• German grammar
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  • 1 German pronunciation [0/1]
  • 2 German functions of words [0/5]
  • 3 German sentence structure [0/28]
  • Construct a German sentence! (Score -/-)
  • Make a German indirect speech! (Score -/-)
  • 3.1 Sentence structure of main clauses in German [0/4]
  • 3.2 Dependent clauses in German [0/12]
  • 3.3 Negation in German [0/3]
  • 3.4 Questions in German [0/2]
  • 3.5 Indirect speech in German [0/2]
  • 3.6 Conjunctions in German [0/3]
  • 4 German Articles [0/7]
  • 5 German nouns [0/28]
  • Fill in the correct form of the German noun! (Score -/-)
  • Form the correct plural form of the German nouns! (Score -/-)
  • Fill in the correct definite and indefinite article! (Score -/-)
  • Translate these nouns into German (Score -/-)
  • Match the right German word to the sentences (Score -/-)
  • 5.1 Gender of German nouns (substantives) - der, die, das [0/9]
  • 5.2 Plural of German nouns [0/4]
  • 5.3 German declension (N-declension) [0/4]
  • 5.4 Diminutive (-lein, -chen) in German [0/3]
  • 5.5 Compound nouns in German [0/2]
  • 5.6 Adjectives and verbs as nouns in German [0/1]
  • 6 German pronouns [0/19]
  • 7 German cases [0/13]
  • 8 German adjectives [0/29]
  • Exercise for building German adjectives (Score -/-)
  • Determine the form of use of these German adjectives! (Score -/-)
  • Transform these German adjectives to their nominal form (Score -/-)
  • Build the comparative and superlative of these German adjectives (Score -/-)
  • Insert the German attributive adjective! (Score -/-)
  • 8.1 Different types of adjectives in German [0/3]
  • 8.2 How to form German adjectives [0/1]
  • 8.3 German participle as adjectives [0/2]
  • 8.4 Comparative and superlative adjectives in German [0/4]
  • 8.5 Declension of German adjectives [0/2]
  • 8.6 Forming and declension of ordinal numbers in German [0/2]
  • 8.7 Possessive adjectives in German [0/2]
  • 8.8 Demonstrative adjectives in German [0/2]
  • 8.9 Interrogative and exclamatory adjectives in German [0/2]
  • 8.10 Indefinite adjectives in German [0/2]
  • 8.11 List of German Adjectives [0/2]
  • 9 German adverbs [0/13]
  • 10 German verbs [0/67]
  • Match the correct German verb to the sentences (Score -/-)
  • Form the German simple past and participle II form (Score -/-)
  • Exercise to match the right German auxiliary verb! (Score -/-)
  • Choose the right conjugation of the German verbs (Score -/-)
  • Build the German form of politeness! (Score -/-)
  • 10.1 Auxiliary verbs in German [0/5]
  • 10.2 Modal verbs in German [0/8]
  • 10.3 Separable and inseparable verbs in German [0/3]
  • 10.4 Conjugation of regular verbs (weak verbs) in German
  • 10.5 Conjugation of irregular verbs (strong verbs) in German [0/45]
  • Exercise: German irregular verbs (Score -/-)
  • 10.5.1 Conjugation of geben (to give) in German [0/2]
  • 10.5.2 Conjugation of gehen (to walk, to go) in German [0/2]
  • 10.5.3 Conjugation of lassen (to let) in German [0/2]
  • 10.5.4 Conjugation of nehmen (to take) in German [0/2]
  • 10.5.5 Conjugation of fahren (to drive) German [0/2]
  • 10.5.6 Conjugation of essen (to eat) in German [0/2]
  • 10.5.7 Conjugation of lesen (to read) in German [0/2]
  • 10.5.8 Conjugation of sehen (to see) in German [0/2]
  • 10.5.9 Conjugation of kommen (to come) in German [0/2]
  • 10.5.10 Conjugation of trinken (to drink) in German [0/2]
  • 10.5.11 Conjugation of schlafen (to sleep) in German [0/2]
  • 10.5.12 Conjugation of gefallen (to please) in German [0/2]
  • 10.5.13 Conjugation of schreiben (to write) in German [0/2]
  • 10.5.14 Conjugation of helfen (to help) in German [0/1]
  • 10.5.15 Conjugation of laufen (to run) in German [0/2]
  • 10.5.16 Conjugation of treffen (to meet, to hit) in German [0/1]
  • 10.5.17 Conjugation of tragen (to carry) in German [0/1]
  • 10.5.18 Conjugation of bleiben (to stay) in German [0/1]
  • 10.5.19 Conjugation of schwimmen (to swim) in German [0/1]
  • 10.5.20 Conjugation of finden (to find) in German [0/2]
  • 10.5.21 Conjugation of waschen (to wash) in German [0/1]
  • 10.5.22 Conjugation of bekommen (to get) in German [0/1]
  • 10.5.23 Cojugation of bringen (to bring) in German [0/1]
  • 10.5.24 Conjugation of sprechen (to speak) in German [0/1]
  • 10.5.25 Conjugation of heißen (to be called) in German [0/1]
  • 10.5.26 Conjugation of fliegen (to fly) in German [0/2]
  • 10.5.27 Conjugation of backen (to bake) in German [0/1]
  • 10.5.28 Conjugation of steigen (to rise) in German [0/1]
  • 10.6 List of common verbs in German [0/1]
  • 11 German prepositions [0/27]
  • Spot all the used German prepositions! (Score -/-)
  • Match the German prepositions! (Score -/-)
  • Prepositions and German grammar cases! (Score -/-)
  • Determine which kind of German preposition is being used! (Score -/-)
  • Complete the verbs and adjectives! (Score -/-)
  • 11.1 Locative prepositions in German [0/2]
  • 11.2 Temporal prepositions in German [0/2]
  • 11.3 Modal prepositions in German [0/2]
  • 11.4 Causal prepositions in German [0/2]
  • 11.5 German prepositions requiring the genitive [0/2]
  • 11.6 German prepositions requiring the dative [0/2]
  • 11.7 German Prepositions requiring the accusative [0/2]
  • 11.8 German prepositions with either dative or accusative [0/2]
  • 11.9 German prepositions and articles [0/2]
  • 11.10 German prepositions with verbs [0/2]
  • 11.11 German prepositions and adjectives [0/2]
  • 12 Tenses and conjugation of German verbs [0/23]
  • 13 Infinitive in German [0/8]
  • 14 Imperative in German [0/3]
  • 15 Subjunctive in German [0/6]
  • 16 Active and passive voice in German [0/2]
  • 17 Participle in German [0/6]
  • Accusative case (4. Fall) in German

