German pronouns have the same functions as in English. They are used to replace or sometimes accompany a name or a noun and refer to people or things.
There are seven different types of pronouns in German:
Most of the pronouns have to be declined in...
Personal pronouns in German are replacements for already mentioned nouns. They refer to a specific person, thing or group and are also used to address other people or to talk about ourselves.
Personal pronouns have to be declined in...
|1st Person Singular||ich||mir||mich||meiner|
|2nd Person Singular||du||dir||dich||deiner|
|3rd Person Singular||er/sie/es||ihm/ihr/ihm||sich||seiner/ihrer/seiner|
|1st Person Plural||wir||uns||uns||unserer|
|2nd Person Plural||ihr||euch||euch||eurer|
|3rd Person Plural||sie||ihnen||sich||ihrer|
Ich liebe meine Frau. - I love my wife.
To find out more, please check out 'German personal pronouns'.
Possessive pronouns are used to indicate ownership or affiliation. To decline possessive pronouns in German we always use the word stem shown in the table. The word stem gives information about the person.
|Personal Pronoun||Possessive Pronoun (word stem)||English Translation|
|1st person singular||ich||mein-||my|
|2nd person singular||du||dein-||your|
|3rd person singular (m)||er||sein-||his|
|3rd person singular (f)||sie||ihr-||her|
|3rd person singular (n)||es||sein-||its|
|1st person plural||wir||unser-||our|
|2nd person plural||ihr||eu(e)r-||your|
|3rd person plural||sie||ihr-||their|
By adding different endings we determine the pronouns...
Please click on 'German possessive pronouns' to get all the needed information.
Demonstrative pronouns are used to emphasize something that is already defined. They replace a before mentioned noun or accompany the emphasized noun.
List of important possessive pronouns in German
dieser/ diese/ dieses
jener/ jene/ jenes
English forms of demonstrative pronouns are 'that, this, those,...'
These pronouns have to be declined due to their...
The declension is similar to the declension of definite articles.
Follow the link and learn more about German demonstrative pronouns.
Interrogative pronouns are used to ask for something or someone. They replace the noun, that is referred to in the question.
The following list shows you the German interrogative pronouns with translation:
Interrogative pronouns have the same case as the noun they ask for.
The majority of interrogative pronouns in German has no distinction in number and gender. (Exception: 'Welcher/Welche/Welchen')
You get more detailed information on 'German interrogative pronouns'.
Reflexive pronouns ensure that the action expressed by the predicate is reflected on the subject. They linked to specific verbs that require reflective pronominal use, the so-called reflexive or reciprocal verbs.
Reflexive pronouns are declined by their...
You find all the reflexive pronouns in the following table
|1st person singular||ich||mich||mir||myself|
|2nd person singular||du||dich||dir||yourself|
|3rd person singular||er / sie / es||sich||sich||him- /her- / itself|
|1st person plural||wir||uns||uns||ourselves|
|2nd person plural||ihr||euch||euch||yourselves|
|3rd person plural||sie||sich||sich||themselves
Click on 'German reflexive pronouns' and learn more!
Indefinite pronouns in German are used for undefined subjects or objects. They have the function of generalizing.
List of most important indefinite pronouns:
Indefinite pronouns in German are declined in different ways!
To get all needed information continue on 'German indefinite pronouns'.
A German relative pronoun introduces a relative clause which describes a nouns, pronoun or even a whole sentence more precisely. Therefore the relative pronouns replaces the related element in the relative clause.
Gender and number of the pronoun are dependent to the element it is replacing.
The pronouns case depends on given verbs or prepositions.
'der/die/das' and 'welcher/welche/welches' are the most important relative pronouns.
|Nominative||der / welcher||die / welche||das / welches||die / welche|
|Accusative||den / welchen||die / welche||das / welches||die / welche|
|Dative||dem / welchem||der / welcher||dem / welchem||denen / welchen|
Relative pronouns can also be used with prepositions
The relative pronouns 'was' and 'wo' are not declined
Click 'German relative pronouns' and learn more!
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