With the adverbial clause you can describe the matter of the main clause more specifically. They always start with a subconjunction
The following table shows the different typs of adverbial clauses in German including examples:
|Type||Meaning||Conjunction||Conjunction Translation||Example||Example translation|
|Adversativ clause||Opposite||wohingegen||whereas||Er isst gerne asiatisch, wohingegen sie lieber italienisch isst.||He likes to eat Asian, whereas she prefers Italian|
|Finale clause||Purpose||damit||in order to||Ich höre Musik, damit ich mich besser konzentrieren kann.||I listen to music, in order to focus better|
|Causal clause||Reason||da, weil||because||Da ich müde war, ging ich früh ins Bett.||Because I was tired I went to bed early|
|Konditional clause||Condition||falls, wenn||if||Wenn du willst, kannst du kommen.||If you want you can come|
|Consecutive clause||Result||dass, sodass||so that / so as to||Wir haben so gelacht, dass uns die Tränen gekommen sind.||We laughed so hard, so that we started crying|
|Concessive clause||Despite something||obwohl||despite||Er ging spazieren, obwohl es eiskalt war.||He went for a walk, despite it being freezing cold|
|Local clause||Place||wo, woher, wohin||where||Wo wir heuer in den Urlaub fahren, ist es sehr warm.||Where we go to vacation this year it is very warm|
|Modal clause||Way of something||indem||by||Sie bereitete sich auf das Turnier vor, indem sie täglich trainierte.||She prepared for the tournament by practicing every day|
|Temporal clause||Time||nachdem, bevor, seit||after / before / since||Bevor wir los fahren, müssen wir noch tanken.||Before we drive off we need to refuel|
Now test your knowledge with our exercises!
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Thanks a lot Padraig ..... good luck Thank you very much Padraig and good luck
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