    What is the accusative case in German?

    The accusative case is used as the direct object in the sentence and forms the answer to the questions:

    Wen oder was?who or what? 

    How to identify the accusative noun in a sentence

    The accusative can be 

    • an object
    • a person
    • a pronoun

    This table shows you some examples how to ask for the accusative case in German.

    Example Question (Wen oder was?) Answer
    Ich kaufe ein Buch. - I buy a book. Was kaufe ich? - What do I buy? ein Buch - a book
    Matteo trifft seine Freundin. - Matteo meets his girlfriend. Wen trifft Matteo? - Who does Matteo meet? seine Freundin - his girlfriend
    Wir sehen ihn. - We see him.  Wenn sehen wir? - Who do we see?  ihn - him
    Das Kind trinkt einen süßen Saft. - The child drinks a sweet juice. Was trinkt das Kind? - What does the child drink?  einen süßen Saft - a sweet juice

    Declension of the accusative case

    The nouns of the accusative case have a change in their endings compared to the nominative case. You can recognize the accusative by their articles and/or the adjectives prefixed, the gender and the number. Have also a look into the course of articles and adjectives.

    Weak and mixed masculine nouns take the suffix -n /-en to the singular and plural accusative. This is also called the N-declension

    The substantivized verbs (the present and past participles) and adjectives take the suffix -n /-en to the singular and plural accusative because they behave like adjectives.

    Table of declension of the article and the noun in the accusative case

    In this table you can find several examples for the declension of noun and their articles in the different genders. In addition, there are some examples of adjectives that accompany a noun in the accusative case.

      Masculine Feminine Neuter Plural
    With a definite article den Mann die Frau das Kind die Leute
    With an indefinite article einen Mann eine Frau ein Kind Leute
    With a definite article + adjective den guten Mann die schöne Frau das junge Kind die alten Leute
    With an indefinite article + adjective einen guten Mann  eine schöne Frau ein junges Kind alte Leute

    Translation

    • den alten Mann - the old man
    • die schöne Frau - the beautiful woman
    • das junge Kind - the young child
    • die alten Leute - the old people

    enlightenedRemember: there is no indefinite article in plural 

    Table of personal pronouns in the accusative case

    In the accusative case you have to decline pronouns too. They are listed in this table.

    Type of person Pronoun
    First person singular mich - me
    Second person singular dich - you
    Third person singular

    ihn / sie / es - him/her/it 

    First person plural uns - us
    Second person plural euch - you
    Third person plural sie / Sie - them/you 

    How do you use the accusative case in German?

    The accusative case is used in several cases.

    1. As the direct Object of the verb
    2. With expressions of definite time and duration of time
    3. With prepositions
    4. With verbs of movement and contracted prepositions
    5. With sentence in passive 

     

    As the direct object of the verb

    All transitive verbs support the direct object and for this reason are followed by the accusative.

