structured lessons, in a very friendly and good atmosphere which is really favorable for learning a foreign language. The lesson material is built around several support such as text, audio, video, etc. You can't be bored and it's nice to switch between the different materials along the hour. He's also fluent in French and English so he can switch from a language to another for any explanation if needed. I really enjoy my lessons with him and I definitely recommand him!
Welcome to everyone who would like to learn a new language or deepen their knowledge! I am studying DaF (German as a foreign language) as a subsidiary subject at the University of Fribourg in Switzerland. I have already gained more than 300 hours of experience in adult education through internships. I design my online lessons communicatively and technically at a high Level with the help of various tools . In addition to my teaching, I offer interactive links with exercises that are perfectly adapted to the topic.
I have already gained experience in preparing for the TELC exam.
I am looking forward to inspiring you through my online lessons!
I am also happy to give French lessons for beginners (level A1 to B1). French is my language of choice, I studied it and I have been teaching French courses with great enthusiasm for one year now.
I also take great pleasure in my SWISS-GERMAN courses!
Please contact me if you have any questions.
Naira a really nice teacher. She is well prepared ahead of the class, she brings the teaching material in a intelligent and helpful manner for each session. She is assertive and can help you understand complex topics in a supportive way. We discussed initially about my goals and have been working systematically towards successfully taking the TELC certificates. I really recommend her to anyone!
Hello Jose! Thank you very much for your nice message. I am incredibly pleased that you are satisfied with my lessons. See you soon! Naira
I am thrilled by my teacher Dani. She is nice, positive and does a great job.
Thanks to many years of experience, I offer you professional language instruction via Skype.
I am a native speaker (bilingual German and English) and have been working with Skype for over 9 years. The courses are optimally tailored to your language level and job description. Arrange a trial lesson.
Proficient handling of everyday German, leading to various certificates (Goethe Certificates, DaF etc.), specific courses for the professional field (hotel, tourism, law, medicine - FACHSPRACHENPRÜFUNG MEDIZIN, technology, business.....).
I am learning Medical German with Belinda. She is an excellent teacher. The lessons are very informative. We focus on my communication skills and medical terminology. I am very happy with the early results. I feel more confident and speak German more freely. I recommend her 100%.
I am a native German speaker and am teaching English and German as foreign languages. I have got a teaching degree and have been teaching English and German for more than two years to all levels and age groups.
I personally prefer to speak in the learning language as much as possible and to focus on all four skills: speaking, listening, reading, and writing. Moreover, I like to cover practical topics that can be used in your everyday life and make classes as diverse and dynamic as possible. Nevertheless, I am always open-minded to suggestions coming from students.
Concerning materials I like to use a course book and in addition worksheets, audios, videos, etc.
In case you have got any further questions, don't hesitate to contact me :)
Anna is a very well prepared and good teacher. She is a good teacher, dedicated to teach you. Would recommend her for everyone who would like to learn German.