    Examples:

    • Martin kauft den Computer. - Martin buys the computer.
    • Sie trifft ihren Onkel einmal im Monat. - She meets her uncle once a month.

    • Ich lese ein lustiges Buch. - I read a funny book.

    • Morgen rufe ich dich an. - Tomorrow, I will call you.

    • Ich brauche deine Hilfe. - I need your help. 

    With expressions of definite time and duration of time  

    Nominal groups that express the frequency of an activity or a time are always in the accusative case. 

    Examples: 

    • Ich gehe jeden Monat ins Theater. - I go to the theater every month.
    • Fliegen wir diesen Sommer nach Polen? - Are we going to fly to Poland in the summer?
    • Die Reise hat eine Woche gedauert. - The trip lasted one week. 
    • Sophia isst jeden Tag Gemüse. - Sophia eats vegetables every day.
    • Nächstes Jahr fahre ich nach Hamburg. - Next year I will go to Hamburg.

    The accusative form is also used for a date. Here the article der is transformed to den.

    • Köln, den 06.07.2018

    With prepositions

    There are some prepositions that always followed by the accusative case.

    • bis - until 
    • für - for
    • um - by/ for
    • gegen - against
    • durch - by/through
    • entlang - along
    • ohne - without
    • wider - contrary/against

    Examples:

    • Ich kaufe Blumen für meine Oma. - I buy flowers for my grandma.
    • Ohne meinen Vater ist das Haus nicht mehr dasselbe. - Without my father, the house is no longer the same. 
    • Ich kämpfe gegen ihn. - I fight agains him. 
    • Der Zug fährt durch den Tunnel. - The train goes through the tunnel.

    With verbs of movement and contracted prepositions

    There are verbs that, depending on the action (whether it is static or a movement), govern the dative or the accusative case. The dative case is used when it comes to static verbs and the accusative case is used with movement.

    Here is a list of verbs of movement:

    • gehen - to go
    • fahren - to drive
    • fliegen - to fly
    • sich setzen - to sit
    • (auf)stehen - to stand (up)
    • (sich) legen - to lay / to put
    • (sich) stellen - to put / to set
    • hängen - to hang
    • stecken - to stick / to put

    There are contracted prepostions that are used in the accusative case and also require a verb of movement. Contracted prepositions exists, when the preposition is followed by the definite article das. Let's have a look into this table of examples.

    Preposition Example
    in - to

    Der Student geht in die Schule. - The student goes to school.

    Ich gehe ins (in + das) Fitnessstudio. - I am going to the gym. 

    an - to/at 

    Wir fahren ans (an + das)  Meer dieses Wochenende. - We are going to the sea this weekend.

    Wir stehen an der Bushaltestelle. - We are at the bus stop.

    auf - on

    Ich setze mich aufs (auf + das) Sofa. - I sit down on the sofa.

    Ich lege das Buch auf den Tisch. - I put the book on the table.  

    über - over

    Wir fahren über die Brücke. We drive over the bridge.

    Ich hänge die Lampe über den Tisch. - I hang the lamp over the table.

    unter - under

    Die Katze geht unter die Couch. - The cat is under the couch.

    Der Löffel ist unter den Tisch gefallen. - The spoon fell under the table.

    hinter - behind

    Das Kind rennt hinter die Tür. - The child runs behind the door.

    Ich laufe hinter den Baum. - I run behind the tree.

    vor - in front of

    Ich stelle den Schreibtisch vor das Fenster. - I put the des in front of the window.

    Er fährt mit dem Auto vor die Kirche. - He drives with the in front of the church.

    neben - next to

    Setz dich neben mich. - Sit next to me.

    Er stellt die Flasche neben den Teller. - He puts the bottle next to the plate.  

    zwischen - between

    Ich setze mich zwischen meine Mutter und meinen Bruder. - I sit down next to my mother and my brother.

    Ich stelle das Regal zwischen das Fenster und das Bett - I put the shelf between the window and the bed. 

    With sentences in passive

    In passive phrases the object complement becomes subject and the subject becomes object complement. 

    enlightenedThe accusative is used in passive forms only when it is introduced by durch

    Active form Passive form
    ​Die Operation hat den Patienten gerettet. - The operation rescued the patient. Der Patient wurde durch die Operation gerettet. - The patient was rescued by the operation.

    Das Gewitter hat die Wälder zerstört. - The thunderstorm destroyed the forests.

    Die Wälder wurden durch das Gewitter zerstört. - The forests were destroyed by the thunderstorm.

    Seine Schwester isst einen Apfel. - His sister eats an apple. Der Apfel wird von seiner Schwester gegessen. - The apple is eaten by his sister.

     

     

    yes Now you know everything about the accusative case in German. You can practice with some exercises. Good luck!

    Exercises

    Exercise of the German accusative

    Exercise: German accusative